Type: T/f objective a-1



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Geography: Unit 8 Exam

Total points = 100

5 display TF = 1 point each

25 display MC = 3 points each

2 display FRQs = 5 points each

1 display FRQs = 10 points each



TYPE: T/F

OBJECTIVE A-1: Locate (absolute and relative) the nations in Southeast Asia, such as Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Burma, Malaysia.

Display 1

1) Malaysia and Indonesia occupy the same island.

@ True. Malaysia and Indonesia both occupy the island of Borneo.

*a. True


b. False
2) Vietnam is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean.

@ False. Vietnam is part of mainland Asia.

a. True

*b. False


3) The Philippines are east of Vietnam.

@ True. The Philippines are east of Vietnam.

*a. True

b. False
OBJECTIVE A-2: Locate (absolute and relative) the nations and islands of the Pacific, such as Australia, Fiji, Tasmania, and New Zealand.



Display 1
4) Australia is south of Papua New Guinea.

@ True. Australia is south of Papua New Guinea.

*a. True

b. False
5) Indonesia is north of Australia.

@ True. Indonesia is north of Australia.

*a. True


b. False
6) Australia is west of Fiji.

@ True. Australia is west of Fiji.

*a. True

b. False
Objective A-3: Identify (absolute and relative) major cities and straits in Southeast Asia, such as Singapore, Bangkok, Strait of Malacca, and Sunda Strait.



Display 1
7) Bangkok is the capital city of Vietnam.

@ False. Bangkok is the capital city of Thailand.

a. True

*b. False


8) The Strait of Malacca travels between Indonesia and Malaysia.

@ True. The Strait of Malacca travels between Indonesia and Malaysia.

*a. True

b. False
9) The Strait of Sunda separates two large islands of Indonesia.

@ True. The Strait of Sunda separates two large islands of Indonesia.

*a. True


b. False
OBJECTIVE B-1: Describe the development of the islands and peninsulas in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, based on the plate tectonics theory.

Display 1

10) The southern portion of the Ring of Fire is complex due to the presence of a series of smaller tectonic plates in collision with the Pacific Plate from the Mariana Islands, the Philippines, Tonga, and New Zealand.

@ True. The southern portion of the Ring of Fire is complex due to the presence of a series of smaller tectonic plates in collision with the Pacific Plate from the Mariana Islands, the Philippines, Tonga, and New Zealand.

*a. True.

b. False
11) Much of the region north of New Zealand's North Island is made up of seamounts and small islands, including 16 submarine volcanoes.

@ True. Much of the region north of New Zealand's North Island is made up of seamounts and small islands, including 16 submarine volcanoes.

*a. True

b. False
12) The volcanoes of Indonesia are formed due to subduction zones between the Eurasian Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate.

@ True. The volcanoes of Indonesia are formed due to subduction zones between the Eurasian Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate.

*a. True


b. False
OBJECTIVE B-2: Explain the “Ring of Fire” and its significance for all nations in its path.

Display 1
13) The Ring of Fire is a direct result of plate tectonics and the movement and collisions of crustal plates.

@ True. The Ring of Fire is a direct result of plate tectonics and the movement and collisions of crustal plates.

*a. True

b. False
14) The Ring of Fire has 452 volcanoes and is home to over 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes.

@ True. The Ring of Fire has 452 volcanoes and is home to over 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes.

*a. True


b. False
15) Volcanism in New Zealand has been responsible for many of the country's geographical features, especially in the North Island, but has also claimed many lives.

@ True. Volcanism in New Zealand has been responsible for many of the country's geographical features, especially in the North Island, but has also claimed many lives.

*a. True

b. False
TYPE: MC



Objective A-1: Locate (absolute and relative) the nations in SE Asia, such as Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Burma, Malaysia

Display 2
16) On the map of Southeast Asia, the star is marking which of the following countries?

