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Lost Continent


A Speculation on the

Location of Atlantis, its Empire,

And its Submergence

Gerry Forster


Being a keen partcipant in the search for the true whereabouts of the legendary lost realm of Atlantis, I have endeavoured to read up just about everything discoverable that might conceivably help in the location of its anciently-vanished site. Thanks to a great amount of carefully-considered reasoning , deduction plus a modicum of good old–fashioned common sense, I have finally come to the conclusion that it was exactly where Plato claimed it to be – just beyond the Straits of Gibraltar – the Pillars of Hercules.

Many historians and scholars have attempted over the past two millennia to make Plato out as some kind of high-flown liar, and that his famous “Dialogues” of Critias and Timaeus, were nothing but fables. Additionally, they have claimed that the “alleged” teachings of Solon, his maternal ancestor (who had it all directly from Sonchis, the highly learned chief of the Egyptian scholar-priests of the goddess Neith at Sais) were nothing more than the fictitious inventions of his fertile imagination.

But why would Plato want to lie about such a thing - that was there for any sea captain to prove or disprove with his own eyes? The Phoenicians had already plyed the seas for over 600 years prior to the days of Plato, and had travelled far and wide beyond the Pillars of Hercules down the Ivory Coast of west Africa, in search of ivory and other precious cargoes and even as far north as the Southern tip of Britain to fill their holds with valuble tin and lead.

Surely they would know if there was, or had been, a continent-sized landmass almost as large as Libya and/or Asia Minor? And they most probably did, too, at least by repute, even though it might well have vanished long before their time. Atlantis (or Poseidonis) enjoyed a great reputation as a trading-nation with a veritable navy of both merchant and fighting ships. So it would be likely that Atlantean sailors would have been known in almost every ancient port in the eastern Atlantic region.

But what could he possibly expect to gain from such foolishness? What could possibly be in it for him? It sounds to me suspiciously like the same sort of disbelief with which Herodotus was also regarded when he reported all the interesting “Inside Info” he had learned from the priestly sages of Egypt, in the 5th century BC, as well as from his own “eye-witness” accounts of the many wonders he saw there as he was conducted on a tour of that country. Herodotus has also been branded a liar by many modern scholars, and yet in his own day, he was very highly regarded by his contemporaries as a reputable philosopher and a meticulous historian, just as had Plato 300 years before! I just can’t buy this ridiculous “conspiracy of discredit” which was levelled by later mediaeval academics at both Plato and Herodotus. This same omniscient attitude persists even to this day in our so-called modern philosophical and intellectual society, who, despite a far better understanding and comprehension of Ancient Greek, still follow blindly in the steps of their counterparts of the Early and Middle Ages, accepting their ignorant commentaries as gospel truth. (Probably because they were some four to eight hundred years closer to the time of these famous sages).

A Word about Scholarly Critics

This same attitude is also still rife in our modern scholarly fraternity. Anyone who reports anything which flies in the face of Orthodox Scientific Belief – that “Repository Of Academic Knowledge” which still has its roots buried, rather like the Norse World Tree, Yggdrasil, in the dark depths of ancient ignorance – and which is ALL it is – is regarded as a either a liar, a crank, a gullible fool, or a raving loony!
This includes even those modern alternative free-thinkers – including myself - who delve in more remote fields, such as the Hollow Earth and Planets, the Outside-Inside Earth Cosmogony theory, and even the monumental Cydonian “Face on Mars” and other clearly-observed and photographed Martian anomolies. They are all lumped together as a bunch of poor demented self-deluding idiots by these tremendously-clever self-righteous intellectuals who haven’t even bothered to seriously read up or consider anything of such alternative possibilities to their own spoon-fed concepts.
They simply brand them all as purveyors of wildly fantastic and unproveable hypotheses of nonsense. Just as if the Scientific Establishment themselves had actually been down and personally verified the existence of a vast nickel–iron core at the center of the Earth, by way of their three-thousand miles thick mantle of molten white-hot magma. Or that they have finally unearthed all of the sequential and intact skeletons of the many thousands of interstage evolutionary Missing Links purported to have existed between Homo Sapiens and the ancestor of ourselves and the anthropoid apes. Or, furthermore, that they have found conclusive evidence that there is absolutely nothing awaiting discovery on Mars except rust and dust! This patronizingly omniscient and patently dishonest attitude on the part of the Scientific Establishment really makes me choke with frustrated anger!

After all, when the alternative scientist or layman speaks of his own particular subject of study as being purely a theory or a speculative hypothesis, he means exactly what he says. Until incontrovertible evidence is discovered, his beliefs can be nothing more. But not so the august Orthodox Scientific Establishment. Yet, when one gets right down to it, the vast bulk of their own alleged “Indisputable Scientific Knowledge”, especially in the realms of the universe and its origins, and in the field of Darwinian Evolution, or even in the study of subterranean geology, are all founded very largely upon pure speculation, hypothesis and theory.

Transmuting Fiction into Fact

But these insubstantial concepts have somehow miraculously evolved into “Factual Truth and Affirmated Knowledge” simply by means of the magical, time-honored “Philospher’s Stone” of Tradition, over the past decades and centuries, and through their docile acceptance as such by the mentally-lazy lay-public of the world. No one actually knows how the Universe got started or how our own Solar system came into being. Yet every new science-book we pick up – particularly those created specifically for young children – is crammed with totally unproven “Facts”, all beautifully illustrated and printed in glorious four-color offset-lithography, accompanied by glibly-worded text which might convince even Einstein himself – if he were to be reincarnated tomorrow!
However, having got all of that off my chest, let me return to my point – which, I might hasten to add, IS all based upon nothing but the purest of carefully-considered speculation and educated guesswork – ably assisted, I should add, by some considerable measure of carefully considered input from very much greater and far more ancient philosophers and uncertificated scholars than myself!

I personally believe that Plato meant just what he said when he posited Atlantis (or Poseidonis) as lying “Beyond the Pillars of Heracles”. I don’t think he made it up at all, but he may have adopted the custom of ancient Greek writers and historians in choosing his words and presenting them in the form of a “discouse” between two scholars, in order to present both sides of his argument impartially. Herodotus tended to use a similar style of hyperbolic presentation in his discourses upon history – especially that which he had learned from the Egyptians. My own view is that Plato’s lectures were presented in this circumlocutory manner to save a lot of endless argument, heckling and interjection by his listeners, and maybe some modern scholars could benefit much from using his approach.

What did Plato Know about Atlantis?

