If we do not change the direction in which we are going, we are likely to end up precisely where we are headed.
– Chinese proverb
Sustainability Program Objectives Bates has long been considered a leader in sustainability. The college’s commitment is built on the premise that we should make every feasible effort to reduce our institutional impact on the environment in a fiscally prudent manner, and engage students and the Bates community in purposeful practices that support economic well-being, strong community connections, and a healthy environment.
Leadership: The goal of the sustainability program is to re-engage Bates as a leader in sustainability. This means creating a campus culture that acknowledges and works to address climate change, energy instability, widening social gaps, natural resource degradation, and a growing disconnect with nature.
Engagement: The most fundamental contribution the college can make to the future well-being of people and the planet will come from our students. As an institution of higher education, we believe it is important to instill mindfulness in all of our responsibility as environmental stewards (including an understanding of how our decisions impact people and the planet). We will do this by engaging students and the wider Bates community in initiatives that build awareness and support for sustainable practices.
We are rich in opportunities to teach people about the transformative spirit of the ocean or the wild woods, alternative energies, creative transportation options, organic local food, keeping bees, reducing waste, and working together for a common good. We also recognize the critical role of purposeful work in building leadership skills through partnering academic learning with campus & community sustainability initiatives and providing dynamic forums for discussion, action and civic engagement on environmental issues.
Campus: We have an opportunity to model these principles at an institutional level. With 140 acres, 170 buildings, close to 1,000 employees and 1,700 students, Bates has a significant environmental footprint. With programming that spans all the hours of the day and weekend, we don’t have set business hours. This lends itself to a culture of keeping things on all the time with the expectation of instant availability of all building services. Our challenge is to change this paradigm to prioritize efficiency and conservation while maintaining Bates’ prime mission to provide the finest education to its students.
Overview of Sustainability Plan The purpose of this plan is to outline concrete measures for sustainability over the next five years. The plan defines a clear institutional commitment to sustainability and calls for a funding mechanism to support the programs and initiatives outlined.
We expect these initiatives to build partnerships that result in better programming and bolster our educational mission. As we pursue a more sustainable future, we will create a community that isengaged, adaptive and forward thinking. In addition:
We will address the realities of competing campus priorities by adopting holistic systems thinking for decision making processes.
We will track our progress and highlight campus accomplishments to garner support for sustainability initiatives from the broader campus community.
With these efforts we can engage and prepare our graduates to advance the principles of responsible stewardship in a variety of careers.
Over the years the sustainability program at Bates has grown from an initial focus on energy conservation and recycling to include a more comprehensive look at energy and climate, building awareness through environmental education, and student leadership programs. Moving forward, we are planning sustainability initiatives under six key themes:
Energy & Climate
Assessment & Feedback
With the introduction of the new position of Energy Manager in Facilities Services we are moving forward to achieve these priorities in a comprehensive and collaborative way. Success in our sustainability program will require buy-in from the whole campus community. The Sustainability Manager and the Energy Manager have developed action plans to guide and lead our efforts.
Key Themes & Actions Building a sustainable future will require rigorous evaluation of our institutional policies and practices, transformational leadership, creative partnerships, and substantial changes in human behavior. In order to be successful in advancing this mission, the office of sustainability has prioritized the following actions to achieve our goals.
These policies and practices reflect campus needs, interests, and available resources. This plan seeks to balance realistic and practical constraints with our goal to be more sustainable.
Vital to this plan’s success is involvement and commitment from the leadership of Bates. As such, our first priority is to establish organizational and financial structures to support the implementation of this plan:
Establish support from senior staff for this plan and the utility management plan as tandem efforts. Ask senior staff to communicate the goals of these plans to their respective departments.
Establish a sustainability fund to support the implementation of this plan.
Connect oversight of this and the utility management plan under the Committee on Environmental Responsibility (CER). The CER will be an umbrella for both energy management and sustainability programs, playing a key role in proving oversight, policy guidance, periodically reviewing strategic priorities, and building campus-wide buy-in to meet the goals of these programs. Two subgroups will fall under the CER:
The Energy Task Force (ETF) will identify technical energy projects under the utility management plan and guide the project selection process.
A new subgroup of the CER will be will be formed to establish guidelines and oversee the operation of the sustainability fund and revolving energy fund.
Building a sustainable future is a dynamic endeavor that requires change, both on an intuitional level and in personal behavior. Engaging the Bates community in sustainability initiatives and discourse is the first step in changing unsustainable policies and practices. It is also important to ensure that the infrastructures we are investing in – whether energy efficient buildings, an easy-to-use recycling system, or transportation programs – are not undermined by indifferent user behaviors.
The Sustainability Manager will focus fostering opportunities for community engagement, campus outreach, and involvement in research and programs that reduce the college’s environmental impact: Establish workshops, presentations & training opportunities. The EnviroLunch Series, periodic hands-on workshops (e.g. how-to build a worm bin for composting), and delivering short presentations in department meetings (e.g. recycling, climate action plan, ways students can get involved, etc.) are examples.
Engage class projects and internships in campus sustainability programs by providing opportunities for research and project development/collaboration with the Office of Sustainability, data access, etc.
Challenge the campus community to adopt best practices. Using social norms and positive peer-to-peer outreach we can be more effective at changing behaviors (ex: green certification program for departments, dorm rooms, and athletic teams).
Expand & broaden EcoRep program…
Establish outreach forums including a website, monthly newsletter, and annual orientations to convey our campus sustainability goals, programs, and how people can participate.
Hold events which gain broad participation from the campus community. These can be used to spur specific actions (ex. Go green, Go healthy program), gain participation (ex. EcoService Day), link sustainability to other disciplines (ex. Trashion Show), and to build campus/ community partnership (ex. Clean Sweep).