@ Malaysia

a. Indonesia

*b. Malaysia

c. Vietnam

d. Philippines

insert image:
17) On the map of Southeast Asia, the star is marking which of the following countries?

@ Vietnam

a. Indonesia

b. Malaysia

*c. Vietnam

d. Philippines

insert image:
18) On the map of Southeast Asia, the star is marking which of the following countries?

@ The Philippines

a. Indonesia

b. Malaysia

c. Vietnam

*d. Philippines

insert image:
19) On the map of Southeast Asia, the star is marking which of the following countries?

@ Malaysia

a. Indonesia

*b. Malaysia

c. Vietnam

d. Philippines

insert image:

20) On the map of Southeast Asia, the star is marking which of the following countries?

@ Indonesia

*a. Indonesia

b. Malaysia

c. Vietnam

d. Philippines

insert image:

21) On the map of Southeast Asia, the star is marking which of the following countries?

@ Thailand

a. Indonesia

b. Malaysia

*c. Thailand

d. Philippines

insert image:

Objective A-2: Locate (absolute and relative) the nations and islands of the Pacific, such as Australia, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, and New Zealand

Display 1
22) On the map of Oceania, number 3 is referring to which of the following countries?

@ Papua New Guinea

a. Australia

b. Fiji


c. Solomon Islands

*d. Papua New Guinea

insert image:
23) On the map of Oceania, number 4 is referring to which of the following countries?

@ Marshall Islands

a. Australia

b. Fiji


*c. Solomon Islands

d. Papua New Guinea

insert image:
24) On the map of Oceania, number 1 is referring to which of the following countries?

@ Australia

*a. Australia

b. Fiji


c. Solomon Islands

d. Papua New Guinea



insert image:


Objective A-3: Identify (absolute and relative) major cities and straits in Southeast Asia, such as Singapore, Bangkok, Strait of Malacca, and Sunda Strait.

Display 2
25) Which of the following bodies of water travels between the countries of Malaysia and Indonesia and connects the Pacific Ocean to the east with the Indian Ocean to the west?

@The Strait of Malacca connects the Pacific Ocean to the east with the Indian Ocean to the west. The Malacca strait between Indonesia and Malaysia has long been a haven for pirates. In 2006, 21 seamen were killed and a further 71 are missing presumed dead following pirate attacks.

a. The Strait of Sunda

*b. The Strait of Malacca

c. The Makassar Strait

d. The Java Sea

insert image:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Straits_of_Malacca.png


26) Which of the following bodies of water travels between the islands of Borneo and Sulawesi in Indonesia?

@ The Makassar Strait is a common shipping route for ocean going ships too big to fit through the Strait of Malacca.

a. The Strait of Sunda

b. The Strait of Malacca

*c. The Makassar Strait

d. The Java Sea

insert image:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Makassar.png (remove label - Makassar Strait from image)


27) Which of the following bodies of water travels between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra?

@ The Sunda Strait connects the Java Sea to the Indian Ocean.

*a. The Sunda Strait

b. The Strait of Malacca

c. The Makassar Strait

d. The Java Sea

insert image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sunda_strait_map_v3.png (remove label – Sunda Strait)
28) Which of the following nations is an island city-state located at the tip of the Malay Peninsula?

@ Singapore, a microstate and the smallest nation in Southeast Asia, is larger than Monaco and Vatican City, the only other surviving sovereign city-states.

a. Indonesia

b. Malaysia

c. Thailand

*d. Singapore


29) Which of the following Asian cities is considered a “global city?”

@ In the span of over two hundred years, Bangkok has been the political, social and economic center of not only Thailand but for much of Southeast Asia. The city has incredible influence in the arts, politics, fashion, education and entertainment as well as being a business, financial and cultural center of Asia.

a. Jakarta

*b. Bangkok

c. Rangoon

d. Manila


30) Which countries are located on the Malay Peninsula?