I think it’s important before we go any further to determine and note down just what Plato had gleaned from the writings of his ancestor, Solon - who himself had been apprised of the facts about Atlantis by the chief priest of Neith, in the priestly Nile Delta city of Sais - regarding the general statistics of Atlantis. What do we know? As far as can be ascertained, Atlantis (which was believed to exist at least 11,000 years ago, and more likely thrice that time), was destroyed somewhere around 9,500 to 9,000 BC, somewhere close to the last polar tilt and the corresponding crustal displacement. (Some have tried to relate this to the ending of the last Ice Age, but according to all the leading authorities, the last one ended between 10,000 and 20,000 years ago. However, if one replaces “Ice Ages” with “Polar Shifts or Tilts” things come into better perspective).

The Land of Atlantis

As to the land of Poseidonis (or Atlantis as it is now called). Apparently it consisted originally of either a single large island-continent (or, according to the theosophist, Scott-Elliot, of two joint-islands; the larger being Daitya, and the slightly smaller one being Poseidonis*) together with various minor islands, especially on its western side (toward the Mesoamerican sub-continent). We have no exact dimensions for the principal home-island of Atlantis, Poseidonis, but we are told in “Critias” that there was a huge central plain, sheltered to the north, west and east by a volcanic mountain range. From all acounts, within this large plain at its southern side, was a smaller plain hedged around by hills, that was of some hundred stadia in diameter and in its center was the small hill upon which Poseidon first built his palace.

*(NOTE: Before I go any further, let me clarify matters by saying that, since we obviously cannot be certain of Scott-Elliot’s idea of an Altlantis comprised of two joint major islands as being correct, we must assume that Poseidon’s chosen island, to which he gave his own name - even if a little smaller than Scott-Elliot’s Daitya - must be regarded as the principal central landmass of Atlantis, since Poseidon is said to have chosen to make his home there, and the city of Atlantis eventually developed around his triple-moated island palace.

It is also interesting to note that Scott-Elliot claimed that the other Atlantean island of Daitya was the original homeland of the Semites, who were then a sub-race of Atlantean sorcerers!)
However, even the figure for the largest inland plain of the principal island of Poseidonis – which Critias quotes as “extending in one direction 3000 stadia, but across the centre inland it was 2000 stadia” - still gives us a smooth and even plain of an oblong shape around 600 miles long by 400 wide, or around the size of Scandinavia – which is then surrounded at least on three sides by large mountains! We are told that “this part of the island looked toward the south and was sheltered from the north”. So this is no tiny island between Greece and Crete! And let’s not forget that this was only the main island. There were several lesser islands, as well as many small ones. (Probably many of these latter still exist in the Carribean area as well as in the North Western Atlantic). The actual land area, according to Plato, was equal to that of both Libya and Asia Minor combined, so we would be looking at a total area, including all the smaller islands, roughly equal in size to Arabia!
Atlantis had many large areas of plain country, as well as great forests and huge mountains, among its main islands and its coastlines were renowned for being edged with massive cliffs. The land was certainly large enough to warrant being ruled over by no less than ten kings or princes. No doubt the first ten would have been the original children of Poseidon and Cleito, and then the custom continued. We have no indication of its human population, except for legendary reports of the vast military and naval might of the nation and the many thousands of Atlanteans who died in the recurrent series of subterranean cataclysms which overtook their islands sporadically over a fairly long span of time.
The land of Atlantis was aparently much famed for its beautiful scenery and plentious fruits which were “hard to store but provide drink, food and oil”. So there were clearly many vinyards and olive groves, plus other types of soft fruit, such as bananas, oranges, melons, etcetera, as well no doubt, as many tropical and temperate vegetables. It also possessed abundant timber in its verdant forests, and whilst the animal life isn’t dealt with in great detail, we can be sure there were great herds of elephants and horses, since these latter were the principal focus of sport in Atlantis, and the former no doubt fulfilled roles in both the timber forests as well as in the military might of Atlantis. This may well indeed have been the historical inspiration for the Carthaginian general, Hannibal’s great martial strength in millennia to come, when he invaded Italy via the Alps in 218 BC, using elephants as his walking armored “tanks”!
Other geographical features of Atlantis that received mention in Plato’s discourses include marshes and swamps, so we may safely guess at the plentiful presence of alligators and other swamp-life, such as snakes, and wading birds. The presence of thermal springs in the main islands, coupled with frequent earthquakes gives a more than adequate indication of the tectonic turmoil going on beneath the larger islands of Atlantis. In fact they remind us of nothing more clearly than those enormous subterranean high-pressure gas chambers to which James Churchward attributed the final overthrow and subsidence of the main continents of MU!

The City of Atlantis

Several peculiar types of stone were mined and quarried on Atlantis for the building of the palaces and temples, and even the walls and docks, of the city’s central hub. A special metal was also mined in Atlantis in great quantity, and it was second only to gold in value. Plato names this metal “Orichalcum”, but it was unknown to him. Perhaps a golden chalcedony quartzite of some sort, or maybe some form of copper amalgam? It was extensively used in lining the walls of the circular harbours in the heart of the city, so they must have presented a splendid and magnificent sight!

Poseidonis (as the island-continent was first named) was a great seafaring nation, and its central city of Atlantis was precisely that. The city center was said to have been in the form of a great concentric set of three huge circular excavations or “moats”, said in legend to have been dug by Poseidon himself, comprised of two concentric circular rings of land each separated by a circular and navigable canal, and all surrounding a central hill-topped island. Thus one must imagine three great circular harbours alternating with raised thick circular rings of land, surrounding a central circular island, and all connected to the sea by a 300 feet wide and 100 feet deep ship canal, 50 stadia in length.

The first circular waterway was the Grand Harbor, where all the might merchant ships berthed to discharge their precious cargoes from around the then known world. Then came a thick circular ring of land whose principal feature was a magnificent horse-racing course. Beyond this lay the Second Harbor, which was used mainly for berthing the private vessels of the leading merchants and nobility of the city. This enclosed another less thick ring of land upon which the high nobles of Atlantis had their palatial dwellings. These were surrounded by luxuriantly vegetated parklike gardens. At the hub of this city center, guarded by the Third and Royal Harbor, was a beautiful island upon which several magnificent palaces surrounded a central temple dedicated to Poseidon, the god of the ocean, and Cleito, his mortal wife, the daughter of normal human parents.

