S a t® Practice Test #7 Writing and Language Test



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S A T® Practice Test #7

Writing and Language Test


44 Questions
Turn to Section 2 of your answer sheet to answer the questions in this section.

Directions


Each passage in this section is accompanied by a number of questions. For some questions, you will consider how the passage might be revised to improve the expression of ideas. For other questions, you will consider how the passage might be edited to correct errors in sentence structure, usage, or punctuation. A passage or a question may be accompanied by one or more graphics (such as a table or graph) that you will consider as you make revising and editing decisions.
Some questions will direct you to an underlined portion of a passage. Other questions will direct you to a location in a passage or ask you to think about the passage as a whole.
A pair of brackets containing an uppercase Q and a number — for example, [Q1] — indicates that an associated question refers to that location in the passage or to the following underlined portion of the passage. The number in brackets is the number of the associated question. The bracketed element is hyperlinked to the associated question, and the question heading is hyperlinked back to the related location or portion of the passage.
There are two ways to follow a link. One is to move the flashing text cursor, or caret, into the hyperlinked text and press the Enter key; the other is to place the mouse cursor, or pointer, over the hyperlinked text and press Ctrl+leftclick (that is, press and release the left button on the mouse while holding down the Ctrl key on the keyboard).
After reading each passage, choose the answer to each question that most effectively improves the quality of writing in the passage or that makes the passage conform to the conventions of standard written English. Many questions include a “NO CHANGE” option. Choose that option if you think the best choice is to leave the relevant portion of the passage as it is.
In questions that ask you to consider potential revisions, the list of answer choices is followed by a presentation of each revision in context. A set of revisions in context is surrounded by “Begin skippable content” and “End skippable content” labels formatted as level6 headings. If a question includes a “NO CHANGE” option, that option in the skippable content will present the relevant context of the passage in its original form with the original underlined text. For the following options, the same context will be repeated with the underlined portion replaced by each revision to be considered.
Punctuation is essential to some questions in this test, so we suggest that you either activate the punctuationreading function of your software or utilize the characterbycharacter capabilities.

Questions 1 through 11 are based on the following passage.



NASA: A Space Program with DowntoEarth Benefits

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is a U S government agency whose budget is frequently [Q1] many times contested. Many people think of NASA’s programs as trivial. In truth, the agency has a widespread positive [Q2] effect on society by serving as a catalyst for innovation and scientific understanding, [Q3] to create jobs, and showing humanity its place within the universe.


In 1958, the program’s first year, very few people believed that it was even possible for a manned spacecraft to leave the atmosphere and orbit Earth. But by initiating and collaborating on projects such as the Apollo Moon missions, the space shuttle program, the Hubble Space [Q4] Telescope, and unmanned planetary exploration, NASA has continually challenged its scientists and engineers to do things that were previously thought impossible. All along, these NASA projects have [Q5] greatly increased international cooperation. A short list of inventions [Q6] elaborated by NASA includes communications satellites, invisible braces, and cordless tools. All these inventions [Q7] spawns new industries, and with those industries, jobs. NASA also sponsors the Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer programs, which are specifically designed to support technological development in the private sector.
A report by the Space Foundation estimated that NASA contributed $180 billion to the economy in 2005. More than 60 percent of the contribution [Q8] coming from commercial goods and services created by companies using spacerelated technology. This translates as excellent returns from an agency that received approximately 17.7 billion in tax dollars in 2014. This investment by taxpayers enhances not only the national economy but also the United States’ competitiveness in the international market. Moreover, the benefits of NASA funding extend beyond the purely economic, as astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson indicated in his testimony before the U S Senate: “For . . . a penny on a dollar—we can transform the country from a sullen, dispirited nation, weary of economic struggle, to one where it has reclaimed its twentiethcentury birthright to dream of tomorrow.” [Q9]
Tyson’s expansive vision for the agency hints at another mission of NASA’s, illuminated in this observation by Apollo 14 astronaut Edgar Mitchell: “You develop an instant global consciousness, a people orientation, an intense dissatisfaction with the state of the world, and a compulsion to do something about it.” [Q10] With world population topping seven billion, humanity is in need of some perspective. [Q11] Therefore, we should continue to support NASA not only for practical reasons but also because it is a necessary vehicle for increasing our awareness of how we can fulfill our responsibilities to the planet and each other.

Question 1.

A. NO CHANGE (many times)

B. oftentimes

C. repeatedly

D. DELETE the underlined portion.


Answer choices in context:
Begin skippable content.

A. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is a U S government agency whose budget is frequently many times contested.

B. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is a U S government agency whose budget is frequently oftentimes contested.

C. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is a U S government agency whose budget is frequently repeatedly contested.

D. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is a U S government agency whose budget is frequently contested.


End skippable content.



Question 2.