@ The countries located on the Malay Peninsula are: Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand.

a. Malaysia and Thailand

b. Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, and Indonesia

*c. Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand

d. Thailand, Singapore, and Indonesia



Objective A-4: Identify major cities and bodies of water in the Pacific, such as Melbourne, Sydney, Southern Ocean, and the Great Barrier Reef.

Display 2


31) Which of the following bodies of water lies between Australia and New Zealand?

@ The Tasman Sea is nicknamed The Ditch, meaning that the expression “crossing the ditch” means going to Australia from New Zealand or vice versa.

a. The Southern Ocean

b. The Coral Sea

*c. The Tasman Sea

d. The Gulf of Carpentaria

insert image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tasman_Sea.jpg (take out Tasman Sea label)
32) Which of the following bodies of water is integral to the Great Barrier Reef?

@ The Coral Sea is ecologically an important source of coral for the Great Barrier Reef, both during its formation and after sea level lowering.

a. The Southern Ocean

*b. The Coral Sea

c. The Tasman Sea

d. The Gulf of Carpentaria


33) Which of the following bodies of water lies between Australia and Papua New Guinea?

@ The Torres Strait is a body of water which lies between Australia and the Melanesian island of New Guinea.

a. The Southern Ocean

b. The Coral Sea

c. The Tasman Sea

*d. The Torres Strait


34) Which of the following bodies of water is bounded on three sides by Australia and to the north by the Arafura Sea?

@ The Gulf of Carpentaria is a large, shallow sea enclosed on three sides by northern Australia and bounded on the north by the Arafura Sea.

a. The Southern Ocean

b. The Coral Sea

c. The Tasman Sea

*d. The Gulf of Carpentaria


35) Which of the following Australian states is promoted as the Natural State and the "Island of Inspiration" owing to its large and relatively unspoiled natural environment?

@ Tasmania is an Australian island and state of the same name.

a. Victoria

*b. Tasmania

c. New South Wales

d. Queensland

insert image from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tasmania

36) The Great Barrier Reef is adjacent to which Australian state?

@ The Great Barrier Reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland in northeast Australia.

a. Victoria

b. Tasmania

c. New South Wales

*d. Queensland
Objective A-5: Analyze the location and significance of the Outback in Australia.

Display 1
37) To what does the term “Outback” refer?

@ The Outback is the remote arid areas of Australia, although the term informally can refer to any lands outside of the main urban areas.

a. urban areas unsuitable for farming

*b. remote, arid areas

c. suburban wilderness

d. coastal plains areas


38) Which of the following is the best description of the settlement of Australia?

@ Inland Australia is relatively sparsely settled. More than 90 percent of Australians live in urban areas on the coast.

a. Inland and coasts equally settled

*b. Inland sparsely settled, coasts well populated

c. Coastal areas are densely settled and contain most of the aboriginal population

d. Inland densely settled, fertile coasts are used mostly for farming


39) Which of the following is not a major economic activity of the Outback?

@ Other than agriculture and tourism, the main economic activity in this vast and sparsely settled area is mining.

a. Agriculture

b. Tourism

*c. Fishing

d. Mining


Objective B-1: Describe the development of the islands and peninsulas in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, based on the plate tectonics theory.

Display 1
40) What caused the Ring of Fire?

@ The Ring of Fire is a direct result of plate tectonics and the movement and collisions of crustal plates.

*a. Movement and collisions of crustal plates

b. The lack of dormant volcanoes in the region

c. The motion of fault lines causing numerous small earthquakes

d. A series of trenches and arcs


41) What two plates come together to produce the volcanoes of Indonesia?

@The volcanoes of Indonesia are formed due to subduction zones between the Eurasian Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate.

a. Indo-Australian Plate and the Juan de Fuca Plate

b. Gorda Plate and the Eurasian Plate

c. Juan de Fuca Plate and the North American Plate

*d. Eurasian Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate


42) What is the cause of volcanic activity in New Zealand?