Boat-access to all of these concentric moats or canals were by means of water-passages tunneled through each of the rings of land, but not located directly in line with each other. In this way, any enemy vessel that infiltrated a connecting water tunnel would have to sail openly around at least half the circumference of that canal, and thus, if it was an infiltrating enemy craft, was easily exposed to attack from its banks.
It is said that when Poseidon first found the island of Poseidonis (and Cleito, his human wife), he built a house for Cleito and himself on its central hill, and then dug three concentric moats around it for the protection of her, and also later, his ten children - five pairs of male twins. This temple is said to have been inaccessible to the ordinary citizenry of Atlantis, and was fenced around by an enclosure of gold. I will not attempt here to describe the contents of this great temple, but will instead refer the interested reader to Plato’s dialogues “Critias” and “Timaeus” where all is described in lavish detail!
Thus the focal royal hub of the city of Atlantis was centered upon that hill, with a surrounding ring of mountains fifty stadia away. Much of the intervening flat plain was eventually occupied by the urban sprawl of the city. As mentioned earlier, the central circular hub of Atlantis was approached from the seacoast by a wide channel or canal some 50 stadia long. A stadium was the equivalent of 606.75 feet long, so fifty stadia would equal around 5¾ miles. In other words, the actual city-plain itself must have been around 11½ miles in diameter – quite a sizeable city for such an ancient time! But Critias tells us that this main city area was enclosed by a high circular wall, the ends of which met at the opposite sides of the mouth of the shipping-channel entrance where it met the sea. However, this was merely the capital city of Atlantis. The actual land of Poseidonis, as mentioned previously, was equal to that of both Libya and Asia Minor combined, so we have to think of a total land surface roughly equal in area to India!

The True Location of Atlantis

As we have noted from the foregoing, the original position of the land of Atlantis (by which name it is now generally known) was first stated by Plato to be located somewhere in the Altantic Ocean just beyond and directly in front of the ancient Pillars of Heracles (or Hercules), where a wide gap occurs in the North African Atlas Mountain chain. This mountain range is believed to have anciently run straight up through Morocco, uninterrupted, into the southerly tip of Spain, where it connected on to what is today the Serrania de Ronda and eventually becomes the Sierra Nevada. From one account I came upon, a major earthquake or similar tectonic event lowered the central part of the range, creating a lowish gap right at the western end of what was once the Mediterranean Valley.
Apparently, it did not come down low enough to permit any inlet for the waters of the Atlantic. The sea level of the Atlantic at that time was still well below the reduced section of the mountain chain even at high tide. It must have remained as some sort of natural sea-barrier or isthmus, much as was the case with the Bosporus Isthmus between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea, prior to the strait splitting open. (This is a 20-miles thick landbridge upon which Istanbul stands at the mouth of the Bosporus Strait, which is a natural rift, ½ to 2-mile wide, in the isthmus that once separated the two seas).
The Mediterranean Valley

According to various antiquarian authorities and other works I have read, including modern bathymetric charts, I understand that the Mediterranean valley was once a vast and extremely fertile lowland depression, which was watered by several large rivers. Rivers such as the Nile (then called the “Styx”), the Po, which brought melt-water down from the Alps across the northern end of Italy, and down through what is today the Adriatic Sea, but was then a large, freshwater lake. Another major river that flowed into the valley basin was the Rhone, which still flows voluminously through southern France from the Swiss Alps and empties into the Mediterranean at Marseille. The Rhone also created a deep lake in the Mediterranean valley between Corsica and the Balearic Islands. The Nile/Styx had also created a long deep lake which ran from the eastern sector of the vast valley right up to what are now the islands of Malta and Sicily, The river continued on westward between Malta and the Tunisian coast, through what are today the Straits of Sicily into the Tyrrhenian basin where it formed a fourth large lake.

It was this constant influx of fresh water, which kept the great valley in such a lush and Edenic state, and these large freshwater lakes must have been alive with fish. So one can imagine that this region, even if a little humid, must have been a prime piece of real estate for ancient settlers from the surrounding rocky highlands. However, there is some fairly strong geological reason to believe that the Mediterranean valley had previously, on two or three occasions over many long millennia, been inundated to varying degrees by the Atlantic Ocean - perhaps by tectonically-generated tidal waves sweeping up across the North African plains which once surrounded the large and shallow inland Triton Sea, but are now the Sahara Desert. However, I’ll try to get back to this particularly interesting proposition later on. Having now “set the stage”, so to speak, let me now explain why I believe Plato’s location of Atlantis to be the correct one. I certainly believe that the site is as good as any other, and infinitely better than most!
Atlantis in Thera-Santorini?

Some experts have tried to make a solid case for the ancient Minoan island of Thera (or Santorini), which was once a fairly largish island around 70 miles north of Crete, at the mouth of the Aegean Sea, but is now little more than a semicircular lagoon of rock. Apparently the mythical story goes that the giant sea-god, Triton (a son of Poseidon by a sea-nymph, Amphitrite), gave Jason and his Argonauts a large lump of earth, and asked them to drop it into the sea at a designated place, which they did. (One never aroused the anger of a god by disobeying him – especially if he was the sea-god – and you were a mere sailor!) The result was that the clod of earth swelled up until it formed a beautiful island, with a fine conical mountain at its center.

Of course, the reality of this legend was simply that Santorini (a corruption of St. Irene) was in fact a volcano, which arose quite rapidly from the Mediterranean seabed to form the usual conical island - such as are often seen to rise from the sea around Iceland. (Which event, incidentally, immediately rules Thera out of this discussion, if we accept that Atlantis existed prior to the Mediterranean valley inundation!) Eventually plants began to grow upon its rich volcanic soil, and soon Minoan people from Crete began to settle upon it and erect houses and temples there, as it gradually turned into a sort of demi-paradise. For many centuries it was a very popular religious centre for the Minoans (or Minyans), until quite suddenly the volcano exploded into full, violent eruption.
Here we begin to get into various difficulties with explosion-dates, since some histories claim the island exploded and was destroyed in a single night in 1450 BC. Others say, equally categorically, that it exploded in 196 BC, then was replaced by another volcanic cone, which in turn exploded in 1650 AD! However, since it is largely agreed that many temples and palaces on Crete were also destroyed in a great localized explosion around 1450 BC, it seems to underline that date as being correct and that it was the sudden demise of Thera which was the cause.
Quite apart from the dates being way out of range, Thera was far too small to be the continent-size landmass described by Plato. In any case, Plato lived from 427 –347 BC, whilst his great ancestor, Solon, lived from 638–559 BC, and the story of the demise of Atlantis was already ancient history long before Solon’s time. So it would seem from all aspects, both in size and in timeframe, Thera-Santorini simply could not have filled the bill! Let us not forget, too, that the Mediterranean had already long been filled with water from the overflowing Atlantic by then. Other modern theorists, however, have attempted to locate Atlantis in other areas altogether.
Other Locations for Atlantis

One for example makes a fairly good case for the Amazon basin as once being the site of Atlantis, prior to a rise in sea-level flooding much of Brazil. (I will return to this rise in sea-level presently!) Others, like Rand and Rose Flem-Ath, have put forward an extremely convincing case for Antarctica having originally been the continent of Atlantis. I thoroughly enjoyed their book, and would dearly have loved to accept their Antarctic theory, but I feel certain that Plato could never have heard of a place as far off as Antarctica at that time, nor would the Phoenicians, despite them being such tremendously well-travelled sailors for their time-frame in history.

