Scientific name Common name Strata Freq. Habitat Source



Download 81.15 Kb.
Date07.05.2017
Size81.15 Kb.
#17415
List of plant species occurring at Alcoa Bauxite Natural Areas - Updated 13 May 2004, 475 species.

Scientific name Common name Strata Freq. Habitat Source


Acalypha monococca three-seeded mercury herb 4 A,B 1

Acer negundo var. negundo box elder tree 2 G,J 1

Acer rubrum var. drummondii Drummond's red maple sap 3 E 4

Acer rubrum var. rubrum red maple tree, sap 3 D,F,G 1

Acer saccharinum silver maple tree 2 G 1

Aesculus pavia red buckeye tree 5 C,D 1

Agalinis skinneriana Skinner's false foxglove herb 3 A,B 1

Agrostis perennans upland bentgrass herb 2 D 9

Ailanthus altissima * tree of heaven sap 1 H 9

Aira sp. silver hairgrass herb 15

Albizia julibrissin * silktree tree 1 H 1

Allium canadense var. mobilense wild purple onion herb 2 A 6

Allium cernuum nodding wild onion herb 4 A,B 1

Alnus serrulata Hazel alder shrub 3 E 1

Ambrosia artemisiifolia annual ragweed herb 5 A,F 1

Ambrosia bidentata lanceleaf ragweed herb 3 H 8

Ambrosia trifida giant ragweed herb 5 F,J 1

Amorpha fruticosa false indigo herb 1 F 1

Ampelopsis arborea pepper vine vine 4 D,F,H 1

Amsonia ciliata var. cililata slenderleaf blue star herb 4 A 1

Andropogon gerardii big bluestem herb 1 B 7

Andropogon ternarius split-beard bluestem herb 3 A,B 1

Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus broomsedge bluestem herb 3 H,J 1

Anemone virginiana var. virginiana tall thimbleweed herb 1 C 7

Antennaria parlinii subsp. fallax largeleaf pussytoes herb 3 C 1

Antennaria plantaginifolia woman's tobacco herb 3 C 1

Apocynum cannabinum hemp dogbane herb 3 F,J 1

Arabis missouriensis Missouri rockcress herb 3 A 1

Aralia spinosa devil’s walking stick herb 2 D,F 1

Arisaema dracontium green dragon herb 3 D,F 1

Aristida oligantha prairie three-awngrass herb 2 B,H 1

Aristida purpurascens arrowfeather three-awngrass herb 2 B 1

Aristolochia reticulata hairy Dutchman’s-pipe vine 3 D 1

Aristolochia serpentaria Virginia snakeroot vine 3 C,D,F 1

Aristolochia tomentosa woolly Dutchman's pipe vine 4 D 1

Arundinaria gigantea giant cane herb 3 F,G 1

Asclepias hirtella green milkweed herb 4 B 1

Asclepias tuberosa butterflyweed herb 3 B,H 1

Asclepias variegata redring milkweed herb 2 C,D 5

Asclepias verticillata whorled milkweed herb 4 B 1

Asclepias viridiflora green comet milkweed herb 4 B 1

Asimina triloba pawpaw shrub 2 D,G 1

Asparagus officinalis * garden asparagus herb 2 B,E 9

Asplenium platyneuron ebony spleenwort herb 3 C,D 1

Aster c.f. anomalus manray aster herb 2 D 8

Aster sp. (heart-shaped, leaf hairy) aster herb 3 D 10

Aster ericoides var. prostratus white heath aster herb 3 H 8

Aster oolentangiensis skyblue aster herb 4 A,B,H 1

Aster patens late purple aster herb 4 B,C,D 1

Aster umbellatus var. latifolius southern whitetop aster herb 3 E 1

Astragalus distortus c.f. var. distortus Ozark milkvetch herb 3 A 1

Astragalus distortus c.f. var. engelmannii + Emgelmann's milkvetch herb 1 A 1

Athyrium filix-femina var. asplenioides southern lady fern herb 4 D,E 1

Baccharis halimifolia sea-myrtle shrub 3 H 1

Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea longbract wild indigo herb 3 B 1

