Standards: E. 2 – Understand the history of Earth and its life forms based on evidence of change recorded in fossil records and landforms



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Earth History

11-13% (Approx. 15 days)



Standards: 8.E.2 – Understand the history of Earth and its life forms based on evidence of change recorded in fossil records and landforms.

8.E.2.1 – Infer the age of Earth and relative age of rocks and fossils from index fossils and ordering of rock layers (relative dating and radioactive dating).

Geologic Layers & Law of Superposition

Learning Targets

Resources

Vocabulary

I can apply the law of superposition to determine the relative age of the fossils.

I can differentiate between relative and absolute age.

I can recognize examples of absolute and relative dating.

I can explain how index fossils are used to help determine the age of rocks and rock layers.




Rock outcrop lab

Fun with Stratigraphy wkst

Bread Stratigraphy lab

M & M lab (absolute dating)

Relative Age reading

Geologic Time Football Field Model:

https://www.utexas.edu/tmm/education/resources/pdf/geologic-time.pdf


http://www.geosociety.org/educate/LessonPlans/Relative_Age.pdf



Relative Age

Law of Superposition

Index Fossils

Trilobites

Absolute Age

Half-Life

Radioactive Dating

(Radiometic)





8.E.2.2: Explain the use of fossils, ice cores, composition of sedimentary rocks, faults, and igneous rock formations found in rock layers as evidence of the history of the Earth and its changing life forms.

Fossils and Geologic Time Scale

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can explain how ice cores are used to examine changes in Earth’s climate over time.

I can identify types of fossils based on how they were formed.

I can explain how fossil evidence relates to the geological time scale.

I can explain how the geologic time scale illustrates the major events and diversity of life forms in Earth’s history.

I can identify attributes and major events that characterize the four main time eras.


Review plate tectonics.

CO2 + ice core video

Ice core reading wkst
Continental Drift multimedia lesson


Ice Cores

Fault


Rock Cycle

Trilobite

Index Fossils

Trace fossils

Geologic Time Scale

Fossil Record

Extinction

Precambrian

Paleozoic Era

Mesozoic Era

Cenozoic Era

Pangaea





Evolution And Genetics

11-13% (Approx. 15 days)



Standards: 8.L.4 Understand the evolution of organisms and landforms based on evidence, theories and processes that impact the Earth over time.

8.L.4.1 Summarize the use of evidence drawn from geology, fossils, and comparative anatomy to form the basis for biological classification systems and the theory of evolution.

Biological Evolution & Classification systems

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can classify living organisms based on anatomical features.

I can identify common anatomical features of different species.

I can describe how fossils, geology and comparative anatomy support the theory of biological evolution.


Silly Science (Dichotomous Key intro activity)
Comparative Anatomy activity (intro to in-depth)
Classify the Critter printable classification activity
Evidence for Evolution multimedia lesson

Biological Evolution

Species


Taxonomy

Analogous structures

Homologous structures


8.L.4.2 Explain the relationship between genetic variation and an organism’s ability to adapt to its environment

Variation & Natural Selection

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can describe examples of natural selection.

I can identify examples and explain the adaptation of organisms over time due to changes in their environment.




Moth lab (natural selection)

Dinosaur lab (adaptation)


Adaptation multimedia lesson
How evolution Works multimedia lesson
Tiktaalik: Fish Out of Water multimedia lesson

Biodiversity

Natural Selection

Adaptation

Genetic Variation

Mutation





Structures and Functions of Living Organisms

19-23% (approx. 30 days)



Standards: 8.L.1 Understand the structure and hazards caused by agents of disease that effect living organisms.

8.L.1.1 Summarize the basic characteristics of viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites relating to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease.

Microbes disease-causing agents

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can explain how viruses spread in the human body.

I can describe how bacteria reproduce and mutate.

I can differentiate between a virus, bacteria, fungi, and protist.

I can explain how parasites can cause disease.

I can explain different types of treatments for diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi.


