New Visions Global History Regents Exam Question Bank for Unit 10. 3 Section 2 (nys 10. 6)



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New Visions Global History Regents Exam Question Bank for Unit 10.3 Section 2 (NYS 10.6)


Table of Contents:

  • Unit 10.3 Section 1 (NYS 10.5)

    • 10.5a International competition, fueled by nationalism, imperialism, and militarism along with shifts in the balance of power and alliances, led to world wars.

    • 10.5b Technological developments increased the extent of damage and casualties in both World War I and World War II.

    • 10.5c The devastation of the world wars and use of total war led people to explore ways to prevent future world wars.

    • 10.5d Nationalism and ideology played a significant role in shaping the period between the world wars.

    • 10.5e Human atrocities and mass murders occurred in this time period.

  • Unit 10.3 Section 2 (NYS 10.6)

    • 10.6a The Cold War originated from tensions near the end of World War II as plans for peace were made and implemented. The Cold War was characterized by competition for power and ideological differences between the United States and the Soviet Union.

      • Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe, Truman Doctrine, Berlin blockade,...

      • Opposition to Soviet Expansion

    • 10.6b The Cold War was a period of confrontations and attempts at peaceful coexistence.

      • Cuba, Vietnam, Korea and Afghanistan

      • New military alliances

      • United Nations

      • Nuclear Proliferation and Arms Race

      • Nonalignment

      • Détente

    • 10.6c The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the communist bloc in Europe had a global impact.

      • Glasnost and Perestroika

      • Self Determination After the Cold War

      • Fall of the Berlin Wall

      • Command Economy vs. Capitalist Economy

Back to the NV Global History Regents Exam Question Bank Main Table of Contents
10.6a The Cold War originated from tensions near the end of World War II as plans for peace were made and implemented. The Cold War was characterized by competition for power and ideological differences between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe, Truman Doctrine, Berlin blockade, NATO
1. The expansion of Communism into Eastern Europe was a direct result of

  1. the Crimean War

  2. the Napoleonic Wars

  3. World War I

  4. World War II


2. Between 1945 and 1950, the Soviet Union gained control over the nations of Eastern Europe as a result of

  1. prewar agreements between England and the Soviet Union

  2. free elections in those nations

  3. diplomatic and military pressure

  4. trusteeships established by the United Nation


3. "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent."

–Winston Churchill (1946)

This statement was Winston Churchill's reaction to the

  1. final defeat of Germany's armies during World War II

  2. Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe after World War II

  3. German invasion of Russia during World War II

  4. creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) after World War I


4.

  • The United States offered aid to Turkey (1947).

  • The Soviet Union helped finance the Aswan Dam in Egypt (1956).

  • A coup d'état in Iraq was supported by the United States (1963).


Which conclusion about the Middle East can be drawn from these situations that occurred during the Cold

War?


  1. It served as a key ally for the Soviet Union.

  2. It developed a policy of appeasement.

  3. It became a site of strategic competition between the superpowers.

  4. It allowed the United Nations to establish the region's foreign policies.


5.

Which title best completes the partial outline below?


I. ___________________

  1. Berlin blockade

  2. Cuban missile crisis

  3. Vietnam War



  1. Path to World War I

  2. Victories for Democracy

  3. Cold War Confrontations

  4. Terrorism in the 20th Century


6. In the 1950s, what was the status of most countries in Eastern Europe?

  1. members of the Common Market

  2. participants in the Marshall Plan

  3. allies of the United States

  4. satellites of the Soviet Union


7. The imaginary line that divided the Western European countries from the Eastern European countries after World War II was known as the

  1. prime meridian

  2. line of demarcation

  3. Iron Curtain

  4. Berlin Wall


8. The use of the Marshall Plan in Western Europe after World War II strengthened the forces of


  1. democracy

  2. communism

  3. isolationism

  4. autocracy

9. Base your answer to the following question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

What is the main idea of this 2002 cartoon?

(1) The United States refuses to become involved in another war.

(2) Nuclear proliferation continues to threaten world peace.

(3) The Cold War conflict continues today.

(4) Pakistan is the dominant nuclear force in this region.


