Training development in support of the operational domain


-3. Design the task conditions



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5-3. Design the task conditions

a. A task condition statement must provide the general information required to allow multiple units to perform a task to standard based on a common doctrinal basis. The condition statement identifies the situation and environment in which the unit should be able to perform the task to standard; it does not limit task performance by including unnecessary equipment or environmental requirements. A task condition is concise and written in paragraph format. Figure 5-4 gives further guidance on writing condition statements. The final condition statement should include all applicable elements, but only in the context that they support the task.


F
igure 5-4. Writing collective task condition statements

b. There are eight elements to consider when writing a condition statement. Five of the elements are part of the mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops, and support available, time available, civil considerations (METT-TC); however, the mission is not expressed as part of the condition statement. The other three elements are the trigger (or cue), current actions or situation, and historical information. The following paragraphs provide definitions and examples of these elements.
(1) Trigger or cue. A task condition must include a trigger or cue indicating why the task is to be performed, and the aiding and limiting factors appropriate to set the stage for the conduct of the task. The developer must state what triggered the need to perform this task. This is the only mandatory required entry. Without the trigger the condition statement is incomplete.
Examples: The maintenance officer in charge/NCO in charge (NCOIC) has received requests for recovery assistance from supported units; the unit has sustained fatalities; the unit is receiving requests for supplies from subordinate elements; the decision has been made to reorganize an infantry battalion; the unit has received an OPORD or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to (Insert Task Title here).
(2) Current actions or situation. This includes what the echelon is currently doing.
Examples: The unit is providing field maintenance in support of operations from its established field or urban location; the unit is conducting operations as part of a larger force; the unit is conducting operations as part of a higher headquarters.
(3) Historical information. Describe important (first order) activities that have already been completed prior to the start of this mission or task.
Examples: The location and the route to the equipment to be recovered have been identified; the unit has communications with appropriate elements; the higher HQ OPORD, the unit, and higher HQ SOPs are available; the unit has been provided guidance on the rules of engagement and the rules of interaction.
(4) Enemy. Include current information about strength, location, activity, and capabilities that impact performing the task to standard.
Examples: The unit may be subject to attack by threat Level I forces; the unit may receive an air CBRN attack or be subject to radiological fallout; the unit is subject to CBRN and ground Level I threat forces attack; the enemy can attack by air, indirect fire, and ground (mounted or dismounted); guards report that one to three unidentified individuals have been sighted attempting to infiltrate the area.
(5) Terrain and weather. Note any terrain and weather conditions that will affect training regarding ground maneuver, precision munitions, air support, and sustainment operations.
Examples: This task will be performed under all environmental conditions; higher HQ analysis of the area of operations (AO) is available; field expedient and natural shelters are available; some iterations of this task should be conducted during limited visibility conditions.
(6) Troops and support available. Note the quantity, training level, and psychological state of friendly forces if they impact training the task to standard.
Examples: All equipment to perform the recovery mission is on hand and operational; all required maintenance equipment, tools, publications and personnel are available; all necessary personnel and equipment are available; engineer support is available; indirect fires are available.
(7) Time available. Note the time available for planning, preparing, and executing the mission if it impacts training the task to standard.
Example: The OPORD states the latest time by which recovery operations must be completed, and time is available for a deliberate occupation of defensive positions.
(8) Civil considerations. Identify the impact of civil considerations (civilian populations, culture, organizations, and leaders within the AO) for training the task to standard.
Examples: Coalition partners, noncombatants, and media are present in the AO; coalition forces and noncombatants may be present in the operational environment.
Note: Elements (3) through (8) can be written as either aiding or limiting factors.

5-4. Design the task standard

a. The task standard provides the criteria for determining the minimum acceptable level of task performance under operating conditions. The criteria must not restrict the commander’s ability to manage varied unit configurations and to respond to METT-TC. The task standard must be concise and written in present tense. Standard statements are composed of several sentences or a bulleted list that describes actions.


b. There are three elements to consider when writing a standards statement:
(1) Describe the action in present tense.
Examples: Unit personnel complete fallout preparation; distribute equipment and supplies; unit crosses the start point.
(2) Include a quantitative or qualitative remark.
Examples: No later than time prescribed in OPORD, within 20 minutes of arriving in new area, before arrival of fallout, without interfering with mission requirements.
(3) List the authority.
Examples: In accordance with the tactical SOPs and directives provided by the higher headquarters or commander; in accordance with the maintenance SOP and commander’s guidance.
c. Figure 5-5 provides guidelines for writing task standards statements.



Figure 5-5. Writing collective task standards





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