1.8 Regulation, pamphlet, and job aid relationships
TR 350-70 directs the use of this pamphlet to analyze, design, and develop unit training products for the operational force. Job aids (JAs), job guides, product templates, product samples, information papers, and other supporting documents and products support this pamphlet.
a. Figure 1-2 depicts the relationship between this pamphlet and other TRADOC documents that support Army Regulation (AR) 350-1.
Figure 1-2. TRADOC documents supporting AR 350-1
b. Some chapters in this pamphlet are supported by guidance provided in other chapters or pamphlets. Developers must refer to each of these to accomplish their purpose. The procedural JAs, product templates, product samples, and information papers found on the TRADOC Web site will also assist in completing work products. This supplementary information for the published pamphlets will be kept in electronic format and posted by TRADOC G-3/5/7for access.
Generating Force Support and Mission Analysis for Unit Training Products
a. This chapter provides information regarding the relationship between the generating force's learning products and operational Army training requirements. Spanning the two forces is the Army collective training enterprise led by U.S. Army Forces Command (FORSCOM). The operational Army consists primarily of units whose main purpose is to conduct or support decisive action. ARFORGEN is the structured progression of increased unit readiness over time, and results in recurring periods of availability of trained, ready, and cohesive units. ARFORGEN is a three-phased readiness cycle. The reset, train/ready, and available force pools provide the framework for the structured progression of increasing readiness in ARFORGEN. Each force pool is defined by designated unit activities, capability levels, and the period of time allocated to each force pool. The Army uses the force pools in addition to mission requirements to prioritize resources over time and synchronize unit manning, equipping, resourcing, and training.
(1) Units enter the reset phase when they redeploy from an operational deployment or complete their planned deployment window in the available phase. During reset, units conduct individual and some collective (team, section, and squad) training on tasks that support their METL. Also, the unit will use CATS to develop the unit training plan, which will be executed in the train/ready phase.
(2) Units move to the train/ready phase when they are ready to conduct higher level collective/unit training and prepare for deployment. Units in the train/ready phase provide operational depth by retaining the capability to perform decisive action. In addition to preparing for operational requirements, Reserve Component (RC) units train for homeland security and homeland defense missions. Additionally, ARNG units train to meet state-established requirements for support to civil authorities. Units in the train/ready force pool increase training readiness and capabilities given resource availability to meet established readiness goals. The AA units in the train/readyphase may be deployed, and RC units may be mobilized for deployment.
(3) Units in the available force pool sustain proficiency through training in accordance with the CATS and ARFORGEN templates. Units deploying to an ongoing operation, or that are available for immediate alert and deployment on a contingency mission, are in the available phase. At the end of the available phase, units return to the reset phase. Then the cycle begins again.
b. ARFORGEN applies to AA and RC (ARNG and USAR) units, except for those forces that are designated by the Army as theater committed units designed to meet enduring theater commitments. Additionally, the generating force participates in and responds to ARFORGEN. While operating force commanders plan for training METLs, the generating force supports operational force training by adjusting their level of support to meet operating Army requirements. See AR 525-29 for additional information on ARFORGEN.
c. The generating force's training developers produce and manage collective and individual training products based on unit mission, capabilities and triggering circumstances, and in response to the training requirements of the operational Army. The fluidity of the operating environment requires the development or revision of training products that dynamically receive updates and are deliverable electronically. Proponents develop and update products in the CAC-approved automated development system. Products are then delivered to Soldiers and units via DTMS and/or Army Training Network (ATN). TRADOC proponents continuously monitor unit training products to ensure they remain current.
d. Training development begins when a needs analysis indicates a training deficiency that necessitates a change or modification to a current training product(s). A needs analysis may be directed, or caused by a triggering event such as unit feedback, organizational changes, new doctrine, or a change in the operational environment. Follow additional guidance on conducting a needs analysis as published. In accordance with TR 350-70, if the needs analysis indicates a required change or modification in training, then a mission analysis is performed.
e. A mission analysis is based on a unit’s organization, personnel, and equipment. A mission analysis identifies a unit's mission and capabilities from which the entire set of a unit's collective tasks is derived. These collective tasks make up the UTL. Unit CATS support the METL by using the unit mission and capabilities from the UTL. AR 220-1 directs operating forces to report readiness on their METL. A unit’s "METL for training and readiness reporting," hereafter referred to in this pamphlet as simply the METL, is the standard decisive action METL approved by Headquarters, Department of the Army (HQDA) or, for units without HQDA-approved decisive action METL, it is the METL developed by or established for the unit based command guidance or the commander’s dialog to align with the METL of the next higher command. A unit’s ARFORGEN training template and the Chief of Staff of the Army’s training guidance support the unit’s readiness. TRADOC's training products allow unit training to focus on the decisive action METL. A unit's decisive action METL is a list of tasks representing the minimum doctrinal capabilities a unit must perform in a decisive action environment.