10. The term iron curtain refers to the

(1) scars left on the land by the trenches of World War I

(2) no-fly zone in northern Iraq after the Persian Gulf War

(3) border established between India and Pakistan after World War II

(4) western boundary of Soviet domination in Europe during the Cold War
11. "Korea Divided at 38th Parallel"

"Hungarian Revolution Crushed"

"Missile Sites Spotted in Cuba"
The events in these headlines contributed to the

(1) development of peacetime alliances

(2) collapse of the Soviet Union

(3) rejection of imperialism by Western nations

(4) tensions between the superpowers

12. The political climate of the Cold War caused the world’s two superpowers to

(1) cooperate in halting the spread of communism

(2) colonize Africa and Asia

(3) compete economically and militarily

(4) protect human rights


13. After World War II, the Soviet Union maintained control of many Eastern European nations mainly because these nations were

(1) a source of new technology and skilled labor

(2) near warm-water ports on the Mediterranean Sea

(3) extensions of Communist power

(4) members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
15. Base your answer to the following question on the quote below.

"From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent." ––Winston Churchill (1946)


This statement refers to the

(1) beginning of the Cold War

(2) unification of Germany

(3) end of World War I

(4) Russian Revolution
16. In the 30 years after World War II, which area was most influenced by the Soviet Union?

(1) Southeast Asia

(2) North Africa

(3) Eastern Europe

(4) Central America
17. After World War II, Soviet domination of Eastern Europe was most directly the result of the

(1) victory of Germany over the Allies

(2) growth of democratic movements

(3) peace agreements supported by the United Nations

(4) Soviet military occupation of the region
18. After World War II, the Soviet Union established satellites in Eastern Europe to

(1) support the remaining Fascist governments in Eastern Europe

(2) preserve Capitalism in Eastern Europe

(3) establish democratic governments in Eastern European nations

(4) expand its power and control over Eastern Europe
21. The purpose of both the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan was to

(1) support the construction of the Iron Curtain

(2) increase membership in the United Nations

(3) prevent the spread of communism

(4) attempt to solve world hunger

22. The Marshall Plan was designed to stop the spread of communism by providing

(1) government housing to refugees

(2) military assistance to Vietnam

(3) funds for economic recovery in war-torn European nations

(4) nuclear weapons to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) members

23. The purpose of the Marshall Plan after World War II was to

(1) promote the spread of militarism

(2) force the losing nations to help areas destroyed in the war

(3) rebuild national economies to stabilize governments

(4) strengthen the alliances that had won the war
24. Which United States foreign policy was used to maintain the independence of Greece and Turkey after World War II?

(1) containment

(2) neutrality

(3) nonalignment



(4) militarism
25. Base your answer to the following question on the stamp below and on your knowledge of social studies.

This commemorative stamp was issued 50 years after the Marshall Plan. George Marshall was honored because he had

(1) insisted that Germany and the other Axis Powers pay for starting World War II

(2) proposed economic aid from the United States to rebuild the economies of European nations

(3) formed the European Union so that Western Europe could rebuild its own economy

(4) encouraged Western European nations to accept aid from the Soviet Union


27. The purpose of the Marshall Plan was to

(1) restore Japanese economic development

(2) provide military aid to Middle Eastern allies

(3) assure nationalist success in the Chinese civil war

(4) provide for economic recovery in Western Europe

33. Base your answer to the following question on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.

. . . The only way to go was up. And, on June 26, 1948, planes from all over the world were employed to begin an airlift to fly needed food and supplies to the Berliners. The Soviets attempted to frighten away the Allied planes. One Soviet plane, trying to tighten the blockade, fired on a British plane as it attempted to land in Berlin. Both planes crashed, killing all aboard. But the airlift continued. . . .

Source: Doris M. Epler, The Berlin Wall The Milbrook Press

The events described in this passage occurred soon after

(1) World War I

(2) World War II

(3) the Korean War

(4) the Six-Day War

Base your answers to questions 42 and 43 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.