@ Volcanic activity in New Zealand is due to the country's position on the boundary between the Indo-Australian and Pacific Plates, a part of the Pacific Ring of Fire.

*a. its location on the boundary between the Indo-Autralian and Pacific Plates

b. its location on the Eurasian plate and Gorda Plates

c. its location on the boundary between the Juan de Fuca Plate and the Indo-Australia Plate

d. its location on a series of dormant volcanoes


Objective B-2: Explain the “Ring of Fire” and its significance for all nations in its path.

Display 2

43) The Ring of Fire is part of which of the following oceans?

@ The Pacific Ring of Fire (or sometimes just Ring of Fire) is an area where large numbers of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur in the basin of the Pacific Ocean.

a. The Atlantic Ocean

b. The Indian Ocean

*c. The Pacific Ocean

d. The Southern Ocean
44) Approximately how many of the world’s earthquakes and volcanoes occur along the Ring of Fire?

@ About 75% of the world's volcanoes and 80% of the world's largest earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire.

a. 60 to 70 per cent

*b. 70 to 80 per cent

c. 80 to 90 per cent

d. Almost 100%


45) What is the southernmost end of the Ring of Fire?

@ The southernmost end of the Pacific Ring of Fire is the continent Antarctica.

a. New Zealand

*b. Antarctica

c. The Philippines

d. The Auckland Volcanic Field


46) Which of the following volcanoes of the Philippines is the most active volcano in the central Philippines?

@ Kanlaon is the most active volcano in the Philippines. It has erupted 25 times since 1866.

a. Pinatubo

b. Taal


*c. Kanlaon

d. Mayon


insert image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MajorVolcanoesOfThePhilippines-USGS.gif
47) Which of the following countries of southeastern Asia has the most active volcanoes?

@ The volcanoes in Indonesia are among the most active of the Pacific Ring of Fire.

*a. Indonesia

b. The Philippines

c. Malaysia

d. Thailand


48) Which of the following volcanoes was correctly predicted to erupt in 1991, saving thousands of lives?

@ The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo is the world's second largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century. Successful predictions of the onset of the climactic eruption led to the evacuation of tens of thousands of people from the surrounding areas, saving many lives.

a. Taal Volcano

*b. Mount Pinatubo

c. Mount Ruahepu

d. The Chaiten Volcano



Objective B-3: Examine the climate and ecosystems of SE Asia and Pacific cultures using food webs and maps.

Display 2
49) Which of the following species population is in danger in Indonesia due to human impact?

@ Population pressures, especially in Indonesia, are starting to threaten these unique habitats, with species such as orangutan.

a. Panda Bear

*b. Orangutan

c. Hyena

d. Large carp


50) Most of Southeast Asia falls within what climate zone?

@ All of Southeast Asia falls within the warm, humid tropics, and its climate generally can be characterized as monsoonal.

*a. mainly tropical

b. mainly arid

c. mainly temperate

d. mainly continental


51) Which of the following is NOT an impact of deforestation in Southeast Asia?

@ Thick haze, habitat loss, and the potential extinction of plant and animal species are all impacts of deforestation.

a. thick haze

b. habitat loss

c. extinction of plant species

*d. more arable land


52) The photo below identifies which of the following threatened species in Southeast Asia?

@ The Hornbill is a threatened species in Southeast Asia.

*a. Hornbill

b. Kingfisher

c. Peafowl

d. Drongo

insert small image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Malabar_grey_hornbill.jpg
53) Which of the following animals is common across the region of Southeast Asia?

@ The Wild Asian Water Buffalo, and on various islands related dwarf species of Bubalus such as Anoa were once widespread in Southeast Asia, nowadays the Domestic Asian Water buffalo is common across the region, but its remaining relatives are rare and endangered.

a. Wild Asian Water Buffalo

b. Bubalus

*c. Domestic Asian Water Buffalo

d. Anoa
54) Which of the following species native to Southeast Asia faces extinction?