Berchemia scandens Alabama supplejack vine 5 D,E,F,G,J 1

Betula nigra black river birch tree 3 G,J 1

Bidens aristosa bearded beggarticks herb 2 E,I 8

Bidens frondosa var. frondosa devil's beggarticks herb 3 E,I 1

Bignonia capreolata crossvine vine 4 D,E,F,G,J 1

Boehmeria cylindrica smallspike false nettle herb 3 E,F,J 1

Botrychium biternatum sparse-lobed grapefern herb 2 D,F 1

Bouteloua curtipendula side-oats grama herb 1 A,B 5

Brasenia schreberi water-shield herb 15

Brickellia eupatorioides false boneset herb 1 B 8

Bromus tectorum * cheat bromegrass herb 3 A,B,H 7

Broussonetia papyrifera * paper mulberry tree 1 C,D 1

Brunnichia ovata American buckwheatvine vine 2 F 1

Buglossoides arvensis * corn gromwell herb 2 C,D 5

Bulbostylis capillaris + densetuft hairsedge herb 2 A 1

Calamintha arkansana Arkansas calamint herb 5 A 1

Callicarpa americana American beauty berry shrub 4 D,E,F 1

Camassia scilloides Atlantic camus herb 4 A 1

Campsis radicans trumpet creeper vine 4 D,E,F 1

Cardamine bulbosa bulbous bittercress herb 3 F,J 1

Cardamine hirsuta * hairy bitter cress herb 3 A,B 1

Carex atlantica subsp. capillacea Atlantic caric sedge herb 3 E 1

Carex basiantha + Willdenow's caric sedge herb 3 B,C 1

Carex caroliniana Carolina caric sedge herb 2 D 5

Carex cephalophora woodbank caric sedge herb 15

Carex debilis var. debilis spindlefruit caric sedge herb 3 E 1

Carex flaccosperma ? thin-fruit caric sedge herb 2 D 5

Carex frankii ? Frank’s caric sedge herb 3 F,J 6

Carex glaucodea blue caric sedge herb 3 D 8

Carex grayi Gray’s caric sedge herb 3 E,J 1

Carex intumescens greaer bladder caric sedge herb 3 E,J 1

Carex joorii cypress-swamp caric sedge herb 3 E,J 1

Carex lupulina hop caric sedge herb 1 F 6

Carex muehlenbergii var. enermis Muhlenberg’s caric sedge herb 3 A,C 1

Carex planispicata flathaired caric sedge herb 3 F 1

Carex retroflexa reflexed caric sedge herb 4 A,B,C,H 1

Carpinus caroliniana blue beech tree 4 D,F 1

Carya alba mockernut hickory tree 4 C,D 1

Carya cordiformis bitternut hickory tree 1 F,G 1

Carya illinoensis pecan tree 3 G,J 1

Carya texana black hickory tree, sap 5 B,C,D 1

Castanea pumila var. ozarkensis Ozark chinquapin sap, shrub 1 C,H 1

Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea herb, shrub 1 A,B 7

Celtis laevigata sugarberry tree 4 F,G 1

Celtis tenuifolia dwarf hackberry shrub 3 A 1

Centrosema virginianum spurred butterfly pea vine 2 C,D 1

Cephalanthus occidentalis common buttonbush shrub 2 E,F,I,H 1

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis eastern redbud sap, shrub 3 B,C 1

Chamaecrista fasciculata partridge pea herb 4 B,C 1

Chamaecrista nictitans var. nictitans sensitive partridge pea herb 3 B 1

Chamaesyce missurica + prairie sandmat herb 3 A 1

Chasmanthium latifolium inland woodoats herb 3 F,G,J 1

Chasmanthium laxum var. sessiliflorum longleaf woodoats herb 2 B,C,D 1

Cheilanthes lanosa hairy lipfern herb 3 A 1

Claytonia virginiana Virginia spring beauty herb 3 D,H 1

Commelina erecta whitemouth dayflower herb 2 C 1

Commelina virginica Virginia dayflower herb 2 F,J 1

Conyza canadensis var. canadensis Canada horseweed herb 2 H 8

Coreopsis lanceolata lanceleaf tickseed herb 4 A,B 1

Cornus florida flowering dogwood tree, sap 3 D,F 1

Cornus sp. dogwood sap, shrub 3 E 1

Crataegus marshallii parsley hawthorn tree 2 B,C 1

Crataegus uniflora dwarf hawthorn tree 2 F 1

Croton capitatus hogwort herb 5 A,B,H 1

Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis tropic croton herb 2 A,F 1

