Type: T/f objective 1-1: Identify the location of the three largest countries of North America, 50 states of the United States, mountain systems, major rivers, and Great Lakes. Display 1



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Geography: Unit II Exam

Total points = 100

5 display TF = 1 point each

25 display MC = 3 points each

2 display FRQs = 5 points each

1 display FRQs = 10 points each



TYPE: T/F
Objective 1-1: Identify the location of the three largest countries of North America, 50 states of the United States, mountain systems, major rivers, and Great Lakes.
Display 1

1) The Rocky Mountains extend from the Mexican frontier up through Canada and Alaska.

@True. The Rocky Mountains extend from the Mexican frontier up through Canada and Alaska.

*a. True


b. False
2) The Rio Grande River serves as a physical divider between Mexico and Canada.

@False. The Rio Grande serves as a natural border between United States and Mexico, along the state of Texas.

a. True

*b. False


3) The Jefferson-Missouri-Mississippi river system is the largest and most significant river system in North America.

@True. The Jefferson-Missouri-Mississippi river system is 3,900 miles long and is a significant transportation artery.

*a. True

b. False



Objective 2-1: Identify how environmental processes (i.e., glaciation and weathering) and characteristics (landforms, bodies of water, climate, vegetation) influence human settlement and activity in North America.

Display 1
4) Glaciers have sculpted mountains and carved out valleys but no longer flow and shape the landscape today.

@False


a. True

*b. False


5) Glaciers store about 75% of the world's freshwater.

@True


*a. True

b. False
6) Fjords, glaciated valleys, and horns are all erosional types of landforms, created when a glacier cuts away at the landscape.

@ True

*a. True


b. False

OBJECTIVE 3-1: Explain push and pull factors that cause people to migrate from place to place including: oppression/freedom, poverty/economic opportunity, cultural ties, political conflicts, and environmental factors.

Display 1
7) The US Congress passage of the Homestead Act in 1862 can be considered a “pull” factor that caused people to migrate to the U.S.

@ True


*a. True

b. False
8) The Potato Famine in Ireland in the mid 1800s can be considered a “pull” factor that caused people to migrate to the U.S.

@ False. The Potato Famine was a “PUSH” factor that caused people to leave Ireland due to the food shortage.

a. True


*b. False
9) Anti-Semitism in Russia in the late 1800s was a “push” factors that caused many people to leave their home country and migrate to the United States.

@ True


*a. True

b. False
OBJECTIVE 4-1: Describe ways in which human migration has an impact on the physical and human characteristics of places including desertification, urbanization, and deforestation.



Display 1
10)Desertification can be caused either by climate change or destructive land use.

@ True


*a. True

b. False
11) Deserts advance linearly, in easily mappable patterns.

@ False. Deserts advance erratically, in small patches.

a. True


*b. False
12) Logging is the main threat to old growth forests found in the northwestern United States.

@ True


*a. True

b. False
OBJECTIVE 4-2: Describe the relationship between humans and the environment and how spatial patterns develop in relation to physical systems, such as oceans and waterways.



Display 1
13) Central to geography is the belief that there is no pattern, regularity, or reason to the locations of physical and human phenomena on Earth’s surface.

@ False


a. True

*b. False


14) Description and analysis of patterns of spatial organization must occur at scales ranging from local to global because our world is increasingly interdependent.

@ True


*a. True

b. False
15) The location and arrangement of both physical and human phenomena form regular and recurring patterns.

@ True

*a. True


b. False

Type: MC
Objective 1-2: Compare the landforms, climates, population, culture, and economic characteristics of places and regions in North America.
Display 1
16) The climate of Canada can best be described as __.

@ The climate of Canada can best be described as variable. It varies from temperate in the south to subarctic and arctic in the north.

*a. variable. It varies from temperate in the south to subarctic and arctic in the north.

b. variable. It varies from semi-arid in the south to tundra in the north.

c. consistent. For most of the year, the country experiences cold and snow.

d. consistent. For most of the year, the mountains are cold and snowy while the coasts are warm.