Similarly, some have posited Atlantis in North America, and even in Greenland, before it became a mountain of ice! Even the North Sea’s Dogger Bank and the region around the Scilly Isles off the Cornish tip of Britain have been suggested. One rather overzealous fan of the Piri Reis’map even suggested Cuba as being the original site of Atlantis! But before the reader finally gives up in disbelief, there is at least one highly honored academic in Brazil who proposes that Atlantis was actually in SouthEast Asia! Lauritzen also suggests this region. This particular concept isn’t quite as outrageous as it sounds, since both the Egyptians and the Phoenicians had sailed to India, South-East Asia and even as far as Australia! Egypt’s Paraoh, Ramses I, had a ship-canal dug from the Nile to the Red Sea, in 2,000 BC, with an extra direct link to the Mediterranean, so the Phoenicians could have regularly used this route also, as well as the Gulf of Aqaba. (It’s of interest to note that this same canal was later cleared of inblown sand, repaired and returned to use first by Necho II, then Darius’ Persians, and later again by the Romans.)
However, given the fundamental description of Atlantis, as being a large sea-girt landmass (an island-continent the size of Asia Minor and Libya combined!) it could only have existed where Plato says it did - in the Atlantic Ocean opposite the Pillars of Hercules. The only other possible location with sufficient space would have been the Southeast Asian one, but that was a actually a wide peninsula and not an island, so we can safely rule it out as being a likely candidate. In any event, we have good reason to believe that this region was under the sway of the Muvian Empire at that particular time in ancient pre-history. My own personal view, derived from all the research I’ve done on the subject, is that the principal island of Atlantis covered the area which is now centred upon the Azores, and that its other, lesser landmasses lay west of it, on the other side of the mid-Atlantic ridge, reaching into the Carribean and up to Bimini and the Bahamas.
The present Canary Islands and Madiera also formed part of the mighty Atlantean Empire, as eventually did portions of the African and Portugese coastlines. Ancient Mauritania, in north-western Africa, where the Triton Sea spread inland from the Atlantic, was also a vital part of their empire, since it brought them closer in to their enemies in and around the Mediterranean valley. According to some sources, they had even setted a colony in a large sector of the valley floor, and it might have been from there that they warred against the Athenians, as well as other nations, who occupied other sectors of the Mediterranean valley and the highlands on its opposite northern and northeastern sides. But one wonders if the classical Athens existed at that time.
The Wars of Atlantis

This belligerent and imperial attitude toward its neighbouring lands, is a major factor, which must be included in this equation regarding ancient Atlantis. For example there are many reports in ancient writings of their great clashes with the Rama Empire of India, as well as with the Athenians. However, before going into this, let me make some mention of the technological warfare achievements that have been attributed to the Atlanteans both in ancient Greek history and in that Sanskrit epic of the Hindus, the Mahabharata. There is no doubt that there was a great enmity between the Atlanteans and the Athenians as recorded by no less an authority that Dr. Heinrich Schliemann, the great archaeologist who discovered the site of ancient Troy. He discovered a great bronze vase at Troy which bore an inscription that indicated it to be a gift from Kronos, King of Atlantis to the then King of Troy. It is a matter of general history that the ancient Athenians and the Trojans were deadly enemies, so this fact alone supports an enmity also existing between the Athenians and the Atlanteans, even if only because the latter were allies of Troy. However, the factor we really need to consider here is that of time. If this took place before the flooding of the Mediterranean basin, did Athens exist then?

History tells us the Greek civilization didn’t really come into its own until about 1000 BC, and modern Athens was then still a mere village, the implication being that Atlantis may still have been a great power long after the Atlantic Ocean had filled the Mediterranean basin, and before the Athenians had developed any noteworthy military might. So the classical Athenians may not have fought the Atlanteans until at least 500 BCif they ever did. No signs of any technological warefare have been found there, yet the Atlanteans were reputedly greatly advanced in military technology, probably even outrivalling our own today! Should we be considering a more ancient race of Athenians?
We know that the other major enemy of Atlantis, the Raman Empire, a pre-Aryan culture in north-western India (or what is today Pakistan) lasted roughly between 3500 and 2500 BC, after which it collapsed, quite possibly following the “high-tech” war waged upon it by Atlantis. This resulted in the cataclysmic destruction of the two great Rishi cities of Mohenjo Daro and Harappa by what modern investigators can only conclude to have been atomic weapons! The surrounding ground is vitrified exactly like that of Nagasaki and Hiroshima after their atomic bombing at the close of WWII. Some researchers claim that after Rama fell, it was for some time part of the Atlantean Empire!
But the epics of the Mahabhatara, the Drona Parva, the Bhagavad Gita and the Ramanyana also tell us that the Nagas (or Nacaals) also possessed similar high-tech atomic weaponry, as well as advanced flying-craft known as vimanas, which sound amazingly like double-decked Flying-Saucers which emitted a pleasant humming sound as they flew! These were used both as bombers and for defence against the Atlantean aerial craft - which were called vailixi, and which in many respects resembled zeppelins with wings!
It is believed by many researchers today that, at that point in time, similar craft and technology were known and used over much of the ancient allegedly prehistoric world! From the famous “Readings” of Edgar Cayce, (if we can truly accept them) we learn that the Atlanteans also had many other scientific accomplishments including radio, and other electrical appliances, elevators and even computers! They also developed a form of crystalline energy source for certain applications. Their navy is also believed to have possessed some kind of submarine and other self-propelled craft.
Whilst a few other details are known about Atlantean weapons, such as death-rays, explosives and atomic bombs, we can assume that they would have been on a parallel with advanced Nacaal weapons. Weapons such as Kapila’s Glance”, a ballistic atomic-fire device that could burn an army or a city to ashes in seconds, and Flying Spears”, which sound suspiciously like rocket-powered missiles fitted with atomic warheads. However, we must return again to the question of a time frame for all this.

If we work backwards from the dating of the ruins of Mohenjo Daro and Harrapa, both of which Rishi cities are believed to have been atomically destroyed around 2500 BC at the latest, we can accept that Atlantis was still very much alive and a powerful nation at that time. But as we move forward in time from there, we see that Greece was not a power to be reckoned with until at least 500 BC, by which time the Mediterranean had been already filled with water for at the very least two or three millennia, if not, in fact, a great deal longer.