Croton monanthogynus prairie tea herb 3 A 1

Crotonopsis willdenowii Willdenow's croton herb 4 A 1

Cynodon dactylon * Bermuda grass herb 3 H 7

Cyperus echinatus globe flatsedge herb 2 I 1

Cyperus lupulinus var. lupulinus greatplains flatsedge herb 2 I 1

Cyperus strigosus strawcolored flatsedge herb 2 I 1

Cypripedium calceolus small yellow lady's slipper herb 1 D,E 1

Dactylis glomerata orchard grass herb 2 H 8

Dalea candida var. candida white prairie clover herb 3 A 1

Danthonia spicata poverty oatgrass herb 2 D 8

Delphinium carolinianum Carolina larkspur herb 3 B,C 1

Desmodium canescens hoary ticktrefoil herb 2 J 6

Desmodium ciliare hairy ticktrefoil herb 5 B,C 1

Desmodium laevigatum smooth ticktrefoil herb 5 B 1

Desmodium marilandicum Maryland ticktrefoil herb 3 F 1

Desmodium perplexum paniculate ticktrefoil herb 3 F 1

Desmodium rotundifolium tick trefoil herb 2 C 17

Desmodium sessilifolium tick trefoil herb 4 B 16

Dichanthelium acuminatum tapered rosettegrass herb 4 I 1

Dichanthelium boscii Bosc's rosettegrass herb 2 C 8

Dichanthelium commutatum variable rosettegrass herb 4 B,C,D 9

Dichanthelium scoparium velvet panicgrass herb 4 E,F,I,J 3

Dicliptera brachiata branching foldwing herb 2 F 1

Digitaria cognata Carolina crabgrass herb 3 A,B 1

Digitaria sp. crabgrass herb 1 H 8

Diodia teres rough buttonweed herb 3 A 1

Diospyros virginiana American persimmon tree, shrub, sap 5 A,B,C 1

Drosera brevifolia dwarf sundew herb 3 A 4

Echinacea pallida pale purple coneflower herb 3 B 1

Echinochloa crusgalli * barnyard grass herb 4 H,J 1

Eleocharis flavescens yellow spikerush herb 1 I 1

Eleocharis sp. (obtusa?) spikerush herb 2 F 8

Elephantopus carolinianus Carolina elephant’s foot herb 2 D,F 1

Elephantopus nudatus purple elephant’s foot herb 2 F 1

Elephantopus tomentosus devil's grandmother herb 3 D 1

Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye herb 2 B 7

Elymus virginicus Virginia wild rye herb 2 F 1

Eragrostis curvula * weeping lovegrass herb 3 H 7

Eragrostis pilosa * India lovegrass herb 3 A 7

Eragrostis spectabilis * purple lovegrass herb 4 A,B,C 1

Erechtites hieraciifolia American burnweed herb 4 A,B,C,D,H 8

Erigeron strigosus rough fleabane herb 4 A,H 1

Eriocaulon kornickianum small-headed pipewort herb 1 A 1

Euonymus americana strawberry bush shrub 3 F 1

Eupatorium coelestinum blue mistflower herb 3 F,J 1

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum clasping boneset herb 3 F 1

