Code name for the re-taking of mainland Europe (d-day and onward into France) by the Allied troops
Secretive term used by the Germans about their decision of how to eliminate the Jewish population from Europe.
Largest tank battle in history. Although both sides suffered huge losses, it was a victory for the Russians as the Germans could no longer keep their men supplied with the weapons they needed to continue the fight.
Name of the British-American invasion of North Africa in 1942
__9__Battle of Stalingrad
Location taken during the D-Day invasions by Canadian forces
The idea of having different regions being influenced by different ideologies after world war 2 (democratic vs communist) The idea was that each side would not interfere in the others regions.
Soviet city that was the target of the middle division of Nazi soldiers. They outran their supply line and could not take the city before winter set in in 1941-42.
Also known as the Desert Fox, this German general was eventually defeated in Northern Africa.
Violent street to street fighting took place over an industrial city along the Volga River. The Germans lost as many as 1.5 million men were killed, injured or taken prisoner. This battle was the beginning of the end of Hitler’s Russian campaign.
Region of France that was selected for the D-Day invasions
__14__ Battle of the Bulge
__5__ Juno Beach
Soviet city that remained under siege for over 30 months. As many as one million citizens died from freezing or starvation.
__1__ Operation Overlord
First Allied offensive in the Pacific. It lasted 6 months and showed the hellish tropical fighting conditions and amount of loses to be expected in fighting the Japanese
_20___ Nuremburg Trials
The final German offensive of the war, tried to break through at the Ardennes with the goal of splitting the British and American lines in half and taking the town of Antwerp. Germany suffered 100,000 casualties, and lost 600 tanks and 1600 aircraft. From this point on the Germans are retreating.
__2__ Final Solution
First major meeting of the Allied leaders in 1943 to discuss post-war Europe. The British and Americans pledge to open a 2nd front in Europe in June of 1944. Spheres of influence start to emerge.
__4__ Operation Torch
Code name for the invasion of Russia by the Nazis in June of 1941, breaking the Soviet-German non-aggression pact
Meeting that took place in late July and early August 1945 after Germany had been defeat. The Allied powers began to openly disagree about a post-war world. The Soviets would control central Europe.
__21__ Yalta Conference
Code-breaker that allowed the Allies to know many of the Germans moves and plans.
__6__ Spheres of Influence
Major naval battle that took place just north of Australia. It stopped the Japanese advancement towards Australia. Even though it was a naval battle, no ships fired at each other as the battle took place from the air.
Set forth the idea that `men` are responsible for their actions in war
__15__ Teheran Conference
Meeting of the big three leaders where it was agreed upon to divide Germany and Berlin into occupation zones following the war. Stalin will also agree to enter the war against the Japanese within 90 days of victory in Europe
__19___ Battle of Coral Sea
Battle where the British are able to take back control in Northern Africa by driving the Germans back into Tunisia and caused the Germans in Africa to lose most of their tanks.
__25___ Iwo Jima
Naval battle that took place west of Hawaii. The Japanese attack was defeated as the US had broken Japanese codes and were prepared for them
General that surrendered his troops at the Battle of Stalingrad
Battle for a volcanic island 1500 km from Japan. Famously portrayed in photograph of soldiers raising an American flag