Thus, if the Atlanteans had fought a war with the Athenians they could have traveled there by sea. This really presents no problems since they were a great sea-going people with a huge navy. However, we run into an even greater problem here! According to Plato, Atlantis was totally destroyed in its final submergence in 9,500 BC!
Another major problem also arises in connection with their offshoot and possibly renegade colony, the Osirians, who were believed to have dwelled on the floor of the Mediterranean basin whilst it was still a demi-paradise of luxuriant tropical vegetation and great freshwater lakes. From what can be gleaned about this ancient empire, the Osirians were forced to move from the floor of the Mediterranean, after Atlantis sank and the Atlantic Ocean finally broke through the Pillars of Hercules, and began steadily filling the Mediterranean basin. These two events seem to be mentioned as occurring almost concurrently, or within a few decades, which in turn implies that the one, by weakening the underlying sub-strata, eventually caused the other.
Plato seems, via Solon, to date the final sinking of Atlantis at around 9,500 BC, so we are faced with the difficulty of reconciling the destruction of the two Indus Valley cities in 2,500 BC with the actions of a nation that was engulfed 7,000 years earlier! Obviously, something is way out of kilter here! If the Osirian Empire was still ex-officio a part of the Atlantean Empire, and thus its possible successor, could it be that they were still regarded as “Atlanteans”? Or did Atlantis still survive in its large empire?
Some Speculative Considerations

From what we have subsequently gleaned through various sources, it would seem that this empire did inherit the mantle of the Atlanteans, since they evacuated to, and took over the occupation of, some of the North African highland side of the newly-forming Mediterranean Sea, which had previously been a large part of the original Atlantean Empire, together with what is today Morocco and northern Algeria. According to Ignatius Donelly, the great 19th century scholar on Atlantis, most of Spain, Portugal, north-western Africa, and the northern highlands of the Mediterranean valley, including Italy (now possessing sea-coastlines), had already been occupied by Atlantean military colonists. So there is really no reason to assume that, with the sudden catastrophic submergence of their homeland, Atlantean colonists would immediately give up the ghost, without making some effort to reestablish a new mainland Altantean state.

Following a False Scent?

On the contrary, it is more than possible that these surviving Atlantean colonists resolved to extend their remaining territories, rather than let their culture simply fade away. Donnelly claims that the Atlanteans invaded Italy, displacing the indigenous culture and replacing it with their own. (In which case, the Etruscans and Romans must have been partially of Atlantean origin.) So he must be suggesting an attempt to perpetuate the Atlantean nation and its traditions, even if it involved some degree of interbreeding.

It also suggests that, in the fullness of time, they might indeed have conducted a war against the Athenians, just as Plato had claimed – though not as the stated original ten -kinged oligarchy of Atlantis! However, even this could conceivably be explained if the subsequently successive kings or princes had divided up the remains of their entire offshore empire into separate but closely allied kingdoms. But sadly, I feel, as probably does my reader, that this is becoming rather an enormous stretch of credulity, and it’s entirely possible that Plato may have become somewhat confused, if not completely carried away, by this portion of his account!
I personally feel inclined to discount this suspect part of his story altogether, and prefer instead to follow up the “Osirian Empire” lead. So why don’t we do just that and see where it leads us? True, since there is only scant reference to the Osirians in the works I’ve read on ancient lost empires, we will have to follow our own noses to a large degree. But as my readers are doubtless well aware by now, I’m not afraid to go with a little speculation and gut-instinct when the supply of unassailable fact runs out!
The Osirians

According to people like David Hatcher Childress and others, the Osirian Empire was, as I have mentioned previously, originally located both on the fertile floor of the Mediterranean valley, and upon the edge of the North African continent, where, because they themselves were of Atlantean origin, they lived in some sort of trucial peace with the surrounding Atlantean-dominated peoples of the surrounding lands. Childress claims that there are over 200 sunken cities and towns on the Mediterranean seafloor – some of which have recently begun to be actually located and examined by deep-sea divers. There is clearly little doubt, if any at all, that there have been quite advanced civilizations living within this once dry and fertile valley, but far, far back in what our academic scholars would probably describe as “pre-history”, when the bulk of mankind elsewhere were still allegedly humble savages living in caves and chipping at flints!

But why were these Osirians living as a separate people if they were themselves of Atlantean blood? Had there been some sort of rift or falling-out between this group and their brethren? Were they some kind of breakaway “splinter group”? Why had they chosen to go their own way, when their land of origin was doing so well for itself? From what pieces of the puzzle I’ve been able to put together thus far – and believe me, they’re hard to find – it seems to come down to a matter of kingship. Let me now relate a little highly speculative story. It may not be the exact truth, but I think I can guarantee that you’ll find it of interest, and that it will give you plenty of food for thought!
The Story of the Osirian Empire

It appears that one of the original princes of the customary ten-crowned rulership of the Atlantean Empire, disagreed with some nefarious self-aggrandizing plot connected with the new cult of The Sons of Belial”. This was a totally evil and hellish cult in which several of his brother princelings, under the leadership of the depraved Prince Belial, a puppet controlled by his satanic elder brother, Prince Seth (or Set), were all deeply involved. It was entirely against the health, morality, welfare and indeed the very safety of the Atlantean state, and Prince Osiris, a very good man and a champion of the benevolent Law of One threatened to publicly expose them.

Because of his unswerving loyalty to the Sun God and to the populace of the Empire, his evil kinsmen expelled this eminently wise and honest prince from the oligarchy - together with his wife Isis and her sister, Nephthys, and his son Horus - upon pain of death. The Law of One was a monotheistic religion, which revered only the Sun-God, Ra (who was thought to have his throne inside the Sun), as being the sole ruler, benevolent entity, and the original creative force of the Earth, stars and the Universe.

But when news of this treachery reached the region over which Osiris ruled, his loyal subjects vowed to follow their prince and leave the island of Atlantis. They were also adherents of the Godly Law of Onereligion, so, rather than live among Belial Satanists, they resolved to secede from its Empire, and to set up their own nation in some unoccupied area of the adjacent mainland. Many of the populace of Atlantis, who had heard rumors of the cultish plot sympathized deeply with Osiris, his family and their followers and joined them to escape the growing heathen depravity of their own rulers.