17) The climate of Mexico can best be described as __.

@ The climate of Mexico can best be described as ranging from desert to tropical.

a. varying from maritime to temperate.

*b. varying from desert to tropical.

c. varying from steppe to desert.

d. varying from tropical wet to tropical dry.


18) The climate of the United States can best be described as __.

@ The climate of the United States can best be describes as temperate, with tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semi-arid in the Great Plains and arid in parts of the southwest.

a. mostly arid

b. mostly tundra

*c. mostly temperate

d. mostly tropical



Objective 2-1: Identify how environmental processes (i.e., glaciation and weathering) and characteristics (landforms, bodies of water, climate, vegetation) influence human settlement and activity in North America.
Display 2
19) Long, narrow coastal valleys that were originally carved out by glaciers are called __.

@ Fjords are long, narrow coastal valleys that were originally carved out by glaciers.

a. glaciated valleys

b. cirques

c. horns

*d. fjords


20) What caused virtually all of Canada and some of the northern U.S. to be once covered by thick glacial ice almost 15,000 years ago?

@ Changes in the earth’s climate caused the ice sheets to grow.

*a. Changes in the earth’s climate caused the ice sheets to grow.

b. Changes in the orbit of the earth caused the ice sheets to spread across Canada.

c. The ice sheets were widespread because they were prevalent all around the world.

d. There is no apparent reason why the glacial ice was present.


21) The reversal of oceanic currents in the equatorial Pacific is commonly called __.

@ El Nino

a. La Nina

b. orography

*c. El Nino

d. the Wilson Cycle


22) El Nino has a far-reaching effect on the climate around what ocean?

@ Pacific Ocean

a. Atlantic Ocean

b. Indian Ocean

c. Arctic Ocean

*d. Pacific Ocean


23) The impacts of El Niño upon climate in temperate latitudes show up most clearly during which season?

@ Winter


a. Summer

*b. Winter

c. Fall

d. Spring


24) Better climate prediction is important for which of the following reasons?

@ better management of agriculture, water supplies, fisheries, and other resources

*a. better management of agriculture, water supplies, and fisheries

b. better prediction of economic trends in different countries

c. better help humans adapt to their environment

d. better gauge when droughts will occur


Objective 1-4: Use cardinal and intermediate directions to describe the relative location of places in North America.
Display 2

25) The Appalachian Mountains are __ of the Rocky Mountains.

@ The Appalachian Mountains are east of the Rocky Mountains.

a. north


b. south

*c. east


d. west
26) The Great Lakes are __ of the Rocky Mountains.

@ The Great Lakes are northeast of the Rocky Mountains.

*a. northeast

b. southeast

c. west

d. north
27) The Rio Grande is __ of the Mississippi River.



@ The Rio Grande is southwest of the Mississippi River.

a. northeast

*b. southwest

c. southeast

d. north
28) Washington , D.C. is __ of Ottawa.

@ Washington, D.C. is south of Ottawa.

*a. south

b. north


c. east

d. west
29) The Mississippi River is __ of Washington, DC.

@ The Mississippi River is west of Washington, DC.

a. north


b. south

c. east


*d. west
30) Lake Huron is __ of Lake Michigan.

@ Lake Huron is east of Lake Michigan.

a. north

b. south


*c. east

d. west
Objective 2-2: Compare and contrast how regional climates of North America are influenced by earth-sun relationships, landforms, and vegetation.


Display 2
31) These winds are found in the middle latitudes between 30 and 60 degrees latitude.

@ Prevailing Westerlies

a. Polar Easterlies

b. Trade Winds

c. Roaring Forties

*d. Prevailing Westerlies


32) What is the main role of the Westerlies?

@ carrying the warm, equatorial waters and winds to the western coasts of continents

a. forcing the cold air toward the poles

b. provide ships with clear sailing around the equator

*c. carrying the warm, equatorial waters and winds to the western coasts of continents

d. distributing even temperatures across continents


33) Why are the Sierra Nevada lakes very sensitive to changing climate?

