The following partial SM-TG is an example of an STP (for illustrative purposes only). Refer to chapter 8 for information on the full development of STPs.
STP 10-92M15-SM-TG MOS/Skill Level Tasks
Skill Level 1: Subject Area 1: Search and Recovery
Search for Remains 101-515-1104
Conditions:You are assigned to a mortuary affairs collection point. Your NCOIC tells you to prepare individual and organizational equipment for movement to a given recovery site to search and locate remains not recovered by the combat elements. Given map of search area, lensatic compass, global positioning system (GPS), if available, GPS operation and maintenance, map overlay indicating area(s) to be searched, first aid equipment, remains pouches, litters, personal effects bags, rubber gloves, sketch paper, ziplock bags, screen sifter, clipboard, twine, tarpaulins, permanent markers, spray paint, measuring tape, long and short handle shovels (spade and flat edge), a single-bit ax, a pick mattock, pin flags, a protractor, buckets (2.5-gallon), trowel, insecticide, numbered seal(s), machete, designated vehicle(s), FM 10-64, FM 21-26, FM 101-5-1, Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (JTTP) 4-06, and blank Department of Defense (DD) Form 567 and DD Form 1074.
Standards: Search given area(s) to locate remains not recovered by the combat elements. The number of remains, condition of remains, distance from start point, terrain, weather, enemy, and other factors will determine your mission accomplishment. In accordance with JTTP 4-06, maintain appropriate search techniques continuously to ensure that all remains are recovered. List supplies and equipment in the quantities needed to perform a specific search and recovery operation. Determine the serviceability of, and take corrective actions needed, before equipment is ready for deployment. Load TOE and TDA equipment on the vehicle(s). Determine magnetic azimuth from your assembly area to recovery site within 1 degree. Arrive within 10 meters of recovery area.
1. Prepare personnel, equipment, and supplies for search and recovery operations.
a. Obtain information from your section chief about the search operations. Make notes of the following during the briefing:
(1) Type of recovery.
(2) Number of remains. Check with the NCOIC to determine the number of remains.
(3) Description of area to be searched.
(4) Terrain conditions.
(5) Climatic conditions.
(6 Search area's security requirements.
(7) Type of transportation used to and from the recovery site.
b. Determine the equipment and supplies needed.
(1) Obtain quantity of equipment and supplies required to support the search and recovery mission.
(2) Obtain one human remains pouch for each remains.
(3) Obtain one litter for each remains.
(4) Obtain personal effects bags.
(5) Obtain wooden pegs for each remains.
(6) Obtain the following forms:
( a) DD Form 565.
( b) DD Form 567.
( c) DD Form 1074.
(7) Obtain sketch and overlay paper.
c. Check items of equipment for condition and serviceability such as rips, tears, missing handles, broken handles, broken zippers, mildew, bloodstains, cracks, chips, rust, condition of paint, and maintenance of equipment and records.
d. Count items and compile list.
e. Give NCOIC a list of supplies and equipment.
f. Determine individual equipment needed for search and recovery operation.
2. Prepare and move to recovery site.
a. Load equipment and supplies in vehicle(s) according to unit's SOP.
(1) Load items last that are needed right away at the recovery site.
(2) Secure equipment and supplies with tie down straps and braces when required.
b. Select and prepare individual equipment.
(1) Take only the equipment needed for the mission.
(2) Fit and adjust equipment.
(3) Balance load-bearing equipment.
c. Plot the grid azimuth on the military map to within 1 degree of accuracy.
(1) Orient map with compass and terrain features.
(2) Align sighting wire and notches at front and rear of compass over any north-south grid line. This places the index line on the face of the compass parallel to grid north.
(3) Rotate map and compass until compass needle matches the direction shown in the declination diagram.
(4) Find present position on the map and pinpoints it. At least two prominent features are usually needed for orientation.
(5) Pinpoint recovery site on map.
(6) Draw a straight line through these two points from present location on the map to the recovery site. This is the grid direction line.
(7) Place the index of the protractor at the point where the line crosses the north and south grid line. Align the protractor so that the "0 degree - 180 degree" line of the protractor is on the vertical grid line.
d. Convert grid azimuth to a magnetic azimuth.
(1) Find the declination diagram at the bottom of the map.
(2) Determine the number of degrees between grid north and magnetic north (grid magnetic (GM) angle).
(3) Add or subtract the degrees from grid north depending upon the position of magnetic north.
(4) Record magnetic north.
e. Perform a map reconnaissance of the route.
(1) Determine the distance to the recovery site using distinctive terrain features.
(2) Select prominent terrain features. Inspect the map along the line of direction to find those same terrain features.
(3) Find out if the terrain will affect the mission. If so, determine need to plan a new route to the recovery site.
(4) Determine the best route to the recovery site.
f. Move personnel to the recovery site by the best route.
g. Use land navigation skills to move across country to the recovery site. Use the GPS, if available.
Note: See task 101-515-160 Plot Position using GPS.
d. Search ground for signs of isolated and unmarked graves, such as freshly-turned earth, sunken areas, or man-made mounds.
e. Extend the search area beyond the immediate recovery area if remains/personal effects are found on the perimeter of recovery area.
Evaluation Preparation:Use a predetermined site and provide the Soldier with all required materials and equipment. Tell the Soldier that a mannequin(s) or skeleton will be used in place of a deceased Soldier for training purposes. The Soldier should treat the mannequin or skeleton as though it were an actual fatality.
a. Obtained information from your section chief about the search operations.
b. Determined the equipment and supplies needed.
c. Checked items of equipment for condition and serviceability such as rips, tears, missing handles, broken handles, broken zippers, mildew, bloodstains, cracks, chips, rust, condition of paint, and maintenance of equipment and records.
d. Counted items and compiled list.
e. Gave NCOIC a list of supplies and equipment.
f. Determined individual equipment needed for search and recovery operation.
2. Prepared and moved to recovery site.
a. Loaded equipment and supplies in vehicle(s) according to unit's SOP.
b. Selected and prepared individual equipment.
c. Plotted the grid azimuth on the military map to within 1 degree of accuracy.
d. Converted grid azimuth to a magnetic azimuth.
e. Performed a map reconnaissance of the route.
f. Moved personnel to the recovery site by the best route.
g. Used land navigation skills to move across country to the recovery site. Used the GPS, if available.
h. Halted the team when the point or pace man reached a prominent terrain feature.
i. Repeated performance measures 2e, 2f, and 2g until the objective was reached (recovery site).
j. Checked location periodically by orientation of map and performed resection when required to determine if position is still on course.
k. Checked calculation at the recovery site to confirm the location by a detailed terrain analysis (resection and intersection)
3. Searched for remains.
a. Determined if local inhabitants have knowledge of remains in the area.
b. Determined best search methods to use in the particular area.
c. Searched areas to locate remains.
d. Searched ground for signs of isolated and unmarked graves, such as freshly-turned earth, sunken areas, or man-made mounds.
e. Extended the search area beyond the immediate recovery area.
Evaluation Guidance:Score the Soldier GO if all steps are passed (P). Score the Soldier NO GO if any step is failed (F). If the Soldier fails any step, show what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.