FEATURES OF STANDARD FISHPOND A standard fishpond consists of the following components Inlet, outlet, duke, embankment/wall, free board, harvesting basin, core trench, screen. Inlet This allow water into the pond, prevent unwanted organisms Outlet Allow partial or total water draining from the pond Embankment/wall: hold the water in the pond Freeboard: Prevent fish from jumping out of the pond water Harvesting basin enables farmer to harvest all the fish in a pond. Screen prevent excessive water in the pond which may lead to collapse of the pond.
STOCKING OFFISH POND Stocking can be defined as the introduction offish into the fishpond for the purpose of rearing. The pond can either be stocked with one species fish (Monoculture) or two or more species offish (Polyculture) or only one sex offish Mono sex culture) The pond is stocked with the stage offish called fingerlings or juveniles. These are the young fish with size of finger. PRINCIPLE OF STOCKING FISHPOND Stock the same species offish unless in polyculture Stock same size offish to prevent cannibalism Fish feeding on each other) Do not overstock the pond to enable them have enough space to grow well. There should be regular supply of water Do not stock different habitat fish in the same pond Change water regularly to avoid disease outbreak. MANAGEMENT OFFISH POND Management offish pond is the proper and adequate care of the fishpond in order to have a successful harvest at the end of the fish farming exercise. The following practices are carried out as maintenance activities. Water supply Aerate the pond. Air supply into water. Weeding Supplementary feeding Silt removal Checking Leakage or seepage
Stocking Pest and diseases control Manure and fertilizer application Sorting Harvesting