The Ministry of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources is responsible for overall policy and operational matters pertaining to minerals, energy and water sector. In regards to water sector, the main responsibility of the Ministry is to provide adequate, affordable and good quality water to meet the basic needs of the population and the requirements of industrial, commercial and institutional users, as water is a key element in sustainable development. The energy sector is being implemented through the Energy Master Plan while the Mineral Sector is implemented through the Minerals Act .
The goals and objectives of the aforesaid sectors are armatures on which the possibilities of realising Vision 2016 pillar of “Prosperous, Productive and Innovative Nation” is met.
The ministry is represented by the Department of Water Affairs and the Botswana Power Corporation as a parastatal responsible for all matters concerning the generation of, importation, transmission and supply of electricity. At the district level the responsibility of providing water is shared by the Department of Water Affairs, which supplies Mochudi and Kgatleng District Council Water Department which supplies small villages and settlements.
The Ministry in partnership with other stakeholders will provide reliable, adequate and good quality water and energy services, and efficient administrative services for mineral exploitation, development of cost effective and environmentally sustainable policies, programmes and legislations.
Ministry of Lands Housing and Environment
The Ministry of Lands, Housing and Environment promotes environmental protection by coordinating the implementation of the National Conservation Strategy and promoting sustainable development in the country. It also provides services and information on surveying, mapping and remote sensing that lay the foundation for physical planning and land administration.
Ministry of Local Government
The Ministry of Local Government is responsible for basic physical and social infrastructure such as provision of water. For DDP 6 to be successful there should be close coordination between Ministries of Local Government and Minerals, Energy and Water Resources.
Water Utilities Corporation
A parastatal organisation that is given the responsibility to provide water to urban areas only. However regarding Kgatleng District, water is provided from Bokaa Dam through the Mmamashia Water Treatment Works (courtesy of the DWA) to Mochudi, Bokaa, Morwa, Pilane, Rasesa and to Oodi, Matebele, Modipane. This is the water resource from the Letsibogo Dam through the North-South Carrier, which has been handed over to the Water Utilities Corporation. During NDP9 the water pipe from Mmamashia Water Treatment Works may be extended to Mmathubudukwane as the MOH has plans to build a 50-bed-primary hospital, the office of the President has plans to build a semi-urban police station in Mmathubudukwane. These require a reliable water supply and this is the only reliable source available so far.
Ministry of Works and Transport
The Ministry provides efficient, cost effective, safe, reliable, sustainable and environmentally sound infrastructure and services to international standards which will support government strategies for the social and economic development of Botswana. In fulfilling the mission statement there is need to use water and energy resources which calls for coordination between this ministry and the Ministry of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources.
12.1.3The Role Of The Private Sector
The private sector, especially the petroleum companies play a very vital role in ensuring the supply of petroleum and its by-product to the District. They are concentrated mainly in Mochudi where the market is very high. Provision of energy for cooking is also supplied by the private sector, especially paraffin, cooking gas and fuel wood.
A concern was raised during the consultations regarding poor water quality in the River Villages. Another concern raised was that of people who water their livestock from the public standpipes and failure to control due to lack of strong byelaws to prevent it.
12.2National Policies and Legislation
In accordance with the minerals Act, the ownership of minerals is vested entirely on the state. The act sets out administrative procedures and the issuance of reconnaissance and prospecting licenses. Mining leases are given on account of mineral act. Mining prospecting licenses were issued during DDP 5. The trend should continue during DDP 6.
Waste Management Act 1998
The Waste Management Act provides for the establishment of the Department of Sanitation and Waste Management; to make provision for the planning, facilitation and implementation of advanced systems for regulating the management of controlled waste in order to prevent harm to human, animal and plant life; to minimise pollution of the environment, to conserve natural resources.
Environmental Impact Assessment Act (Draft)
The Act is at a draft form and once passed it will ensure compliance, implementation and monitoring. It will set environmental quality, emission and design standard for projects.
National Energy Master Plan
The overall aim of the plan is to supply energy as cheaply as possible and charge at opportunity cost. The plan acknowledges that supply of energy is harmful to the environment such as use of coal, petroleum and fuel wood. During DDP 6 the focus will be to use clean source of energy and encourage the use of photovoltaic energy to rural villages that cannot be supplied with electricity from BPC. It lays a framework for further development of water resources. As part of the NWMP the district has been connected to the North South Carrier project and Gaborone and Bokaa Dams.
Waste Water and Sanitation Policy
The overall purpose of the policy is to promote the health and well being of communities through the provision of appropriate and sustainable waste water/sanitation management and to introduce mechanisms for protection and conservation of water resources.
Tribal Land Act
It lays the foundation for land management in tribal areas. It is implemented in conjunction with other acts like the Minerals Act and Water Act for proper land and water management.
Physical Development Plan
The Mochudi Planning Area Development Plan, and River Villages Development Plan have been prepared and these plans outline provision of infrastructure such as sewerage and water works.
This emphasizes the need to protect and manage all wetlands properly. It is important to ensure that streams and river channels as well as bodies of water whether permanent or temporary are protected from extinction. It is our hope that this will come to full realization during this plan period.
Water Act 1968
The Water Act seeks to define the ownership of any right to the use of any water; to provide for the grant of water rights and servitude. The district has through the DWA and Water unit of District Council established impressive water systems in line with the Act.