Lesson 3 Americans Join the Allies Supplying the Allies Pgs. 670 – 674



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Lesson 3 Americans Join the Allies

 

Supplying the Allies Pgs. 670 – 674


1. – 6. Using the space below enter facts about American efforts to help the Allies.
 

 


7. Describe the terms of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. What was its impact on the war?

 

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8. Describe the “biggest attack in American history”.
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The End of the War Pgs. 674 – 675
9. – 13. Using the space below, enter the sequence of events involved in Germany’s request for an armistice in the chart, from First to Last [First Event (1) to Fifth Event (5)].

 

 




14. When did the armistice begin? AND Why did Germany ask President Wilson for it?

 

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Answer Key



1. Possible response: Teams of navy ships escorted merchant ships across the Atlantic; Shipping loses dropped from 900,000 tons per month to 300,000 tons; With the convoy system, not one American soldier bound for Europe was lost to submarine attack.



2. Possible response: Teams of navy ships escorted merchant ships across the Atlantic; Shipping loses dropped from 900,000 tons per month to 300,000 tons; With the convoy system, not one American soldier bound for Europe was lost to submarine attack.



3. Possible response: Teams of navy ships escorted merchant ships across the Atlantic; Shipping loses dropped from 900,000 tons per month to 300,000 tons; With the convoy system, not one American soldier bound for Europe was lost to submarine attack.



4. Possible response: American soldiers saw their first serious fighting in early June 1918; The Americans and French fought back German attacks along the Marne and Somme Rivers; More than 1 million American troops joined the Allies in the Battle of the Argonne Forest.



5. Possible response: American soldiers saw their first serious fighting in early June 1918; The Americans and French fought back German attacks along the Marne and Somme Rivers; More than 1 million American troops joined the Allies in the Battle of the Argonne Forest.



6. Possible response: American soldiers saw their first serious fighting in early June 1918; The Americans and French fought back German attacks along the Marne and Somme Rivers; More than 1 million American troops joined the Allies in the Battle of the Argonne Forest.



7. Possible response: The arrival of American troops in France helped the Allies the most. General Pershing wrote that the battles along the Marne and Somme Rivers “turned the tide of war.” By the end of the Battle of the Argonne Forest, the Allies had pushed back the Germans and broken through enemy lines.



8. Possible response: On October 4, 1918, the German government asked President Wilson for an armistice.



9. Possible response: Wilson agreed, but only under certain conditions.



10. Possible response: While German leaders considered Wilson’s demands, revolution spread throughout Germany.



11. Possible response: The German Kaiser stepped down, and Germany became a republic.



12. Possible response: The new leaders of Germany agreed to Wilson’s terms for an armistice.



13. November 11, 1918—the 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month



14. withdraw all land forces west of the Rhine River, withdraw its fleet to the Baltic Sea, and surrender huge amounts of equipment.



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