Caroline Franks Davis classified six types of religious experience
What would you add now?
Mystical experiences - One classification of religious experience is the mystical. Mystical experiences have been classified in many ways by a variety of scholars e.g. James, Happold, Stace, Pahnke, Dossett etc.
Definition of mystical
Teasdale claims that the distinctive features of mystical experiences are … in Cole
In his book, Varieties of Religious Experience William James . . .Cole 5
According to James there are four distinctive marks that need to be present to classify as a mystical experience …. explain with examples
You could link to the ‘Fruits’ section in Dossett here e.g. a can be classified as a religious experience if they change in the person’s life
In the middle of the 20th Century Happold, Dossett (page 11 and 12) and/or Pankhe have added to James’ classification criteria … exemplify
Link to Smart and Otto and the numinous if you haven’t included them in section 1
Remember this is just a guide and you can use any appropriate examples (St Teresa of Avila, Julian of Norwich, St John of the Cross, Isaiah, Simon Peter or Sufism)
For regenerative see the summary in Dossett page 11
McGuire (from Cole) defined conversion as …
Or … Conversion is …
William James’s definition of conversion experiences is based on psychological ideas but it does offer a fairly comprehensive set of distinctive features that need to be present to classify as a conversion experience …
James stated that the conversion includes a process … for example
Finally, and most importantly for James the experience must be transforming to classify as a religious experience – if you haven’t included it already use the Fruits’ section in Dossett here e.g. change in the person’s life and the Results section of Cole
Conversions have been studied by … Lofland and Stovovd or Lofland and Stark …
Remember this is just a guide and you can use any appropriate examples (Tolstoy, Lewis, John Wesley, Sunder Singh, St Paul, John Henry Newman and Martin Luther)
Revelation is a distinctive feature that is found in many classifications of religious experience e.g. C.F.D.
Revelation can involve being told something very specific, for example in the case of the children of Fatima – see AS textbook and examples booklet
Or it can involve a process through which a person gains some insight, interpreting the events …
Revelation is often classified into either propositional and non- propositional.. .