Name: John Alexander McNulty

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J.A. McNulty

Updated 20 Oct 2009


NAME: John Alexander McNulty

ADDRESS: Department of Physiology and

Program in Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy

Stritch School of Medicine

Loyola University of Chicago

2160 S. First Avenue

Maywood, Illinois 60153

TELEPHONE: (708) 216-5161 or 216-3395
FAX: (708) 216-3676
BIRTH DATE: 14 July 1946, Bogota, Colombia, South America.

CHILDREN: Margaret Ann, born 12 August 1983.

Patrick Alexander, born 27 July 1985.
MILITARY SERVICE: U.S. Army (active duty), 1968-1970;

U.S. Army Reserves (inactive duty), 1970-1974;

Honorable Discharge
EDUCATION: B.A. (Biology), University of the Pacific,

Stockton, California (1968).

Ph.D. (Biology-Marine Biology), University of Southern

California, Los Angeles, California (1976).

PRESENT POSITIONS: Professor of Molecular and Cellular Physiology

Director of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy

Director of Research Cores, LUMC

Director of Core Imaging Facililty

Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology

and Department of Pathology

Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine

2160 S. First Avenue

Maywood, Illinois

Loyola University:

2009-present Professor, Dept. of Molecular and Cellular Physiology

2009-present Vice-Director, Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy Program

2006-present Director, Research Cores, SSOM

2005-2009 Vice-Chairman, Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiolgy and Anatomy.

2003-present Professor (Joint Appointment), Department of Pathology

1998-present Director of Core Imaging Facility

1995-2007 Director of Medical Structure of the Human Body Course

1989-1995 Director of Medical Gross Anatomy Course

1988-2009 Professor, Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and


1986-present Faculty of Neuroscience Program

1981-1988 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy

1977-present Graduate Faculty

1976-198l Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy

1976-1998 Director, Electron Microscope Facilities

University of Southern California:

1976 Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Biology

1971-1976 Teaching Assistant, Department of Biology

1970 Research Assistant, University of Southern California

(NSF Grant for ecology of mid-water fishes from deep

basins off southern California).


American Association of Anatomists 1977-present

American Institute of Biological Sciences 1974-1998

American Society for Cell Biology 1982-present

American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists 1971-1995

American Society of Zoologists 1974-1996

International Brain Research Organization 1991-1998

International Society of Chronobiologists 1981-1987

Midwest Society of Electron Microscopists 1976-present

Sigma Xi 1975-present

Society for Neurosciences 1990-present

Society for Quantitative Morphology 1989-present

General: Cell ultrastructure; neuroendocrinology; photosensory systems;

neuroimmunology; transplantation; chromatophores; morphometry, stereology

and computerized image analysis; effectiveness of computer-aided instruction.

Specific: Comparative ultrastructure of the vertebrate pineal complex; cellular mechanisms of

photoneuroendocrine transduction and secretion; correlative ultrastructure and

biochemistry of pinealocytes over circadian and circannual cycles; regulation of indole

metabolism and uptake; interactions of the neuroendocrine and immune systems;

neural transplantation; growth factors and pinealocyte differentiation in culture;

pigment cell biology.


  1. Master Teacher Award, Stritch School of Medicine

1988 Certificate of Merit for achievement in the field of medical

photography, American Society of Clinical Pathologists,

Medical Photography Competition.

1987 Certificate of Merit for achievement in the field of medical

photography, American Society of Clinical Pathologists,

Medical Photography Competition.

1986 First Prize, Electron Microscopy category, American Society of

Clinical Pathologists, Medical Photography Competition.

1985 First Prize, Electron Microscopy category, American Society of

Clinical Pathologists, Medical Photography Competition.

1976 Durham Award for best student paper presented from

platform., Annual Meetings of Southern California

  1. Elected full member of the Society of the Sigma Xi.

1974 Grant-in-Aid of Research from the Society of the

Sigma Xi. Academy of Sciences.

1970 Arthur Vining Davis Foundation Scholarship,

University of Southern California

1968 Graduated with 'honors' from the University of the

Pacific, Stockton, California.

1992-1995 Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Pineal Research.

1996- 2000 Editorial Review Group Chair, Doody Publilshing, Inc.

2002- Member, Editorial Board, Histology and Histopathology.

Academic Medicine

American Journal of Anatomy

Anatomical Record

Biology of Reproduction

Cell Tissue Research

General and Comparative Endocrinology

Journal of Cellular Biochemistry

Journal of Electron Microscopy Techniques

Journal of Histochem and Cytochem

Journal of Neuroscience

Journal of Membrane Biology

Laboratory Investigations

Journal of Pineal Research


Life Sciences

Microscopy Research and Techniques

Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology

Neurochemistry International


Neuroscience Letters

Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior


Research Comm. Chem. Path. Pharmacology


Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

The New Anatomists

Telemedicine and Telecare

African J of History and Culture

University of Southern California

1971-1976 Graduate Assistant in Department of Biology,

(Courses included Introduction to Biology, Vertebrate

Biology,Structure and Function of Organisms,

Electron Microscopy).

1976 Vertebrate Biology (302), Dept. of Biology

Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine

1976-present Medical Gross Anatomy (301,302),

(Course Director –1989-2007)

1977-1988 Basic Ultrastructure (425), Department of Anatomy

(required course offered annually 1977-1988)

1977, 1978 Advanced Ultrastructure (426), Department of Anatomy.

1979 Special Topics in Vertebrate Structure and

Function (443)

1981 Cell Biology (421), Course Director, 1981.

1989-present Graduate Gross Anatomy (401,402).

1989-2007 Teaching of Anatomy (462).

1989-2000 Elective in Advanced Dissection

1995-2001 Elective in Computers in Medical Education

1996-2007 Elective in Teaching and Learning Anatomy

1996-2001 Neuroimmunology (Anat 440)

    1. Medicine sub-I “Becoming a Better Teacher”

2005- Graduate Methods Course

Other courses participated in include: Anatomical Techniques, Review and Seminar, and Journal Club.


