Tossup One. In a musical, it is composed of the book and the lyrics. In all productions, it is the entirety of the spoken and sung words. For fifteen points, identify this musical term most often used in reference to the text of an opera

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Tossup One. In a musical, it is composed of the book and the lyrics. In all productions, it is the entirety of the spoken and sung words. For fifteen points, identify this musical term most often used in reference to the text of an opera. A: Libretto
Tossup Two. Warning: two answers required. In August of 1998, President Clinton ordered the bombings of areas in Sudan and Afghanistan in an attempt to strike back at Osama bin Laden, who is suspected of orchestrating attacks on two U.S. embassies in Africa. The two east African nations in which those embassies are located border each other. In any order, identify both of these nations, which have their respective capitals at Nairobi and Dar Es Salaam. A: Kenya and Tanzania
Tossup Three. The alchemist Philippus Paracelsus theorized that one element is the root of all others, and that the discovery of this element could solve the tantamount problem of alchemy. For fifteen points, identify either the name which Paracelsus used for his supposed prime element or the name for any substance or object with the power to transmute common metals into gold. A: [Alkahest or Philosopher’s Stone]
Tossup Four. O.J. Simpson was acquitted of murder, but fined many millions of dollars by a civil jury. The jury found him liable for this, the civil equivalent of the criminal offense of murder or manslaughter. Identify this civil violation. A: Wrongful death
Tossup Five. “They also serve who only stand and wait,” is the last line. “When I consider how my light is spent,” is the first. For fifteen points, identify this 1655 poem, written in memory of the author’s handicap, the nineteenth sonnet of John Milton. A: On His Blindness
Tossup Six. On November 2, 1943, the destroyer U.S.S. Eldridge entered the Naval Operations Center in Norfolk, Virginia. According to urban legend, the attachment of electric cables to the hull of the ship, which is normally part of the degaussing process, allowed the destroyer to become invisible and, even more remarkably, move instantaneously or “teleport” to Norfolk. The name given to the alleged development of the ability to move objects through space instantaneously is derived from the city in which Eldridge supposedly started its journey. For fifteen points, identify that name. A: Philadelphia Experiment
Tossup Seven. Named for its founder, it opened in 1914. In 1966, it moved to a new building designed by Marcel Breuer. Its collection centers on American works of the twentieth century, including works by Edward Hopper, Reginald Marsh, and Alexander Calder. For fifteen points, identify this museum in New York, which operates its own university of arts. A: Whitney Museum (of American Art)
Tossup Eight. Past winners include Phillip Roth for Sabbath’s Theater, Cormac McCarthy for All the Pretty Horses, Robert Penn Warren for Promises: Poems 1954-1956, John Cheever for The Wapshot Scandal, and Marianne Moore for Collected Poems. For fifteen points, identify this ten-thousand dollar prize, for which only U.S. citizens living in the United States are eligible, awarded to one work of fiction, one work of nonfiction, and one work of poetry each year by a five-judge panel. A: National Book Award(s)
Tossup Nine. “The greatest obstacle to being heroic is the doubt whether one may not be going to prove one’s self a fool; the truest heroism is to resist the doubt; and the profoundest wisdom, to know when it ought to be resisted, and when it be obeyed.” This nugget is found in an 1852 novel. Based on the author’s time at the Brook Farm commune, this work of fiction critiques utopianism and feminism. Westervelt and Zenobia are manipulative, dark characters; Hollingsworth an arrogant idealist; and Priscilla an innocent victim. For fifteen points, identify this work narrated by Miles Coverdale, who likely represents the author, Nathaniel Hawthorne. A: The Blithedale Romance
Tossup Ten. He died in 1978, in the middle of his fourth term as a Democratic senator from Minnesota. A driving force behind the Peace Corps, Medicare, the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, and the Civil Rights Act, he ran for President in 1968 but was defeated by Richard Nixon. He was not the only member of his family who found difficulty in advancing to the executive position—his son, the former Attorney General of Minnesota, was defeated by Jesse Ventura in the 1998 gubernatorial race. Identify this politician, Lyndon Johnson’s Vice-President. A: (Hubert Horatio) Humphrey (Jr.) [accept “Humphrey” or “Humphrey Jr.” but not “Humphrey III”]
Your category round choices are Canadian Provinces, Civil Rights Pioneers, and Shakespearean Quotes.