@ The Javan Rhinoceros faces extinction.

a. The Whale Shark

b. The Mouse Deer

*c. The Javan Rhinoceros

d. The Domestic Asian Water Buffalo
Objective B-4: Analyze the cause and effect of recent natural disasters in Southeast Asia.

Display 1


55) What was the cause of the devastating tsunami in Southeast Asia in 2004?

@ The Sumatra-Andaman earthquake generated a catastrophic tsunami that caused heavy damage and fatalities in coastal areas around the Indian Ocean.

*a. The Sumatra-Andaman earthquake

b. Monsoon rains

c. The Kamchatka Earthquake

d. The Good Friday Earthquake


56) What physical processes occurred to cause such devastating tsunami waves?

@ As well as the sideways movement between the plates, the sea bed is estimated to have risen by several meters, displacing an estimated 30 km³ (7 cu mi) of water and triggering devastating tsunami waves.

*a. tectonic plates moved sideways and the sea bed rose several meters

b. tectonic plates converged violently

c. the two plates pushed past one another in opposite directions

d. overall sea level rose 0.1 mm


57) What is a triggered earthquake?

@ A "triggered earthquake" typically differs from an aftershock in that it is not located along the same fault line and may be as large or larger than the earthquake which triggered it.

a. An earthquake that is triggered by a shift in plates

*b. An earthquake that occurs shortly after a large earthquake but on a different fault line

c. An earthquake that could also be referred to as an aftershock

d. An earthquake greater than 8.0 magnitude


Objective B-4: Analyze the cause and effect of recent natural disasters in Southeast Asia.

Display 1


58) Which of the following was not a human cause of increased tsunami destruction?

@ Humans played a large role in the devastation caused by the tsunami waves – destroying the coral reefs, eliminating coastal mangrove trees, and eliminating coastal sand dunes are all a cause for increased devastation and destruction.

a. Destruction of the coral reefs for shipping lanes and shrimp farming

b. Elimination of coastal mangroves for housing

c. Elimination of coastal sand dunes

*d. None of the above.


59) If the tsunami wave took 15 minutes to 7 hours to reach various coastlines, why were the citizens not prepared?

@ No tsunami warning system was in place. Due to the relative poverty of the region, there was no good way to warn the citizens.

a. There is no way to predict a tsunami

b. The tsunami warning system in the Pacific Ocean failed to work

*c. There is no tsunami warning system in place in the Indian Ocean

d. There are relatively few earthquakes in the region and therefore no reason to be concerned


60) What has been the greatest environmental impact as a result of the tsunami?

@ According to specialists, the greatest environmental impact is due to the infiltration of the freshwater supplies and arable farmland by the sea water – poisoning the water and land with large amounts of salt.

a. The destruction of mangroves and coral reefs

*b. The infiltration of salt water in drinking supplies and farmland

c. Destruction of sewage collectors and water treatment plants

d. Severe damage done to sand dunes and rock formations



Objective B-5: Compare and contrast ecosystems and topography of nations on the mainland, and the island nations.

Display 1
61) How does the topography of Fiji compare to other islands in the Pacific?

@ The topography of Fiji is similar to most other islands in the South Pacific. The islands are mostly volcanic in origin with a substantial number of the smaller islands being formed build up of coral deposits.

*a. Fiji has similar topography – mostly volcanic in origin – like other islands in the region

b. Fiji has dissimilar topography – mostly made up of coral formations

c. Every island in the Pacific is unique – no similarities

d. Due to the size differences, there is no way to compare topography.


62) What is the composition of many of the smaller islands in the Pacific?

@ Many of the smaller islands were formed by a build-up of coral deposits.

a. Volcanic action

*b. Build-up of coral deposits

c. Shifting of plates creating trenches

d. Mostly man-made


63) The picture below represents which of the following geographical terms?

