The Autobiography of Elder Joseph Bates



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[3]

The Autobiography of Elder Joseph Bates


[Picture] Sailing Ship [4]

Picture of J. Bates


Yours in the blessed hope
Joseph Bates [5]

THE
AUTOBIOGRAPHY


- OF -
ELDER JOSEPH BATES;
embracing
A LONG LIFE ON SHIPBOARD,
WITH SKETCHES OF
Voyages on the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans,
The Baltic and Mediterranean Seas;
- ALSO -
Impressment and Service on board British War Ships,
Long Confinement in Dartmoor Prison,
Early Experience in Reformatory Movements;
TRAVELS IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE WORLD;
AND A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF
THE GREAT ADVENT MOVEMENT OF 1840-44.

STEAM PRESS


OF THE SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION,
BATTLE CREEK, MICH.
1868

6

Facsimile Reproduction


Printed 1970 by
Southern Publishing Association
Nashville, Tennessee

7

TABLE OF CONTENTS


PREFACE

7

Chapter 1

17

Parentage-Birth-Residence-First Foreign Voyage-Hurlgate-London Water for Sailors-Mr. Loyd’s Story-Mr. Moore and his Book-Sea Journal-Overboard-Shark




Chapter 2

27

Shipwrecked in the Ice-An attempt to Throw the Captain Overboard-Deliverance-Arrive in Ireland-Pursuing our Voyage-British Convoy-Part our Cable-Taken by Privateers-Nature of an Oath, and the Box-Ship Condemned-Voyage up the Baltic-Arrive in Ireland-Pressed into the British Service




Chapter 3

36

Attempt to Escape-Flogging-Ship St. Salvadore-Attempt to Swim Away-Rodney 74-Spanish War Ship-A Levanter-Image Worship-Another Attempt for Freedom-Battle-Storm-Shipwreck-Blockading Squadron-Church Service on Board a King’s Ship-Port Mahon-Subterranean Passage-Holy-Stone-Wash Days-Threatened Punishment-Storm-New Station




Chapter 4

49

Impressing American Seamen-Documents of Citizenship-War-Voluntary Surrender as Prisoners of War-Preparation for a Battle-Unjust Treatment-Close Confinement-Relieved-British Fleet Out-generalded-Prisoners sent to England-London Newspaper-Another Movement-Without Bread




Chapter 5

61

Cutting a Hole through the Ship-Perilous Adventure of a Narragansett Indian-Hole Finished-Eighteen Prisoners Escape-Singular Device to Keep the Number Good-Drowning Man Saved-Night Signals for Relief-Another Hole Cut and Discovered-Letter from the Escaped Prisoners-U.S. Government Clothe their Prisoners-Prisoners Sent to Dartmoor-Cheering News of Peace




Chapter 6

74

Subterranean Passage-A Traitor-Ratification of Peace-American Consul Hung in Effigy-Bread Withheld for Two Days-Prisoners Demand and Obtain their Bread-Inhuman Massacre of Prisoners-English Soldier Liberated-Court of Inquiry-Arrival of a Cartel-Liberated from Prison-Display of Flags Respecting the Massacre




Chapter 7

85

Embarkation for the United States-Ocean Larks-Excitement Respecting our Port of Destination-Banks of Newfoundland-Perils of the Ocean-Threatened Mutiny-Islands of Ice-Mutiny on the High Seas-Speak an American Ship-Joyful News-Land in Sight-A Prize Taken-Safe arrival at New London, Ct.-Sail Again for Boston




Chapter 8

96

Arrival Home-Voyage to Europe-Singular Rock in the Ocean-Sudden Commencement of Winter-Voyage Ended-Another Voyage-Perilous Situation in the Chesapeake Bay-Criterion in Distress-Wrecked in a Snow Storm-Visit to Baltimore-On Board the Criterion Again-Cargo Saved-Another Voyage-Hurricane-Voyage Ended-Married-Another Voyage-Captain Reefing Topsails in his Sleep