Category Round—Canadian Provinces

Given its capital, identify the Canadian province or provincial-level territory, ‘ey?

Winnipeg A: Manitoba

Halifax A: Nova Scotia

Yellowknife A: Northwest Territories [accept “Northwest Territory”]

Regina A: Saskatchewan

Whitehorse A: Yukon (Territory)

Charlottetown A: Prince Edward Island

Edmonton A: Alberta

Iqaluit A: Nunavut

St. John’s A: Newfoundland

Fredericton A: New Brunswick

Category Round—Civil Rights Pioneers

Identify the following figures in the history of the American civil rights movement.

He founded the Congress of Racial Equality and was one of the “Big Four” of the Civil Rights movement. After a long stint as a college professor, he died in July of 1999. A: (James) Farmer

He was the executive director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a Congressman, and a U.S. ambassador to the United Nations under President Carter. A: (Andrew) Young

He founded Operation PUSH and the Rainbow Coalition and has negotiated the release of hostages in Iraq and Yugoslavia. A: (Jesse) Jackson (Sr.)

He cofounded the Niagra Movement and the NAACP and edited The Crisis. Having renounced U.S. citizenship, he died in Ghana. A: (W.E.B.) DuBois

The lead NAACP lawyer in Brown vs. Board of Education, he later went on to a career on the federal appeals bench. A: (Thurgood) Marshall

He led the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee from 1966 to 1968. His term ended after his misalignment with the group’s principles became obvious on several occasions, including when he aided the violent takeover of Columbia University. A: (Stokely) Carmichael

He was elected to the House of Representatives from New York thirteen times but only served twelve terms. He was denied his seat in the 1967-68 term due to accusations of misuse of government funds; the charges may have been racially motivated. A: (Adam Clayton) Powell

A member of the “Big Four”, he edited The Crisis, co-organized the March on Washington, and was executive director of the NAACP from 1965 to 1977. A: (Roy) Wilkins

He succeeded Martin Luther King as President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and led the Poor People’s March on Washington. A: (Ralph) Abernathy

The leader of the Congress of Racial Equality since 1968, he has undergone a philosophical shift away from the class politics of the 1960s into a stance which advocates limited government as a major solution to racial problems. A: (Roy) Innis

Category Round—Shakespearean Quotes

Identify the play by William Shakespeare in which each of the following quotes appears.

“Misery acquaints a man with strange bedfellows.” A: The Tempest

“Love is a smoke made with the fume of sighs, being purged, a fire sparkling in lovers’ eyes, being vexed, a sea nourished with lovers’ tears. What is it else? A madness most discreet, a choking gall and a preserving sweet.” A: Romeo and Juliet

“‘Tis but an hour ago since it was nine, and after one hour more ‘twill be eleven. And so from hour to hour we ripe and ripe, and then from hour to hour we rot and rot. And thereby hangs a tale.” A: As You Like It

“Reputation, reputation, reputation! O, I ha’ lost my reputation, I ha’ lost the immortal part of myself, and what remains is bestial!” A: Othello

“Neither a borrower nor a lender be. For loan oft loses both itself and friend, and borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry.” A: Hamlet

“Men’s evil manners live in brass; their virtues we write in water.” A: (King) Henry VIII

“You take my life when you do take the means whereby I live.” A: The Merchant of Venice “Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon ‘em.” A: Twelfth Night

“He took the bride about the neck and kissed her lips with such a clamorous smack that at the parting all the church did echo.” A: The Taming of the Shrew

“Cowards die many times before their deaths; the valiant never taste of death but once.” A: Julius Caesar

Tossup Eleven. Evangelista Torricelli developed the first known model in 1643. The torr is named after him, which is appropriate, as the torr is a unit of atmospheric pressure, which Torricelli’s device measured. For ten points, identify this scientific instrument, commonly available in mercury and aneroid models. A: Barometer


Identify these colleges founded by religious leaders for ten points each.