1979-1982 Chairman, Graduate Committee

1980-present Member, Faculty Search Committees

1990-present Member, Departmental Promotions and Tenure Review Committee

1979-present Member/Chair, Department Search Committees

2008-present Member, Graduate Program Committee

Medical School:

1977-1983 Member, Committee on Multidisciplinary Labs

1980-1983 Member, Committee for Graduate Recruitment

1981-1991 Member, M.D.-Ph.D. Dual-degree Committee

1981-1984 Member, Committee on Core-Courses

1982-1989 Member, Committee on Educational Resources

1984-1985 Member, Search Committee for Chairman of Pharmacology

1986-1993 Member, Committee on Academic Rank and Tenure

1988-1993 Member, Neuroscience-Aging Institute Res Review Committee

1989-1993 Member, Calendar Planning Committee

1989-1993 Member, Curriculum Committee

1990 Member, Executive Strategic Planning Retreat

1991 Member, Curriculum Retreat

1991-1992 President, LUMaC Macintosh Apple User Group

1992 Member, Executive Strategic Planning Retreat


1992-1994 Member, Education Building Functional Space Program

1992-1993 Chair, Student Life Comm. - Loyola Educational Enrichment Project

1992-1994 Member, Executive Comm. - Loyola Educational Enrichment Project

1992-1994 Acting Chair, Neuroscience-Aging Institute Grant Review Committee

1992-1993 Member (interim), Research Committee of the Council

1993 Member, Leadership Workshop

1993 Member, Loyola Educational Enrichment Project Retreat

1993-1995 Member, Steering Comm. Loyola Educational Enrichment Project.

1993-1999 Member, Central Curricular Authority

1993-present Member, Design sub-committee of the Central Curricular Authority

1993-present Member, Implementation sub-committee of the Central Curricular


1993-1995 Member, Information Systems Task Force

1993-1994 Member, Education Building Student Life User Group

1993-1994 Member, Education Building Laboratory User Group

1993-present Chair, Committee on Computers in the Curriculum (CIC)

1993-1994 Member, LCME Steering Committee

1993-1994 Member, LCME Task Force

1993-1994 Member, Computer Aided Learning Lab Task Force

1994 Member, Academic Support Building Task Force

1994 Member, LCME Self-Study Medical Student Sub-Committee

1994-1995 Member, Medical Student Life Committee

1994 Member, Committee on Student Health Services

1994-1997 Member, AV/Computer Task Force of Education Building

1994-present Chair, Loyola Univ. Medical Education Network (LUMEN)

1995 Member, Educational Mission Work Group

1995 Member, SSOM Implementation/Planning Work Group

1998-1999 Member, Search Committee, Chair of Pediatrics Department

1998-2006 Member, Faculty Senate (elected representative)

1998-2006 Member, Medical Council

1998-2007 Member, Academic Computing Committee

2000-2001 Member, Clinical Skills Center Steering Committee

2000-2001 Member, Clinical Skills Center Curriculum Committee

2000-2001 Member, Education Program Committee, LCME

2000-2002 Member, IAIMS Planning Council

    1. Chair, IAIMS Educational Planning Team

    2. Member, Committee on Professionalism

2002-present Member – Master Teacher selection committee

2002-2005 Member - Knowledge Transfer Committee, IAIMS

    1. Member - Task Force on Medical Education Competencies

2004-present Member – Competency Council, Director of Medical Knowledge

2004-present Member – Central Curricular Authority

2004-present Member – Executive Committee, Central Curricular Authority

  1. Member – Technical Standard Review Committee

2008 Member – Compensation Planning Committee

1977 Chairman, Sigma Xi Graduate Student Research Forum

1979-1982 President, Secretary and Treasurer of the Society of the Sigma Xi

1981-1983 Member, Ph.D. Council

1984-1986 Member, Graduate Fellowships Committee

1991-1992 Member, Graduate committee to review Ph.D. Program in

the Biology Department

1994-2002 Member, Faculty Council, Loyola University (elected representative)

1996-2002 Member, Research Committee of the Faculty Council

2001-2002 Chair, Research Committee of the Faculty Council

1996-2001 Member, Administrative Policy Committee - Faculty Council

1996-1997 Member, Task Force on Institutional Research Support Mechanisms

1997-2000 Information Technologies Steering Committee

1998-1999 Committee on University Faculty Retirement

2002 Member, Strategic Agenda Coordinating Council

    1. Member, Shared Governance Roundtable

    1. Member, Research Committee of the Faculty Council

  1. Member, Faculty Council, Loyola University (elected representative)

2009- Member, Executive Committee of Faculty Council, Loyola University


1989-2007 Member, Board of Directors, Anatomical Gifts Assoc, Chicago, IL.

1991-2003 Member, Special Interest Group on Willed-Body Programs

1995-2007 Member, Executive committee of the Board of Directors of the

Anatomical Gifts Association, Chicago, IL.

2003-2005 Ad hoc panel – NIH/NLM

Postdoctoral Fellows

Dr. Jan Kelly 1991

Doctoral Committees

Kurt Albertine Anatomy 1977-1979

Dennis Smith Anatomy 1978-1979

Teresa Dombrowski Anatomy (advisor) 1978-1984

Mary York Microbiology 1979-1982

Carole Graff Anatomy 1979-1983

Marilyn Miller Anatomy 1979-1983

Danielle Jacobs Anatomy 1979-1983

Ruth Mock Microbiology 1979-1984

Howard Higley Anatomy 1979-1984

Duane Smith Biochemistry 1980-1982.

Dinesh Garg Anatomy 1980-1981

Sarah Elke Microbiology 1981-1983

Dan O'Donaghue Anatomy 1981-1984.

Diane Pischl Microbiology 1981-1985.

