The 2009 NC state building codes went into effect June 1, 2009. The General Assembly adopted the expanded wind borne debris region from 1,500 feet from the Atlantic Ocean to cover the entire barrier islands east of the Intercoastal waterway. This regulation requires debris protection of all glazing in new construction and any window or door replacement with glazing in existing structures. This new requirement, along with the new energy codes, involves more expensive replacement cost and more enforcement activity. The simple window replacement isn’t so simple any more. The biggest misunderstanding is how the building codes apply to non-structural repairs under $5,000; although the general statutes for permits may not require a permit to be obtained, the construction would still have to meet the current codes. Time used for these enforcement actions does not appear in permit activity, fees, values, or inspection reports.