Trade-off da – gdi 2011 1 Earth Science D/A 2



Download 0.9 Mb.
Page26/83
Date18.10.2016
Size0.9 Mb.
1   ...   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   ...   83

GEOSS ! – Disasters


GEOSS is key to short-term & long-term disaster relief
GEO 11 (Group on Earth Observations, Copyright 2011, http://www.earthobservations.org/geoss_di.shtml, accessed 6-22-11, JG)

Earthquakes, tsunamis, wild fires, floods, hurricanes and volcanoes – the list of disasters that can kill and injure people and destroy property is a lengthy one. When disaster strikes, rapid access to data on land and ocean conditions, maps of transport links and hospitals, weather forecasts, and information on socio-economic variables can save uncounted lives. The Global Earth Observation System of Systems is integrate Earth observations with other information to help planners reduce vulnerability, strengthen preparedness and early-warning measures and, after disaster strikes, rebuild housing and infrastructure in ways that limit future risks. GEOSS is also helping to reduce risk over the long term by providing a better understanding of the relationship between natural disasters and climate change. Climate forecasts must become an integral part of sustainable development planning and of strategies for adaptation and risk management. By making it possible to integrate different types of disaster-related data and information from diverse sources, GEOSS aims to strengthen analysis and decision making for disaster response and risk reduction.
Loss of prediction causes millions of deaths
BBC 4 (BBC Worldwide Americas, Copyright 2004, http://www.libraryvideo.com/guides/V6055.pdf, accessed 6-22-11, JG)

Earth, wind, fire and water are environmental forces that make life on Earth possible. They are also responsible for many of the world’s natural disasters. Natural disasters are extreme, sudden events caused by environmental factors and can injure people and damage property. In the last century alone, the death toll from combined natural disasters has reached ten million people, often thousands at a stroke. Shifting external forces cause hurricanes, floods, tornadoes and blizzards. In one day, there may be five hurricane-force storms brewing, at least 15 volcanoes actively erupting, as well as four major earthquakes, plus a handful of tornadoes at any given moment! The deadliest and most destructive storms on Earth, hurricanes and tornadoes continue to fascinate us with their awesome force. The tropical cyclone, known also as a hurricane or typhoon, is a massive storm that develops over water. About 40 such storms wreak havoc on the planet each year. Heat sets up ocean currents and evaporates vast quantities of water at the equator. This creates hot moist air, which is driven to the cooler poles in a process that works like atmospheric air conditioning. Given a spin by Earth’s rotation, the storm steadily builds, drawing energy from the moist, tropical air. Winds increase, causing severe damage to the land and property. More accurate prediction is the best hope for avoiding loss of life.


GEOSS ! – Resources



GEOSS key to resource stabilization & management
GEO 11 (Group on Earth Observations, Copyright 2011, http://www.earthobservations.org/geoss_en.shtml, accessed 6-22-11, JG)

Exploiting the full potential of energy resources is of critical importance to all countries. This trillion-dollar economic sector includes coal, oil and gas as well as renewable energy sources such as solar, wind and hydropower. Key concerns for both governments and the private sector include reliable access to energy, the efficient management of energy resources, improved technologies for stabilizing or reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and the need to report energy emissions levels to the UN Climate Change Convention and other bodies. The Global Earth Observation System of Systems is helping governments and companies to manage energy resources more effectively. GEOSS provides the information they need for evaluating the potential for producing renewable energy and assessing the risks and potential of carbon capture and storage systems designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. GEOSS also provides data and information for monitoring and forecasting fluctuations in hydropower, solar, ocean and wind energy sources; assessing and predicting the environmental impacts of energy exploration, extraction, transportation and consumption; reducing weather-related and other risks to energy infrastructure; matching energy supply and demand; and informing other aspects of energy-policy planning in both developing and developed countries.
Resource destabilization causes extinction level resource wars
Wooldridge 9 (Frosty Wooldridge, Free lance writer @ Cornell University, 2009, http://www.australia.to/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10042:humanity-galloping-toward-its-greatest-crisis-in-the-21st-century&catid=125:frosty-wooldridge&Itemid=244, accessed 6-22-11, JG)

It is clear that most politicians and most citizens do not recognize that returning to “more of the same” is a recipe for promoting the first collapse of a global civilization. The required changes in energy technology, which would benefit not only the environment but also national security, public health, and the economy, would demand a World War II type mobilization -- and even that might not prevent a global climate disaster. Without transitioning away from use of fossil fuels, humanity will move further into an era of resource wars (remember, Africom has been added to the Pentagon’s structure -- and China has noticed), clearly with intent to protect US “interests” in petroleum reserves. The consequences of more resource wars, many likely triggered over water supplies stressed by climate disruption, are likely to include increased unrest in poor nations, a proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, widening inequity within and between nations, and in the worst (and not unlikely) case, a nuclear war ending civilization.





Download 0.9 Mb.

Share with your friends:
1   ...   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   ...   83




The database is protected by copyright ©ininet.org 2020
send message

    Main page