HIGH SCHOOL EXPERIENCE United States History Review
United States History Review Unit I- Geography
Unit I: Geography of the United States Great Plains & Central Plains- they are rich soil plains that a mid-west climate that encourages farming
Mississippi River- cuts through the Central Plains as it flows south to the Gulf of Mexico.
Appalachian Mountains- Eastern Mountains that made movement out of the original 13 colonies difficult.
Rocky Mountains- Western Mountains stretches from Alaska to Mexico.
Atlantic Ocean- The United States eastern boarder.
Pacific Ocean- The United States western boarder.
Label the Map with the BOLDED geographic features.
Quiz Unit I
1) The presence of which pair of geographic
conditions discouraged the development of a
plantation economy in the New England
(1) wide coastal plain and absence of good harbors
13) Because of fertile land and a long growing season, plantations in the thirteen colonies developed in
the Middle Atlantic region
the upper Mississippi River valley
14) In which section of early 19th-century America was the plantation system an important feature?
the Middle Atlantic states
15) Acquiring New Orleans as part of the Louisiana Purchase was considered important to the development of the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys because the city
provided protection from attacks by the Spanish
provided migrant workers for river valley farms
served as a port for American agricultural goods
served as the cultural center for the nation
Unit II- Colony to a Nation
Jamestown- First permanent English settlement in 1607 that led to interactions between the colonist and Native Americans.
French & Indian War- 1756- 1763 British challenged the French for the control of the Ohio River Valley. The Native Americans worked with the French against the British.
Who came to the colonies and Why?
Origins of the Slave Trade: Triangle Trade-
Plantation System in the Southern Colonies-
Ideas of Democracy
Democracy- is a concept that the government is run by its people. The idea comes from the Ancient Greeks & Romans.
Magna Carta- An English document that limited the powers of the King.
Mayflower Compact- a contract that was signed by the colonist stating they would be governed by the government they created (NOT ENGLAND)
ouse of Burgesses- Virginia’s representative law making body, created in 1619.
Albany Plan of Union- Ben Franklins attempt to get colonies to join together in
Proclamation Line of 1763:
Economic Causes of Revolution
Mercantilism- a belief that a strong nation is built by increasing exports, protecting industries, and establishing colonies.
Fight for Independence & Government
Thomas Paine & Common Sense:
Declaration of Independence: Letter to King George stating the conies independence based on natural rights.
Natural Rights: Life, Liberty, and Property that was written by Enlightenment writer John Locke
Articles of Confederation: 1781-1789 first constitution of the United States that was to WEAK do to the fear of a strong central government. Colonist did not want another KING!!
Constitutional Convention: May 1787 “sole purpose was to amend or fix the Articles of Confederation”
Great Compromise 3/5 Compromise Electoral College
Federalist (anti) Ratification Bill of Rights
Preamble Federalism Separation of Powers
Judicial Executive Legislative
Quiz Unit II
1. In the Colonial Era, developments such as the New England town meetings and the establishment of the Virginia House of Burgesses represented
colonial attempts to build a strong national government
efforts by the British to strengthen their control over the colonies
steps in the growth of representative democracy
early social reform movements
2. According to the Declaration of Independence, the people have the right to alter or abolish a government if that government
is a limited monarchy
violates natural rights
becomes involved in entangling alliances
favors one religion over another
3. Which fundamental political idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence?
The government should guarantee every citizen economic security.
The central government and state governments should have equal power.
If the government denies its people certain basic rights, that government can be overthrown.
Rulers derive their right to govern from God and are therefore bound to govern in the nation’s best interest.
4. The Mayflower Compact is important to the concept of a democratic society because it represents
an effort by the colonists to use force to resist the King
a clear step toward self-government
an early attempt to establish universal suffrage
an attempt by the colonists to establish freedom of religion
5. During the Revolutionary War period, Thomas Paine’s Common Sense was important because it
described a military plan for the defeat of England
convinced many Americans who had been undecided to support independence
contained a detailed outline for a new form of government
argued for the addition of a bill of rights to the Constitution
6. The Virginia House of Burgesses was important to the development of democracy in the thirteen colonies because it
provided an example of a representative form of government
began the practice of legislative override of executive vetoes
7. In the 1780’s, mqany Americans distrusted a strong central government. This distrust is best shown by the
lack of debate over the ratification of the United States Constitution
plan of government set up by the Articles of Confederation
development of a Federal court system
constitutional provision for a strong President
8. "We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness;”
This quotation is evidence that some of the basic ideas in the Declaration of Independence were
limitations of the principles underlying most European governments of the 1700’s.
adaptations of the laws of Spanish colonial governments in North America.
adoptions of rules used by the Holy Roman Empire.
reflections of the philosophies of the European Enlightenment.
9. Which quotation from the United States Constitution provides for a Federal system of government?
“He shall have power . . . with the advice and consent of the Senate, . . . and . . . shall appoint . . .“
“Every bill . . . shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the President of the United States; . . ."
“The powers not delegated to the United States . . . are reserved to the states . . .“
“Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state.”
10. The system of checks and balances is best illustrated by the power of
the President to veto a bill passed by Congress
state and Federal gov-ernments to levy and collect taxes
11. The United States Government is considered a federal system because
the people elect national officials
both national and state governments exist within the nation
foreign policy is handled by state governments
each state has equal represen-tation in the United States Senate
12. Antifederalists criticized the United States Constitution primarily because governing power was concentrated in the
delegates to the Constitutional Convention
13. In the United States Government, members of the Cabinet are directly responsible to the
14. The Supreme Court’s power of judicial review is a result of
an order by the President
the Court’s own interpretation of the Constitution
a provision in the Bill of Rights
the Court’s decision to hear appeals regarding taxation
15. During the debates over the ratification of the United States Constitution, Federalists and Anti-Federalists disagreed most strongly over the
division of powers between the national and state governments
provision for admitting new states to the Union
distribution of power between the Senate and the House of Representatives
method of amending the Constitution
16. "President Delivers State of the Union Address to Congress."
"President Mobilizes the National Guard To Quell Riots."
"President’s Appointee Will Enforce Federal Guidelines."
These headlines are evidence that the President of the United States
has new added duties not specified in the original Constitution
exercises nearly unlimited power under the United States governmental system
has specific executive, legislative, and military powers
must obtain congressional approval of most executive decisions