Eupatorium purpureum green-stemmed Joe-pye weed herb 3 C,H,I 1

Eupatorium rotundifolium roundleaf boneset herb 2 C 5

Eupatorium serotinum late boneset herb 3 I 1

Euphorbia corollata flowering spurge herb 4 A,B,C 1

Euthamia leptocephala bush goldentop herb 1 B,F,H 1

Festuca arundinacea * reed fescue herb 4 J,H 4

Fimbristylis autumnalis slender fimbry herb 3 I 1

Fimbristylis puberula var. puberula fimbry herb 3 I 1

Frangula caroliniana Carolina buckthorn sap, shrub 3 B,C,D,E 1

Fraxinus americana white ash tree 3 C 1

Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash tree 2 F,J 1

Galactia regularis eastern milkpea herb 3 B,C 1

Galium aparine * catchweed bedstraw herb 2 C,D 5

Galium pilosum hairy bedstraw herb 2 C 5

Gamochaeta purpurea purple cudweed herb 2 D,H 5

Gelsemium sempervirens yellow jessamine vine 2 F 1

Gentiana saponaria + bottle gentian herb 1 E 1

Geranium carolinianum Carolina cranesbill herb 4 B,D 10

Glandularia canadensis rose mock vervain herb 4 A,B,C,H 1

Gleditsia triacanthos honey locust tree 1 F,J 1

Gnaphalium obtusifolium var. obtusifolium sweet everlasting herb 3 A,B,C 1

Grindelia lanceolata narrowleaf gumplant herb 3 B 1

Hamamelis virginiana southern witch-hazel shrub 2 E,F 1

Hedyotis nigricans diamondflowers herb 4 A,C,B 1

Helenium amarum bitter sneezeweed herb 3 H 1

Helianthus angustifolius swamp sunflower herb 3 D,H 1

Helianthus annuus common sunflower herb 2 C,D 12

Helianthus hirsutus hairy sunflower herb 4 B,C 1

Heliopsis helianthoides smooth ox-eye herb 2 C 1

Heliotropium indicum * Indian heliotrope herb 2 F 1

Heterotheca pilosa golden aster herb 3 A,B,H 1

Heuchera americana var. americana American alumroot herb 1 D 4

Hieracium gronovii Gronovius' hawkweed herb 2 B 8

Houstonia caerulea azure bluets herb 2 C,E 1

Houstonia longifolia var. longifolia longleaf bluets herb 5 A,C,B 1

Houstonia pusilla star violet herb 5 A,D,E,F,H,I 1

Hydrangea arborescens wild hydrangea herb 2 E 1

Hymenopappus sp. (?) woolly-white herb 4 A,G 2

Hypericum drummondii nits-and-lice herb 3 A,B 1

Hypericum gentianoides pine-weed herb 4 A,B 1

Hypericum hypericoides St. Andrew’s cross herb 3 A,B,C 1

Hypericum perforatum * common St. John’s-wort herb 2 F 1

Hypericum punctatum var. punctatum spotted St. John’s-wort herb 3 A,B 1

Hypoxis hirsuta hairy yellow star-grass herb 2 A,B 1

Ilex decidua deciduous holly tree 2 A,C,D,F 1

Ilex opaca var. opaca American holly tree 3 D,E,F 1

Ilex vomitoria yaupon holly shrub 1 C 10

Impatiens capensis spotted jewelweed herb 2 F 1

Iresine rhizomatosa bloodleaf herb 2 F 1

Isoetes butleri Butler’s quillwort herb 1 A 1

Juglans nigra black walnut tree 1 G 1

Juncus brachycarpus white-root rush herb 2 I 1

Juncus debilis weak rush herb 2 I 1

Juncus effusus soft rush herb 2 E,J 5

Juncus tenuis path rush herb 3 H 8

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana eastern red cedar tree, shrub 4 A,B,C 1