Chapter 9

110

Allowance of Water-Casting Cargo into the Sea-Allowance of Provisions-Dreadful Storm-Gulf Stream-Dead Clam and Rushing Hurricane-Silent Agony-Wallowing between the Seas-Singular Coincidence in relation to Prayer-More respecting the Gale-Leak Increasing-Supply of Provisions and Water-Council-Bear up for the West Indies-Reported-Safe Arrival in the West Indies




Chapter 10

126

A Spoiled Child-Passage Home from the West Indies-False Alarm- Arrival Home-Voyage in the Ship New Jersey-Breakers off Bermuda-Dangerous Position in a Violent Storm-Turk’s Island-Stacks of Salt-Cargo of Rock Salt-Return to Alexandria, D. C.-Voyage in the Ship Talbot to Liverpool-Storm in the Gulf Stream-Singular Phenomenon on the Banks of Newfoundland-An old Shipmate




Chapter 11

136

Who the Stranger was-Black List-Salt Shoveling-Peak of Pico-Voyage Ended-Visit my Family-Voyage to South America-Trade Winds-Sea Fish-Rio Janeiro-Desperate Situation-Monte Video-Returning North-Cutting in a Whale-Resolved Never to Drink Ardent Spirits-Arrival in Alexandria-Preparations for another Voyage-Visit my Family-Escape from a Stage-Sail for South America-Singular Fish-Arrival at Rio Janeiro-Sail for River La Plata-Dispose of my Cargo at Buenos Ayres-Catholic Host




Chapter 12

149

Crossing the Pampas of Buenos Ayres-Preparation for the Pacific Ocean-Resolved never to Drink Wine-Aspect of the Starry Heavens-Alarming Position off Cape Horn-Double the Cape-Island of Juan Fernandez-Mountains of Peru-Arrival at Callao-Voyage to Pisco-Scenery and Climate of Lima-Earthquakes-Destruction of Callao-Ship out of her Element-Cemetery and Disposal of the Dead




Chapter 13

159

Mint-Stamping Coin-Catholic Churches and Feasts-How to Remember God-Spanish Inquisition-Voyage to Truxillo-Sell the Chatsworth-Mode of Smuggling-Spanish Horses-Indian Method of Smuggling-Deliver up the Chatsworth-Passage to Callao-Trouble with the Captain-Dinner Party




Chapter 14

168

Money Matters-Highway Robbers-Searching Ships for Specie-A Lieutenant Shot-Sail for Home-Tobacco-Serious Reflections-Pass Cape Horn-Equator-North Star-Violent Gale-A Sudden Change of Wind-Desperate Position-Joyous Sight of Land-Vineyard Sound-Arrival in Boston-At Home-Another Voyage-Off the Cape of Virginia-Outward Bound




Chapter 15

181

Conviction for Sin-Sickness and Death of a Sailor-Funeral at Sea-Prayer-Covenant with God-A Dream-Arrival at Pernambuco-Its Appearance-Landing a North American Lady-Wine at a Dinner Party-Sell my Cargo-Another Voyage-Religious Views-Whaling-Brazilian Flour-Arrive at St. Catherine’s-Also Paraiba-Sell my Cargo-Third Voyage




Chapter 16

192

Difficulty in Obtaining Cargo-Soul-Refreshing Seasons in the Forest-Effigy of Judas Iscariot-Sail from St. Catharine’s-Arrive at Paraiba-Fourth Voyage-Arrive at the Bay of Spirits-Dangerous Position-St. Francisco-Rio Grande-Banks of Sand-A city in Ruins-Jerked Beef-Rio Grande to Paraiba-Kattamaran-Catholic Procession and Burial-Sail for New York-Arrival Home-Family Prayer-Religious Revival-Experience




