HOMELAND DEFENSE M610 Homeland Defense Operations. The protection of United States sovereignty, territory, domestic population and critical infrastructure against external threats and aggression or other threats as directed by the President. The Department of Defense is responsible for Homeland Defense. Homeland Defense includes missions such as domestic air defense. The Department recognizes that threats planned or inspired by “external” actors may materialize internally. The reference to “external threats” does not limit where or how attacks could be planned and executed. The Department is prepared to conduct Homeland Defense mission whenever the President, exercising his Constitutional authority as Commander in Chief, authorizes military actions. (JP 1-02 and JP 3-26) Achieving these objectives requires a layered defense to Detect, Deter, Prevent and Defeat external threats. This includes (1) National Air and Space Defense, (2) National Land Defense (3) National Maritime Defense and (4) Cyber Defense. (These four Mission sets and the strategy below are taken from the Department of Defense Homeland Security Joint Operating Concept (JOC).)
It is a layered and comprehensive defense, divided into three regions. The three regions are:
Forward Regions. Foreign land areas, sovereign airspace and waters outside the Homeland. This objective can be obtained through preemptive attack, or in conjunction with major combat operations, stability operations and/or strategic deterrence.
Approaches. Conceptual region extending from the limits of the Homeland to the boundaries of the Forward Regions based on intelligence. DoD’s objective is to detect, deter, prevent, and defeat transiting threats as far from the Homeland as possible. This objective is achieved through surveillance and reconnaissance, missile defense, air defense, land defense and maritime interception.
Homeland. The Homeland is a physical region that includes the 50 states, US territories and possessions in the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean, and the immediate surrounding sovereign waters and airspace. DoD’s objective in this region is to detect, deter, prevent, and defeat aggression and defend against external threats. This objective is achieved though air and space defense, land defense, maritime defense, and cyber defense.
Law Enforcement Activities. This includes responsibilities under Chapter 15 of title 10, U.S.C., to restore order, enforce federal authority, and protect peoples’ rights; responsibilities under section Chapter 18 of title 10, U.S.C., to provide military support for civilian law enforcement agencies; and responsibilities under section 831 of title 18, U.S.C., to provide assistance to the Attorney General for prohibited transactions involving nuclear materials.
GROUP 17 – SPACE DEFENSE – OPERATING FORCES
SPACE DEFENSE M810 Military Space Operations. Combat, combat support and combat service support operations to ensure freedom of action in space for the United States and its Allies and, when directed, deny an adversary freedom of action in space. The space control mission areas includes: surveillance of space; protection of U.S. and friendly space systems; prevention of an adversaries’ ability to use space systems and services for purposes hostile to U.S. national security interests; negation of space systems and services used for purposes hostile to U.S. national security interests; and directly supporting battle management, command, control, communications, and intelligence. (JP 1-02 and JP 3-14)
Force Application. Combat operations in, through, and from space to influence the course and outcome of conflict. The force application mission area includes: ballistic missile defense and force projection.
Force Enhancement. Combat support operations to improve the effectiveness of military forces as well as support other intelligence, civil, and commercial users. The force enhancement mission area includes: intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance; tactical warning and attack assessment; command, control, and communications; position, velocity, time, and navigation; and environmental monitoring.
Space Support. Combat service support operations to deploy and sustain military and intelligence systems in space. The space support mission area includes launching and deploying space vehicles, maintaining and sustaining spacecraft on-orbit, and de-orbiting and recovering space vehicles, if required. (JP 1-02 and JP 3-14)
Space Control. Combat and combat support operations to ensure freedom of action in space for the United States and its allies and, when directed, deny an adversary freedom of action in space. The space control mission area includes: (1) Protection. Measures that ensure US and friendly space systems perform as designed by overcoming an adversary’s attempts to negate friendly exploitation of space or minimize adverse effects if negation is attempted; (2) Prevention. Measures to preclude an adversary’s hostile use of US or third party space systems and services; (3) Negation. Measures to deceive, disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy an adversary’s space capabilities; and (4) Space Situation Awareness. The knowledge and intelligence that provides the planner, commander, and executor with sufficient awareness of objects, activities, and the environment to enable course of action development. This involves characterizing, as completely as possible, the space capabilities operating within the terrestrial and space environments. Space situation awareness forms the foundation for all space activities, and is the enabler for counterspace operations.
GROUP 18- CYBERSPACE OPERATIONS – OPERATING FORCES
M910 Computer network attack (CNA) & Computer Network Exploitation (CNE). CNA includes actions taken through the use of computer networks to disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy information resident in computers and computer networks, or the computers and networks themselves. CNE includes enabling operations and intelligence collection capabilities conducted through the use of computer networks to gather data from target or adversary automated information systems or networks.
M930 Information Assurance/Computer Network Defense (IA-CND). IA includes measures that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and nonrepudiation. This includes providing for restoration of information systems by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction capabilities. CND include actions taken to protect, monitor, analyze, detect, and respond to unauthorized activity within the Department of Defense information systems and computer networks.