@ Atolls are rings of coral reef and small sandy islands that form around a lagoon.

a. Archipelago

*b. Atoll

c. Peninsula

d. Reef knoll

insert image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Atafutrim.jpg
Objective C-1: Define ethnographic terms such as colony, ethnicity, indigenous, and diversity.

Display 1
64) Which of the following is not necessarily a part of someone’s ethnicity?

@ Ethnicity shapes a group's culture - the food, language, music, and customs.

a. Food

b. Language



*c. Race

d. Customs


65) Why is race considered a “social construct?”

@ It is important to note that race is predominantly a social construct - in other words, scientists have discovered that only 2 percent of our genes are ultimately responsible for the visible differences such as skin color.

a. Race is a scientific way of grouping different types of people based on skin color or physical features.

b. The scientific basis for racial difference rests on shaky ground, but is still accurate over half the time.

*c. Physical variations in the human species have no meaning except the social ones that humans put on them.

d. An increase in interracial marriages and children born of these marriages has given rise to new classifications.


66) What are indigenous people?

@ Indigenous peoples are population groups with ancestral connections to place prior to formally recorded (i.e. written) history.

a. People who indignantly resist changing their culture or customs.

*b. People who are the original inhabitants of an area.

c. People who share genius-like characteristics with others.

d. People who move frequently from place to place depending on the circumstances.


Objective C-2: Identify the role of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and its impact in the global economy.

Display 1
67) Which of the following is NOT a goal of ASEAN members?

@ Its aims include the acceleration of economic growth, social progress, cultural development among its members, the protection of the peace and stability of the region, and to provide opportunities for member countries to discuss differences peacefully

a. cultural development

b. protection of peace and stability in the region

*c. provide opportunities for increased trade with the United States

d. economic growth


68) Which of the following was NOT a motivation for the creation of ASEAN?

@ The motivations for the birth of ASEAN were the desire for a stable external environment, the common fear of communism, reduced faith in or mistrust of external powers in the 1960s, as well as the aspiration for national economic development.

a. fear of communism

b. desire for stable external environment

*c. increased faith in external powers

d. hope for national economic development


69) What was the new focus of ASEAN members at the turn of the 21st century?

@ At the turn of the 21st century, issues shifted to involve a more environmental prospective.

*a. Environmental issues

b. Regional tariffs

c. Working with the EU

d. Spread of communism


Objective C-3: Identify the political and economic systems of Southeast Asia and Pacific cultures.

Display 2
70) Which of the following countries would NOT be considered a fast growing economy?

@ Southeast Asia is home to some of the fastest growing economies in the last forty years (e.g. Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, and later Indonesia) alongside economic basket cases (e.g. Burma) and chronic under-performers (e.g. the Philippines).

*a. Burma

b. Singapore

c. Malaysia

d. Thailand


71) Why does Switzerland import so many goods from Indonesia such as textiles, garments, furniture, and agricultural products?

@ Switzerland imports mainly textiles, garments, furniture, footwear, agricultural products like tea, coffee and cocoa from Indonesia, while it exports machinery, food, drugs, medical equipment and chemicals to Indonesia. Unlike Indonesia, Switzerland lacks abundant natural resources, thus making it rely of high-quality human resources to produce top-notch machinery, drugs, foods, precision tools and strong brands.

a. Indonesia can make certain goods cheaper than Switzerland can produce them.

b. Switzerland needs a buyer for its machinery, drugs, and medical equipment.

*c. Switzerland lacks abundant natural resources like Indonesia.

d. Indonesia sells these goods at the cheapest prices.


72) Which of the following is NOT a result of the political reforms taking place in Indonesia since 1999?

@ New regulations prohibit active-duty officers from holding political office.

*a. Active-duty officers are allowed to hold political office.

b. Term limits for the President and Vice-President - up to two five-year terms.

c. Measures to institute checks and balances.

d. Freely elected national, provincial, and regional parliaments.