@ Because of extensive bedrock and little soil

*a. because of extensive bedrock and little soil

b. because of its proximity to the west coast

c. because of its low water levels

d. because of the sharp climate changes in the area


34) Approximately what portion of North America is covered by forests?

@ 36%, or approximately 1/3, of North America is covered by forests

a. 1/4

*b. 1/3


c. 1/2

d. 3/5
35) What is the major role of forests in North America?

@ all of the above

a. timber and hunting

b. recreation

c. source of drinking water

*d. all of the above
36) Weakened rock on steep slopes that suddenly gives away and falls down is an example of what?

@ the impact of gravity

*a. the impact of gravity

b. the impact of global warming

c. the impact of climate change

d. the impact of ecological neglect


Objective 3-1: Explain push and pull factors that cause people to migrate from place to place including: oppression/freedom, poverty/economic opportunity, cultural ties, political conflicts, and environmental factors.

Display 1
37) Which of the following is NOT a push factor that would cause a person to consider migrating to a new country?

@ They are all push factors.

a. volcanoes and earthquakes

b. a vineyard or crop blight

c. excessive rent payments

*d. they are all push factors


38) Which of the following would be considered a pull factor that would encourage a person to consider migrating to a new country?

@ Industrial jobs

a. civil war

b. foreign rule

*c. industrial jobs

d. low wages


39) Which of the following is not a reason for forced migration?

@ A chance for better wages is not a reason for forced migration.

a. fear of imprisonment or death

b. home destroyed by floods or hurricanes

c. food shortage

*d. chance for better wages


Objective 2-4: Describe ways human settlements and activities are influenced by environmental factors and processes in different places and regions including bodies of water, landforms, climates, vegetation, weathering, and seismic activity.

Display 1
40) Canada’s strong regionalism is mainly attributable to which of the following?

@ Large differences in resource distribution throughout the country

a. the collapse of the cod fishing industry

*b. large differences in natural resource distribution throughout the country

c. continuous large natural resource discoveries

d. the logging industries adaptation of a more sustainable model


41) The Mexican economy is based on which natural resources?

@ oil


*a. oil

b. agave


c. corn

d. fish
42) What was the first colonial industry in America?

@ groundfishing

a. logging

b. farming

*c. groundfishing

d. mining

Objective 4-1: Describe ways in which human migration has an impact on the physical and human characteristics of places including desertification, urbanization, and deforestation.

Display 1
43) What percentage of the world’s lumber harvest goes to paper production?

@ 25%


a. 10%

b. 20%


*c. 25%

d. 50%
44) How are forests and deserts related?

@ Forests prevent desertification.

a. Forests are usually found on the outskirts of deserts.

b. Forests and deserts have similar ecosystems.

c. Forests and deserts both help oxygenate our atmosphere.

*d. Forests prevent desertification.
45) What is the largest factor leading to increased urbanization?

@ migration

*a. migration

b. increased birth rates

c. increased job opportunities

d. strip malls


Objective 1-5: Describe a variety of physical and human regions by analyzing maps, charts and graphs that show patterns of characteristics that define regions.
Display 2
46) According to the map, what states voted for the republican presidential candidate in 1996, 2000, 2004, and 2008? (No Alt Text)

@Texas, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho are four of the states who voted for the republican presidential candidates in the last four elections.

a. Texas, Alaska, Michigan, and South Carolina

b. Texas, Alaska, South Carolina, and North Carolina

*c. Texas, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho

d. California, Texas, Alaska, and New Hampshire


Insert image:

Key to Map:

Red=The Republican candidate carried the state in all four most recent presidential elections (1996, 2000, 2004, 2008).
Pink=The Republican candidate carried the state in three of the four most recent elections.
Purple=The Republican candidate and the Democratic candidate each carried the state in two of the four most recent elections.
Light blue=The Democratic candidate carried the state in three of the four most recent elections.
Dark blue=The Democratic candidate carried the state in all four most recent elections
47) According to the map, what are two of the states where the Republican candidate and the Democratic candidate each carried the state in two of the 4 most recent elections?