Krigia cespitosa weedy dwarf dandelion herb 3 A 4

Krigia dandelion potato dandelion herb 4 B,C 16

Krigia virginica Virginia dwarf dandelion herb 4 A,B 1

Kummerowia stipulacea * Korean bushclover herb 3 H 12

Laportea canadensis Canada wood nettle herb 3 F 1

Lechea tenuifolia narrowleaf pinweed herb 3 A,B 1

Leersia oryzoides ? rice cutgrass herb 2 F 6

Leersia virginica white-grass herb 3 F,J 6

Lemna obscura little duckweed herb 2 J 1

Lespedeza capitata round-headed bushclover herb 2 B,D 9

Lespedeza cuneata * Asian bushclover herb 4 H,J 2

Lespedeza repens creeping bushclover herb 4 B,C 1

Lespedeza violacea prairie bushclover herb 3 B,C 1

Lespedeza virginica slender bushclover herb 3 B,C 1

Liatris aspera tall blazing star herb 1 C 5

Liatris elegans pink scale blazing star herb 3 D 2

Liatris pycnostachya prairie button blazing star herb 2 B 1

Liatris squarrosa var. hirsuta hairy spreading blazing star herb 3 A,B,C 1

Ligustrum vulgare * common privet shrub 4 A,B,E,F,J 1

Lindera benzoin northern spicebush shrub 2 D 1

Lindernia dubia var. dubia yellowseed false pimpernel herb 2 F 1

Linum medium var. texanum Texas flax herb 4 B 17

Liquidambar styraciflua sweetgum tree 5 D,E,F,G,J 1

Liriodendron tulipifera tulip tree tree 2 H 11

Lobelia cardinalis cardinal flower herb 1 F 1

Lobelia puberula var. mineolana downy cardinal flower herb 2 F 1

Lonicera japonica * Japanese honeysuckle vine 5 A,B,C,D,E,H 1

Lonicera sempervirens var. sempervirens trumpet honeysuckle vine 3 C 1

Lotus unifoliatus var. unifoliatus prairie trefoil herb 3 A,B,C 1

Ludwigia alternifolia seedbox primrose-willow herb 2 I 1

Ludwigia decurrens wingleaf primrose-willow herb 2 J 1

Luzula bulbosa bulbous woodrush herb 1 E 10

Lycopodiella appressa + appressed bog clubmoss herb 1 H 1

Lycopus rubellus var. arkansanus Arkansas waterhorehound herb 2 J 1

Lycopus virginicus Virginia bugleweed herb 3 J 1

Lyonia ligustrina maleberry shrub 1 D 1

Magnolia grandiflora * southern magnolia tree 1 F 1

Maianthemum paniculatum false Solomon’s seal herb 2 D 1

Malaxis unifolia green adder’s mouth orchid herb 1 D 1

Malus sylvestris * apple tree 1 C 1

Manfreda virginica false aloe herb 3 A,B,C 1

Matelea decipiens oldfield milkvine vine 1 D 1

Medicago lupulina * black medic herb 2 H 5

Melica sp. flowered melicgrass herb 15

Microstegium vimineum * Nepalese browntop herb 3 H 1

Mikania scandens climbing hempvine vine 3 D,F 1

Minuartia patula var. patula pitcher's sandwort herb 4 A,B 1

Mitchella repens partridgeberry herb 2 D 1

Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa wild bergamot herb 4 A,B,C 1

Monotropa uniflora Indian pipe herb 1 D 14

Morus rubra red mulberry tree 1 F,G 1

Myrica cerifera wax myrtle shrub 2 E,F 1

Nothoscordum bivalve crowpoison herb 5 A,B 1

Nuphar lutea var. advena yellow pond lily herb 2 I,J 1

Nuttallanthus canadensis blue toadflax herb 3 B 17

Nymphaea odorata subsp. odorata American white waterlily herb 2 I 1

Nyssa biflora + swamp tupelo tree 1 E 1

Nyssa sylvatica blackgum tree 3 D,F 1

Oenothera linifolia threadleaf evening primrose herb 5 A 1

Oenothera speciosa white evening primrose herb 3 H 4

Oenothera villosa hairy evening primrose herb 3 G 3

Oldenlandia boscii Bosc's bluet herb 3 A,B 1

Onoclea sensibilis sensitive fern herb 3 D,E,F 1

Ophioglossum pycnostichum southern adder’s tongue fern herb 2 D 2

Opuntia humifusa var. humifusa eastern prickly pear herb 3 A,B 1

Osmunda cinnamomea cinnamon fern herb 3 E,F 1

Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis American royal fern herb 2 E,F 1