George Niiro Anatomy 1982-1985

Steven Popoff Anatomy 1983-1985

Jordon Pollack Microbiology 1983-1988

Ada Cole Anatomy 1983-1986

Keith Anderson Biology, Northwestern Univ. 1983-1986

Linda Walters Anatomy 1985-1986

Patricia Maguire Biochemistry 1985-1987

Phyllis Morinec Microbiology 1986-1987

Janet Kelly Anatomy 1987-1990

Laura Kus Anatomy (advisor) 1987-1992

Tom Corso Neuroscience Program 1990-1994

Mohamed Mostafa Neuroscience Program 1991-1994

Chris Wilson Pharmacology 1991-1995

Mette Schulz Neuroscience Program 1991-1994

Diane Workman Anatomy 1992-1995

Shih-Yen Tsai Neuroscience Program (advisor) 1992 -2001

Patricia Grutkoski Molecular Biology Program 1993 -1997

Linda Olszanski Neuroscience Program 1993 -1994

Sanjay Singh Neuroscience Program 1994 -1999

Darinka Mileusnic Neuroscience Program 1995 -1999

Maryam Norlund Pharmacology 1996 -1998

Lisa Shafer Anatomy (advisor) 1997 -2002

Bart Pilarski Chemistry, LU 1999 -2002

Shotaro Suzuki Anatomy 1999-2003

Adam Kohm Anatomy 1999-2001

Ian Dang Anatomy 1999-2001

Jodi Jackson Anatomy 2000-2002

Matthew Schipma Biochemistry 2000-2004

Zhaodi Gong Anatomy 2001-2004

Rungtwan Microbiology and Immunology 2004-2006

Junping Xin Anatomy 2005-2008

Sreevidya Sivaswamy Biochemistry 2005-2008

Eva Murdoch Anatomy 2006-2009

John Karavitis Anatomy 2006-

Cynthia von Zee Neuroscience 2007-2009

Michael Calik Neuroscience 2008-

Kelly Clinkerboard Neuroscience 2009-

Master's Committees

Sarah Elke Microbiology 1979-1981

Jordon Pollack Microbiology 1979-1983

Diane Pischl Microbiology 1979-1981

Walter Tatarowicz Microbiology 1984-1985

Mohamed Mostafa Anatomy 1985-1987

Jack Hay Anatomy 1997-1998

Anupam Basu Anatomy 1998-1999

Dayne Nelson Anatomy 1998-2000

Derek Wainwright Anatomy 2003-2004

Jeff Mosenson Anatomy (advisor) 2004-2005

Collen Cronin Anatomy 2005-2005

Minh-Y Canh Anatomy 2005-2006

Patrick Monahan Anatomy, 2006-2008

David Freeman Anatomy 2007-2008

Lauren Fetty Anatomy (advisor) 2008-

David Buchanan Neuroscience 2008-
Supervisor to Medical Student Research/Educational projects:

Steve J. Lisco - 1985

Robert LaPorte - 1986-1988

Robert Challenger - 1990

Jim Tran - 1995

Claire Calixte - 1995

James Banich - 1996

Aveen Macentee - 1996

Karen Beutler - 1996

Geoff Caplea - 1996

Supervisor to Undergraduate Student Research:

Kevin Kapov - 1984

William Wilkins - 1986

Christopher P. Kemnitz - 1989-1990

Adrienne McBurrows - 1993

Ann Marie Kappil – 1995

Rachel Anderson – 2008-2009

1991 - Interviewed on Channel 7 (ABC News Chicago) - Stress and


1991 - Interviewed on Channel 2 (CBS News Chicago) - Pigment cell biology.

1992 - Interviewed on CNBC (LifeLine) - Chronobiology in Medicine

1996 - Interviewed on WBBM Radio - Chronobiology and Time Changes

1996 - Cited among the top 10 most productive authors with publications on the

pineal gland during the period 1966-1994 (J. Pineal Res., 20/3: 115-124,


2000 - Interviewed on Channel 5 (NBC News Chicago) – Body donations and

medical education..

Invited guest lectures/Workshops (1999-2008)
Department of Pathology, Loyola University Medical Center (Jan, 1999)

Central Group on Educational Affairs, Kansas City, MO (Mar, 1999)

Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of Michigan (Apr, 1999)

Central Group on Educational Affairs, Rockford, IL (Mar, 2000)

Rush Medical School, Chicago, IL (Mar, 2000)

Department of Anatomy, University of North Dakota – 2 seminars (Oct, 2000)

Central Group on Educational Affairs, Minneapolis, MN (Mar, 2001)

Master Teacher Series, SSOM (Oct, 2001)

International Assoc. Medical Science Educators (2002)

Central Group on Education Affairs, Iowa City, IA (Mar, 2003)

American Association of Anatomists – Washington D.C. (May, 2004)

Midwest University, Downers Grove, IL (Sep, 2004)

Group on Information Resources, Houston, TX (Jan, 2008)

Group on Information Resources, Atlanta, GA (Apr 2009)


1) McNulty, J.A., B.G. Nafpaktitis.

The structure and development of the pineal complex in the lanternfishTriphoturus mexicanus (family Myctophidae).

J. Morph. 150: 579-606 (1976)

2) McNulty, J.A.

A comparative study of the pineal complex in the deep-sea fishes Bathylagus wesethi and Nezumia liolepis.

Cell Tissue Res. 172: 205-225 (1976)

3) McNulty, J.A., B.G. Nafpaktitis.

Morphology of the pineal complex in seven species of lanternfishes (Pisces: Myctophidae).

Amer. J. Anat. 150: 509-529 (1977)

4) Dunn, J.D., A.J. Castro, J.A. McNulty.

Effect of suprachiasmatic ablation on the daily temperature rhythm.

Neurosci. Lett. 6: 345-348 (1977).

5) McNulty, J.A.

Fine structure of modified photoreceptor cells in the pineal of the goby Clevelandia ios (Pisces: Gobiidae).

Experientia 34: 507-509 (1978)

6) McNulty, J.A.

A light and electron microscopic study of the pineal in the blind goby Typhlogobius californiensis (Pisces: Gobiidae).

J. Comp. Neurol. 181: 197-211 (1978)

7) McNulty, J.A.

The pineal of the troglophilic fish,Chologaster agassizi: An ultrastructural study.

J. Neural Trans. 43: 47-71 (1978)

8) Dunn, J.D., A.J. Castro, J.A. McNulty.

Failure of medial forebrain bundle or raphe nuclei ablation to alter the daily temperature rhythm of the rat.

Experientia 34: 1588-1589 (1978)

9) McNulty, J.A.

Fine structure of the pineal organ in the troglobytics fish, Typhlichthyes subterraneous (Pisces: Amblyopsidae).

Cell Tissue Res. 195: 535-545 (1978)

10) McNulty, J.A.

A comparative light and electron microscopic study of the pineal complex in the deep-sea fishes Cyclothone signata and C. acclinidens.

J. Morph. 162: 1-16 (1979)

11) Schwalm, P.A., J.A. McNulty.

The morphology of dermal chromatophores in the infrared-reflecting glass-frog Centrolenella fleischmanni.

J. Morph. 163: 37-44 (1980)

12) McNulty, J.A., T.A. Dombrowski, W.A. Spurrier.

A seasonal study of pinealocytes in the 13-lined ground squirrel, Spermophilus tridecemlineatus.