@Nevada, Ohio, and Florida were three states where the Republican candidate and the Democratic candidate each carried the state in two of the 4 most recent elections.

a. Michigan and Florida

b. Ohio and Arizona

c. Texas and Florida

*d. Ohio and Florida


Key to Map:

Red=The Republican candidate carried the state in all four most recent presidential elections (1996, 2000, 2004, 2008).
Pink=The Republican candidate carried the state in three of the four most recent elections.
Purple=The Republican candidate and the Democratic candidate each carried the state in two of the four most recent elections.
Light blue=The Democratic candidate carried the state in three of the four most recent elections.
Dark blue=The Democratic candidate carried the state in all four most recent elections
48) According to this map identifying the percentage of people over the age of five who speak a language other than English in their home, approximately what percentage of people speak a language other than English in California?

@Between 25.5% and 39.5%

a. between 2.7% and 6.5%

b. between 7.3% and 12.6%

c. between 14.0% and 23.1%

*d. between 25.5% and 39.5%

Insert image: http://fastfacts.census.gov/servlet/CWSThematicMapFramesetServlet?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-oldGeo=01000US&-tm_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U_M00167&-back=/servlet/CWSFacts%3Fgeo_id%3D04000US25%26_sse%3Don/&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U&-_MapEvent=displayBy&-_dBy=040&-redoLog=false




49) According to this map identifying the percentage of people over the age of five who speak a language other than English in their home, approximately what percentage of people speak a language other than English in Maine?

@ Between 7.3% and 12.6%

a. between 2.7% and 6.5%

*b. between 7.3% and 12.6%

c. between 14.0% and 23.1%

d. between 25.5% and 39.5%


Insert image:



50) Canada is divided into three territories and how many provinces?

@ Canada has 3 territories and 10 provinces.

a. 8


b. 9

*c. 10


d. 11
51) Of the following, which is the most significant factor in causing strained border relations between Mexico and the United States?

@ Mexico is the largest foreign supplier of marijuana and methamphetamine to the US market

*a. Mexico is the largest foreign supplier of marijuana and methamphetamine to the US market

b. Abundant rainfall in recent years along much of the Mexico-US border region has ameliorated periodically strained water-sharing relationships

c. Mexico must deal with thousands of impoverished Guatemalans and other Central Americans who cross the border looking for work

d. The US has intensified security measures to monitor and control legal and illegal transport of people and goods


Objective 1-3: Use coordinates of latitude and longitude to determine the absolute location of points in North America.
Display 1
52) According to the map, which of the following are the most accurate coordinates for Washington, D.C.?

@ The coordinates for Washington, D.C. are 39º 91' N, 77º 02' W.

a. 77º 02' N, 39º 91' W

*b. 39º 91' N, 77º 02' W

c. 35º 91' N, 81º 02' W

d. 81º 02' N, 35º 91' W



53) According to the map, what state can be found at 45º N, 120º W?

@ Oregon

a. Washington

*b. Oregon

c. Maine


d. Virginia
Insert image:

54) According to the map, what body of water can be found at 30º N, 120º W?

@ Pacific Ocean

a. Atlantic Ocean

b. The Great Lakes

*c. Pacific Ocean

d. Hudson Bay
Insert image:



Objective 1-1: Identify the location of the three largest countries of North America, 50 states of the United States, mountain systems, major rivers, and Great Lakes.
Display 3
55) On the following map, the #1 is identifying which country?

@ Canada

a. United States

*b. Canada

c. Mexico

d. Puerto Rico




56) On the following map, #2 is identifying which state?

@Washington

*a. Washington

b. Oregon

c. California

d. Idaho

57) On the following map, #3 is identifying which state?

@ North Dakota

a. Michigan

b. Mississippi

c. Missouri

*d. North Dakota

58) Mexico is directly south of which country?

@ Mexico is directly south of the United States

a. Canada

*b. United States

c. Puerto Rico

d. Honduras
59) On the map, #1 is identifying which mountain system?

