Kgatleng district council kgatleng district development committee ministry of local government



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12.3Mining, Energy and Water

12.3.1Mining Sector


There are no mining activities taking place in the district except for sand and gravel, which are used in the construction industry for building roads and property development.

12.3.2Energy Sector


The main sources of energy in the district are electricity from national grid, solar power, gas and paraffin, diesel and wood. The principal energy source for cooking used by households in the district is firewood.

12.3.3Government Buildings


During DDP6 all government institutions will be required to use the various types of energy available and should be supplied at least cost to the economy. In addition provision of such energy should be conserving and protecting the environment.

12.3.4Alternative Energy Sources


The only alternative energy sources that are appropriate for Kgatleng District and would be affordable during DDP6 are;


  • coal energy

  • electricity

  • solar power

  • biomass



12.3.5Energy Demand and Supply


The demand for energy for cooking and lighting is high although it is not possible to quantify it for Kgatleng. The only issue that comes out is the question of installation cost, which may not be affordable by the majority. The supply in some places is adequate to meet the demand as the infrastructure is already laid out.

12.3.6Water Sector

12.3.6.1Water Supply


Water supply in Kgatleng district is the responsibility of DWA and Department of Water and Waste Water under District Council. The district relies much on underground water and has pockets of surface water in the form of dams. The supply meets the demand.

12.3.6.2Water Conservation and Management


Water conservation measures are already being undertaken such as the already launched nation-wide education and awareness campaigns together with the installation of prepaid water gadgets will be continued during DDP 6. The Ministry intends to introduce legislation to encourage the use of water efficient technologies, including the possibility of reusing waste water.

12.3.6.3Water Protection


During DDP 6 the Ministry will pursue a policy of protecting all water sources from pollution as part of effective management of our resources. Through the DGS some areas will be selected for underground water studies to determine groundwater pollution levels and device remedial measures.

12.3.6.4Water Quality


Most of the water quality is good in the district except in the River Villages where proposal has been put forward to connect the villages to Molatedi dam in Republic of South Africa.

12.3.6.5Water Sources


During NDP8 a strategy that was developed for a conjunctive use of groundwater and surface water to supply demand centres will be continued during NDP9. Villages that are now connected to the North-South Carrier pipeline will continue to receive supply from both sources. It is said that this will ensure that in case of need during drought years, the country knows how much water it can take from these wellfields and for how long.

12.4Minerals, Energy and Water Sector goals and objective


Table 12.52 Sector Goals and Objectives

Goals

Objectives

Promote mineral potential development

To encourage prospecting

To use sand and gravel sustainably



To promote energy saving measures and use of alternative source of energy

To put energy saving measure in government institutions

To use solar and electricity as alternative to fuel wood.



To conserve and manage water resources.

To reduce quantity of unaccounted water acceptable level.

To supply sustainable and good quality water

Regular checking of water samples.


12.5Framework for Strategic Environmental Assessment

12.5.1Evaluation of Environmental Key Issues with Sector Goals and Objectives


Table 12.53 Goals, Objectives, Environmental Key Issues and Impacts

Goals

Objectives

Environmental Key Issues

Impacts

Promote mineral potential

development



To encourage prospecting

To use sand and gravel sustainably



Natural Resource utilization

Land


Pollution and waste management

Natural Resource utilization

Land


Littering

Land degradation



2. To promote energy saving measures and use of alternative source of energy


To put energy saving measure in government institutions

To use solar and electricity as alternative to fuel wood.



Natural Resource utilization

Natural Resource utilization



None

None


3. To conserve and manage water resources.

To reduce quantity of unaccounted water to acceptable level.

Water Supply

None

4. To supply sustainable and good quality water

Regular checking of water samples.

Water Supply

None

12.5.2Evaluation of Sector Policies and Programs


Table 12.54 Goals, Objectives, Policies/Programmes and Impacts

Goals

Objectives

Policies/Programs

Impacts

1. Promote mineral potential

development



To encourage prospecting

To use sand and gravel sustainably



Minerals Act, Tribal Land Act

Minerals Act, Tribal Land Act



Nothing significant in terms of mineral development except granting of permits for prospecting.

Lack of control of illegal mining of sand and gravel due to absence of monitoring mechanisms.



2. To promote energy saving measures and use of alternative source of energy


To put energy saving measure in government institutions

To use solar and electricity as alternative to fuel wood.



National Energy Master Plan

National Energy Master Plan



Nothing done so far but only awareness done.

All council facilities where there is no electricity, solar power is used as an alternative. Liquid gas will be used in the primary schools instead of fuel wood.



3. To conserve and manage water resources.

To reduce quantity of unaccounted water to acceptable level.

National Water Master Plan

Introduction of prepaid metering system and regular maintenance of water supply systems. Reduction in response to pipe breakage reports.

4. To supply sustainable and good quality water

Regular checking of water samples.

National Water Master Plan

Regular checking of water samples is currently being done.





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