Reprod. Nutr. Develop. 20: 665-672 (1980)

13) McNulty, J.A., J.C. Hazlett.

The pineal region in the opossum, Didelphis virginiana. I. Ultrastructural observations.

Cell Tissue Res. 207: 109-121 (1980)

14) McNulty, J.A., T.A. Dombrowski.

Ultrastructural evidence for seasonal changes in the pinealocytes of the 13-lined ground squirrel, Spermophilus tridecemlineatus: A qualitative and quantitative study. Anat. Rec. 196: 387-400 (1980)

15) McNulty, J.A.

Ultrastructural observations on synaptic ribbons in the pineal organ of the goldfish. Cell Tissue Res. 210: 249-256 (1980).

16) McNulty, J.A.

Synaptic ribbons in the pineal organ of the goldfish: circadian rhythmicity and the effects of constant light and constant dark.

Cell Tissue Res. 215: 491-497 (1981)

17) McNulty, J.A.

A quantitative morphological analysis of the pineal organ in the goldfish, Carassius auratus.

Canad. J. Zool. 59: 1312-1323 (1981).

18) McNulty, J.A.

The effects of constant light and constant darkness on the pineal organ of the goldfish, Carassius auratus.

J. Exp. Zool. 219: 29-38 (1982)

19) McNulty, J.A.

The effects of constant light and constant darkness on daily changes in the morphology of the pineal organ in the goldfish, Carassius auratus.

J. Neural Trans. 53: 277-292 (1982).

20) McNulty, J.A.

Morphologic evidence for seasonal changes in the pineal organ of the goldfish, Carassius auratus: A quantitative study.

Reprod. Nutr. Develop. 22: 1061-1072 (1982).

21) Yotis, W.W., M.Zeb, J.A. McNulty, F. Kirchner, C. Reilly, L. Glendenin.

Binding of 18F by cell membranes and cell walls of Streptococcus mutans.

Inf. Immun. 41: 375-382 (1983).

22) Higley, H.R., J.A. McNulty, G. Rowden.

Glial fibrillary acidic protein and S-100 protein in pineal supportive cells: electron microscopic study.

Brain Res. 304: 117-120. (1984).

23) McNulty, J.A.

Responses of synaptic ribbons in pineal photoreceptors under normal and experimental lighting conditions.

J. Pineal Res. 1: 139-148 (1984).

24) McNulty, J.A.

Blood circulation of the pineal gland. In: Blood Vessels and Lymphatics in Organ Systems, ed. by D.I. Abramson and P.B. Dobrin, Academic Press, New York, pp. 308-311 (1984) (invited review).

25) McNulty, J.A.

Functional morphology of the pineal complex in cyclostomes, elasmobranchs, and bony fishes. In: Pineal Research Reviews, Volume II, ed. by R.J. Reiter, Alan Liss, Inc., New York, pp. 1-40 (1984) (invited review).

26) Dombrowski, T.A., J.A. McNulty.

Morphometric analysis of the pineal complex of the golden hamster over a 24-hour light:dark cycle. I. The superficial pineal in untreated and optically enucleated animals.

Amer. J. Anat. 171: 359-368 (1984).

27) Dombrowski, T.A., J.A. McNulty.

Morphometric analysis of the pineal complex of the golden hamster over a 24-hour light:dark cycle. II. The deep pineal in untreated and optically enucleated animals. Amer. J. Anat. 171: 369-376 (1984).

28) McNulty, J.A.

Organ culture of the goldfish pineal gland: an ultrastructural and biochemical study. Cell Tissue Res. 238: 565-575 (1984).

29) McNulty, J.A.

Photoperiod effects on synaptic ribbons in the pineal organ.

IRCS Med. Sci. (Biochem) 13: 825 (1985).

30) McNulty, J.A., M.M. Prechel, T.K. Audhya, D. Taylor, L. Fox, T.A. Dombrowski, W.H. Simmons.

Pineal ultrastructure and indole profiles spanning the summer rise in arginine vasotocin (AVT) immunoactivity.

Endocrinology 117: 1035-1042 (1985).

31) McNulty, J.A., L. Fox, D. Taylor, M.M. Miller, Y. Takaoka.

Synaptic ribbon populations in the pineal gland of the Rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta).

Cell Tissue Res.243: 353-357 (1986).

32) McNulty, J.A.

Uptake and metabolism of indole compounds by the goldfish pineal organ.

Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 61: 179-186 (1986).

33) Druse, M.J., W.E. Rathbun, J.A. McNulty, C. Nyquist-Battie.

Lack of effects of maternal ethanol consumption on synaptogenesis in layer I of the motor cortex in 19-day-old rat offspring.

Exp. Neurol. 94: 497-508 (1986).

1986 (continued)

34) McNulty, J.A.

Phylogeny and functional considerations of synaptic ribbons in the pineal gland. IRCS Med. Sci. (Forum) 14: 855-858 (1986). (invited review)

35) McNulty, J.A., M.M. Prechel, W.H. Simmons.

Correlations of serotonin and its metabolites in individual rat pineal glands over light:dark cycles and after acute light exposure.

Life Sci. 39: 1-6 (1986).

36) McNulty, J.A.

Review of "Fish Endocrinology", by A.J. Matty, Timber Press, Portland, Oregon, 1985, pp. 267,

Copeia 2: 547-548 (1986) (invited review).

37) McNulty, J.A., L.M. Fox, K. Mosher, S. Binkley.

Synaptic ribbons and N-acetyltransferase activity in the avian pineal gland: Quantitative changes over a 24-h photoperiod.

IRCS Med. Sci. 14: 580-581 (1986).

38) McNulty, J.A., L.M. Fox, S.J. Lisco.

Pinealocyte dense-cored vesicles and synaptic ribbons. A correlative ultrastructural-biochemical investigation in rats and mice.

J. Pineal Res. 4: 45-60 (1987).

39) Rubenstein, D.S., L.M. Fox, J.A. McNulty, S.L. Lipsius.

Electrophysiology and ultrastructure of the Eustachian ridge from cat right atrium in comparison with SA node.

J. Cell. Mol. Cardiol. 19: 965-976 (1987).

40) McNulty, J.A., W.E. Rathbun, M.J. Druse.

Ultrastructural and biochemical responses of photoreceptor pinealocytes to light and dark in vivo and in vitro.

Life Sci. 43: 845-850 (1988).