@ #1 is identifying the Rocky Mountains

*a. The Rocky Mountains

b. The Columbian Mountains

c. The Appalachian Mountains

d. The Sierra Nevada Mountains



60) On the map, #3 is identifying which mountain system?

@ #3 is identifying the Appalachian Mountains

a. The Rocky Mountains

b. The Columbian Mountains

*c. The Appalachian Mountains

d. The Sierra Madres

61) On the map, #2 is identifying which mountain system?

@ #2 is identifying the Sierra Madres

a. The Rocky Mountains

b. The Columbian Mountains

c. The Appalachian Mountains

*d. The Sierra Madres


62) On the map, #1 is identifying which body of water?

@#1 is identifying the Hudson Bay

*a. Hudson Bay

b. Lake Huron

c. Lake Michigan

d. Gulf of St. Lawrence

63) On the map, #3 is identifying which body of water?

@#3 is identifying the Gulf of St. Lawrence

a. Hudson Bay

b. Lake Huron

c. Lake Michigan

*d. Gulf of St. Lawrence


Objective 2-3: Analyze the distribution of plants and animals in different regions of North America and the relationships among climate, vegetation, soil, and geology.

Display 2
64) According to the map, what region of the United States has the highest average temperatures?

@ The southeast.

a. The northeast

b. The west

c. The northwest

*d. The southeast


Insert image:

65) Which of the following factors helped make inland transportation and commerce possible in the United States?

@ Intricate river systems helped make inland transportation and commerce possible.

a. the vast mineral deposits

b. extremely fertile soils

*c. the intricate river systems

d. ample water from the snowmelts
66) Which of the following factors helped allow for irrigated farming in the arid southwest of the United States?

@ Water from the snowmelts of the Cascadian and Rocky Mountains.

a. the vast mineral deposits

b. extremely fertile soils

c. the intricate river systems

*d. ample water from the snowmelts


67) Most of the citizens of Mexico follow what religion?

@ Catholicism

a. Protestantism

b. Christian Conservative

*c. Catholicism

d. Judaism


68) Most of the citizens of the United States follow what religion?

@ Protestantism

*a. Protestantism

b. Christian Conservative

c. Catholicism

d. Judaism


69) What are the two most important resources in Canada?

@ timber and oil

a. fishing and mining

b. timber and fishing

c. oil and agriculture

*d. timber and oil


Objective 2-5: Differentiate between renewable and non-renewable resources and determine where there is an abundance of specific resources in North America.

Display 1
70) Approximately what percentage of energy in the U.S. is provided by renewable energy resources?

@ 9%


a. 5%

*b. 9%


c. 15%

d. 25%
71) What is the biggest barrier to the use of renewable energy in the United States?

@ lack of available and affordable transmission capacity to deliver the energy to the customer

a. reliability and consistency

b. citizen opposition to negative environmental impact

*c. limited transmission capacity to deliver the energy to the consumer

d. limited renewable resources
72) What form of renewable energy has declined in recent years?

@ hydropower

a. geothermal

b. wind


*c. hydropower

d. solar
Objective 2-5: Differentiate between renewable and non-renewable resources and determine where there is an abundance of specific resources in North America.



Display 1
73) According to this world map of renewable energy potential, what can you infer about the potential for wind power compared to solar power in North America?

@ wind power and solar energy potential are about the same

a. wind power has greater potential than solar

b. solar power has greater potential than wind

*c. solar power and wind power have about the same potential

d. there is not enough data to analyze this question


Insert image:

74) According to this world map of potential renewable energy, what can you infer about the potential of biomass energy compared to hydroelectricity in North America?

@ the potential for biomass energy is slightly greater than hydroelectricity

*a. the potential for biomass energy is slightly greater than hydroelectricity

b. the potential for hydroelectricity is greater than biomass energy

c. the potential for hydroelectricity and biomass are the same

d. there is not enough data available to answer this question
Insert image:

75) According to this world map of potential renewable energy, what form of renewable energy has the greatest potential in North America?