In due course, Osiris and his people found a most suitable location in the Mediterranean valley, and before long they had established great goodwill with their new neighbouring nations and the new Osirian nation began to prosper and grow. Because of their great wealth of Atlantean wisdom and knowledge of technology, several other nations and tribes elected to join them, and thus the Osirian Empire was born.
Osiris himself became a greatly sought-after fountain of knowledge and wisdom upon all manner of technological and structural matters, by many of the surrounding nations. He is even said to have designed and and directed the construction of the massive stone platform at Baalbek in Lebanon which is famous for its gargantuan stone blocks that are believed to weigh up to 1,500 tons each! From all appearances, it was originally intended for much grander purposes than being merely a foundation for the two or three very ordinary temple structures which it later carried, and whose ruins can still be seen today. Could it perhaps have been the base platform for some enormous towering structure that would have dwarfed even the pyramids? Some historians have even speculated that Osiris may possibly have been the original Biblical Nimrod, who built the Tower of Babel! However, we have no idea of the massive constructional engineering marvels that still await eventual discovery, should the Mediterranean Sea ever become a dessicated sandy depression again!
It is also reported that a huge 100-foot stone or marble statue of him was produced by one of the grateful nations had he assisted in a like manner, and probably still stands, buried in the mud and silt of the Mediterranean Sea, amid the ruins of his capital city. As a one-time ruling prince of Atlantis, Osiris’s mental fund of esoteric and technological knowledge must have been enormous. However, to discover just how much this was, it seems that we will have to await the eventual solving of the puzzles and secrets which will lead to the final unlocking of the hidden repository chambers that lie inside the mysterious Great Pyramid of Giza.
21st century man has already proved what woeful gaps exist in his constructional knowledge of such enormously solid works by his complete inability - despite all of his modern high-rise building technology plus steel scaffolding, cranes, and reinforced concrete - to reproduce the wondrous massive stone structures of those ancient times!
Very soon the Osirian Empire even extended up into the North African highlands from Algeria eastward across Libya and toward Khem and Kush. At that time, there was no actual land of Egypt. What was later to become the river Nile, was then known as the Styx by the mountain people of Crete and Cyprus. It had carved out a 900 mile-long ravine from the Aswan plateau where it thundered over a high precipice, to where it flowed out northward into the enormous Mediterranean valley. There it had gouged out a great freshwater lake to the south of Crete and Cyprus, before turning westward to flow between Malta and Sicily, finally terminating in another deep lake between the highlands of modern-day Italy and Corsica. Even though two other large rivers also flowed into the Mediterranean valley, their waters were all evaporated from similar lakes as rapidly as they were filled, thus the great depressed basin remained largely dry land. Egypt as we shall soon see, is, quite literally, a comparatively new land!
Swiftly, most of the vast valley came under the benevolent rule of the Osirians, and they built many large cities and towns upon its luxuriantly fertile floor. (A comparatively recent bathymetric survey of the Mediterranean sea-floor has shown up the remains of at least 250 cities! Some have even been studied quite recently by deep-sea diving expeditions and many ancient Egyptian (or Osirian) artifacts were recovered and brought to the surface!)
The Death of Atlantis

In the meantime, however, the evil rulers of Atlantis, led by Seth, had not forgotten Osiris, nor did they admire his success in establishing a new empire of his own, and they sought ways and means to rid themselves of him once and for all. If they could cut off its head, his empire would be helpless, and they could graft it back into that of Atlantis. But they had not reckoned upon the unpredictable hand of Nature. For many millenia, Atlantis and its several islands had been subjected to sporadic volcanic outbursts and frequent earth tremors. In fact, there were records of at least two quite large catastrophes having already engulfed some of its larger islands over the past forty millennia.

The first such event occurred around 50,000 BC, and the second around 28,000 BC, in which the major continent was split into five portions. However, all had been reasonably quiet for some nineteen millennia – until this new bout of tectonic disturbances. But it all finally came to a head with appalling suddenness, in 9,500 BC when, entirely without any warning, the entire major landmasses of Atlantis simply burst asunder in a final series of cataclysmic explosions, and, within a single day and night, most of Atlantis vanished almost without trace beneath the Atlantic Ocean!
Millions of native Atlanteans died in the catastrophe, but quite a large number of survivors escaped in ships, rafts, or whatever they could cling to. These eventually struggled ashore on the coasts of Spain and Portugal, and the shores of Morocco. There were few if any of the original leaders among these survivors, except for Seth, who now bent every effort toward taking sole control over what he could of the Atlantean colonial power on the mainland of Europe and Northwest Africa. In this, it would seem he was successful, since many lands surrounding the Mediterranean valley were already vassal states of mighty Atlantis, and by intermarriage with its soldiers, their people bore the blood of Atlantis in their veins. (Many modern Europeans probably still do possess Atlantean genes.)
The Murder of Osiris

However, this vile prince, Seth, blamed Osiris for the disaster, assuming that he had called upon his god, Ra, to bring down this final cataclysm on Atlantis, and one day, he decided to gain his revenge. He sent forth scouts to locate the Osirian royal capital, then after learning its whereabouts, with a troop of his soldiers, under cover of darkness, Seth descended the steep incline from the Libyan highland and approached Osiris’s city.

There, choosing only a handful of his most brutal henchmen, Seth silently infiltrated Osiris’s unguarded royal palace and surprised the king alone at his midnight devotions It was a foul deed of terrible butchery that took place in the king’s private chapel dedicated to Ra. Osiris had no time even to cry out before his head was smitten from his shoulders by a fell sword slash from behind. Then his murderers set about the bloody task of hacking his body into unrecognizable gobbets of flesh and bone. Even Osiris’s gentle face was hacked and slashed beyond recognition. Then, after a final gloating inspection of their hideous work, Seth led his blood-soaked team of butchers silently away, compeletly undetected, out of the still-sleeping palace.
Still-sleeping, that is, except for one. Osiris’s wife, Isis, had woken suddenly in response to some unbidden sense of urgent dread, and discovered that her lord had not yet come up to bed. Fearfully, she went and roused her sister, and together, they descended to his dimly-lit chapel to find the door standing slightly ajar, revealing part of a blood-spattered wall. As she opened the door wider and saw the bloody carnage the murderers had wreaked, Isis screamed out a great cry of horror. Despite the savage butchery and mutilation, Isis instantly recognizing her husband’s mangled remains. Just as she also knew instinctively who had murdered him, and why. Seth!
When Horus, now a grown man, woken by his mother’s screams, entered a few seconds later and witnessed the horrific sight, he was seized with a terrible admix of horror, grief and a towering paroxysm of uncontrollable rage. Like his mother, Horus guessed at once who had done the deed, and, after doing his best to comfort her, he left his mother to the tender care of her sister, Nephthys, and her handmaidens. Swiftly marshalling a large troop of royal cavalry, he set off at a wild, maddened gallop into the darkness to catch up with the killers. But alas, by then they had vanished like ghouls into the night. He and his cavalry troopers scoured the surrounding region all the rest of that night and much of the following day, before finally abandoning the fruitless search.
However, Horus pledged himself to a solemn vow that he would strive to have Seth’s head upon a spear before he died. A black pall of sadness and despair descended upon the entire Osirian Empire for many days thereafter. But eventually, as Time began its healing work, Isis and Horus realized that Osiris’s Empire must go on, and returned to their now onerous duties of leadership, guidance and justice for his people..
Horus now reluctantly ascended his dead father’s throne, and ruled over them jointly with his mother, Isis. One of his first acts as king was to declare bloody war upon that last, evil Altlantean king and uncle who had murdered his own brother. They engaged in many battles with imperial forces led by Seth. In this they were aided by a large colony of ancient Athenians, (the forerunners of those Athenians mentioned in the more recent and familiar Greek classics) who occupied the northeastern end of the vast valley, and who had no reason to love Atlantis, since they had long been their deadliest enemies, and had once even triumphed gloriously over them.
However, the Osirians and the Atlanteans proved to be too evenly matched in these battles, since both shared the same advanced weaponry and military stratagems, and the only material results of such often bloody and bitter encounters were thousands of dead warriors, as well as many casualties among the Osirian and Athenian civilian populations who were greatly exposed on the low valley floor to the pitiless fire of Seth’s heartless soldiers, far more safely positioned high upon the Libyan plateau above them.

