____ 1. Stalin signed the nonaggression pact with Germany because he feared Britain and France would not help protect his country from Germany’s growing armies.
____ 2. The Allies were able to control the waters of the Atlantic from the first days of the war, ensuring that the vital supply line to Great Britain and the Soviet Union was kept open.
____ 3. The Battle of the Bulge was significant because it marked the end of major German resistance.
____ 4. The dropping of an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima ended the war in the Pacific.
____ 5. Allied leaders had difficulty reaching agreement at the Potsdam Conference.
“We shall fight on the beaches. We shall fight on the landing grounds. We shall fight in the fields, and in the street, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender!”
____ 6. Read the quote from Winston Churchill. Winston Churchill’s words inspired people during the
____ 7. Why was the Soviet Union unprepared for Hitler’s attack in June 1941?
____ 8. What event led to a decisive shift away from isolationism in the United States?
____ 9. Before entering World War II, the United States
____ 10. The Siege of Leningrad resulted in
____ 11. The graph titled “Europe’s Jewish Population” refers to which of the following?
____ 12. Use the graph titled “Europe’s Jewish Population” to complete the statement: This graph illustrates the
____ 13. What was the significance of the Battle of Coral Sea?
____ 14. The Nazi campaign to imprison inferior people included which of the following targets?
____ 15. The Soviets most likely responded to the Allied invasion of western North Africa with
____ 16. Why did American and British forces plan a massive invasion of Western Europe?
____ 17. The liberation of Paris by the Allies led Hitler to
____ 18. What was the goal of the Yalta Conference?
____ 19. Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill issued the Atlantic Charter, a document
____ 20. For the Soviet Union, what was the turning point in the war in Europe?
____ 21. Which of the following military alliances became known as the Axis Powers?
____ 22. Which group was treated most harshly by the U.S. government during World War II?
____ 23. How did Hitler respond to the successful invasion of France by the Allies?
____ 24. Roosevelt and Churchill’s joint declaration proclaiming what they viewed as the purpose of going to war is called the
“Here was the greatest misery that I have seen in my whole life. An endless wailing of wounded and dying men. . . most of them had received nothing to eat for days.”
—Alois Dorner, German Soldier, January 1943
____ 25. Read the quote by Alois Dorner. In the quote, this German soldier was referring to
26. British politician _________________________ spoke out against Britain’s policy of appeasement.
27. The ____________________ was a German war tactic emphasizing speed and close coordination between planes in the air and fast-moving forces on the ground.
28. The ____________________ were Japanese pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and deliberately crashed into Allied ships, sacrificing their own lives in the process.
29. On June 6, 1944, known as ____________________, Allied forces invaded France.
30. ____________________ became president after the death of Franklin Roosevelt in May 1945.
____ 31. Caused the death of 600 Americans and as many as 10,000 Filipino prisoners
____ 32. Labor camps holding people designated as enemies of Germany
____ 33. Outlined the purpose of fighting World War II
____ 34. Agreement between Germany and Japan
____ 35. The genocidal campaign against Jews
____ 36. Led the Axis forces in North Africa
____ 37. Left to defend itself alone due to the policy of appeasement
____ 38. Fought to establish an American base close to the major islands of Japan
____ 39. Hitler demanded Austrian officials accept this