@ biomass

a. wind


*b. biomass

c. hydroelectricity

d. solar
Insert image:


Objective 3-2: Analyze the impact of the Columbian Exchange on the culture of North America.

Display 1
76) Of all the kinds of life exchanged when the Old and New Worlds met, which of the following had the greatest impact?

@ germs and disease

a. domesticated animals

b. new crops

c. religion

*d. germs and disease


77) Which of the following was the main benefit to the spread of disease in the New World for the colonists?

@ A large percentage of the Indian population was killed off and the colonists found open expanses of wilderness for the taking.

*a. Limited number of Natives available to fight back against the colonists

b. Colonists were toughened by the spread of disease because the diseases were from their own country

c. Wilderness areas populated by fewer animals due to death by disease

d. Prompted the start of medical schools in the Americas.


78) Which of the following is the best definition of the term indigenous?

@ Native, or belonging naturally to a particular region.

a. Devilish, fiendish, awful.

b. A person who doesn't accept a particular religion, usually Christianity.

c. The process of introducing a virus or germ into the body to produce immunity to a disease; vaccination

*d. Native, or belonging naturally to a particular region.


Objective 3-3: Describe the geographic factors and processes that contribute to and impede the diffusion of people, products and ideas from place to place including physical features, culture, war, trade, and technological innovations.

Display 2
79) Mexico and the United States have strained border relations mainly due to the following factor:

@ Mexico is the largest foreign supplier of marijuana and methamphetamine to the US market

*a. Mexico is the largest foreign supplier of marijuana and methamphetamine to the US market

b. Abundant rainfall in recent years along much of the Mexico-US border region has ameliorated periodically strained water-sharing relationships

c. Mexico must deal with thousands of impoverished Guatemalans and other Central Americans who cross the border looking for work

d. The US has intensified security measures to monitor and control legal and illegal transport of people and goods


80) Which President was initially responsible for campaigning for a North American common market, leading to the passage of NAFTA?

@ President Ronald Reagan

a. George H.W. Bush

b. Bill Clinton

*c. Ronald Reagan

d. Jimmy Carter


81) What was the primary purpose of NAFTA?

@ facilitate the cross-border movement of goods and services

*a. facilitate the cross-border movement of goods and services

b. restrict Asian trading nations

c. decrease investment opportunities

d. establish a framework to limit further cooperation on a unilateral and multilateral level


82) What is diffusion?

@ The process of knowledge, skills, and technology being spread from one culture to another.

a. the interaction of cultures

b. comparisons with similar structures in other parts of the world

*c. the process of knowledge, skills, and technology being spread from one culture to another

d. the imperialist domination of one culture over another


83) Why does President Obama oppose many free trade agreements?

@ Obama is concerned that free trade agreements provide benefits to big businesses, but don’t protect workers.

*a. benefits provided to big businesses, but workers are not protected

b. U.S. cannot maintain a competitive edge due to outsourcing

c. overall bad for the economy because they provide a false sense of success

d. insufficient environmental protections


84) What is a free trade area?

@ A free trade areas is a designated group of countries that have agreed to eliminate tariffs, quotas and preferences on most (if not all) goods and services between them.

a. a group of countries that share similar political and economic beliefs

*b. a group of countries that have agreed to eliminate tariffs and trade barriers

c. a group of countries that believe their borders should be open and free

d. a group of countries that produce the same goods and services


Objective 3-4: Identify works of art and music created by North American artists and the history of their development.

Display 2
85) Why is the music of the United States considered distinct and unique?

@ Because the US has not had centuries for a musical tradition to evolve

a. because the US is a mix of many cultures and languages

*b. because the US has not had centuries for a musical tradition to evolve

c. because the US embraced much of the music of the Native Americans and the African slaves

d. because the US continues to evolve musically


86) When was the style of American blues developed?

@ early 20th century

a. colonial America

b. during the Great Depression

c. during the Vietnam War

*d. the early 20th century


87) Where does blues music originate?

