Please provide information on the preparation of this report, including information on stakeholders involved and material used as a basis for the report.
A wide variety of individuals and organisations have contributed to this report, from government, statutory and non governmental organisations. A first draft was pulled together by requesting input from individuals with particular expertise or knowledge to respond to the questions asked. These were edited together. A formal consultation on the draft report was undertaken over a four week period. Following this the report was edited to take account of comments made; and then submitted to Ministers for approval.
Reporting for the UK Overseas Territories
Completion of a report of this size and detail places a huge burden on Parties, particularly those with limited financial or human resources(or both) at their disposal to assist with this. Such parties include many of the UK Overseas Territories. For this reason, we made the decision to request contributions from the OTs only in areas which they considered were of particular conservation priority to them. Wherever possible, we have included specific examples of implementation in the Overseas Territories in text answers. It has been more difficult to reflect the positions of all the Overseas Territories in the check boxes. This is because answers could vary widely between the UK and its Overseas Territories and between Territories (e.g. with differences in priorities; barriers; and implementation). In some cases the scoring reflects the position in the OTs rather than in mainland UK. Full reports from the Cayman Islands and Bermuda are annexed to this report.
Please provide an overview of the status and trends of various components of biological diversity in your country based on the information and data available.
The UK Biodiversity Action Plan is implemented through:
country biodiversity or environment strategies
over 400 species and habitats action plans
local biodiversity action plans covering the vast majority of the Great Britain
a number of corporate biodiversity action plans
Increasingly implementation initiatives emphasize Sustainable Development objectives and the ecosystem approach as a way of working. Work is currently underway to map the UK biodiversity indicator initiatives to the framework of goals and indicators established within the strategic plan of the convention. We expect to be able to use this exercise to report on the progress towards the 2010 target, Millennium Development Goals and the goals of the strategic plan of the convention very shortly.
Details of progress made in implementation of the UK Biodiversity Action Plan can be found in the various reports written to date and other information on the UK Biodiversity website (www.ukbap.org.uk)
The 2002 reporting round of the UKBAP showed that more than a third of UK BAP species and nearly 60% of the habitats are beginning to show positive trends, and 72% of the national action plans are showing progress on at least one target. However, progress in some areas is slower than anticipated. Thirteen Species Action Plan targets and seven Habitat Action Plan targets were due to be achieved by 2002. Of these, 8 of the species targets had been achieved or exceeded; two thirds of the remainder had made at least some progress. Gradually more information is becoming available to help us monitor our progress. The main causes of biodiversity loss or decline were reported as habitat loss and degradation, and pollution. Agriculture was the most important underlying cause of habitat loss/degradation. Much work has been carried out to reduce the negative impacts of agriculture on biodiversity, through reform of the Common Agricultural Policy and the development of a range of new agri-environment schemes. It is too early to identify yet whether these initiatives have had the desired effect.
In 2002, the biggest constraints to progress were seen as research and survey, managements and funding. These issues are being picked up within the England Biodiversity Strategy, with workstreams that are focused on education and public understanding and economics and funding.
The next reporting round (in 2005) will provide updated information about our progress.
Please indicate, by marking an "X" in the appropriate column below, the level of priority your country accords to the implementation of various articles, provisions and relevant programmes of the work of the Convention.
Article/Provision/Programme of Work
Level of Priority
Article 5 – Cooperation
Article 6 - General measures for conservation and sustainable use
Please use the scale indicated below to reflect the level of challenges faced by your country in implementing the provisions of the Articles of the Convention (5, 6,7, 8, 8h, 8j, 9, 10, 11,12, 13, 14, 15,16, 17, 18, 19 and 20)