Ch 28 Sec 1-4 Assignment True/False



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Ch 28 Sec 1-4 Assignment

True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

____ 1. Stalin signed the nonaggression pact with Germany because he feared Britain and France would not help protect his country from Germany’s growing armies.

____ 2. The Allies were able to control the waters of the Atlantic from the first days of the war, ensuring that the vital supply line to Great Britain and the Soviet Union was kept open.

____ 3. The Battle of the Bulge was significant because it marked the end of major German resistance.

____ 4. The dropping of an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima ended the war in the Pacific.

____ 5. Allied leaders had difficulty reaching agreement at the Potsdam Conference.



Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

We shall fight on the beaches. We shall fight on the landing grounds. We shall fight in the fields, and in the street, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender!”


Winston Churchill, June 4, 1940

____ 6. Read the quote from Winston Churchill. Winston Churchill’s words inspired people during the



a.

attack on Pearl Harbor.

c.

Battle of Britain.

b.

Battle of Guadalcanal.

d.

Battle of the Atlantic.

____ 7. Why was the Soviet Union unprepared for Hitler’s attack in June 1941?



a.

because German troops were also pushing towards Paris

b.

because the Soviets had previously signed a nonaggression pact with Germany

c.

because the Soviets were a member of the Axis alliance

d.

because Hitler had already surrendered

____ 8. What event led to a decisive shift away from isolationism in the United States?



a.

the Battle of Britain

b.

the discovery of Auschwitz

c.

the sinking of American ships by German submarines

d.

the attack on Pearl Harbor

____ 9. Before entering World War II, the United States



a.

remained strictly neutral.

b.

provided monetary aid to the Axis Powers.

c.

provided military aid to Great Britain.

d.

attacked German submarines.

____ 10. The Siege of Leningrad resulted in



a.

a Germany victory.

b.

the starvation of one million German troops.

c.

a British victory.

d.

the starvation of one million Russian civilians.


____ 11. The graph titled “Europe’s Jewish Population” refers to which of the following?



a.

After the war the Jewish population of Europe increased by 3.5 million.

b.

Before the war, fewer Jews lived in Europe than after the war.

c.

The Jewish population of Europe decreased by 6 million.

d.

The Jewish population of the United States decreased.

____ 12. Use the graph titled “Europe’s Jewish Population” to complete the statement: This graph illustrates the



a.

migration of European Jews to Israel after World War II.

b.

deportation of thousands of German Jews by Nazi Germany.

c.

deaths of 6 million Jews worldwide during World War II.

d.

decrease in Europe’s Jewish population between 1933 and the conclusion of the war.

____ 13. What was the significance of the Battle of Coral Sea?



a.

It was the first time the Allies had stopped the relentless Japanese advance.

b.

It repelled the Axis Powers from Northern Africa.

c.

The Americans sunk four Japanese carriers and lost only one of their own.

d.

It resulted in Allied control of the entire Atlantic.

____ 14. The Nazi campaign to imprison inferior people included which of the following targets?



a.

Jews and Aryans

b.

only Jews

c.

Jews, homosexuals, disabled people, Poles, Slavs, and Gypsies

d.

all residents of Allied countries

____ 15. The Soviets most likely responded to the Allied invasion of western North Africa with



a.

disappointment that the Allies chose to delay invading Europe.

b.

relief that the invasion would draw troops away from Soviet territory.

c.

distrust because Soviet troops were being used in a lost cause.

d.

promises to send military support, including soldiers.

____ 16. Why did American and British forces plan a massive invasion of Western Europe?



a.

to maintain control of Atlantic shipping routes

b.

to open a second front and put the Axis forces on the defensive

c.

to avenge Pearl Harbor

d.

to help the Soviets, who were battling German forces in Stalingrad and Leningrad

____ 17. The liberation of Paris by the Allies led Hitler to



a.

kill himself.

c.

invade the Soviet Union.

b.

surrender.

d.

order a counterattack in Belgium.

____ 18. What was the goal of the Yalta Conference?



a.

to agree on a schedule for the invasion of France

b.

to reach an agreement on what to do with postwar Europe

c.

to compensate victims of the Holocaust

d.

to divide Europe into communist and capitalist sections

____ 19. Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill issued the Atlantic Charter, a document



a.

that negotiated shipping lanes in the Atlantic.

b.

which established the United Nations.

c.

which asserted their right to territorial gains.

d.

which affirmed that nations should choose their governments.

____ 20. For the Soviet Union, what was the turning point in the war in Europe?



a.

the end of the Siege of Leningrad

c.

the Battle of Iwo Jima

b.

their victory at Stalingrad

d.

the Battle of Midway

____ 21. Which of the following military alliances became known as the Axis Powers?



a.

England and France

b.

Germany, Italy, and Japan

c.

Czechoslovakia, Poland, and the Rhineland

d.

Germany and the Soviet Union

____ 22. Which group was treated most harshly by the U.S. government during World War II?



a.

German Americans

c.

Italian Americans

b.

African Americans

d.

Japanese Americans

____ 23. How did Hitler respond to the successful invasion of France by the Allies?



a.

He ordered a counterattack in Belgium.

b.

He invaded the Soviet Union.

c.

He reconquered the beaches of Normandy.

d.

He personally surrendered to Soviet troops in Berlin.

____ 24. Roosevelt and Churchill’s joint declaration proclaiming what they viewed as the purpose of going to war is called the



a.

Atlantic Charter.

c.

Declaration of the Three Powers.

b.

Treaty of Versailles.

d.

Yalta Charter.

Here was the greatest misery that I have seen in my whole life. An endless wailing of wounded and dying men. . . most of them had received nothing to eat for days.”

Alois Dorner, German Soldier, January 1943

____ 25. Read the quote by Alois Dorner. In the quote, this German soldier was referring to



a.

the Battle of Stalingrad.

c.

the Battle of Midway.

b.

the Bataan Death March.

d.

the Battle of Britain.


Completion

Complete each statement.

26. British politician _________________________ spoke out against Britain’s policy of appeasement.

27. The ____________________ was a German war tactic emphasizing speed and close coordination between planes in the air and fast-moving forces on the ground.

28. The ____________________ were Japanese pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and deliberately crashed into Allied ships, sacrificing their own lives in the process.

29. On June 6, 1944, known as ____________________, Allied forces invaded France.

30. ____________________ became president after the death of Franklin Roosevelt in May 1945.



Matching

Select the letter of the term, person, or place that matches each description. Some answers will not be used.

a.

Atlantic Charter

h.

the Holocaust

b.

Hirohito

i.

Bataan Death March

c.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

j.

annexation

d.

concentration camps

k.

Battle of Coral Sea

e.

Czechoslovakia

l.

Battle of Okinawa

f.

Einsatzgruppen

m.

Anti-Comintern Pact

g.

Erwin Rommel

____ 31. Caused the death of 600 Americans and as many as 10,000 Filipino prisoners

____ 32. Labor camps holding people designated as enemies of Germany

____ 33. Outlined the purpose of fighting World War II

____ 34. Agreement between Germany and Japan

____ 35. The genocidal campaign against Jews

____ 36. Led the Axis forces in North Africa

____ 37. Left to defend itself alone due to the policy of appeasement

____ 38. Fought to establish an American base close to the major islands of Japan

____ 39. Hitler demanded Austrian officials accept this



____ 40. Mobile killing units that executed Jews on a massive scale

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