Microbe Clock Interactive
Habitable Planet: Disease simulator lab investigation
www.microbeworld.org
Deadly Parasites Interactive

Microbe

Pathogen

Virus

Host Cell



Bacteria

Fungi


Parasite

Protist


Protozoa

Algae


Mutant



8.L.1.2 Explain the difference between epidemic and pandemic as it relates to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease.

Prevention and treatment of disease

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can explain the difference between an epidemic and a pandemic.

I can explain how diseases are transmitted and spread.

I can identify ways to treat diseases.

I can explain methods of preventing diseases.

I can identify examples of diseases caused by specific microbes.

I can identify cancer causing agents.

I can identify examples of mutagens that can cause disease.


Malaria Treatment and Prevention video
Secrets of the Dead : Viruses Web Page
Predicting Pandemics: Web page
History of Malaria Interactive
Fighting Back HIV Interactive

Epidemic

Pandemic

Antibiotic

Vaccination

Infectious Disease

Contagion

Vector

Carrier


Non-Infectious Disease

Cancer


Carcinogen

Mutagen


Standards: 8.L.2 Understand how biotechnology is used to affect living organisms.

8.L.2.1 Summarize aspects of biotechnology including careers, economic benefits to North Carolina, ethical issues, and implications for agriculture.

Careers, ethical issues and economic benefits to NC.

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can identify economic benefits of the biotechnology industry in North Carolina that includes agriculture, medicine and the environment.

I can describe different careers in the field of biotechnology.

I can identify risks and benefits related to the ethics of the biotechnology industry such as Genetic Modification and cloning.


Building a Vaccine video
Next Meal, Engineering Food video
Animal Cloning 101 interactive
Careers in Biotechnology interactive
NC Biotechnology Center

Agriculture

Biotechnology

Gene

DNA testing



Human Insulin

Penicillin

Cloning

Genetic Modification

Bioremediation




Energy: Conservation and Transfer

10-12% (Approx. 15 days)



Standards: 8.P.2 Explain the environmental implications associated with the various methods of obtaining, managing and using energy resources.

8.P.2.1 Explain the environmental consequences of the various methods of obtaining, transforming, and distributing energy.

Energy Use

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can identify the many forms of energy that we use in our daily lives.

I can compare and contrast the different kinds of energy sources and the effects on the environment.

I can identify methods for obtaining and using solar energy.


Biomass Balancing Act multimedia lesson
Compare Contrast Matrix:

http://www.writedesignonline.com/organizers/comparecontrast.html




Energy

Solar


Wind

Hydroelectric

Geothermal

Biomass


Nuclear energy

8.P.2.2 Explain the implications of the depletion of renewable and nonrenewable energy resources and the importance of conservation.

Energy Stewardship

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can explain the implications of the depletion of renewable and nonrenewable resources.

I can identify methods of energy conservation.

I can recognize examples of the environmental impacts of using fossil fuels in the future.


Capturing Renewable Energy multimedia lesson

Renewable

Nonrenewable

Energy Conservation

Fossil Fuels





Matter: Properties and Change

14-16% (Approx. 25 days)



Standards: 8.P.1-Understand the properties of matter and changes that occur when matter interacts in an open and closed container.

8.P.1.1-Classify matter as elements, compounds, or mixtures based on how the atoms are packed together in arrangements.

Elements, compounds and

mixtures


I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can identify and describe parts of an atom.

I can illustrate how atoms combine to make compounds.

I can describe how elements are used in my daily life.

I can classify substances as elements, compounds or mixtures.

I can recognize elements within a chemical formula of a compound.

I can differentiate between a homogeneous and heterogeneous mixture.

I can explain methods for separating individual components from mixtures and compounds.


