Although the environmental pieces of legislation are in place, to monitor the state of the environment, there is need to evaluate the key environmental issues with sector goals and objectives in order to be able to device strategies for compliance with environmental conservation.
The overall sector goals and objectives should not conflict with environmental policies and programmes for conservation as is reflected hereunder.
Table 3.11 Evaluation of Environmental Key Issues with Sector Goals and Objectives.
The start of the CBNRM has been very slow in the district mainly because of absence of Wildlife Management Areas
There has been the construction and equipping of the landfill in the district at Pilane. Another landfill will be constructed at Dikwididi. Other waste disposal sites in other parts of the district have been constructed. Implementation of the Mochudi Phase 2 Sanitation Project.
There has not been much impact in terms of natural resource utilization, but in terms of waste management much has been done and the programme is running well.
In terms of harmonizing conflicting policies and programmes something has been done. For example the Mmmashia Policy on Land Management has been drawn, and there is a proposal for an Integrated Land Use Plan for the district.
There has been the construction and equipping of the landfill in the district at Pilane. Another landfill will be constructed at Dikwididi. Other waste disposal sites in other parts of the district have been constructed. Implementation of the Mochudi Phase 2 Sanitation Project
There is prevalence of un rehabilitated borrow pits, uncontrolled sand extraction from the rivers.
Kgatleng District being small in size (7600 km2) has to have a sound environmental conservation plan to safeguard against any eventuality. The District has a density of 9.2 people per square kilometre, this in itself, has a bearing on the environment; overgrazing, overstocking, underground water pollution are some of the issues of concern. Most villages depend on underground water for their domestic purposes. It is therefore critical to protect this vital resource from potential harm. This is line with Vision 2016 pillar of ‘A Prosperous, Productive and Innovative Nation”.
Most of the issues of environmental nature are the responsibility of the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Environment through the National Conservation Strategy Agency. There are other environmental issues dealt with by other ministries, NGOs and the Private sector. The district enforces some control on the environment through such organs as District Land Use Planning Unit (DLUPU), Environmental Health Department (Council). It is worth noting that of late all projects of a certain magnitude have to be preceded by an environmental impact assessment. However, there is need to establish an authority to determine which projects require an Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) and then subsequently ensure that such EIA is undertaken.
Table 4.13 Strategic Plans For Respective Departments
Minerals, Energy and Water Resources
Conservation and protection of the environment
Provision of sewerage facilities to major villages