Name: _______________________________________ Date: __________________________ Period: _________
TV Fact Sheet 1941
The FCC releases the NTSC standard for black and white TV.
Vladimir Zworkin developed a better camera tube called the Orthicon. The Orthicon (see photo right) had enough light sensitivity to record outdoor events at night.
Peter Goldmark, working for CBS, demonstrated his color television system to the FCC. His system produced color pictures by having a red-blue-green wheel spin in front of a cathode ray tube.
This mechanical means of producing a color picture was used in 1949 to broadcast medical procedures from Pennsylvania and Atlantic City hospitals. In Atlantic City, viewers could come to the convention center to see broadcasts of operations. Reports from the time noted that the realism of seeing surgery in color caused more than a few viewers to faint.
Although Goldmark's mechanical system was eventually replaced by an electronic system he is recognized as the first to introduce a broadcasting color television system.
Cable television is introduced in Pennsylvania as a means of bringing television to rural areas.
A patent was granted to Louis W. Parker for a low-cost television receiver.
One million homes in the United States have television sets.
The FCC approves the first color television standard which is replaced by a second in 1953.
Vladimir Zworkin developed a better camera tube called the Vidicon.
Ampex introduces the first practical videotape system of broadcast quality.
Robert Adler invents the first practical remote control called the Zenith Space Commander. It was proceeded by wired remotes and units that failed in sunlight.
The first split screen broadcast occurs on the Kennedy - Nixon debates.
The All Channel Receiver Act requires that UHF tuners (channels 14 to 83) be included in all sets.
AT&T launches Telstar, the first satellite to carry TV broadcasts - broadcasts are now internationally relayed.
Most TV broadcasts are in color.
Total Televisions in American Homes:
"In 1945, there were probably fewer than 10,000 sets in the country. This figure soared to about 6 million in 1950, and to almost 60 million by 1960."