The Story Down Under



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Sources on Carlisle African American History

Bell, Janet. Lincoln Cemetery: “The Story Down Under” 1884-1905. Carlisle: Self-Published, 2011. Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.


Bellinger, William and Timothy Bender, eds., A Review of the Hope Station Opportunity Area: Problems,

Progress, Policies, and Prospects, July, 2003.
Garrett, Margaret D. “The Public and Private in Writing History.” [Carlisle African-American history;

Reuben Washington; Johnson, Washington, Jenkins, Foulk/Foulke families; Civil War]. Cumberland County History, 16: 2 (1999).

Lee, Guy Carleton. “Negroes under Northern Conditions.” Gunton’s Magazine of American Economics

and Political Science (January 1896) 52-.
Meehan, Susan. “An Introduction of Thompson-McGowan Collection.” Cumberland County History, 21:2

(Winter, 2004).
Mentzer, Elmo Lee. A History of the public school system in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Doctoral dissertation,

1970.


NAACP Legal Files, Schools, Pennsylvania, General 1948-50 (History Vault)

Page 34 and other pages provide follow up on the black teachers after desegregation

NAACP files, Desegregation Schools, City and State Problems, Pennsylvania, 1953-54 (History Vault)

“Race Policies and Practices: A Survey of Public School Systems in Pennsylvania,” Page 9 for Carlisle data

NAACP files, Desegregation Schools, Branch Action, Pennsylvania, 1954-55 (History Vault)

Page 7 article from York newspaper responding to Supreme Court decision, discusses desegregation in Carlisle in 1948



Negro Business Directory, 1910

Owens, Edgar. “Survey Reveals Poor Negro Conditions.” The Dickinsonian. February 6, 1948.

Study of housing by sociology professor on behalf of Carlisle Intercultural Council.

Palmer, Michelle Palmer, Marianne Esolen, Andrea Fishman, and Jill Bartoli. "'I Haven't Anything to Say:' Reflections of Self and Community in Collecting Oral Histories." with International Annual


of Oral History
, 1990. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing, 1992.

Rose, Susan. “It Wasn’t a Sweet Life: Engaging Students in Oral History Interviewing Across Race, Class, and Generation.” In Teresa Barnett and Chon Noriega (eds). Oral History in Communities of Color , UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center Press, 2013: 76-97.

Smythe, Hugh H. and Rufus Smythe. “Race Policies and Practices in Selected Public School Systems of

Pennsylvania.” The Journal of Negro Education 17:4 (Autumn 1948) 549-554.

“Survey Reports Poor Negro Conditions,” Dickinsonian, 6 Feb 1948

Study of housing by sociology professor on behalf of Carlisle Intercultural Council



Historical Newspapers

Carlisle, Pa Items in Star of Zion, 4 Nov 1897, page 3, by Bessie Shadney

William C. Chapman, superintendent of Sunday school; Prof. Maxwell of Wilberforce and Mr. Paul Brock are teaching in schools.

Carlisle, Pa Items, Star of Zion, (Organ of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church in America).

Charlotte, NC. February 10, 1898.

William Chapman, superintendent of AME Zion Sunday school for 30 years; only colored contractor in town; survived an accidental fall

“Citizen has to sue to get his son in school: Paragraph Inserted in the School Code is Deceptive and

Misleading: Seeks Commercial Course.,” Philadelphia Tribune, 30 Oct 1915

Henry Young, a minister, filed writ of mandamus against school district with county court to force admission of 16 yr old son to new Lamberton School (appears to pertain to a new state law on schools)

“Color Line at Carlisle.” The Star of Zion. May 31, 1900.

White students expressed opposition to three black students graduating with them; the board instructed Superintendent Shearer that the law does not allow exclusion and to include them.