Ostrya virginiana hop hornbeam tree 4 E 1

Oxalis dillenii yellow wood sorrel herb 3 H 5

Oxalis violacea violet wood sorrel herb 4 C,D 1

Panicum anceps beaked panicgrass herb 1 J 6

Panicum dichotomiflorum fall panicgrass herb 4 D 1

Panicum verrucosum warty panicgrass herb 5 F 1

Panicum virgatum switchgrass herb 2 B 8

Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper vine 5 C,D,F 1

Paspalum sp. crowngrass herb 2 H 8

Passiflora incarnata purple passionflower vine 3 F,J 1

Passiflora lutea yellow passionflower vine 2 C,H 1

Penstemon sp. beardtongue herb 2 C 5

Perilla frutescens * beef-steak plant herb 4 F 1

Phacelia hirsuta fuzzy scorpionweed herb 3 A 1

Phalaris caroliniana (native ?) Carolina canary grass herb 1 E 5

Phegopteris hexagonoptera southern beech fern herb 2 F 1

Phlox divaricata subsp. laphamii Lapham's blue phlox herb 2 F 1

Phlox pilosa var. ozarkana Ozark phlox herb 4 B 1

Phoradendron tomentosum oak mistletoe herb 1 C 1

Physostegia virginiana subsp. praemorsa obedient plant herb 2 F 1

Pinus echinata shortleaf pine tree, sap, herb 4 A,B,C,D 1

Pinus taeda loblolly pine tree, sap, herb 5 A,B,C,D,F,H 1

Pinus virginiana * Virginia pine tree, sap 1 B 2

Piptochaetium avenaceum blackseed speargrass herb 3 B,C 1

Plantago elongata dwarf plantain herb 4 A,H 1

Platanthera clavellata small green wood orchid herb 1 E 1

Platanus occidentalis American sycamore tree 2 E,G 1

Pleopeltis polypodioides var. michauxianum resurrection fern herb 3 C,D,F

Pluchea camphorata camphor stinkweed herb 3 F 1

Pluchea foetida stinky camphorweed herb 2 I 1

Podophyllum peltatum May apple herb 3 D 1

Polygala verticillata whorled milkwort herb 2 C 5

Polygonum cespitosum var. longisetum * smartweed herb 2 F 1

Polygonum hydropiperoides swamppepper knotweed herb 2 I 1

Polygonum virginianum Virginia knotweed herb 3 F 1

Polypremum procumbens juniperweed herb 3 A,B 1

Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern herb 3 D,E,F 1

Populus alba * silver poplar herb 1 H 2

Populus deltoides subsp. deltoides eastern cottonwood tree 1 G,H 1

Prunella vulgaris healall herb 4 C,D 17

Prunus serotina black cherry shrub 2 C,D 1

Ptilimnium nuttallii Nuttall's mock bishopweed herb 2 A,I 1

Pueraria montana var. lobata* kudzu vine vine 3 D,H 1

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium slender mountain mint herb 2 B,C 5

Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Carolina desert chickory herb 15

Pyrus arbutifolia red chokeberry shrub 1 D,E 1

Quercus alba white oak tree 2 D 1

Quercus falcata Spanish oak tree 2 D 1

Quercus margarettiae (?) Margarett's oak tree 2 ? 1

Quercus marilandica var. marilandica blackjack oak tree, shrub, sap 2 B,C 1

Quercus michauxii basket oak tree 2 F,G 1

Quercus nigra water oak tree 3 F 1

Quercus pagoda pagoda oak tree 2 F 1

Quercus phellos willow oak tree 2 F 1

Quercus shumardii Shumard’s oak tree 3 G 1

Quercus stellata post oak tree, sap 5 B,C 1

Quercus velutina black oak tree, sap 4 C,D 1

Ranunculus abortivus small-flowered crowfoot herb 3 F 1

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus swamp buttercup herb 3 F 1

Rhexia mariana var. mariana Maryland meadow beauty herb 3 A,I 1

Rhexia virginica handsome Harry herb 2 J 6

Rhododendron viscosum swamp azalea shrub 3 E,F 1

Rhus aromatica fragrant sumac shrub 2 B,C 1

Rhus copallinum winged sumac shrub 4 A,B,C,H 1

Rhynchosia latifolia prairie snoutbean herb 3 B,C 1

Rhynchospora corniculata horned beaksedge herb 2 I,J 1

Rhynchospora globularis globe beaksedge herb 3 I 1

Rhynchospora glomerata cluster beaksedge herb 3 J 1

Robinia pseudoacacia black locust tree 1 C 1

Rosa carolina Carolina rose shrub 2 B,C 5

Rosa sp. (vine at school glade) rose herb 2 C,D 5

Rosa multiflora * Japanese rose shrub 3 A 7

Rotala ramosior lowland toothcup herb 2 I 1

Rubus allegheniensis Allegheny blackberry shrub 15

Rubus discolor * Himalaya blackberry shrub 2 C,H 1

Rubus flagellaris northern dewberry shrub 15

Rubus trivialis southern dewberry herb, shrub 4 B,C,H 7

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata wild goldenglow herb 2 F 1

Ruellia humilis var. humilis fringeleaf petunia herb 5 B 1

Ruellia pedunculata subsp. pedunculata stalked wild petunia herb 3 B 7

Sabatia campestris Texas rosepink herb 3 A,I 1

Saccharum alopecuroides silver plumegrass herb 3 B,C 1

Saccharum baldwinii narrow plumegrass herb 3 D,H 1

Salix nigra black willow tree 2 I,H 1

Salvia azurea pitcher sage herb 5 A,B 1

Salvia lyrata lyreleaf sage herb 2 C,H 5

Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis common elder-berry shrub 1 H 1

