Univerzitet u beogradu filološki fakultet, katedra za anglistiku

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univerzitet u beogradu

filološki fakultet, katedra za anglistiku

pismeni deo ispita iz engleskog jezika i (fonetike i)

I Circle the correct answer.

1. The principal difference in articulation between // and // is that:

A // is a fricative and // is a plosive

B // is lenis and // is fortis

C // is a plosive and // is a fricative

D // is voiceless and // is voiced [2 points]
2. A Serbian EFL learner who omits aspiration in his/her English runs the risk of being misunderstood by an English hearer since:

A unaspirated strong plosives may be heard as weak

B unaspirated weak plosives may be heard as strong

C unaspirated strong plosives may be heard as aspirated

D unaspirated weak plosives may be heard as aspirated [2 points]
3. The following English vowels are chronemes, i.e. differ only in the quantity and not in the quality:

A // and /i;/

B // and //

C // and /3;/

D // and /I@/ [2 points]
4. The English triphthongs are formed by adding the schwa to the:

A closing diphthongs

B centring diphthongs

C fronting diphthongs only

D backing diphthongs only [2 points]
5. The IPA symbol [µ] stands for:

A a labiodental allophone of /m/ or /n/

B a dental allophone of /m/ or /n/

C a labiodental allophone of /m/ only

D a dental allophone of /n/ only [2 points]

II Provide the phonemic as well as allophonic transcription of the English word crabtree.

6. Phonemic transcription: _______"__________________________

7. Phonetic transcription: _________"£ß¬£____________________________ [3 points]

8. Give the VPM labels for all the plosive consonants occurring in this word.


VPM labels


Voiceless velar plosive


Voiced bilabial plosive


Voiceless alveolar plosive

[3 points]

9. Provide the non-distinctive features in the appropriate column for the plosives in the given word. (You do NOT need to mention the conditions for these.)

IPA symbol


Types of release

Place of articulation variation



Oral release




Release masking




Oral release


[6 points]
10. Describe in articulatory terms all the vowels occurring in the word above, draw the vowel diagram, label it fully and add the positions for the vowels occurring in the word.
// the short open front monophthong front central back

____________________________________ close i:

/i:/ the long close front monophthong _______ close-mid
open 

[5 points]

III There are two phonemic variations which may be realized in the following sentence:

The nurse told us to wait quietly for the doctorÿ and his assistant to return.

a) Mark the relevant parts using the ortography given above.

b) Name the phonemic variations, mentioning the direction of influence and the level of change where necesary:
1. / Place assimilation, regressive, complete.
2. Linking r [3 points]

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