Eventually, though his hatred of Seth had in no wise diminished, Horus had to call a reluctant halt to the fighting, since both their unarmed women and children and their valley cities were suffering far more than the Atlanteans above on the highlands. An uneasy cease-fire was mutually agreed to - at least, for the time being. But Horus still nursed a burning, hateful desire for personal revenge upon his father’s murderer.

In the fullness of time, poor, dead Osiris became a god to his people and their descendants, and his memory was greatly revered and venerated. So much so, that, at the behest of his aging widow, Isis, they undertook a great task in his honor, by building a great stone pyramidal cenotaph to perpetuate his memory, high upon a great plateau of solid rock that formed the towering western corner at the mouth of the deep gorge of the Styx, near the Mediteranenan Valley’s eastern end.
Strangely, there was already a giant monument on that plateau, in the shape of a great, elongated stone lion, resting upon its belly, with long forepaws outstretched before it, within a shallow depression and facing toward the rising sun. The Osirians had no idea who had built it, or how long it had lain couchant there gazing toward the eastern horizon. But, judging by the deep weathering upon its worn stone surface, it was obviously the totem or god of some archaic race that had vanished into the mists of ancient time even before Poseidon founded Atlantis!
As mentioned before, this deep, dark and narrow gorge which the River Styx had gouged out over many millennia, ran back for nine hundred miles to the huge thousand-foot high waterfall at Aswan. The Pyramid of Osiris was completed within a single year using the ancient, almost miraculous technological skills and mental powers of the Atlanteans, by a team of men only three hundred strong. Vast blocks of stone were quarried and precision-trimmed from carefully selected sections of rock strata by the use of crystal-powered drills and cutters, as well as “melting-wands”, which cut through the stone like a hot knife through butter. Then they were teleported along the long canyon and levitated up to the great flat plateau entirely by the concentrated mental power of groups, each consisting of ten chosen sages, chanting in unison and focussing their minds as one.
The huge Atlantean-style pyramid, whose shape was designed to withstand the ravages of tsunamis and earth-shaking catastrophes over an eternity, was constructed primarily as a cenotaph to the memory of their god, Osiris. But it also became a repository for all his collection of scrolls and tomes of ancient Atlantean wisdom and technological secrets especially enscribed for the purpose of preserving this knowledge. These were carefully sealed inside secret air- and water-tight chambers deep within and below the pyramid, which could only be discovered by some future race who might develop the required degree of intellect to unlock its hidden secrets. Some of these “keys” related to the stellar constellations of their time, some to mathematical and geometrical puzzles, and some to plain mental prowess and abilities of logic and reason. But all the answers were there, “hidden in plain view” in the pyramid’s structure for those in the future who might have the intellect and mental perception to work them out.
Once the great pyramid was completed, it was sealed up by various cunningly devised mechanisms operated by natural physical forces, the damp air was expelled by a chemical explosion through specially constructed ducts, and then its exterior was coated with pure colloidal-silver cladding which was blended, again by technological wizardry, and allowed to run down the beautifully smoothed and polished sides. The gleaming silvery-white structure was finally surmounted and crowned by a gold-sheathed pyramidal capstone. The memory of Great Osiris and his achievements would live forever!
The finished pyramid was a brilliant sight to behold, especially during the first moments of the sunrise, whilst the valley still lay in darkness and the Sun’s first rays struck its silver eastern side and its glistering golden pinnacle. The nation gathered far below to watch this wondrous spectacle and pray for the Spirit of their great God Osiris.
The Death of Isis

A few years later, Osiris’ widow, Queen Isis died peacefully and full of years. This time the people required no urging by their grief-stricken King Horus. Again the same men came forward and began work upon a second pyramid to honor the beloved widow of the great god. Again the work was done swiftly and with total perfection, but this pyramid’s hidden chambers contained new secrets pertaining to the future of the Earth, and the Universe. It also housed a wonderful library of all the arcane knowledge that Isis had acquired during her lifetime, since she had been a great seer and prophetess in her latter years, and had been granted many great visions of the future, the Universe and the Unseen Kingdom of its great Creator, the glorious Emperor of All the Gods.

This time, the finished Pyramid of Isis was covered with brilliantly white alabaster, lovingly hand-polished to a mirror finish by the women of the kingdom, and it was capstoned with a silver-coated pyramidal block, so as not to outshine the great god’s memorial. Nevertheless, the two pyramids both made a truly glorious sight in the rays of the morning sun, and the whole empire sent representatives to observe the awsome spectacle, and to pay obesience to their venerated god and his widely-beloved wife, Isis. Pilgrims and travellers came from all quarters of the then known world to witness and bow before these magnificent memorials, and many of them stayed to join the growing nation of the Osirians, which now lay under the single benevolent kingship of King Horus, himself now a man of mature years, and full of his illustrious father’s vast wisdom, great knowledge and amazing gentleness.
The Mediterranean Flood

Sadly, however, there was a disastrous aftermath to the Atlantis catastrophe. It was during the latter part of the lifetime of Prince Horus, that the last great judgmental cataclysm occurred. - the grand finale of the series of cataclysmic explosions and subsidences in which the last vestiges of mighty Atlantis had vanished forever in a welter of scalding steam and plumes of red-hot lava and smoke, beneath the boiling ocean.

The same explosions of the vast subterranean gas-chambers which had finally blown Atlantis apart, and then caused the sinking of its remains as their depressurized caverns collapsed under the weight of rock and ocean, also caused a great weakening in other nearby strata. The Atlas mountain barrier, that ran from Morocco into Spain, barricading the Mediterranean Valley from the cold gray-green waters of the Atlantic, suddenly began to breach a couple of decades later, permitting the ocean to start leaking into the valley. It was just a mere dribble at first, but, like a breached dam-wall, the rock soon began to crack and collapse under the pressure of the inrushing ocean, and began flooding the great valley with a vengeance. The newly-forming “Pillars of Heracles” at last stood open wide allowing the dark salty Atlantic seawater to pour into the lovely valley, polluting its great crystal-clear freshwater lakes, drowning its luxuriant park-like vegetation, and poisoning the rich soil that had made the valley so wonderfully fertile.