Sanicula canadensis Canada black snakeroot herb 3 C,D,H 5

Sassafras albidum sassafras sap 3 B,C,D,E,H 1

Saururus cernuus lizard’s tail herb 3 E,J 1

Saxifraga texana Texas saxifrage herb 3 A 1

Schizachyrium scoparium divergent bluestem herb 5 A,B,C 1

Scirpus cyperinus woolgrass bulrush herb 2 H,I 1

Scirpus molestus molested bulrush herb 2 I 1

Scleria ciliata fringed nutsedge herb 3 A,B 1

Scutellaria parvula var. australis southern tuber skullcap herb 4 A 1

Senecio glabellus butter-weed herb 5 G,J 1

Senecio tomentosus woolly ragwort herb 5 A,B,I 1

Senna marilandica Maryland wild senna shrub 2 E 6

Setaria glauca * yellow bristlegrass herb 2 H 1

Setaria parviflora marsh bristlegrass herb 3 H,J 1

Sideroxylon lanuginosum subsp. lanuginosum chittimwood shrub 4 A,B,C 1

Silene virginica fire pink herb 2 C 1

Silphium laciniatum var. laciniatum compass plant herb 2 B 1

Smilax bona-nox saw bullbrier vine 3 B,C 1

Smilax glauca cat greenbrier vine 2 F 1

Smilax laurifolia laurel greenbrier vine 2 E 1

Smilax rotundifolia roundleaf greenbrier vine 3 D,E,F,H 1

Smilax tamnoides var. hispida + bristly greenbrier vine 2 F 1

Solanum carolinense Carolina horsenettle herb 3 J 6

Solidago arguta var. strigosa cut-leaf goldenrod herb 2 F,H 1

Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod herb 3 H 1

Solidago odora fragrant goldenrod herb 3 C,D,H 1

Solidago petiolaris stalked goldenrod herb 3 B,C 1

Solidago rugosa var. rugosa rough-leaved goldenrod herb 3 C,D 13

Solidago speciosa var. speciosa showy goldenrod herb 2 C,D 13

Solidago ulmifolia var. microphylla + small elm-leaved goldenrod herb 2 D,F 1

Solidago ulmifolia var. palmeri Palmer's elm-leaved goldenrod herb 2 E,I 1

Sorghastrum nutans Indian grass herb 2 7

Sorghum halepense * Johnson grass herb 2 H 8

Spigelia marilandica woodland pink-root herb 2 D,F 1

Spiranthes vernalis grass-leaved ladies' tresses herb 2 A,B 7

Sporobolus clandestinus rough dropseed herb 4 A,B 1

Strophostyles umbellata pink fuzzybean herb 2 C 1

Stylosanthes biflora sidebeak pencilflower herb 4 A,B,C 1

Styrax americana American snowbell shrub 3 D,F 1

Styrax grandifolia large-leaved storax shrub 3 D 1

Symplocos tinctoria common sweetleaf shrub 3 D 1

Talinum calycinum largeflower fame flower herb 4 A 1

Taraxacum officinale * common dandelion herb 2 D 9

Tephrosia sp. goatsrue herb 15

Thalictrum thalictroides rue anemone herb 2 D 1

Thelypteris noveboracensis + New York fern herb 1 E,F 1

Tilia americana var. americana American basswood tree 2 F,G 1

Tipularia discolor cranefly orchid herb 1 D,E 1

Torilis arvensis * spreading hedge parsley herb 3 A,B,F 1

Toxicodendron radicans eastern poison ivy vine, herb 5 B,C,E,F,H 1

Trachelospermum difforme climbing dogbane vine 2 D,F 1

Tradescantia ohiensis smooth spiderwort herb 2 B,C 5

Tragopogon dubius * goat's beard herb 2 J 6

Triadenum walteri St. John’s-wort herb 2 F 1

Trichostema dichotomum forked blue curls herb 3 A,B,C,D 1

Tridens flavus var. flavus tall purpletop herb 5 B,J 1

Tridens strictus narrow redtop herb 2 H 8

Trifolium campestre * field clover herb 4 A,D,H 1

Trifolium dubium ? suckling clover herb 4 A,D,H 1

Trifolium reflexum buffalo clover herb 15

Trifolium incarnatum * crimson clover herb 2 H 4

Trifolium pratense * red clover herb 3 H 4

Trifolium repens * white clover herb 3 H 4

Triodanis perfoliata var. perfoliata round-leaved Venus’ looking glass herb 3 A,B,C,H 5