41) McNulty, J.A., A.A. Cole, L.M. Fox.

Day/night variability in acid phosphatase activity of pineal gland macrophages. Neurosci. Lett. 90: 254-258 (1988).

42) McNulty, J.A., M. Neighbors, M.H. Horn.

Ultrastructure and biochemistry of the pineal organ in deep-sea lanternfishes (family Myctophidae).

Experientia 44: 740-742 (1988).

43) Prechel, M.M., T.K. Audhya, R. Swenson, J.A. McNulty, W.H. Simmons.

A seasonal pineal peptide rhythm persists in superior cervical ganglionectomized rats. Life Sci. 44: 103-110 (1989).

44) McNulty, J.A., M.M. Prechel, L. van de Kar, L.M. Fox.

Effects of isoproterenol on synaptic ribbons in pinealocytes of the rat and C57BL/6J mouse.

J. Pineal Res. 7: 305-311 (1989).

45) LaPorte, R., L.M. Fox, K. Mosher, S. Binkley, J.A. McNulty.

Day-night differences in the vesicle populations in sympathetic terminals of rat and chick pineal gland.

Acta Anat. 12: 49-53 (1990)

46) LaPorte, R., L. Kus, R.A. Wisnewski, M.M. Prechel, B. Azar-Kia, J.A. McNulty. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) effects on rat pineal neuroendocrine function. Brain Res. 506: 294-296 (1990).

47) Kemitz, C., L.M. Fox, J.A. McNulty.

The ultrastructure and organization of circumventricular organs and endolymphatic tubules in the treefrog, Hyla versicolor.

J. Morph. 204: 197-208. (1990).

48) McNulty, J.A., H.D. McReynolds, D.C. Bowman.

Pineal gland free amino acids and indoles during postnatal development in the rat.

J. Pineal Res. 9: 65-74 (1990)

49) McNulty, J.A., L.M. Fox, W.A. Spurrier.

A circannual cycle in pinealocyte synaptic ribbons in the hibernating and seasonally reproductive 13-lined ground squirrel (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus) .

Neurosci. Lett. 119: 237-240 (1990).

50) McNulty, J.A., M. Relfson, L.M. Fox, L.M. Fox, L. Kus, R.H. Handa, G.B. Schneider.

Circadian analysis of mononuclear immune cells in the rat following pinealectomy and superior cervical ganglionectomy.

Brain Behav. Immunol. 4: 292-307 (1990).

51) Yotis, W.W., V.K. Sharma, C. Gopalsami, S. Chogini, J.A. McNulty, K. Hoerman, J. Keene, Jr., L.G. Simonson.

Biochemical properties of the outer sheath of Treponema denticola.

J. Clin. Microbiol. 29: 1397-1406 (1991).

52) Kelly, J.D., J.A. McNulty, G.B. Schneider.

Quantification of tartrate resistant acid phosphatase activity using a computerized image analysis system.

Biotech. Histochem. 66: 228-235 (1991).

53) McNulty, J.A., L.M. Fox, P.L. Shaw, V.A. Alones, B. Klausen, R. Swenson, A.J. Castro.

Pineal gland transplants into the cerebral hemisphere of neonatal rats: a study of the blood brain barrier and innervation.

J. Neural Transplant.Plast. 2: 113-124 (1991).

54) McClane, J.A., M.B. Atkinson, J.A. McNulty, A.C Breuer.

Changes in fast axonal organelle transport correlate with organelle content of sensory nerve endings in chronic ethanol-fed rats.

Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res. 16: 30-37 (1992).

55) Dobrin, P.B., J.F. McGurrin, J.A. McNulty. Chronic histologic changes after vascular clamping are not associated with altered vascular mechanics.

Ann. Vasc. Surg. 6: 153-159 (1992).

56) McNulty, J.A., L.M. Fox.

Pinealocyte synaptic ribbons and neuroendocrine function.

Micros. Res. Tech. 21: 175-187 (1992).

1992 (continued)

57) McNulty, J.A., M.M. Prechel.

Circannual analysis of pineal gland indoles and vasotocin-like immunoreactivity in rats kept on constant photoschedules.

Biol. Signals 1: 150-159 (1992).

58) McNulty, J.A., L. Kus, O.P. Ottersen.

Immunocytochemistry and circadian biochemical analysis of amino acids in the pineal gland of the rat: Effect of superior cervical ganglionectomy.

Cell Tissue Res. 269: 515-523 (1992).

59) McNulty, J.A., V. Colin.

Lack of effect of sympathetic denervation and chronic 5HT uptake blockade by fluoxetine on rat pineal 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid: evidence that oxidative deamination of pineal 5HT is a property of the pinealocyte.

J Neural Trans. 89: 93-101 (1992).

60) Kus, L., R.H. Handa, J.A. McNulty.

Characterization of a [3H]glutamate binding site in rat pineal gland: enhanced affinity following superior cervical ganglionectomy.

J. Pineal Res. 14: 39-44 (1993).

61) Pederson, E.B., L.M. Fox, A.J. Castro, J.A. McNulty

Immunocytochemical and electron microscopic characterization of macrophage/microglia cells and expression of class II major histocompatibility complex in the pineal gland of the rat.

Cell Tissue Res. 272: 257-265 (1993).

62).McNulty, J.A., L.M. Fox, S. Silberman.

Immunocytochemical demonstration of nerve growth factor (NGF) receptor in the pineal gland: effect of NGF on pinealocyte neurite formation.

Brain Res 610: 108-114 (1993).

63) Grassman, E.D., F.S. Leya, B.E. Lewis, S.A. Johnson, J.A. McNulty, C.W. Sumida, T.L. McKiernan, D.M. Killian, A.A.Halle, K.A. Ward, S.K. Bhatia, P.J. Scanlon.

Examination of common PTCA guidewires used for side branch protection during directional coronary atherectomy of bifurcation lesions performed in vivo and in vitro.

Cath. Cardiovasc. Diagn. Suppl. 1: 48-53 (1993)

64) Kelly, J.D., L.M. Fox, C.F. Lange, C. Bouchard, J.A. McNulty.

Experimental autoimmune pinealitis in the rat: Ultrastructure and quantitative immunocytochemical characterization of mononuclear infiltrate and MHC Class II expression.

Autoimmunity 16: 1-11 (1993)

65) Kus, L., R.H. Handa, J.A. McNulty.