This Provo, Utah institution was founded and named for the man who led the Mormon exiles across the country. A: Brigham Young (University) [prompt on “BYU”]

Pat Robertson founded this college in Virginia Beach, named for one who rules in place of a monarch. A: Regent (University)

This eponymous college in Oklahoma was founded by the faith healer who leads the Healing Waters ministry and the Pentecostal Holiness Church. A: Oral Roberts (University)

Tossup Twelve. A native of Burke, Virginia, this athlete won both the Hermann Trophy and Missouri Athletic Club Award in both 1992 and 1993, leading the University of North Carolina to its seventh and eight consecutive NCAA Championships in those two years. For ten points, identify this soccer star, who recently appeared with Michael Jordan in a series of commercials and has scored more goals in international competition than any other woman. A: (Mia) Hamm


Some publications are associated with their creators, some are not. Given its founder and debut date, identify the newspaper for ten points.

It was founded on September 15, 1982, by the Gannett Corporation. A: USA Today

It was founded on September 18, 1851, by Henry J. Raymond. A: New York Times

It was founded on July 8, 1889, by Henry Dow and Edward D. Jones. A: Wall Street Journal

Tossup Thirteen. The inventor of the farmer’s machine drill, he is the most important figure in the history of seed-sowing technology. His device planted three rows of seeds at once and created perfectly even rows, which allowed farmers to use the space between rows of seeds for other purposes. For ten points, identify this agricultural pioneer who lends his name to the band which recorded the album Aqualung. A: (Jethro) Tull


Can you keep your ships straight? For five for one, ten for two, twenty for three, and thirty for all four, name, in any order, the four NASA space shuttles currently in operation. A: Columbia, Discovery, Atlantis, and Endeavor
Tossup Fourteen. The longest in the United States lasted seventy-five days. The longest by a single person occurred in 1957. Lasting just over twenty-four hours, it touched upon critical issues which included reading from a telephone directory. Although often associated with very lengthy, meandering speeches, this word actually denotes any technique used to delay a vote on a bill or motion. For ten points, identify this term for “talking a bill to death”, which will forever be associated with Strom Thurmond. A: Filibuster


Thermodynamics is important. Identify the following regarding heat and matter for ten points each.

For any substance, this is the amount of heat that is required to raise the temperature of one gram of that substance by one degree Celsius. A: Specific heat

This is the amount of heat required to convert a unit mass of a solid at its melting point into liquid without an increase in temperature. A: (Latent) heat of fusion

This is the amount of heat required to convert a unit mass of a liquid at its boiling point into gas without an increase in temperature. A: (Latent) heat of vaporization

Tossup Fifteen. On June 15, 1389, sultan Murad I defeated the Serbian Empire at this battle, called the “Serbian Alamo” because, although the Serbians lost, the memory of the battle inspired them throughout future generations. For ten points, identify the location, also the name, of this battle, now an embattled Yugoslav province with its capital at Pristina. A: Kosovo

Everyone loves the conjunction bonus. Really. For those unfamiliar with this wonderful institution, here’s an example: the clue is “Lion King sequel and Jane Austen novel”; the answer is “Simba’s Pride and Prejudice”. For ten points each, give each of the following conjoined phrases.