Typha latifolia broadleaf cattail herb 3 H 7

Ulmus alata winged elm tree, shrub, sap 5 A,B,C 1

Ulmus americana American elm tree 2 F 1

Uvularia sessilifolia small bellwort herb 2 D 2

Vaccinium arboreum farkleberry shrub 3 C 1

Vaccinium stamineum deerberry shrub 2 C 1

Vaccinium virgatum smallflower blueberry shrub 3 F 1

Valerianella radiata corn salad herb 4 A,J 4

Verbascum thapsus * common mullein herb 3 C,H 5

Verbena xutha gulf vervain herb 2 A,B 1

Verbesina alternifolia yellow ironweed herb 3 F 1

Verbesina helianthoides gravelbeard herb 2 C 1

Verbesina virginica var. virginica white crown-beard herb 3 D,I,H 1

Vernonia baldwinii subsp. baldwinii Baldwin's ironweed herb 2 C,D,H 1

Vernonia gigantea subsp. gigantea tall ironweed herb 3 F 1

Vernonia missurica Missouri ironweed herb 2 C,D,H 1

Vernonia texana Texas ironweed herb 3 C,D,H 1

Veronica peregrina necklace weed herb 3 F 1

Viburnum dentatum var. dentatum southern arrow-wood shrub 2 E 1

Viburnum nudum var. nudum possum-haw shrub 2 E,F 1

Viburnum rifidulum rusty black haw shrub 2 C,D 1

Vicia sativa var. sativa * common vetch herb 3 F,H 9

Viola pedata bird’s-foot violet herb 2 B 4

Viola primulifolia white violet herb 2 E,F 1

Viola pubescens downy yellow violet herb 3 F 1

Viola sororia var. sororia woolly blue violet herb 3 F 1

Vitis palmata catbird grape vine 2 C 1

Vitis rotundifolia muscadine vine 2 C,E 1

Vulpia octoflora var. octoflora six-weeks grass herb 3 B,C 6

Woodsia obtusa subsp. obtusa eastern blunt-lobed cliff fern herb 15

Woodwardia areolata net-veined chain fern herb 2 E,F 1

Xanthium strumarium rough cocklebur herb 2 H,J 1

Xyris jupicai Richard's yellow-eyed grass herb 3 I 1

Yucca arkansana Arkansas soapweed herb 3 A,B 1

Zanthoxylum clava-herculia Hercules-club herb 3 B,C 1


* = non-native species (42/475 = 8.8% of flora)
+ = tracked species

Frequency


5 = abundant

4 = common

3 = occasional

2 = infrequent

1 = rare

Strata


tree: > 5 inches dbh and > 20 feet tall

sapling: 0.4 to < 5 inches dbh and > 20 feet tall

shrub: usually 3 to 20 feet tall; multi-stemmed (could be small trees and saplings)

woody vine: vines that are woody

herb: graminoids, forbs, ferns, fern allies, herbaceous vines, tree seedlings

Habitat


A = Outcrop Glade (not grassy)

B = Glade - Knobs (grassy)

C = Xeric Oak woodland (Quercus stellata)

D = Dry-Mesic Pine - Oak woodland (Q. alba – Q. falcata)

E = Seeps

F = Oak bottoms (Quercus nigra – Q. phellos)

G = Riverfront forest/Saline River Bottoms

H = Disturbed areas (reclaimed mines, roadsides, right-of-ways)

I = Lake edge

J = Saline River Bottom (inc. old field) (F. pennsylvanica – C. illinoensis no oak)



Sources


1 = Original Alcoa Report.

2 = D. Zollner and S. Simon, spring 1999 site visits.

3 = D. Zollner and S. Simon, fall 1999 site visits.

4 = D. Zollner, 23 April 2000 site visit.

5 = S. Simon, D. Zollner, C. Simon, 21 May 2000 site visit.

6 = D. Zollner, 30 July 2000 site visit.

7 = S. Simon and D. Zollner, 10 June 2001 site visit.

8 = S. Simon and D. Zollner, 10 November 2001 site visit.

9 = S. Simon, D. Zollner, M. Seamon, 5 Dec 2001 site visit.

10 = S. Simon, L. Peacock, M. Hattenbach, J. Harper, C. Grace, 28 March 2002 site visit.

11 = M. Hattenbach and M. Seamon, 24 May, 2002 site visit.

12 = M. Hattenbach, S. Simon, L. Peacock, et al., 21 August 2002 site visit.

13 = S. Simon and D. Zollner, 29 September 2002 site visit.

14 = M. Hattenbach, L. Peacock, et al., 6 November 2002 site visit.

15 = S. Simon and D. Zollner, May 2003 site visit.

16 = M. Hattenbach 4 May 2004



17 = M. Hattenbach, M.E. Melnechuck, M. Matthews, T. Witsell 13 May, 2004
Nomenclature (with some exceptions) according to: Smith, E. B. 1994. Keys to the Flora of Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press. Fayetteville, AR 363 pp.





Download 81.15 Kb.

Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©ininet.org 2022
send message

    Main page