The Color Line in Carlisle.” Cleveland Gazette, December 19 1896



http://dbs.ohiohistory.org/africanam/html/page0127.html?ID=18643

“Color Line" has Developed at Dickinson." Harrisburg Telegraph, 11 October 1918

“An Educator’s Untimely End,” Jim Waltzer, Atlantic City Weekly News, Feb 20, 2012

http://www.atlanticcityweekly.com/news_and_views/an-educator-s-untimely-end/article_5f950a47-b6a6-5118-9bd2-9218ad3390e4.html


“High Cost of Segregation forces end of Separate Schools,” Baltimore Afro-American, 1 May 1948

Discusses struggle over jobs of the black teachers whose school would be closed; names teachers and their supporters in the white community

Lee, Sedley E. “Intercultural Group Hears Local Editor.” Philadelphia Tribune. March 3, 1953.

“Negro Sues Hotel Keeper.” Baltimore Sun. February 21, 1901.

Harrisburg man sues Wellington Hotel for refusing accommodation

“Negro Theatricals, Carlisle, Pennsylvania.” Spirit of the Times. 1853.

Wesleyan African Church, Pastor Richard Johnson’s handbill announcing a theatrical to raise funds; description of the performance enacting David and Goliath

“No more separate high schools in Carlisle,” Philadelphia Tribune, 2 Aug 1919

Efforts of Rev. McClaine C. Spann, arrived in Carlisle c. 1914

“Race Gleanings: The Northern Negro. A Study of his Progress by Dr. Lee of Johns Hopkins University.”



Afro-American. Baltimore. November 26, 1898.

“Rights unit to investigate eviction claim,” Baltimore Afro-American, 17 June 1972

Tenants claim Hanover Manor Apt eviction due to race; Pa Human Relations Commission hearing to be held in Carlisle

“A Statistical Review of the Colored School of the Borough of Carlisle.” Colored American. October 2,

1841.
Dickinson College Archives

Cavenagh, Susan. “Blacks in Carlisle, 1870-1880.” 1978


Student essays
Blodgett, Amy S. “The Fight for Racial Equality at Dickinson College During the Sixties.” History essay, Dickinson College, 1982.
Caretto, Jeanne. “Study of aspirations and expectations of negro and white high school students, Carlisle, Pa.” 1955

Esolen, Marianne T. “’Shades of Grey’: A Collection of Black Family Histories in White America.” Honors Thesis. April 1, 1990. Dickinson College (and Community Studies Center Archives).


Hartheimer, Louis Alvin. “The Enforcement of the Civil Liberties Law of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in Reference to Negroes in Carlisle.” Sociology essay, Dickinson College, 1946.
Kates, David Aaron. “Segregation and equality: a study of the Carlisle public school system.” Dickinson

College, Special Collections, Papers Am Stud 1999 K19s    


Potemkin, Macy. “Religious intensity, militancy, and anomie in the Carlisle Negro.”

1965
Potemkin, Macy et al. “White attitudes towards the Negro in Carlisle : a study of prejudice, anomie and

authoritarianism.” 1964
Valanos, Vicky. “Social mobility of the Blacks in Carlisle.” 1981

Watson, Elaine Vivian. “The Presence of the Black American at Dickinson College.” Independent essay, Dickinson College, 1884.


Letters and Documents

Alpha Delta Epsilon History Scrapbook, 1967-1980

Kenderdine, Su Carroll, Carlisle, to Herb Calender, New York, December 1964. Box 665, Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA.
Kenderdine, Su Carroll, Carlisle, to Joyce Ware, New York, 21 October 1964. Box 665, Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA.
Smith, Louis, New York, to James McCain, New York, 3 November 1964. Box 665, Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA.
The Organizational Department, Congress of Racial Equality. Field Report, 2 November 1964. Box 665, Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA
“Visit of Negro Girl Causes Drayer Controversy.” Campus Crier, 1 May 1960. Box 2, Folder 8, Paul Hodge Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA.
Esther Popel Shaw Materials
Hand B., Horace. "Letter to Dickinson Archives, Esther Popel Shaw Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA." (1982).
Morgan, J. H. "The President of Dickinson College Responds." Philadelphia Tribune, Nov 9, 1918.
Shaw, Esther Popel. Letters to Mr. Spahr, Esther Popel Shaw Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA 1945.
Shaw, Esther Popel. Diary of Esther Popel Shaw, Esther Popel Shaw Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA 1914.