Glutamate inhibition of the adrenergic stimulated production of melatonin in rat pineal gland in vitro.

J. Neurochem. 62: 2241-2245 (1994)

66) Hershenson, M.B., M.D. Kelleher, E.T. Naureckas, M.K. Abe, V.J. Rubinstein, A. Zimmermann, A.M. Bendele, J.A. McNulty, R.A. Panettieri, J. Solway.

Hyperoxia increases airway cell S-phase traversal in immature rats in vivo.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 11: 296-303 (1994)

67) Schulz, M.K., J.A. McNulty, R.J. Handa, T.P. Hogan, G.L. Tillotson, P.L. Shaw, J. Zimmer, A.J. Castro.

Fetal Neocortical transplants grafted into the cortical lesion cavities made in newborn rats: An analysis of transplant integration with the host brain.

Cell Transplant. 4: 123-132 (1995)

68) Schulz. M.K., J.A. McNulty, T.P. Hogan, J. Zimmer, A.J. Castro.

Biochemical and anatomical analyses of cholinergic, noradrenergic and serotonergic innervation of fetal neocortical transplants placed in excitotoxin-induced neocortical lesions in adult rats.

Restorative Neurol. Neurosci. 7: 127-136 (1995)

69) McNulty, J.A., S-Y Tsai, L.M. Fox, T. Meldgaard, S. Silberman, N. Tonder.

Neurotrophic effects of the pineal gland: role of non-neuronal cells in co-cultures of the pineal gland and superior cervical ganglia.

J. Pineal Res. 19: 40-50 (1995)

70) Espiritu, B., J. R. Halama, M. Sarmiento, J. A. McNulty. The Loyola University Medical Education Network (LUMEN), J. Med. Ed. Tech. Fall Issue: 18-19 (1995)


71) McNulty, J.A., T.M. Madsen, S-Y Tsai, L.M. Fox, N. Tonder.

Regulation of synaptic ribbons in rat pineal gland explants by noradrenalin and sympathetic neurons in a co-culture model.

Cell Tissue Res. 283: 59-66 (1996) (cover photo)

72) Tsai, S-Y, McNulty, J.A.

Microglia in the pineal gland of the neonatal rat: Characterization and effects on pinealocyte neurite length and serotonin content.

Glia 20:243-258 (1997)

73) Graham, D., J.A. McNulty.

A note on the time dependence of publications in pineal gland research.

J. Pineal Res. 23: 59-62 (1997)

74) Pedersen, E.B., J.A. McNulty, A.J. Castro, L.M. Fox, J. Zimmer, B.R. Finsen.

Expression of MHC antigens in the blood-brain barrier deficient areas of normal adult rats.

J. Neuroimmunology 76: 117-131 (1997)

75) McNulty, J.A., M.M. Prechel, R.A. Young, L.A. Fox.

Pinealocyte ultrastructure in mutant mice that lack sympathetic innervation to the pineal gland.

J. Submicroscop. Cytol. Path. 29: 305-311 (1997)

76) Tsai, S-Y, J.A. McNulty

Interleukin-1 expression in the pineal gland of the rat.

J. Pineal Res. 1: 42-48 (1999)

77) McNulty, J.A.

Review of "Confocal Microscopy, Methods and Protocols"

Arch. Path. Lab. Med. 123: 857-858 (1999)

78) Fazal, N., U.G. Knaus, F. Sabeh, R.L. Gamelli, J.A. McNulty, M.M.


Enhanced expression of neutrophil NADPH oxidase components in intestine of rats after burn injury

Shock 12:438-42 (1999)

79) McNulty, J.A., J. Halama, M. F. Dauzvardis,. B. Espiritu.

Evaluation of web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) in a basic science course.

Acad. Med. 75: 36-42 (2000)

80) McNulty, J.A.

Review of "Imaging Neurons. A Laboratory Manual.

Microsc. Today. 2: 42-43 (2000)

81) Tsai, S-Y., O'Brien, T.E., J.A. McNulty.

Microglia play a role in mediating the effects of cytokines on the structure and function of the rat pineal gland.

Cell Tissue Res. 303: 423-431 (2001)

82) Tsai, S-Y., K.S. Schluns, P.T. Le, J.A. McNulty.

TGF-1 and IL-6 expression in rat pineal gland is regulated by norepinephrine and interleukin-1.

Histol. Histopathol. 16: 1135-1141 (2001)

83) Shafer, L.L., J.A. McNulty, M.R.J. Young.

Melatonin’s inability to modulate the activity of rodent macrophage cells.

J. Neuroimmunol. 120: 84-93 (2001)


84) McNulty, J.A., J. Halama, B. Espiritu.

Distribution of medical school course materials through the Web: Addressing the Issue of Printing through an analysis of the costs and utilization.

J. Med. Lib. Assoc. 90: 244-246 (2002)

85) Slominiski, A., A. Pisarchik, I.Semak, T. Sweatman, J. Wortsman, O. Johanson, C. Jing,

A. Szczesniewski, G. Slogocki, J.A. McNulty, S. Kauser, D. Tobin

Human skin fully expresses intrinsic serotoninergic and melatoninergic systems.

FASEB J. 16: 896-898 (2002).

86) McNulty, J.A., B. Espiritu, M. Halsey.

Medical student use of computers is correlated with personality.

JAIMSE 12: 9-13 (2002)


87) Shafer L.L., McNulty J.A., Young M.R.I. Brain-derived soluble factors differentially regulate BV2 microglia and peripheral macrophage immune functions.

Neuroimmunomodulation 10: 283-294 (2003).

88) Shafer L.L., McNulty J.A., Young M.R.I. Brain derived interleukin-6 modulates the functional activities of BV2 microglia.

Neuroimmunomodulation 10: 295-304 (2003).


89) McNulty, J.A., J. Halama, B. Espiritu. Evaluation of computer-aided instruction (CAI) in the medical gross anatomy curriculum. Clin. Anat. 17: 73-78 (2004).


90) Ren, J-P, Banan, A., Keshavarzian, A., Zhu, Q, LaPaglia, N., McNulty, J., Emanuele, N.V., Emanuele, M.A. Ethanol exposure induces pituitary oxidative damage. Alcohol. 35: 91-101 (2005)


91) McNulty, J.A., Espiritu, B., Halsey, M., Mendez, M. Personality preference influences medical student use of specific computer-aided instruction (CAI). BMC Med. Ed. 6: 7 (2006)

92) Mosenson, J.A., J.A. McNulty. Characterization of lymphocyte subsets over a 24-hour period in pineal-associated lymphoid tissue (PALT) in the chicken. BMC Immunol. 7: 1 (2006).