As the cold Atlantic began slowly to fill up the once-lush Mediterranean valley, the Osirians, along with their neighbouring occupants of the valley floor had to seek higher ground, taking what they could of their great treasures with them. The southern wall of the valley was the more accessible, especially by way of the Malta ridge, which was part of their territory, and up on to the Libyan plain of North Africa. And it was there that the Osirians, the last direct repositors of Atlantean wisdom and technology, led by Horus, established a new domain among the green plains and palm-groved vistas of the open highlands. Many of their former neighbours from the valley, especially a large number of Athenians who had also occupied a large area of the northeastern end of the valley, joined forces with them and soon Osiria became a strong and mighty empire, spreading westward to Morocco and eastward to what is now the Nile valley.

In the meantime the steadily inflowing waters of the Atlantic had reached the farther end of the Mediterranean valley and had begun to deposit heavy layers of silt along the floor of the long Styx ravine, raising it ever higher as the sea-level rose in the outer basin, by sluicing in the stirred-up mud and gravel along its length. By now the ocean tides had begun to take effect upon this newly-forming sea, and this sped up the process considerably. In the fullness of time, the Nile – which the Styx had now become – instead of crashing over a great waterfall at Aswan, now flowed along much more slowly and widely, and at an ever-increasing height.
Since the seawaters had been forced backwards to the river’s mouth by its much stronger flow, the Nile was now able to deposit its rich sediment all along the length of what was to become the fertile river valley of Egypt. Thus the 1000-mile gloomy Styx canyon was rapidly filled up, and the valley of the Nile, a new stretch of land, became even more fertile and green than the adjoining Libyan savannah grasslands and swamps.
The Foundation of Egypt

It was this wonderful change that attracted the Libyan Osirians into the new land that was to become Egypt, where they set about establishing yet another great empire. One that was to become almost as powerful and rich as the one from whence they had originally hailed beyond the now-famed Pillars of Hercules. Needless to say, they brought with them all the ancient wisdom of Atlantis. And part of this was their vast and jealously preserved fund of technological knowledge and skill in the art of handling enormous feats of high-tech stone construction – of which, we still know nothing.

Sadly, by this time King Horus himself was a fading but beloved memory. He had died soon after his Libyan Empire had begun to develop, lying propped up on his deathbed facing east toward the pyramids of his beloved parents, to witness his final sunrise. As he lay dying, he had a great vision, and rallied his wasted frame into a sitting position his frail arms held out to greet the rising sun. “Behold!” he cried in an awesomely strong voice for a dying man, “The sun-boat of Ra brings my father Osiris upon his daily rebirth to gaze again upon his children! I go now to join him upon his flight across the heavens!” and so saying, he fell back dead upon his couch. At that very moment, his favorite falcon, which had been perched upon the foot of his bed, took to the air with a loud clapping of wings and soared upwards into the dawning sky until it was lost to the view of the gathered elders. Surely, this was a sign from Ra!
The King’s final words registered deeply with all present, and they marveled greatly at them. From thence forward, the ship of the Sun-god, Ra, who had been a god of Atlantis, but somewhat less than Poseidon in their pantheon, became revered as the great shining barque of the God of Life, who ressurrected Osiris every dawn, and carried him back into the Underworld each evening. A sign of hope for a new and glorious future life to everyone after their life on earth was done! King Horus became as one with the falcon who was able to accompany Ra’s celestial boat across the sky.
So it was that the falcon became a god, an embodiment of Horus, who could carry prayers and supplications to Ra, and who kept close watch over his subjects below. Woe betide any whom Horus reported to Ra, as they would later have to face trial before Osiris in the Underworld for their misdeeds, and he had the power to destroy their souls if they were found wanting! Thus Osiris became both the god of Ressurrection and Life for the good, and of Soul Death for the wicked. So the “Eye of Horus” glyph became a symbol of fear for all who worked evil, for Horus was the Eye of Ra!
Although Horus had not seen Seth’s evil head raised upon a spear, at least he had eventually confronted his wicked uncle when he challenged his right to the Osirian throne, and had fought a mighty battle against him. In this, he had succeeded in emasculating Seth and mortally wounding him, at the cost of one of his own eyes. But at least Horus had retained his throne honorably, whilst the now impotent, but still malevolent spirit of Seth was relegated by the God Ra to serve a minor role as the God of Storms, wherein he could only vent his vicious spleen with thunder, hail and lightning-bolts. Horus himself now became recognized as the Protector of the Righteous, and was later frequently included in sculptures of Pharaohs, being shown shielding the king’s head from behind with protective wings – even though all future pharaohs to come would not necessarily be good or righteous men!
Horus, perhaps feeling unworthy for not avenging his father in quite the way he had vowed, had requested that no pyramid be built for him, lest he might intrude upon the memory and dignity of his beloved parents. However, his court advisers were determined that he deserved a lasting memorial, if only for the solace of his subjects, and built him a smaller pyramid beside those of Osiris and Isis. In this way they felt that the cenotaph of Horus would not in anyway detract from those of his parents, who had now been elevated to full godly status, but he would still have a fitting memorial close beside them. It was a compromise, but one that was acceptable to the populace. Better a smaller memorial than none at all! Horus had been greatly loved by all his subjects
Thus did the great culture and architectural splendor of glorious Egypt spring from the Osirian Empire – which had, in turn, sprung from the wondrous lost continent of Atlantis - and the rest of this story is all recorded in ancient Egypt’s marvellous and colorful history. With the passage of time, a whole new pantheon of gods appeared, many of them being deified animals and birds, following the elevation of the falcon to full godly status, to symbolize the new god, Horus. And even though the glory that was Egypt is now long since faded and gone, the pyramids upon the plateau still wait ever patiently to render up their Atlantean secrets. And the ancient and enigmatic Sphinx maintains his own silent and expectant vigil toward the east, awaiting the return of something we cannot even begin to guess at…
There, dear reader, ends the amazing if speculative saga of the Osirian Empire.

Now we must return again to that of Atlantis - but this time we shall instead

be looking westward for further evidences of its mighty influence.

Other Aspects of the Atlantean Legend

We have examined many of the possible relationships of Atlantis with the Old World, but what about those which relate to the New World – the world of the Olmecs, the Mayans, the Toltecs, and the Aztecs of Central America, and even the Quichu and Incas of the far western coast of South America? Did the Atlanteans relate to any of these, and if so, how? I believe that, because he had much to say about the New World in connection with Atlantis, we really need to introduce a relatively moderate portion of Ignatius Donnelly’s thoughts and conclusions into the equation!

Special Note: Due to its extensive scope and size, I won’t attempt to cover all the many aspects of Donnelly’s work. So for those people who wish to read his book in its entirety, I can only suggest the online version of his “Atlantis” book, of which the current Internet URL is to be found at the website address given below:

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