Kgatleng district council kgatleng district development committee ministry of local government


Framework For Strategic Environmental Assessment



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3.3Framework For Strategic Environmental Assessment


Although the environmental pieces of legislation are in place, to monitor the state of the environment, there is need to evaluate the key environmental issues with sector goals and objectives in order to be able to device strategies for compliance with environmental conservation.
The overall sector goals and objectives should not conflict with environmental policies and programmes for conservation as is reflected hereunder.
Table 3.11 Evaluation of Environmental Key Issues with Sector Goals and Objectives.

Goal

Objectives

Environmental Key Issues

Possible Impacts

1. To protect the environment as well as conserve natural resources

To promote community based natural resources management projects

To promote waste management techniques that are compatible with the modern standards

To promote environmental education through public awareness programmes

To foster environmental friendly practices through the formulation, review and facilitation of relevant environmental policies and legislations

To prevent sanitation related diseases

To designate and monitor extraction sites for sand and gravel and ensuring mandatory rehabilitation of those sites



Natural resource utilization

Pollution

Natural Resource Utilization

Natural Resource Utilization

Pollution

Land Management

Water

Natural Resource Utilization



Possible depletion and degradation, littering

Loss of bio-diversity

Soil erosion

Littering

-

Underground water contamination



Air pollution

Possible depletion, land degradation






3.3.1Evaluation of Policies and Programmes Against Overall Goals and Objectives


Table 3.12 Goals and Objectives, Policies and Programmes

Goal

Objectives

Policies

Possible Impacts

1. To protect the environment as well as conserve natural resources

To promote community based natural resources management projects

To promote waste management techniques that are compatible with the modern standards

To promote environmental education through public awareness programmes

To foster environmental friendly practices through the formulation, review and facilitation of relevant environmental policies and legislations

To prevent sanitation related diseases

To designate and monitor extraction sites for sand and gravel and ensuring mandatory rehabilitation of those sites



National Conservation Policy

Community Based Natural Resource Management Programme

National Policy on Natural Resources Conservation and Development

National Forestry Policy

Wildlife Act

Botswana Strategy for Waste Management

Waste Management Act

Draft Environmental Impact Assessment Act

National Water Master Plan

Conservation Policy

National Conservation Policy

CBNRM Programme

Tourism Policy

Wildlife Act

Waste Management Act

Botswana Strategy for Waste Management

Revised National Policy on Rural Development

Waste Management Act

Botswana Strategy for Waste Management

Draft Environmental Impact Assessment Act

National Water Master Plan

Wetlands Policy



The start of the CBNRM has been very slow in the district mainly because of absence of Wildlife Management Areas

There has been the construction and equipping of the landfill in the district at Pilane. Another landfill will be constructed at Dikwididi. Other waste disposal sites in other parts of the district have been constructed. Implementation of the Mochudi Phase 2 Sanitation Project.

There has not been much impact in terms of natural resource utilization, but in terms of waste management much has been done and the programme is running well.

In terms of harmonizing conflicting policies and programmes something has been done. For example the Mmmashia Policy on Land Management has been drawn, and there is a proposal for an Integrated Land Use Plan for the district.

There has been the construction and equipping of the landfill in the district at Pilane. Another landfill will be constructed at Dikwididi. Other waste disposal sites in other parts of the district have been constructed. Implementation of the Mochudi Phase 2 Sanitation Project

There is prevalence of un rehabilitated borrow pits, uncontrolled sand extraction from the rivers.





CHAPTER FOUR

4ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION

4.1Introduction


Kgatleng District being small in size (7600 km2) has to have a sound environmental conservation plan to safeguard against any eventuality. The District has a density of 9.2 people per square kilometre, this in itself, has a bearing on the environment; overgrazing, overstocking, underground water pollution are some of the issues of concern. Most villages depend on underground water for their domestic purposes. It is therefore critical to protect this vital resource from potential harm. This is line with Vision 2016 pillar of ‘A Prosperous, Productive and Innovative Nation”.

4.1.1Institutional Framework


Most of the issues of environmental nature are the responsibility of the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Environment through the National Conservation Strategy Agency. There are other environmental issues dealt with by other ministries, NGOs and the Private sector. The district enforces some control on the environment through such organs as District Land Use Planning Unit (DLUPU), Environmental Health Department (Council). It is worth noting that of late all projects of a certain magnitude have to be preceded by an environmental impact assessment. However, there is need to establish an authority to determine which projects require an Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) and then subsequently ensure that such EIA is undertaken.
Table 4.13 Strategic Plans For Respective Departments

Ministry

Strategic Plan

Role

Minerals, Energy and Water Resources

Conservation and protection of the environment

Provision of sewerage facilities to major villages

Ministry of Agriculture

Conservation of agricultural resources

Rehabilitation of degraded areas

Improve land management practices



Ministry of Trade, Industry, Wildlife and Tourism

Sustaining Wildlife populations and habitats

To promote partnership in sustainable utilisation and management of wildlife resources



To develop and strengthen existing area management plans so as to protect sensitive habitats and rehabilitate degraded ones on continuous basis.

Ministry of Lands, Housing and Environment

To promote environmental management throughout the country

Promoting coordination of actions/activities, policies and legislations aimed at protecting the environment.

Providing general advise on proper environmental management and protection



Ministry of Local Government











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