Paul Hodge Materials

Hodge, Paul and Martha Slotten. Oral Interview Transcript, February 8, 1985. Paul Hodge Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA.

Hodge, Paul. Bathroom and Kitchen Favorites Scrapbook, 1981-84. Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA.


Hodge, Paul. Guild Digest Collection Scrapbook, 1981-82. Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA.
Hodge, Paul. Inaltera Scrapbook, 1984-87. Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA.
Hodge, Paul. International Showcase Collection Scrapbook, 1983-84. Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA.
Hodge, Paul. My Fair Lady Scrapbook, 1963-81. Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA.
West Street AME Zion Church. “Special Notice.” The West Street Herald, 20 October 1957. Box 1, MG-037, Folder 8, Evelyn Hodge Collection, Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

Hodge, Paul Video and Audio tapes and documentary short, Community Studies Center.



Community Studies Center, Dickinson College

Carlisle African American Narratives (1989-2017) CAAN Material: Interview descriptions, interview transcripts, student papers, reading materials, project materials, research materials Volume: 60 folders, 45 audio cassette tapes:

http://www.dickinson.edu/info/20166/community_studies_center_and_mosaics/2268/research_archives

Student Papers (All focus on Carlisle's African-American community)

Coldren, Jonathan. “Final Project Summation, Oral History.” May 12, 1997. Dickinson College, Community Studies Center Archives.
Esolen, Marianne T. “’Shades of Grey’: A Collection of Black Family Histories in White America.” April 1, 1990. Dickinson College, Honors Thesis. Community Studies Center Archives.

Kates, David Aaron. “Segregation and equality: a study of the Carlisle public school system.” Dickinson College, Community Studies Center Archives.

Minor, Anka. “The African-American Experience in Carlisle: 4 Perspectives, 6 Decades.” Dickinson College, Community Studies Center Archives.

Schertenlieb, Sara. “Qualitative Methods, Midterm Essay.” October 25, 2002. Dickinson College, Community Studies Center Archives.

Wood, Katie. “Midterm Essay – Sociology 240.” October 2002. Dickinson College, Community Studies Center Archives.
Cumberland County Historical Society

Carlisle Intercultural Council. Hodge membership cards, 1948-63. Box 1, MG-069, Carlisle Inter-Cultural Council, Cumberland Country Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.


Carlisle Intercultural Council. Minutes, 1954-56. Box 1, MG-069, Carlisle Inter-Cultural Council, Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.
Education and Schools

"Brief Minutes." Carlisle School System Records: 1836-1935. Carlisle High School, Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

"Building Program." School Buildings of Carlisle: Their construction, financing, naming, and location, 1836-1931, Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

Carlisle Area School District. "Milestones of Carlisle Schools 1836-1986," 1986. Carlisle Schools, Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

"Carlisle Area School District, PA Board of School Directors Minutes," July 6, 1874-June 21, 1890. PA Historical Museum Commission, Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

"Development of Colored Education." Colored Educations, Carlisle Schools, 1836-1934, Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

"Location of Schools." School Buildings of Carlisle: Their construction, financing, naming, and location, 1836-1931, Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

Public Schools of Carlisle, Vol. 1, 1935. Carlisle High School, Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

Public Schools of Carlisle, Vol. 2, 1935. Carlisle High School, Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, PA.

Strausbaugh, David. “Mary E. Brown vs. Carlisle School Board: A Study of Colored Education in the

Carlisle School District.” Paper written for the History Department of Dickinson College, 1985.
Internet Resources

Gardner Digital Library by CCHS

Carlisle Living History web page from 2007 American Studies course, interviews with Ruth Hodge and Janet Bell

Social Justice in the African American Imagination web page from 2016 Africana Studies course
Maps

Cumberland County Atlas, 1872



Sanborn Insurance Maps of Carlisle: 1885, 1890, 1896, 1902, 1909, 1915, 1923, 1929

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