42. In 1968, the area east of the bold black boundary included members of the

(1) Triple Alliance

(2) Warsaw Pact

(3) European Union (EU)

(4) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)


43. In 1968, the areas labeled Estonian SSR, Belorussian SSR, and Moldavian SSR referred to

(1) republics that were part of the Soviet Union

(2) members of the Central Powers

(3) independent nations of Eastern Europe

(4) members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

28. The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan were designed to

(1) promote economic and political stability in Europe

(2) end German demands for the Sudetenland

(3) restore democratic rule in Haiti

(4) prevent Iraq’s takeover of Kuwait


29. After World War II, the United States provided financial aid to West Germany, Turkey, and Greece because these nations were

(1) beginning their industrial development

(2) facing possible Communist threats

(3) newly independent

(4) major military partners of the United States
30. The purpose of the Truman Doctrine and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was to provide

(1) economic and military support to European nations to stop the spread of

Communism

(2) military troops to end ethnic warfare in the former Yugoslavia

(3) humanitarian aid to starving people in Ethiopia and Sudan

(4) the rights of freedom of speech and the press to Greek and Turkish citizens


31. The Great Wall of China and the Berlin Wall were both intended to

(1) halt the spread of communism

(2) isolate unpopular governments

(3) limit the movement of peoples

(4) keep people from smuggling illegal goods
32. In what way were Korea and Germany similar after World War II?

(1) They refused to align with the superpowers.

(2) Their former emperors stood trial for war crimes.

(3) Both remained divided during the Cold War.

(4) Ethnic tensions threatened civil war in each country.
33. Base your answer to the following question on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.

. . . The only way to go was up. And, on June 26, 1948, planes from all over the world were employed to begin an airlift to fly needed food and supplies to the Berliners. The Soviets attempted to frighten away the Allied planes. One Soviet plane, trying to tighten the blockade, fired on a British plane as it attempted to land in Berlin. Both planes crashed, killing all aboard. But the airlift continued. . . .

Source: Doris M. Epler, The Berlin Wall The Milbrook Press,

The events described in this passage occurred soon after

(1) World War I

(2) World War II

(3) the Korean War

(4) the Six-Day War


34. One reason for the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961 was to

(1) promote reunification of East Germany and West Germany

(2) keep East Germans from fleeing to the Western sector of Berlin

(3) complete the post–World War II rebuilding of Berlin

(4) meet the requirements of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
36. The fall of the Berlin Wall was followed by

(1) an end of democratic rule in Germany

(2) the rise of a Neo-Nazi movement in Spain

(3) an expansion of the Warsaw Pact

(4) the collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union

37. The invasion of Hungary in 1961 by the Soviet Union and the building of the Berlin Wall in 1961 are examples of

(1) United Nations Security Council resolutions

(2) Truman Doctrine failures

(3) Marshall Plan effects

(4) Cold War Era conflicts

38. What was a major reason the Soviet Union established satellite states in Eastern Europe after World War II?

(1) developing better trade relations with the West

(2) creating a buffer zone against future invasions

(3) participating in United Nations peacekeeping missions

(4) controlling the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
41. Which group of countries became Soviet satellites after World War II?

(1) France, Spain, Great Britain

(2) Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary

(3) Switzerland, Austria, Belgium

(4) Turkey, Greece, Italy
56. After World War II, the Soviet Union established satellites in Eastern Europe primarily to

(1) promote constitutional democracy

(2) expand its own political power

(3) prevent the rise of new socialist regimes

(4) persuade Western Europe to abandon military alliances

.

60. The events that took place in Hungary in the 1950's and in Czechoslovakia in the 1960's demonstrated the Soviet Union's



(1) support of nationalism among satellite nations

(2) influence on the economies of developing nations

(3) determination to maintain political control over Eastern Europe at that time

(4) attempts to promote its artistic and literary achievements in Western Europe


61. "Warsaw Pact Tanks Invade Budapest"

"Wall Divides Berlin" "Liberal Czechoslovak Government Replaced"

These historical newspaper headlines were related to

(1) Mikhail Gorbachev's introduction of the policy of glasnost

(2) Adolf Hitler's efforts to promote national socialism

(3) the Soviet Union's acceptance of capitalism

(4) attempts by the Soviet Union to strengthen Communist control

64. In Eastern Europe during the 1950's and 1960's, the Soviet Union responded to challenges to its control by

(1) allowing free elections when necessary

(2) imposing prompt and severe repression

(3) obtaining United Nations assistance

(4) granting independence to its satellite nations



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