Chapter 17

204

Revival of Religion-Baptism-Join the Church-Temperance Society-Cold-Water Army-Another Voyage-Rules for the Voyage-Temperance Voyage-Altar of Prayer on Ship Board-Semi-weekly Paper at Sea-Sunday Worship-Arrival in South America-Paraiba-Bahia-Privateer-St. Catherine’s




Chapter 18

213

Overhauled by a Buenos-Ayres Privateer or Pirate-Seven hours’ Detention-Plunder-Passengers made Prisoners-Search for Money-Doubloons Boiling with Salt Beef-Crew and Passengers Released-Season of Prayer-Arrival at Rio Janeiro-Bethel Meeting-Rio Grande-Dangers of the Coast-Concerning Fresh Water-Religious Views-Vessel Lost-Letter-Sail, and Arrive at St. Catherine’s-Sail for New York-Singular Phenomenon




Chapter 19

226

Revival at Sea-Arrive in New York-Bethel Ships and Meetings-Friendless Young Men-Arrival in New Bedford-Temperance Reform-Voyage Ended




Chapter 20

230

At Home-Religion-Temperance-Farming-My Promise-Seaman’s Friend Society-Missions-American Tract Society-American Colonization Society-Meeting-house-Religious Revival-Its Effects-Tea and Coffee-Change of Residence-Progress of the Temperance Cause-Progress of the Antislavery Cause-My own Position-Mob in Boston, Mass.-Falling Stars




Chapter 21

241

Moral Reform-Raising Trees-Culture of Silk-Second Advent of Christ-William Miller’s Theory-His lectures in Boston-First Second-Advent Paper-Eld. D. Millard’s Letter-Eld. L.D. Fleming’s Letter-H. Hawley’s Letter-From the Maine Wesleyan Journal




Chapter 22

248

First Call for a Conference to Discuss the Subject of the Second Coming of our Lord Jesus Christ-Convened in Boston, Mass.-Conference Address sent forth to the World-Diving Bell-Gathering Stones from the Bottom of the Sea-First Second-Advent Conference-Wm. Miller’s Lectures in Fairhaven, Mass.-Also in New Bedford-Address to Ministers-Ministers’ Meeting-Antiochus Epiphanes-Thirty-two Square Rods for Every Person-Second Second-Advent Conference




Chapter 23

258

Fall of the Ottoman Empire in August, 1840-Passing of the Second Woe-Quickly-Space of time to proclaim the First Angel’s Message, Revelation 14:6, 7-Conferences-Trials on leaving the Church-Moral Reform Societies-Boston Conference in 1842-1843 Charts-First Camp-Meeting-Camp-Meetings in the Summer and Fall of 1842-In Littleton, Mass., in August-Taunton, Mass., in September-Salem, Mass., in October-Power and work of the First Angel’s Message




Chapter 24

270

Opposition to the Proclamation of the Second Advent of the Saviour-Mr. Miller’s Statement of Facts, from his “Apology and Defense”-The singular Manner in which he was Called out to Proclaim the Advent Doctrine-Signs and Wonders in the Heavens




Chapter 25

276

The Stated Year for the Coming of the Lord-Sell my Place of Residence-Go with the Message to the Slave States-Meetings on Kent Island-Meetings in Centerville, Eastern Shore of Maryland-Judge Hopper-Advent Meetings on the Eastern Shore of Maryland-Meetings in Centerville-In Chester-Threatened Imprisonment-Feeling among the Slaves-Power of the Lord in the Meeting-Conviction of the People




Chapter 26

287

The Three Corners-Crowded Meeting-Singing-Universalism-Places for Meeting-Opposition-Dream-Extensive Front Yard-Slaves Ordered to go to the Advent Meeting-Convicted of the Truth-Return Home from Maryland-Visit to some of the Islands of the Sea-First Disappointment in the Second Advent Movement-Waiting for the Vision-Tarrying Time




Chapter 27

295

Midnight Cry-First Angel’s Message-The Ten Virgins-Second Disappointment-Three Angel’s Messages-The Sabbath-Progress of the Work-Conclusion




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