A. NO CHANGE (effect on)

B. affect on

C. effect to

D. affects on


Answer choices in context:
Begin skippable content.

A. In truth, the agency has a widespread positive effect on society by serving as a catalyst for innovation and scientific understanding, to create jobs, and showing humanity its place within the universe.

B. In truth, the agency has a widespread positive affect on society by serving as a catalyst for innovation and scientific understanding, to create jobs, and showing humanity its place within the universe.

C. In truth, the agency has a widespread positive effect to society by serving as a catalyst for innovation and scientific understanding, to create jobs, and showing humanity its place within the universe.

D. In truth, the agency has a widespread positive affects on society by serving as a catalyst for innovation and scientific understanding, to create jobs, and showing humanity its place within the universe.


End skippable content.



Question 3.

A. NO CHANGE (to create jobs,)

B. creating jobs,

C. for job creation,

D. the creation of jobs,


Answer choices in context:
Begin skippable content.

A. In truth, the agency has a widespread positive effect on society by serving as a catalyst for innovation and scientific understanding, to create jobs, and showing humanity its place within the universe.

B. In truth, the agency has a widespread positive effect on society by serving as a catalyst for innovation and scientific understanding, creating jobs, and showing humanity its place within the universe.

C. In truth, the agency has a widespread positive effect on society by serving as a catalyst for innovation and scientific understanding, for job creation, and showing humanity its place within the universe.

D. In truth, the agency has a widespread positive effect on society by serving as a catalyst for innovation and scientific understanding, the creation of jobs, and showing humanity its place within the universe.


End skippable content.



Question 4.

A. NO CHANGE (Telescope, and)

B. Telescope; and

C. Telescope and;

D. Telescope and,


Answer choices in context:
Begin skippable content.

A. But by initiating and collaborating on projects such as the Apollo Moon missions, the space shuttle program, the Hubble Space Telescope, and unmanned planetary exploration, NASA has continually challenged its scientists and engineers to do things that were previously thought impossible.

B. But by initiating and collaborating on projects such as the Apollo Moon missions, the space shuttle program, the Hubble Space Telescope; and unmanned planetary exploration, NASA has continually challenged its scientists and engineers to do things that were previously thought impossible.

C. But by initiating and collaborating on projects such as the Apollo Moon missions, the space shuttle program, the Hubble Space Telescope and; unmanned planetary exploration, NASA has continually challenged its scientists and engineers to do things that were previously thought impossible.

D. But by initiating and collaborating on projects such as the Apollo Moon missions, the space shuttle program, the Hubble Space Telescope and, unmanned planetary exploration, NASA has continually challenged its scientists and engineers to do things that were previously thought impossible.


End skippable content.



Question 5.

Which choice most effectively sets up the list of examples that follows in the next sentence?

A. NO CHANGE (greatly increased international cooperation.)

B. garnered national publicity for the agency.

C. generated a steady stream of new technology.

D. made a lot of money for the agency.
Answer choices in context:

Begin skippable content.

A. All along, these NASA projects have greatly increased international cooperation. A short list of inventions elaborated by NASA includes communications satellites, invisible braces, and cordless tools.

B. All along, these NASA projects have garnered national publicity for the agency. A short list of inventions elaborated by NASA includes communications satellites, invisible braces, and cordless tools.

C. All along, these NASA projects have generated a steady stream of new technology. A short list of inventions elaborated by NASA includes communications satellites, invisible braces, and cordless tools.

D. All along, these NASA projects have made a lot of money for the agency. A short list of inventions elaborated by NASA includes communications satellites, invisible braces, and cordless tools.


End skippable content.



Question 6.

A. NO CHANGE (elaborated)

B. evolved

C. developed

D. progressed


Answer choices in context:
Begin skippable content.

A. A short list of inventions elaborated by NASA includes communications satellites, invisible braces, and cordless tools.

B. A short list of inventions evolved by NASA includes communications satellites, invisible braces, and cordless tools.

C. A short list of inventions developed by NASA includes communications satellites, invisible braces, and cordless tools.

D. A short list of inventions progressed by NASA includes communications satellites, invisible braces, and cordless tools.


End skippable content.



Question 7.

A. NO CHANGE (spawns)

B. spawned

C. has spawned

D. spawning


Answer choices in context:
Begin skippable content.

A. All these inventions spawns new industries, and with those industries, jobs.

B. All these inventions spawned new industries, and with those industries, jobs.

C. All these inventions has spawned new industries, and with those industries, jobs.

D. All these inventions spawning new industries, and with those industries, jobs.


End skippable content.



Question 8.

A. NO CHANGE (coming)

B. which came

C. to come

D. came
Answer choices in context:


Begin skippable content.

A. More than 60 percent of the contribution coming from commercial goods and services created by companies using spacerelated technology.