Build student leadership capacity. Continue to teach the Short Term environmental leadership course, connecting it to implementation of sustainability programs.
Create an Environmental Leadership Council to help student-led groups coordinate their efforts and collaborate on skills-sharing.
Make sustainability a component of broader collaborative leadership efforts.
Create a grant program to fund project proposals from the campus community. This grant will come out of the newly established sustainability fund and will increase opportunities for students, faculty and staff to actively participate in the college’s sustainability initiatives.
Energy & Climate
The Energy Manager will focus on energy and water management; primarily on measurable, predictable, and quantifiable ways to reduce energy consumption on campus and lower our utility costs over the long
run. These goals are laid out in the Utility Management Plan. See Appendix A.
Greenhouse gas Emissions Summary
Addressing climate change will entail smart, dedicated energy management linked with meaningful community engagement. At Bates, more than 80% of our greenhouse gas emissions come from energy used in buildings for heat, hot water, and electricity. Our goal is to reduce these emissions and become a climate neutral campus by 2030.
Our Climate Action Plan outlines strategies for achieving this goal through energy conservation, efficiency measures, renewable energy, education, and offsets. The Sustainability Manager will work closely with the Energy Manager to update our plan regularly, using the Utility Management Plan as its foundation. We will:
Develop a comprehensive approach to addressing climate change which minimizes energy use as we upgrade buildings and reduce our greenhouse gas emissions.
Explore renewable energy options including solar PV, solar thermal, biomass, and geothermal.
Involve the campus community in a discussion about ways to educate and engage the campus in climate action.
Update our Climate Action Plan with new short-, medium-, and long-term goals for achieving climate neutrality.
Explore funding options for implementation.
Across campus we are working to minimize waste through programs that encourage people to reduce, reuse and recycle. Our goal is to promote waste minimization by managing supplies and waste in an environmentally sustainable, cost-effective, and healthy way.
Increase the recycling rate to 50% through outreach, clear and consistent labeling, and a bin infrastructure that reflects our recycling goal (i.e. equal recycling bins to trash bins).
Continue programs to reuse discarded materials. Clean Sweep is a highly anticipated campus-community event that removes tons of useable items from the waste stream every year.
Develop Green Cleaning Guidelines that reflect best practices in this area across campus. Facilities Services and Dining are leading our effort to eliminate toxic components in the products we use on campus.
Develop Procurement Guidelines and an implementation plan for adopting them campus-wide. Purchasing centers such as the Bookstore are changing the way we do business.
Transportation is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions nationwide. At Bates, faculty and staff commuting represents roughly 10% of our greenhouse gas emissions. Promoting sustainable transportation options is challenging in Maine as a rural state with little public transportation. Our goal is to develop a comprehensive transportation program at Bates to minimize the use of individual vehicles on campus and therefore demand for parking spaces.
Develop a Parking Management plan to determine existing conditions and demand for parking.
Identify programs and incentives for promoting sustainable transportation.
Promote walking and biking by expanding Bates’ green bike program, adding bike racks on campus, events such as an annual bike tune-up for faculty/staff, and partnering with BWell to incentivize walking.
Encourage use of public transit. Explore options such as getting a Greyhound stop on campus, expanding participation in the Zipcar program, and looking into bus pass subsidy and visibility of stop on campus.
Develop and promote carpools and vanpools through creation of a Bates commuter listserve, reserved carpool parking spots, and development of a web-based student ride-board.
Make campus transit system (DOS shuttles & break buses) more attractive.
Explore policy options to encourage these practices such as adding transportation goals to performance reviews, promote ‘regular’ schedule days, and creating a reservation system for campus vehicles.
Communicate programs to the campus community with incentives for participation including a Guaranteed Ride Home policy, a marketing campaign re: the full array of options & incentives, and develop a Transportation Guide that concisely describes how to reach and navigate the campus without a car.
Develop a Transportation Management plan to link transportation needs across departments
Assessment & Feedback
Frequent review of the results of our actions and the communication of those results to the campus community is essential for a process of continuous improvement. We need to identify what works and what doesn’t work on a regular basis to allow for timely adjustments to the action plan. Metrics will be developed to allow for measurement of progress and for benchmarking purposes. Our goal is to regularly evaluate our sustainability efforts and report progress to the campus community.
Relate sustainability projects to specific metrics aside from energy management (e.g. effects on greenhouse gas reductions, increase in student applications to Bates?, recognition and green awards received, miles not driven- # people using bikes to commute, pounds recycled- reduction in # of waste, survey faculty/staff/student attitudes – Wellness Index)
Collect data and benchmark sustainability metrics using STARS.*
Develop an annual report on sustainability at Bates
*Over the past year we have been working to assess our sustainability performance through a national assessment tool known as STARS. We will use the information we have compiled for STARS as a foundation to benchmark our program against other schools.
Priorities for 2014/15
Gain acceptance of the plan
Register for STARS and submit our data
Develop a proposal for a campus grant program
This plan represents a significant challenge to the Bates Community. For the Plan to be successful, the administration, faculty, students and staff need to fully participate in its implementation. Working together we can have a powerful impact on the future for Bates, our children, and the planet.
This plan will continue to grow and adapt over the years of this effort. Policies, technologies, the environment, and our understanding of what needs to be done will change. As our community evolves new visions and ideas will emerge. As a living document, this plan will be revisited and updated on an annual basis. Let’s welcome these challenges and encourage participation. Let’s get to work.
Appendix A Utility Management Plan
Appendix B Sustainable Design Guidelines
Appendix C Transportation and Parking Plan – under development
Appendix D Climate Action Plan – update under development