Trade-off da – gdi 2011 1 Earth Science D/A 2


Earth Science – No Link – No T/Off



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Earth Science – No Link – No T/Off


Human space flight is on the chopping block – earth science is being increased

Darriau and Rowan 11 (Corina Cerovski and Linda, both members @ American Geological Inst., “Earth Sciences in the FY 2011 Budget”, http://www.aaas.org/spp/rd/rdreport2011/11pch16.pdf) JPG

NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, which includes Earth Science, Planetary Science, Astrophysics and Heliophysics, would receive $5 billion in the FY 2011 budget request. An increase of $381 million is requested for the Earth Science Division (ESD) (See Table 1). The increased funding is meant to help ESD meet the goals identified in the National Research Council's 2007 Decadal Survey report, “Earth Science and Applications from Space: National Imperatives for the Next Decade and Beyond.” ESD consists of six programs: Earth Systematic Missions ($809 million), Earth Science Pathfinder ($304 million), Research ($438 million), Applied Sciences ($37 million), Technology ($53 million), and Multi-Mission Operations ($161 million). ESD operates 15 Earth-observing spacecraft and will launch three satellites, Glory, NPOESS Preparatory Project and Aquarius, in 2011. The ESD request would allow NASA to develop and re-fly the Orbiting Carbon Observatory ($170 million), accelerate the development of new satellites for Earth science ($150 million), expand and accelerate Venture-class missions and enhance climate change modeling capabilities. Work will continue for completion and launch of the Landsat Data Continuity Mission (June 2013) and the Global Precipitation Measurement mission (July 2013). The Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) and Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite 2 (ICESat-2) will be accelerated, while NASA continues “IceBridge”, an airborne science campaign to study changes in Greenland and arctic ice in an attempt to bridge the gap between ICESat-1 and ICESat-2. Deformation, Ecosystem Structure, and Dynamics of Ice (DESDynI) and Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) will be accelerated for possible launches in 2017. The President requested the termination of the Constellation program, which was developing the next generation crew vehicle and launch rocket. This leaves great uncertainty about NASA’s human spaceflight program and Congress is expected to weigh in with advice and funding direction that may lead to changes in NASA’s other divisions, including the Science Mission Directorate.
Climate research is the top priority – exploration is on the chopping block

Cooper 10 (Rory, Director of Strategic Comm @ Heritage, 1/27/10, http://blog.heritage.org/2010/01/27/obama-is-no-kennedy-redefines-nasas-mission-as-global-warming/) JPG

Today, the Orlando Sentinel reports that President Obama will introduce a budget next week which will cut future exploration funding from NASA, including the planned missions to the Moon and Mars set in motion following the Columbia disaster. On first glance, this may appear to be a budget cutting move to fall in line with the drop-in-a-bucket spending freeze Obama has proposed. But it isn’t. In fact, NASA’s budget is increasing. So if NASA’s budget is increasing, why are exploration plans being put on hold? Obama is halting America’s exploration of the unknown so we can explore…global warming. According the Sentinel: “…the White House will direct NASA to concentrate on Earth-science projects — principally, researching and monitoring climate change.” NASA will reportedly receive a budget increase of $200-$300 million over its current $18.7 billion budget.


More ev

Pasztor 10 (Andy, writer @ WSJ, 2/2/10, http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704107204575039131083087028.html) JPG

Even as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration is set to receive billions of dollars in additional funding for technology in the latest White House budget, the agency has yet to chart a detailed course for future manned space flight once the space shuttle is retired in 2011. That could erode congressional and public support for NASA, according to some industry officials and lawmakers. NASA Administrator Charles Bolden predicted that the proposed $19 billion fiscal-2011 budget, an increase of 2% from the previous year, would be "good for NASA." He added that a plan to rely on private companies to ferry astronauts to the International Space Station would be "great for the American work force."


Earth Science – No Link – No T/Off


Earth science wont be cut – its Obama’s top priority
Hamilton 10 (Jon, writer @ NPR, 4/5/10, http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=125507009) JPG

New Administration, New Priorities But things have changed dramatically since the arrival of the Obama administration, says Edward Weiler, associate administrator of NASA's Science Mission Directorate. "This administration has a clear priority for science in general and Earth science in specific," he says. And now the White House has unveiled plans to give NASA's Earth science programs $2.4 billion in new money over the next five years. That's an increase of more than 60 percent. Much of the new money will be spent trying to reinvigorate efforts to determine how fast the Earth's climate is changing, Weiler says. "We've got to measure how fast the ice is being depleted, how fast carbon dioxide is being added to the atmosphere as opposed to being taken out of it," he says.


No cuts to earth science – it’s a top priority and we don’t want to lose the space race
Williams 10 (Trevor, PhD Candidate in Mech Engineering @ Victoria U, 4/5/10,

http://www.greenmuze.com/blogs/eco-geek/2512-nasa-earth-observation-funding-.html) JPG



NASA is about to re-enter a space race, but not to the Moon, instead it seems it is going to go head-to-head with ESA in a race to obtain Earth observation data. According to NPR the Obama administration is providing NASA with an extra US$2.4 billion (€1.78 billion) over five years for Earth observation and climate change monitoring. This may go some way to repair the damage done by the Bush administration in not funding Earth observation programs. The Obama administration might want to free DSCOVR from its Bush (actually Cheney) imposed incarceration. According to Edward Weiler, associate administrator of NASA's Science Mission Directorate, "This administration has a clear priority for science in general and Earth science in specific. We've got to measure how fast the ice is being depleted, how fast carbon dioxide is being added to the atmosphere as opposed to being taken out of it." NASA has launched some great environmental spacecraft in the past such as GRACE that has measured Earth’s gravity field and ice loss in Antarctica and water loss. Upcoming launches include Glory (measuring atmospheric aerosols and solar irradiance to evaluate Earth's energy balance), Aquarius (Measuring Ocean Salinity) and National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS). ESA has its GMES program (global monitoring for environment and security) and has been flying Envisat for over 8 years, collecting terabytes of earth observation data. Other ESA spacecraft include SMOS (Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity Spacecraft) and GOCE (GOCE Successful Launch). Some great information on carbon dioxide sources and sinks, global methane and nitrogen dioxide, two of the World’s most important greenhouse gases and a significant pollutant gas, is already available online at the ESA PROMOTE Climate Study Support Service and shown here in the various figures. The coming decade is going to see an enormous increase is space based Earth observation data that will verify beyond any doubt that climate change is happening, and will greatly assist in identifying where, and what, are the biggest contributors. It seems that global environmental information will be extremely important, not only for climate, but also for future economic and political decision making. Maybe that is the reason why NASA, ESA and other space agencies are suddenly so eager to invest in Earth observation.




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