B. More than 60 percent of the contribution which came from commercial goods and services created by companies using spacerelated technology.

C. More than 60 percent of the contribution to come from commercial goods and services created by companies using spacerelated technology.

D. More than 60 percent of the contribution came from commercial goods and services created by companies using spacerelated technology.


End skippable content.



Question 9.

To make this paragraph most logical, sentence 1 should be placed

A. where it is now.

B. after sentence 2.

C. after sentence 3.

D. after sentence 4.
Answer choices in context:

Begin skippable content.

A. A report by the Space Foundation estimated that NASA contributed $180 billion to the economy in 2005. More than 60 percent of the contribution coming from commercial goods and services created by companies using spacerelated technology. This translates as excellent returns from an agency that received approximately 17.7 billion in tax dollars in 2014. This investment by taxpayers enhances not only the national economy but also the United States’ competitiveness in the international market. Moreover, the benefits of NASA funding extend beyond the purely economic, as astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson indicated in his testimony before the U S Senate: “For . . . a penny on a dollar—we can transform the country from a sullen, dispirited nation, weary of economic struggle, to one where it has reclaimed its twentiethcentury birthright to dream of tomorrow.”

B. More than 60 percent of the contribution coming from commercial goods and services created by companies using spacerelated technology. A report by the Space Foundation estimated that NASA contributed $180 billion to the economy in 2005. This translates as excellent returns from an agency that received approximately 17.7 billion in tax dollars in 2014. This investment by taxpayers enhances not only the national economy but also the United States’ competitiveness in the international market. Moreover, the benefits of NASA funding extend beyond the purely economic, as astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson indicated in his testimony before the U S Senate: “For . . . a penny on a dollar—we can transform the country from a sullen, dispirited nation, weary of economic struggle, to one where it has reclaimed its twentiethcentury birthright to dream of tomorrow.”

C. More than 60 percent of the contribution coming from commercial goods and services created by companies using spacerelated technology. This translates as excellent returns from an agency that received approximately 17.7 billion in tax dollars in 2014. A report by the Space Foundation estimated that NASA contributed $180 billion to the economy in 2005. This investment by taxpayers enhances not only the national economy but also the United States’ competitiveness in the international market. Moreover, the benefits of NASA funding extend beyond the purely economic, as astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson indicated in his testimony before the U S Senate: “For . . . a penny on a dollar—we can transform the country from a sullen, dispirited nation, weary of economic struggle, to one where it has reclaimed its twentiethcentury birthright to dream of tomorrow.”

D. More than 60 percent of the contribution coming from commercial goods and services created by companies using spacerelated technology. This translates as excellent returns from an agency that received approximately 17.7 billion in tax dollars in 2014. This investment by taxpayers enhances not only the national economy but also the United States’ competitiveness in the international market. A report by the Space Foundation estimated that NASA contributed $180 billion to the economy in 2005. Moreover, the benefits of NASA funding extend beyond the purely economic, as astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson indicated in his testimony before the U S Senate: “For . . . a penny on a dollar—we can transform the country from a sullen, dispirited nation, weary of economic struggle, to one where it has reclaimed its twentiethcentury birthright to dream of tomorrow.”


End skippable content.



Question 10.

At this point, the writer is considering adding the following sentence.

In addition, NASA has facilities in Washington, D C, Florida, Texas, California, and other states.

Should the writer make this addition here?

A. Yes, because it serves as a counterargument to the quotation from astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson.

B. Yes, because it reinforces the passage’s point about the importance of NASA’s work.

C. No, because it undermines the passage’s claim about the economic benefits of NASA’s work.

D. No, because it blurs the paragraph’s focus by introducing information that does not support the paragraph’s claim about the importance of NASA’s work.

Question 11.

A. NO CHANGE (Therefore,)

B. Instead,

C. For example,

D. However,


Answer choices in context:
Begin skippable content.

A. With world population topping seven billion, humanity is in need of some perspective. Therefore, we should continue to support NASA not only for practical reasons but also because it is a necessary vehicle for increasing our awareness of how we can fulfill our responsibilities to the planet and each other.

B. With world population topping seven billion, humanity is in need of some perspective. Instead, we should continue to support NASA not only for practical reasons but also because it is a necessary vehicle for increasing our awareness of how we can fulfill our responsibilities to the planet and each other.

C. With world population topping seven billion, humanity is in need of some perspective. For example, we should continue to support NASA not only for practical reasons but also because it is a necessary vehicle for increasing our awareness of how we can fulfill our responsibilities to the planet and each other.

D. With world population topping seven billion, humanity is in need of some perspective. However, we should continue to support NASA not only for practical reasons but also because it is a necessary vehicle for increasing our awareness of how we can fulfill our responsibilities to the planet and each other.


End skippable content.





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