Oscar Wilde play featuring mistaken identity, marriage, and muffins and scientist who discovered the atomic nucleus A: The Importance of Being E(a)rnest Rutherford

Dodger and Yankee pitcher who was the first to return to baseball after reconstructive elbow surgery and biblical passage, a favorite of Rainbow Man, reading “for God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” A: Tommy John 3:16

Spot at the Berlin Wall at which one could request permission to travel from West to East and title character of a popular 1930s radio show hosted by Edgar Bergen A: Checkpoint Charlie McCarthy
Tossup Sixteen. The low rate of heart disease combined with high consumption of fatty meats is the French one. In the title of his last book, Benjamin Cardozo found them in legal science. The fact that one must endlessly traverse half the distance to one’s destination yet can still arrive at it is Zeno’s. For ten points, identify the word derived from the Greek for “conflicting with expectation” with denotes such contradictions. A: Paradox


Every great house has a great progenitor. Identify the dynasties founded by each of the following rulers for ten points each.

Giacomuzzo Attendolo of Milan brought this family to power. A: Sforza

This dynasty was founded by Liu Bang of China. A: Han

Cyrus the Great of Persia began this line. A: Achaemenid

Tossup Seventeen. In 1494, the Treaty of Tordesillas divided the uncolonized world between Spain and Portugal. The new line of demarcation ran straight through this island, on which the present-day cities of Narsaq, Thule, and Nuuk are located. For ten points, identify this island in the North Atlantic, which is now an internally self-governing province of Denmark. A: Greenland


If you have an appreciation of the classics, then you will do well on this bonus. Given a line from Queen’s “Bohemian Rhapsody”, recite the next line for ten points.

“Open your eyes, look up to the skies, and see…” A: “I’m just a poor boy, I need no sympathy”

“I see a little silhouetto of a man…” A: “Scaramouche, scaramouche, will you do the fandango?”

I’m just a poor boy and nobody loves me…” A: “He’s just a poor boy from a poor family”
Tossup Eighteen. The first is the clergy, the second is the nobility, the third is the peasantry, the fourth is the press, and the fifth is whoever is left over. For ten points, identify the word which follows each of these ordinal numbers, forming a class structure which was found in many societies but is most often used in reference to France during the period of the Revolution. A: Estate

Three-dimensional artwork is just as important as two-, although sculpture seems to get less than its fair share of questions at tournaments. Identify these sculpture movements and terms for ten points each.

The conveyance of a larger message is more important than the work itself, holds this movement, which was popularized by Joseph Beuys and led to the emergence of performance art. A: Conceptualism

This movement used common objects, such as wire hangars, string, and junk found on the street, to create its sculptures; it was a submovement of abstractionism. A: Assemblage

This earthen sculpture material was prominent in the ancient world; thousands of life-size figures of warriors made of it were found in the tomb of the first Emperor of China. A: Terra cotta
Tossup Nineteen. Currently led by Lee Teng-hui, this nation has been conquered several times. Without authorization from the executive branch, Newt Gingrich committed a diplomatic blunder several years ago by offering American military protection to it. For ten points, identify this island nation of Asia which was formerly known as Formosa and officially calls itself the Republic of China. A: Taiwan


Often, unrelated pieces of literature have similar titles. Identify the authors of the following works for fifteen points each.

He wrote Endgame, which was first produced in 1957 in London. A: (Samuel) Beckett

He has written Ender’s Game and dozens of other works of science fiction including Alvin Journeyman and Children of the Mind. A: (Orson Scott) Card
Tossup Twenty. The characteristic, the mantissa, Henry Briggs, Justus Byrgius, the slide rule, exponents, the base, the modulus, the Richter Scale, and John Napier are all associated with this mathematical operator. Name it for ten points. A: Log(arithm)


Sometimes it seems that the geography of Greece and Italy is all that matters in ancient times. That’s quite inaccurate, of course. For ten points each, identify these cities of the ancient world which, although they fell to the Roman Empire, were not in Greece or Italy.

Now the Lebanese city of Sur, this Phoenician trading center exported its namesake purple dye. A: Tyre

It was the site of the Temple of Amon and the capital of Egypt from 2035 BCE until the Assyrian invasion during the seventh century BCE. A: Thebes

Successive incarnations of this city, called one, two, three, four, five, six, seven A, seven B, eight, and nine, are proven to have actually existed. A: Troy

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