93) McNulty, J.A., Sonntag, B., Sinacore, J..M. Test-taking behaviors on a multiple-choice exam are associated with performance on the exam and with learning styles. JAIMSE 17: 52-57 (2007)


94) McNulty, J.A., Hoyt, A., Gruener, G., Chandrasekhar, A., Esspiritu, B., Price, R. Jr., Naheedy, R. An analysis of lecture video utilization in undergraduate medical education: associations with performance in the courses. BMC Med. Ed. 9,: 6 (2009)

95) McNulty, J.A., Sonntag, B., Sinacore, J. Evaluation of computer-aided instruction in a basic science course: A six-year study. Anat. Sci. Ed. 2: 2-8 (2009)

96) Chandrasekhar , A.J. McNulty, J.A., Janabi, A., Durazo-Arvizu, D. Do student evaluations influence the teaching skills of clerkship clinical faculty? (in preparation)

97) McNulty, J.A., Gruner, G., Chandrasekhar, A.J. First impressions are important: concurrent vs. end-of-course faculty evaluations. (in preparation)

98) Fetty, L.k., Shea,, J., Touissnt, C.P. McNulty, J.A. A quanttitative analysis of variability in brachial plexus anatomy. (submitted)

84 abstracts and papers presented from 1975 through 1999

72) McNulty, J.A., A. J. Chandrasekhar, B. Espiritu, J. R. Halama, R. Price, Jr.

ILUMENating the Medical Curriculum on the World Wide Web:

A Panel Discussion of the Nuts and Bolts

Symposium of Computers in Healthcare Education, Philadephia (1996) (invited)

73) Espiritu, B., J.A. McNulty, M. Sarmiento, R. Price, Jr.

Integration of a Curricular and Multimedia Database for Medical Education

Using the World Wide Web

Symposium of Computers in Healthcare Education, Philadephia (1996) (invited)

74) Halama, J., J.A. McNulty, B. Espiritu

Multi-Media Hyper-Bulletin Board for Conferencing on the World Wide Web

Symposium of Computers in Healthcare Education, Philadephia (1996) (invited)

75) Chandrasekhar, A.J., B. Espiritu, J.A. McNulty, J. Halama, R. Price, Jr.

Curriculum driven development of education software in pulmonary system

- work in progress.

Symposium of Computers in Healthcare Education, Philadephia (1996) (invited)

76) Lee, R.E., J.A. McNulty, E. P. Lee

A survey of anatomic variations and pathology and their role in problem-based

learning (PBL).

Amer. and British Associations of Clinical Anatomists

77) Tsai, S-Y, K.S. Schluns, P.T. Le, J.A. McNulty.

Expression of TGF-1, TGF-3, and IL-6 in rat pineal tissue: In vivo and

in vitro studies.

Soc. Neurosci. 22: 551 (1996)

78) Chandrasekhar, A.J., B. Espiritu, J. Halama, J.A. McNulty, R. Price, Jr.

LUMEN - The Loyola University Medical Education Network

AAMC Annual Meeting - Technology Workshop, San Francisco (1996)

79) Lee, R. E., J. A. McNulty, E. P. Lee, J. R. Kennedy, and M.F. Dauzvardis. Problem-Based Learning (PBL) strategies in a restructured Basic Science


Amer. Association of Clinical Anatomists (1996)

80) McNulty, J.A., A. Chandrasekhar, B. Espiritu, J. Halama, R. Price.

LUMEN: Loyola Univ. Medical Education Network for Curriculum,

Conferencing, and Multimedia Databases.

Slice of Life Conference, Chicago, IL (1997)

81) McNulty, J.A.

LUMEN: The basic science curriculum

Slice of Life Conference, Chicago, IL (1997)

82) Zimmer, J., J.A. McNulty, A. Dahl-Jorgensen.

Fetal porcine nigrostiatal tissue in slice culture.

Soc. Neurosci. 23: 85 (1997)

83) Tsai, S-Y, J.A. McNulty.

Effects of cytokines on serotonin content in dispersed pineal cell cultures.

Soc. Neurosci. 23: 55 (1997)

84) Lee,R.E., J.A. McNulty, E.P. Lee, J.R. Kennedy, M.F. Dauzvardis

Problem-based learning (PBL) strategies in a restructured basic science curriculum.

Amer. Soc. Clinical Anatomists (1997)

85) McNulty, J.A.

How are faculty using the web to support instructional experiences?

Central Group on Educational Affairs (1999)

86) McNulty, J.A., S-Y Tsai.

Interleukin-1b inhibits pineal gland melatonin production after isoproterenol


Soc. Neurosci. 25: 1182 (1999)

87) Shafer L.L., Mc Nulty J.A., Young M.R.I. Coculture of brian slice and BV-2

microglia cells increase microglia phagocytosis and decrease MHC class II


Brain, Behav. Imm.. 14 (2), 128, 2000.

88) Shafer, L.L., Young, M.R.I., McNulty, J.A.

IL-10 mimics the differential response of brain co-cultures on activation of a

microglia cell line.

Soc. Neurosci. 26: 1943 (2000)

  1. Lertsburapa, McNulty, J.A., Nahas, S.L., DeVries, G.H.

Axonal control of angiogenesis in normal and neurofibromatosis Type-1 derived Schwann cells.

Soc. Neurosci. 27: 745 (2001)

  1. McNulty, J.A., B. Espiritu, M. Halsey.

Computer use by medical students is related to personality preferences.

IAMSE Mayo Clinic, (2001)

  1. Shafer, L.L., Young, M.R.I., McNulty, J.A.

Interleukin(IL)-6 modulates BV2 microglia activation but the use of IL-6 knockout mice reveals paradoxical results.

Soc. Neurosci. 27: 1846 (2001)

  1. McNulty, J.A.,, Espiritu, B., Halsey, M., Lai, C., Grzywacz, L. Medical student use of specific computer-aided instruction (CAI) depends on personality preference. AIMSE (2002).

