Development profile of chitral district



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District Profile Chitral

Situation Analysis & Baseline Surveys for Poverty Reduction through Rural Development in KPK, FATA & Baluchistan


Situation Analysis & Baseline Surveys For Poverty Reduction through Rural Development in KPK, FATA & Balochistan
DEVELOPMENT PROFILE OF

CHITRAL DISTRICT
October 10, 2014

Empowerment Performance Result

Submitted by:

In Association with:

Table of Contents


Foreword 2

District Chitral – Major Characteristics 3

2.1Education and Literacy 6

2.2Health 9

2.3Housing Quality and Housing Services 10

2.4Transport and Communication 12

2.5Population and Employed Labor Force 13

2.6Livelihood Sources 15

4.1 Tribal Conflict and local Economy 21

4.2 Dispute Resolution Mechanism 21

7.1 Institutions and Stakeholders 24

7.2 Financial Institutions in the District (names plus microfinance projects / status): 24




Foreword

Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund (PPAF) awarded a study titled “Situation Analysis and Baseline Surveys for Poverty Reduction through Rural Development in KPK, FATA & Balochistan”. The assignment is being undertaken by AASA Consulting in Consortium with Gender Reproductive Health Organization (GRHO).


Various tasks of the project have been divided into two phases. A macro picture of target districts will be portrayed in Phase-I by developing district situation analysis reports for 14 project (target) districts and also ranking of these districts in terms of poverty and deprivations, while household poverty and assessment of community organization will be assessed through detailed quantitative and qualitative surveys in the selected Union Councils of the target areas in phase-II of the project.
This report furnishes the situation analysis of the district with respect to socio-economic status. It employs mainly secondary data collected by Pakistan Bureau of Statistics and the provincial bureaus. However, information at UC level is gathered from various line departments of project districts by AASA Consulting teams.
Three main data sources are used to compile the district profiles; latest available Provincial Development and Social Statistics, District Census and Population Reports, 1998 and latest available household survey (Pakistan Social and Living Standard Measurement, PSLM 2012-13). PSLM is mainly used to compile education, health and housing profile from raw (household level) data.
Some information, which are significant for profiling districts with respect to development characteristics, such as strength of social organizations and institutions, conflict resolving practices, disaster management etc. are limited at the level of district. It is therefore planned to obtain these information at the level of Union Councils, while conducting household census for the development of poverty scorecard.
These profiles are developed to provide quick references with respect to the current socio-economic status of Chitral district. The information or facts are presented in visual forms (tables and graph) with a very brief commentary to make these profiles a handy and practical booklet.

District Chitral – Major Characteristics





District Headquarter:

Chitral Town

Tehsils and Union Councils




Chitral

Ayun, Broze, Koh, Denin,Chitral-I, Chitral-II

Drosh

Arandu, Asherat, Drodh-I, Drosh-II, Shishikoh

Lotkoh

Karimabad, Lotkoh, Shoghore,

Mastuj

Charun, Laspur, Mastuj, Yarkhoon

Mulkoh

Kosht, Mulkoh, Ovir, Terich

Turkoh

Khot, Shagram

Area

14850 Square Kilometer

Climate

Chitral has a dry Mediterranean climate with almost no rainfall during summers. Precipitation occurs mainly from spring thunderstorms brought about by western frontal systems. In the winter the temperature occasionally drops to −10 C. Winter snowfall in the town can be quite heavy with an accumulation of up to two feet being quite common, at higher elevations snowfall can reach as high as 20 meters (70 ft).

Major Ethnic Groups

Khow, Kalash tribes




Demography:

Projected Population – 2014 (thousand)

479

Population Density (Persons per Square Kilometer)

32

Percentage of Rural Population

88

Percentage of Female Population

47

Sex Ratio (Males per 100 Females)

101

Average Percentage of Children (Less than five years)

10

Average Percentage of Active Population (15-64 years)

61

Dependency Ratio (Average Percentage)

87




Livelihood Sources:

Total Cropped Area (Hectares)

23946

Total Irrigated Area (Hectares)

20934

Major Crops

Wheat, Maizel, Barley, Rice, Vegetables







Livestock Head Per thousand Rural Population

677

Major Minerals

Marble, Lead, Iron Ore, Antinomy







Head of Household Work Status:




Wage Employed

37

Self Employed

19

Employer

1

Agriculture

43

Livestock

0



Education:

Percentage of Population that Ever Attended School

60

Primary Enrollment Rate (Gross)

103

Middle Enrollment Rate (Gross)

88

Matric Enrollment Rate (Gross)

96

Percentage of Literate Persons (10 years and above)

59

Percentage of Literate Persons (15 years and above)

53




Health:

Institutions per thousand Rural Population:

Hospitals

4

Dispensary

40

Rural Health Centre

4

Basic Health Centre

21

Health Staff per One Hundred Thousand Population

Doctors

8

Nurses

20

Paramedics

100




Housing:

Percentage of Households




Inadequate Roof Structure (Wood, Bamboo)

76

Un-electrified Households

4

Households with no-toilet

5

Inadequate fuel for cooking

99

Inadequate Source of Drinking Water

17




  1. District Geography

Chitral is the northernmost district of Pakistan and the largest district in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province. It shares a border with Gilgit-Baltistan to the east, with Afghanistans Kunar, Badakshan and Nuristan provinces to the north and west, and with Swat and Dir to the south. A narrow strip of Wakhan Corridor separates Chitral from Tajikistan in the north. The district is located at 36°15′ N, and 72°15′E with an altitude of 1128 meters (Chitral Valley).


Chitral is counted amongst the highest regions of the world, sweeping from 1,100 meters at Arandu to 7,726 meters at Tirichmir, and packing over 40 peaks more than 6,100 meters in height. The terrain of Chitral is very mountainous and Tirich Mir (25,289 feet) the highest peak of the Hindu Kush, rises in the north of the district. Around 76 per cent of the land is covered by mountains and glaciers.
The people of Chitral are called Khow who have a great ethnic diversity. In the past, till the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Chitral used to be an independent princely state. When Pakistan came into being, the state of Chitral was the first to declare accession to the new country. In the year 1969, Chitral was merged into the Malakand division of the then NWFP as a settled district. Chitral lies at the junction of old Chinese Empire, Indian Empire, the ex-Russian Empire and the former Afghan kingdom.
Chitral is connected to the rest of Pakistan by two road routes, the Lowari Pass from Dir and Shandur Top. Both routes are closed in winter. The Lowari Tunnel is being constructed under the Lowari Pass. A number of other high passes, including Darkot Pass, Thoi Pass and Zagaran Pass, provide access on foot to Chitral.
The weather of Chitral is extremely harsh and cold in the winter and pleasant in the summer. Temperatures in summer range between 25 and 40 degrees Celsius while in the winters it plunge below minus. In contrast to more southerly areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, district Chitral has a dry Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) with almost no rainfall during summers. Precipitation occurs mainly from spring thunderstorms brought about by western frontal systems. In the winter the night time temperature occasionally drops to −10 C. Winter snowfall in the town can be quite heavy with an accumulation of up to two feet being quite common, at higher elevations snowfall can reach as high as 20 meters (70 feet).



  1. Socio-Economic Profile of the District





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