Vocabulary sc geography The Land

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SC Geography

The Land



Picture to help you remember

Coastal Plain

This region is the largest landform region in the state


Hilly region that contains 1/3 of the state

Blue Ridge

Coldest and wettest region in SC—contains the highest peak.

Fall Zone

An area that divides the state into the Up Country and Low Country

Barrier Islands

Islands that protect the coast of the state.


An ancient huge continent

Sandhill Region

This region extends along the fall zone

Coastal Zone

Area known for its beaches

Theory of Continental Drift

Theory scientist use to explain the formation of the landscape

Whitewater Falls

Highest waterfall East of Mississippi

Sassafras Mountain

Highest Peak in South Carolina


People suffering from dietary disease that ate clay

US Geography and SC Geography

The Land

United States natural landscape Formation

  • Scientists explain the formation of the United States by the theory of continental drift

What theory does Scientists use to explain the formation of the landscape?

Theory of Continental Drift

Theory of Continental Drift

  • Theory scientist use to explain the formation of the landscape

What continent is the United States located on?

North America

North America

  • North America first appeared out of the sea through the movement of tectonic plates below the earth’s surface

  • North America then became part of one huge continent known as Pangaea

South Carolina Geography

Six Regions of South Carolina

  • SC is divided into 6 geographical regions:

  • Coastal Zone,

  • Outer Coastal Plain,

  • Inner Coastal Plain,

  • Sandhills,

  • Piedmont,

  • and Blue Ridge.

  • SC is a small state, it ranks fortieth among the 50 states in size

Where is the coastal zone located in SC?

Southern Atlantic Coast

Name the 3 sections of the Coastal Zone.

Grand Strand

Santee Delta

Barrier Islands

Charleston,_and_Hilton_Head)'>The Coastal Zone

(Georgetown, Myrtle Beach, Beaufort, Charleston, and Hilton Head)

  • Stretches along the Southern Atlantic Coast

  • 185 miles long and reaches 10 miles into the interior

  • Divided into 3 sections:

    • Grand Strand

    • Santee Delta

    • Barrier Islands, these islands protect the coast of the state

Which region contains the richest farm land?

Coastal Plain

Where was rice and indigo grown during colonial times?

Outer Coastal Plain

Why was much of the soil in the Coastal Plains worn out in the nineteenth and early twentieth century?

Heavy Cotton Production-growing too much cotton

The Coastal Plain

(Florence, Orangeburg, Sumter, and Aiken)

  • Largest landform region

  • Divided into 2 section:

    • Outer Coastal Plain: 30-50 miles wide, the rivers in this region and rise and fall with the tide, inland swamps and savannas. This is where the rice and indigo was grown in colonial times.

    • Inner Coastal Plain: rich land for farming and growing cotton, however, in Nineteenth Century the soil was worn out due to heavy cotton production

    • 130-250 feet above sea level, contains Carolina Bays’ contains the richest soil in SC

Name a city in the Sandhills region.


What are the two things that are mainly grown in the Sandhills region?

Pine Forests and Fruit Orchards

What were the “clay eaters” known as?


The Sandhills


  • Extends along the Fall Zone

  • The Fall Zone is an area that divides the state into the Up Country and the Low Country

  • Contains red soil (clay) or sand that has washed down from the mountain; poor farm land

  • Today, pine forests and fruit orchards grow successfully here

  • Includes Columbia (capital of SC) because it is in the center of the state

  • Until the 1940’s poor farmers lived there. Many had dietary diseases and ate clay or sand.

  • They were known by outsiders as “clay eaters” or sandlappers

What region used the state’s rivers to power hydroelectric factories?


What is SC’s state stone?


What is a Monadnock?

A granite deposit

List 3 examples of Mondadnocks in SC.

King’s Mountain

Forty Acre Rock

Paris Mountain

The Piedmont

(Greenville, Spartanburg, Union, Greenwood,

and Rock Hill)

  • Pied= foot; mont = mountain

  • Piedmont means foot of the mountain or foothills

  • Hilly region that contains 1/3 of the state.

  • Has rapidly flowing rivers that have to come down hill, so they were good for hydroelectric factories

  • Granite, the state stone, can be found in this region because the Piedmont has Monadnocks or granite deposits.

  • Some of the Mondadnocks in SC are King's Mountain in York County, Forty Acre Rock in Lancaster County, and Paris Mountain in Greenville County

What is the coldest and wettest region in SC?

Blue Ridge

What mountain chain is the Blue Ridge area a part of?


Why is the Blue Ridge not good for farming?

Coldest and Wettest region

Name the highest peak and waterfall in SC.

Sassafras Mountain

Whitewater Fall

The Blue Ridge

(Near Greenville)

  • Contains 500 square miles of the Blue Ridge Mountains -- part of the Appalachian Mountains(near Greenville, SC)

• Greenville is at the foothills, or the bottom, of the Blue Ridge


• Coldest and wettest region in SC--Contains the highest peak in SC,

Sassafras Mountain

• Also contains the highest waterfall east of the Mississippi

River, Whitewater Falls

What is SC’s largest river system?

Santee River System

What river system is located in the northeast part of SC?

Pee Dee River System

What two characteristics describe the rivers once they reach the Fall Zone?

They become broad and carry rich soil deposits

The Major River Systems

  • There are 3 major river systems in SC

    • Savannah River System (on the border between SC and GA)

    • Santee River System (middle of the state) & largest river system in SC

    • Pee Dee River System (Northeast part of the state)

    • The Rivers in the Up Country are narrow and swift

    • At the fall zone, they become broad and carry rich soil deposits

What type of climate does SC have?


When does SC get the most rain?


Climate of SC

  • SC has a humid, subtropical climate

    • Long summers with temperatures close to 100 degrees

    • Mild winters with temperatures rarely reaching 0 degrees

    • Abundant rain; mostly in February and July

    • Hurricanes affect this area: hurricane season runs June- November, though SC sometimes gets them in May and December

What city on the SC coast did Hurricane Hugo hit first?


What month and year did Hurricane Hugo hit SC?

September 1989

Where was the most destructive earthquake in SC History?


Some Natural Disasters in SC

  • Tornadoes sometimes occur along the edges of hurricanes and tropical storms.


  • In August 1893 the Great Sea Island Storm struck Savannah, Beaufort, the barrier islands, and Charleston. As many as 2,000 people were killed.

  • Hurricane Hugo hit SC in September 1989, and it was the most destructive hurricane in SC history.

  • When Hurricane Hugo hit the coast from Charleston to Myrtle Beach, people died and a lot of people were left homeless.

  • There was 5 billion dollars of property damage that stretched from the coast all the way inland to Sumter and Rock Hill


  • Earthquake tremors occur regularly in the Low Country

  • The most severe was the Charleston Earthquake of 1886. It destroyed 2,000 buildings

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