  2. Ren, J-C., Banan A., Keshavarazian, A., McNulty, J., Zhu, Z., LaPaglia, N., Emanuele, N., Emanuele, M. Chronic ethanol-induced pituitary dysfunction: evidence for osidative mechanisms. Res. Soc. Alchol. (2003)

  3. McNulty, J.A., Radiologic Imaging in the medical curriculum. Amer. Assoc. Anat. (invited). Washington DC (2004)

  4. McNulty, J.A., J. Mosenson. Characterization and circadian analysis of lymphopineal tissue in the chicken. FASEB: 190 (2005)

  5. Ferreira, A.M, D.E. Faunce, T.A. Wilgus, R. Fresco, J. A. McNulty, L. A. DiPietro. Modulation of wound scar formation by monocyte chemoattractant protein -1 (MCP-1. FASEB (2006)

  6. Le, P., E.C. Zook, J.A. McNulty. CD4+CD8+ immature T cells in chicken pineal gland: Evidence for pineal gland function as a primary lymphoid organ within the central nervous system (CNS). Amer. Assoc. Immunol. (2006)

  7. Sonntag, B., J. Sinacore, J.A. McNulty. Does learning style affect test-taking behaviors? IAMSE (2006)

  8. McNulty, J.A., B. Sonntag, J. Sinacore. A 6-year study of the association between learning style and use of computer-aided instruction (CAI) in the medical curriculum. IAMSE (2006).

  9. McNulty, J.A., Hoyt, A., Price, R., Jr., Chandrasekhar, A., Gruener, G., Espiritu, B., Naheedy, R. Utilization of on-line lecture videos in a basic science course. AIMSE (2008).

  10. Harrison, K., McNulty, J.A.. The pathology of poverty: one response to economic, education, and public health issues in sub-Saharan Africa. Global Health Symposium, Madison WI (2009).

  11. Chandrasekhar, A.J., McNulty, J.A., Janabi, A., Durazo-Arvizu, R. Do Student Evaluations Influence the Teaching Skills of Clerkship Clinical Faculty? CGEA, Rochester, MN (2009)

  12. McNulty, J.A., Gruener, G, Chandrasekhar, A.J. A comparison of concurrent vs. end-of-course faculty evaluations shows that first impressions are important. CGEA, Rochester, MN (2009)

  13. Price, R., J.A. McNulty. Development of an audience-response system for medical education. Group on information Resources, AAMC, Atlanta (2009)

  14. McNulty, J.A. Globalization of medical education. International Federation of Associations of Anatomists, Capetown, South Africa, Aug, (2009) (invited).

  15. Harrison, K., J.A. McNulty, J.K. Kweri. Integrating learning, information technology and service: A new model for medical education in a globalized world. Unite For Sight Global Health & Innovation Conference, Yale, Univ., April, 2010

National Science Foundation (BNS), Principal Investigator.

Title: "Rhythms, Light and Pineal Gland Function."

Total Funds: $117,300; Grant Period: 07/01/79-06/31/82.
National Institutes of Health (NINCDS), Co-investigator (A.J. Castro, PI)

Title: "Fetal Cortical Transplants in the Repair of Brain Damage"

Total Direct Costs: $629,734; Grant Period: 12/01/87-11/30/92
National Science Foundation (BNS); Principal Investigator.

Title: "Pineal Gland and Neuroimmunomodulation."

Total Funds: $396,379; Grant Period: 07/01/88-12/31/91.
National Science Foundation (BNS), Co-Investigator (M.M. Prechel, PI)

Title: "Characterization of a Seasonal Neuropeptide."

Total Funds: $100,000; Grant Period: 01/15/89-01/14/91.
NIH/NLM - “Loyola University Medical Education Network”

02/01/00 - 31/01/04; J.A. McNulty, P.I.

$443,119 TDC
NIH/NLM – Planning Grant for IAIMS – co-Investigator

07/01/00 – 06/31/02, W. Barron, P.I.

$300,000 TDC
USDA - “Lymphopineal interactions in the chicken”

07/01/03 - 09/15/07; J.A. McNulty, P.I.

$75,000 TDC.
NIH/ Shared Instrumentation – pending


Biomedicial Research Committee, LUMC

Title: "Pineal Gland Function in Fishes."

Principal Investigator

Total Funds: $4,765; Grant Period: 01/01/77-12/31/78.

Biomedical Research Committee, LUMC

Title: "Pineal Gland Structure and Function: Circannual and Circadian


Principal Investigator

Total Funds: $4,950; Grant Period: 01/01/80-12/31/81.
Dean's Development Fund, LUMC

Title: "Structure and Biochemistry of the Pineal Gland.

Principal Investigator

Total Funds: $30,100; Grant Period: 09/01/83-08/31/85.

Research Stimulation Grant, Loyola University

Title: "Structural/Functional Correlates of Secretion in the Rodent

Pineal Gland."

Principal Investigator

Total Funds: $1,500; Grant Period: 02/01/86-01/31/87.
Potts Estate Grant, LUMC

Title: "Pineal Gland Photoneuroendocrine Functions"

Principal Investigator

Total Funds: $9,020; Grant Period: 5/1/86-10/30/87.

Biomedical Research Committee, LUMC

Title: "Time Course of Ethanol Induced Alterations in Axonal Transport."

Co-Investigator (J.A. McLane, PI)

Total Funds: $17,840; Grant Period: 07/01/88-06/30/89.

Research Committee - Bane Foundation, LUMC

Title: "Neuro-immune Mechanisms in Neuro-target Interactions"

Principal Investigator

Total Funds: $14,400; Grant Period: 12/01/93-11/30/94.

94) Ferreira, A.M., D.E. Faunce, T. Wielgus, R. Fresco, J.A. McNulty, L.A. DiPietro. Modulation of wound contraction and scar formation by MCP-1.
Manuscripts in preparation
95) Kus, L., J.A. McNulty.

A comparative ultrastructural-biochemical investigation of the pineal gland in the cat and rat. (in preparation)

96) McNulty, J.A., B. Espiritu, A. Chandrasekhar, R. Price.

Web-based databases as foundations for the development of computer-aided instruction in the medical curriculum. (in preparation)

Grants pending/planned:

NIH - "Thymic-epithelial Hormone Interaction"

Co-Investigator (PT Le, PI)

Total Direct Costs: $641,854

NSF - " Neuroimmunology of Neuron-target Interactions"

Principal Investigator

Total Costs: $353,295
NIH-NLM “Loyola University Medical Education Network”

Principal Investigator

Total Costs: $425,000 (app.)
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