@ it was a combination of African work songs, field hollers and shouts with typically lamenting lyrics

a. it was a combination of work songs and Christian hymns

*b. it was a combination of work songs, field hollers and shouts with typically lamenting lyrics

c. it was a combination of traditional folk music mixed with Christian hymns

d. it was a combination of complexly rhythmic music traditional work songs


88) When did European Classical music take hold in the Americas?

@ during the colonial period

*a. during the colonial period

b. during the early 20th century

c. during the Great Depression

d. during the Civil War years


89) How did mariachi style music originate?

@ its origins are uncertain

a. indigenous tribes of Mexico

b. The criollos of the 19th century

c. from a festival in honor of a virgin known as Maria H

*d. its origins are uncertain


90) What do Shania Twain, Celine Dion, and Avril Lavigne have in common?

@ they are all Canadian-born singers

a. they were an integral part of the modernization of American musical celebrities

*b. they are all Canadian-born singers

c. they all won multiple Grammy awards for their contributions to art and culture

d. they contribute to international music forums regularly


FRQs – 5 points each

Display 2
91) Describe 2 different ways human modify the environment. Include why they modify the environment and the negative impact of the modification.
@ Answers should vary greatly, but could include dam building (destroys ecosystems); energy production (burning fossil fuels causes global warming); growing crops (bad farming practices could destroy land); urban growth (cities create little heat islands and change climate and weather patterns – also create excessive waste)
92) How did immigration and westward expansion impact geographic patterns in the United States?

@ answers should include some of the following details … most immigrants arrived on the east coast (although there were waves of immigrants to the west coast as well); most people stayed on the coasts; US government attempted to lure people inland by promising them land – some went in search of lots of land; there were some geographic barriers that impacted their movement – mountains and lack of land for good farming caused people to settle in certain areas

93) NAFTA has been hugely debated by many people. Identify 3 pros and 3 cons to this trilateral trade agreement.
@ Answers will vary, PROS: improved relations with neighbors, leveled the playing field for trade, increased opportunities for goods; good for big business; some gains in jobs CONS: small farmers and other workers do not benefit; increase in illegal immigrants from Mexico

94) Describe the impact of urbanization on the environment.


@ Answers will vary since students live in different locations. Explanations might include distance from the Equator, elevation, proximity to water, latitude, etc.

95) Choose two types of regions we have studied. What do they have in common? How are they different? You should write one paragraph showing what they have in common, and one paragraph showing how they are different.


@ Students can compare two of any of the types of regions from Unit 2 tutorial.
96) How do environmental processes (glaciations, weathering, etc.) and physical characteristics (mountains, rivers, etc.) influence human settlement and activity? Be sure to include an example of each.
@ Answers will vary. Mountains limit human settlement, rivers encourage settlement due to proximity to transportation routes; factories built along waterways; settlements built near waterways and later roads built near waterways; physical weathering – such as beach erosion – reduces land where humans are able to live – potentially impacts homes already located in coastal regions

FRQs – 10 points

Display 1
97) Explain the push and pull factors that cause people to migrate from place to place. Be sure to include reasons for migration in history as well as factors for modern migration.
@ Answers will vary. Push – anti-semitism, drought, civil war, food shortage; pull – increased opportunities, promise of a new job; new lands; historically – religious freedom, looking for jobs during industrial revolution; modern – fleeing civil war

98) Differentiate between renewable and non-renewable resources. Give examples of both. What are the dangers in depending too much on non-renewable resources?


@ Answers will vary. renewable – wind, solar, geothermal, hydro, hydrogen; nonrenewable – fossil fuels, timber, natural gas. Burning non-renewable resources often are the cause of global warming; non-renewable resources means that there is a finite amount of them available; needing non-renewable resources forces us to depend on other nations for imports;
99) Describe the impact of urban growth on the environment and the problems associated with urban decay.
@ urban growth – takes over suburban and rural land; creates microclimates that impacts climate and weather patterns; urban areas create excessive waste; often people move to the cities looking for opportunities but housing and the price of goods are often more expensive and many people live in poverty; urban decay is when a city seems to fall into disrepair;


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