Parts of an atom (Lesson plan w/demos)

The Element song (video)


-Atom model paper plate

-Concept map: Matter, pure substances, elements, compounds, mixtures, homo & hetero with examples

-Rainbow water lab: physical change p.15

- Separation Labs: p.16-17 Salt water evaporation, iron filings mixture and magnets, water filtration (repeat during hydrosphere unit)



Atom

Protons


Electrons

Neutrons

Element

Compound

Mixture

Molecule

Substance (pure)

Atomic number

Atomic mass


8.P.1.2-Summarize how the physical properties of elements and their reactivity have been used to produce the current model of the Periodic Table of elements.

Periodic Table

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can explain how Mendeleev contributed to the periodic table.

I can identify similarities among elements in groups on the periodic table.

I can use the periodic table to identify properties of elements.

I can classify an element as a metal, nonmetal, or metalloid based on properties.

I can use the periodic table to determine the number of electrons, protons, and neutrons in an element’s atom.


Interactive Periodic Table (online activity)
AIMS Periodic Eggs
Adopt an element www.sciencespot.com


Metals

Nonmetals

Metalloids

Ductile


Malleable

Insulator

Conductor

Periodic Table

Groups

Periods


Valence Electrons



8.P.1.3-Compare physical changes such as size, shape and state to chemical changes that are the result of a chemical reaction to include changes in temperature, color, and formation of a gas or precipitate.

Chemical & physical properties and changes.

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can identify chemical/physical properties and changes.

I can identify evidence that a chemical change has occurred.

I can calculate the density of an object.

I can recognize and compare the three states of matter.

I can explain how changes in thermal energy can result in changes in states of matter.


Formation of a precipitate (lesson w/activity)

  • AIMS White Powders p.19

  • Naked Eggs p.18

  • Hot chocolate dissection p.21

  • Oil spill p.23

  • Density Column p.22

Matter

Physical Properties

Chemical Properties

Density


Solubility

Melting Point

Boiling Point

States of Matter

Chemical Change

Physical Change

Precipitate


8.P.1.4-Explain how the ideas of atoms and a balanced chemical equation support the law of conservation of mass.




I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

Chemical reactions

I can balance simple chemical equations

I can illustrate and explain the law of conservation of mass through balanced chemical equations.

I can identify the reactants and products in a chemical equation.

I can measure the mass before and after a chemical reaction to demonstrate the law of conservation of mass.



What is a Chemical Reaction (lesson w/activity)

Reactants and Products (lesson w/activity)

Introduction to Chemical Reactions (Webpage w/online quiz)


  • Baggy Blasters lab p.20




Law of Conservation of Mass

Chemical Reactions

Chemical Equation

Coefficient

Subscript

Reactant

Product




Earth Systems, Structures and Processes

13-14% (Approx. 20 days)



Standards:

8.E.1 – Understand the hydrosphere and the impact of humans on local systems and the effects of the hydrosphere on humans.

8.E.1.1 – Explain the structure of the hydrosphere including: water distribution on earth, local river basin and water availability

Properties of water & water distribution

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can describe the water cycle on earth

I can analyze the property of water as a solvent.

I can describe the distribution of water on earth.

I can identify local river basins and watersheds and understand their importance as a natural resource.

I can determine the importance of ground water as a valuable resource.

I can explain how all major watersheds on earth transport water and materials to the ocean.



Universal Solvent Lab

Gamewell Creek Drainage activity



Solvent

polar


Drainage

River basin



8.E.1.2- Summarize evidence that earth’s oceans are a reservoir of nutrients, minerals, dissolved gases, and life forms: estuaries, marine ecosystems, upwelling, behavior of gases in the marine environment, deep ocean tech. and understandings gained.

Marine ecosystems

I can statements

Resources

Vocabulary

I can evaluate the earth’s ocean as a resource or reservoir based on its contents and composition.

I can identify the movement of water, minerals, nutrients, and dissolved gases within the ocean

I can evaluate technologies used to explore the ocean.

I can explain the importance of estuaries as a natural resource.

I can explain the relationship between aquatic and terrestrial food webs.


Upwelling reading

Bathymetry Lab

Discover your Estuary reading packet or here


Upwelling

Nutrients

Sonar

Estuary



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