Review for Final: mc general History

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Topical Review for Final: MC

General History

  1. Which document is an example of a primary source?

    1. a textbook on Russian history

    2. an encyclopedia article on religions of the Middle East

    3. a novel on the Age of Exploration

    4. the diary of a survivor of a Nazi death camp

  1. • The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights
    • Article from Mohandas Gandhi’s Indian Opinion
    • Excerpt from the letters of Catherine the Great

  2. These three documents are considered

    1. secondary sources

    2. examples of oral traditions

    3. primary sources

    4. statements of different religious beliefs
  1. Early People & the Neolithic Revolution

  2. One reason for the development of an early civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates river valleys was that

    1. the location protected the people from land invasion

    2. periodic flooding left rich soil, which was ideal for farming

    3. these rivers provided a direct trade route between Europe and Asia

    4. these rivers flowed into the Mediterranean Sea

  3. The early civilizations of the Nile River Valley, Mesopotamia, and the Yellow River Valley were similar because they were

    1. industrialized societies

    2. monotheistic

    3. dependent on fertile land

    4. dependent on each other for trade

  1. “If a seignior (noble) has knocked out the tooth of a seignior of his own rank, they shall knock out his tooth. But if he has knocked out a commoner’s tooth, he shall pay one-third mina of silver.”

  2. -Code of Hammurabi

  3. Which idea of Babylonian society does this portion of the Hammurabi code of law reflect?

    1. all men were equal under the law

    2. fines were preferable to corporal punishment

    3. divisions existed between social classes

    4. violence was always punished with violence
    1. Religions & Philosophies

  1. Judaism, Islam, and Christianity share a belief in

    1. the central authority of the Pope

    2. a prohibition of the consumption of port

    3. reincarnation and the Four Noble Truths

    4. monotheism and ethical conduct

  1. According the teachings of Confucius, the key to the successful organization of society is that

    1. the ruler should be chosen democratically

    2. the evil in humans must be eliminated

    3. ancestor worship should be discontinued

    4. individuals should know and do what is expected of them

  2. In Japan, the martial arts, the tea ceremony, and flower arranging best reflect the influences of

    1. imperialism and militarism

    2. Buddhism and Shintoism

    3. capitalism

    4. mercantilism

  1. One similarity between the Five Pillars of Islam and the Ten Commandments is that both

    1. support a belief in reincarnation

    2. promote learning as a means to salvation

    3. encourage the use of statues to symbolize God

    4. provide a guide to proper ethical and moral behavior

  1. One way in which Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism, and Protestantism are similar is that each

    1. accepts the supreme authority of the Pope

    2. rejects the Old Testament as part of the Bible

    3. is a branch of Christianity

    4. was once the official religion of the Byzantine Empire

  1. The Koran, jihad, and the hegira are most closely associated with the practice of

    1. Islam

    2. Judaism

    3. Shinto

    4. Buddhism

  1. The Buddhist religion teaches that salvation is earned by

    1. following the Ten Commandments

    2. worshiping Allah as the one true god

    3. learning to give up selfish desire

    4. being baptized and confirmed

  1. Traditional animistic beliefs in Africa, Asia, and Latin America are based on

    1. a desire for wealth

    2. a written tradition

    3. an appreciation for the forces of nature

    4. a willingness to accept Christianity

  1. Jewish religions and cultural identity has been greatly influenced by

    1. Ramadan and the concept of reincarnation

    2. the Torah and the Diaspora

    3. the New Testament and the Four Noble Truths

    4. the Koran and the code of bushido

  1. Mansa Musa’s journey to Mecca in the 1300’s is evidence that

    1. the Crusades had a great influence on western Africa

    2. most African leaders were educated in the Middle East

    3. European culture was superior to the cultures of western Africa

    4. Islam had a major influence on the Mali Empire

  2. The Eightfold Path, the Four Noble Truths, and the concept of nirvana are associated with the religion of

    1. Islam

    2. Jainism

    3. Shinto

    4. Buddhism

    1. Rise & Fall of Great Empires

  1. A major impact of Ancient Greece and Rome on Western Civilization was that

    1. the Greeks and Romans succeeded in achieving a classless society, which was later copied in Western Europe

    2. Greek sculpture and Roman architecture were much admired and copied in the 18th and 19th centuries

    3. Greece and Rome transmitted Islamic philosophy to the areas they conquered

    4. Greek and Latin are still widely spoken in universities throughout the West

  2. The Ancient Romans’ most significant contribution to Europe has been in the area of

    1. economics

    2. poetry

    3. drama

    4. law

  1. An immediate result of the fall of the Roman Empire was

    1. a renewed interest in education and the arts

    2. a period of disorder and weak central government

    3. an increase in trade and manufacturing

    4. the growth of cities and dominance by the middle class

  1. The Ancient Athenians are credited with

    1. inventing and using the wheel

    2. eliminating slavery

    3. establishing governments that had democratic elements

    4. inventing the printing press

  1. Which ancient civilization established the basis of western democracy?

    1. Phoenician

    2. Egyptian

    3. Sumerian

    4. Greek

  1. The political system of the Ancient Roman Empire was characterized by

    1. a strong central government

    2. rule by a coalition of emperors and religious leaders

    3. universal suffrage in national elections

    4. a strict adherence to constitutional principles

  1. The Ancient Greek city-state of Sparta

    1. was primarily concerned with the health of their people

    2. was a powerful military state

    3. granted universal suffrage to their people

    4. placed great emphasis on literature and the arts

  1. An influence that spread from the Byzantine Empire to Early Russia was the

    1. Orthodox Christian religion

    2. use of the Latin alphabet

    3. beginning of democracy

    4. factory system

  1. The adoption of the Eastern Orthodox religion and the Cyrillic alphabet by the Russian people occurred as a result of

    1. territorial expansion during the reign of Catherine the Great

    2. the westernization policies of Peter the Great

    3. contact with Byzantine culture in the 10th century

    4. the influence of the Crusaders during the Middle Ages

  2. After the fall of Rome, the eastern portion of the Roman Empire became known as the

    1. Persian Empire

    2. Byzantine Empire

    3. Mongol Empire

    4. Gupta Empire

  1. A major effect of the decline of the Roman Empire was that Western Europe

    1. came under the control of the Muslims

    2. was absorbed by the Byzantine Empire

    3. returned to a republican form of government

    4. entered a period of chaos and disorder

  1. During the centuries of dynastic rule, the Chinese rejected other cultures as inferior to their own. This situation illustrates the concept of

    1. ethnocentrism

    2. imperialism

    3. social mobility

    4. cultural diffusion

  1. Alexander the Great’s conquests of Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt, and Persia led to the

    1. spread of Hellenic culture

    2. adoption of a feudal system

    3. establishment of representative democracy

    4. spread of Islamic culture throughout Europe

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