Socrates - First of the great Greek Philosophers. He is considered by many to be the founder of Western philosophy.
Plato - Student of Socrates. He wrote many dialogues using Socrates as a major character. He also founded the Academy in Athens.
Aristotle - Student of Plato. Aristotle was a philosopher and scientist. He was interested in the physical world. He was also teacher to Alexander the Great.
Aeschylus - A Greek playwright, he is considered the father of the tragedy.
Sophocles - Sophocles was probably the most popular playwright during Greek times. He won many writing competitions and is thought to have written over 100 plays.
Euripides - The last of the great Greek tragedy writers, Euripides was unique in that he used strong women characters and intelligent slaves.
Aristophanes - A Greek playwright who wrote comedies, he is considered the father of the comedy.
Aesop - Aesop's fables were known for both talking animals as well as teaching a moral. Historians aren't 100% sure if Aesop really existed or was just a fable himself.
Hesiod - Hesiod wrote a book that was about Greek rural life called Works and Days. This helped historians to understand what the daily life for the average Greek person was like. He also wrote Theogany, which explained a lot about Greek Mythology.
Homer - Homer was the most famous of the Greek epic poets. He wrote the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Pindar - Pindar is considered the greatest of the nine lyric poets of Ancient Greece. He is most known today for his odes.
Sappho - One of the great lyric poets, she wrote romantic poetry that was very popular in her day.
Herodotus - A historian who chronicled the Persian Wars, Herodotus is often called the Father of History.
Thucydides - A great Greek historian who was known for the exact science of his research, he wrote about the war between Athens and Sparta.
Mythology serves as a literary function in which one can analyze characters, cause and effects, and relationships between people, places, and things.
Cultures borrow ideas, traditions, and beliefs from those who came before them and adapt them to fit their needs.
Examining other societies and cultures allows us to insight into our own.
Man always seeks answers to why we are here on Earth and what our existence means.
General and Specific Methodologies
Mythology practitioners, commonly referred to as mythologists, are literary scholars and teachers. They are well versed in many areas of the Humanities as this background knowledge contributes to a complete understanding of mythology's function as a whole. Mythologists need to be
Historians- They must be knowledgeable of the history, geography, and culture of a specific place to understand and put myths into perspective. Many myths contain historical truths and a wealth of knowledge about Greek history. Historians must be able to research dates and events to help build timelines.
Anthropologists- Comparative Mythologists compare myths across cultures to better understand cultural anthropology. They must be knowledgeable of different cultures to understand the implications of certain myths. This also allows us to understand our own culture.
Art historians- Many myths are transmitted artistically via sculptures, statues, architecture, ritual spaces, paintings, vases, etc. They must be able to date works of art and identify common patterns or themes represented from different eras to date works of art and see when myths originated.
Literary scholars- To understand mythology, one must be able to analyze literary works. They must be analytical and knowledgeable of a wide range of literature with diverse background knowledge.
Piecing together and deciphering fact from fable can be difficult in mythology. To find the historical truths and patterns many mythologists piece together data by dating works of art and historical accounts together with literature.
Close-reading, ability to think outside of the box, questioning, data-driven, analytical
Inquisitive, empathetic, humanitarian
Hands-on, ability to research, think abstractly, apply themes across multiple myths and cultures to see similarities and differences.
References Syllabi http://www.cuyamaca.net/kathryn.valdivia/humanities/mythology/hum155syllabusspring03.htm http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780192177476.001.0001/acref-9780192177476 http://web-archives.mansfield.edu/~art/syllabus,_art_and_mythology_of_ancient_greece.htm http://www.billstifler.org/HUM2130/files/syllabus.pdf http://gator.uhd.edu/~cunninghamm/3352/English3352sylabus.htm http://www.utexas.edu/courses/myth/index.html http://www.indiana.edu/~myth98/syll06.pdf Books Quick Study Academic Greek/Roman Mythology Gods
The Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology by Robert Graves
Myths of the World: Classical Deities and Heroes by Morgan J. Roberts
Titans and Olympians:Greek and Roman Myth Time Life Books
Greek Myths by Geralidine McCaughrean
Treasury of Greek Mythology by Donna Jo Napoli
D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths by D’Aulaire
Edith Hamilton's Greek Mythology
Websites http://www.abc.net.au/arts/wingedsandals/default_lowband.htm http://www.rickriordan.com/my-books/percy-jackson/explore-mythology/greek-gods.aspx http://www.mythweb.com/gods/index.html http://questgarden.com/101/82/6/100420145252/process.htm http://myths.e2bn.org/index.php http://www.greece.mrdonn.org/greekgods/index.html http://greece.mrdonn.org/myths.html http://greece.mrdonn.org/powerpoints-gods.html http://www.schools.manatee.k12.fl.us/webdisk/652JHUFFINE/c__documents_and_settings_huffinej_my_documents_microsoft_powerpoint_-_introduction_to_greek_mythology.pdf http://www.mythweb.com/heroes/heroes.html http://www.olympic.org/ancient-olympic-games?tab=The-athlete