73) Why do many industrialized nations fail to address the human rights violations occurring in Burma?

@ Due to the rich resources such as oil, timber and natural gas (and cheap, often forced, labor due to the impoverishment of most people in the country), many countries -- including corporations from those countries -- and others, have turned a blind eye to the human rights violations.

a. Due to secrecy, it is unclear if there are any human rights being violated.

b. The government of Burma has pledged to improve its human rights record.

*c. Due to the rich resources in Burma, such as oil, timber, and natural gas – many countries ignore the problem.

d. The human rights abuses are being addressed and remedied.


74) Why did the economy of the Philippines fall into disarray after having such strong growth in the 60s and 70s?

@ During the regime of Ferdinand Marcos, the economy declined dramatically, destabilized by corruption. Marcos embezzled billions of dollars from the national treasury.

a. Ferdinand Marcos led the country down a risky investment path and it failed miserably.

*b. Ferdinand Marcos embezzled money from the Treasury and oversaw much corruption.

c. A series of natural disasters made the country unable to recover economically for many years.

d. Major American corporations pushed out small businesses.


75) Which of the following best describes the economy of Vietnam?

@ Vietnam's economy is a developing economy. Over the past 20 years, Vietnam has made the shift from a central command planning -based economy to socialist oriented mixed market economy.

*a. Vietnam is a developing economy transitioning from a command economy to a mixed market economy.

b. Vietnam is a newly industrialized nation with a solid mixed market economic system in place.

c. Vietnam is one of the world’s agricultural centers with important port cities that drive its economy.

d. Vietnam is a developing economy with a high importance placed on capitalism.


Objective C-4: Discuss the role of the United States in the Vietnam War.

Display 2


76) Why did the United States enter the Vietnam War?

@ The United States entered the war to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam as part of their wider strategy of containment.

*a. to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam

b. to prevent human rights abuses and government corruption

c. to promote peace, stability, and democracy in North Vietnam

d. to fill the gap left by the French when they backed out from colonial responsibilities in the region


77) In what three countries was the Vietnam War fought?

@ The hostilities in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia claimed the lives of more than 58,000 Americans.

a. Vietnam, Thailand, and Singapore

b. Vietnam, Laos, and Burma

*c. Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia

d. Vietnam, Korea, and Japan


78) Approximately how many Americans died during the Vietnam War?

@ More than 58,000 Americans died and over 300,000 were wounded.

a. more than 5,000

b. more than 10,000

c. more than 25,000

*d. more than 50,000


79) Did the United States achieve its objective for entering the Vietnam War?

@ The United States failed to achieve its goal, and in 1975 Vietnam was reunified under Communist control; in 1976 it officially became the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

a. Yes, the Republic of Vietnam did not succumb to communism.

*b. No, Vietnam was reunified under communist control.

c. No, Vietnam did remain a democracy but shut out all western nations.

d. Yes, Vietnam paved the way for other Southeastern Asia nations to adopt democracy.


80) Approximately how long did the Vietnam War last?

@ The Vietnam War was a military struggle fought in Vietnam from 1959 to 1975, involving the North Vietnamese and the National Liberation Front (NLF) in conflict with United States forces and the South Vietnamese army.

a. From 1950 to 1960

*b. From 1959 to 1975

c. From 1959 to 1979

d. From 1960 to 1980


81) What was the reaction of many American citizens to the Vietnam War?

@ As American service members fought in Vietnam, a different kind of war was taking place for American citizens back home, where the struggle was between the American people and their opposition to the fighting in Vietnam; and the American presidency's (beginning with J.F.K.) determination to halt the spread of communism.

a. There was an outpouring of support for the US government and its service members.

*b. There was widespread opposition to the war – especially on college campuses.

c. There was some opposition, but it was concentrated mainly among left-wing extremists.

d. There was mainly support for the US government’s desire to spread democracy throughout the world –at whatever price.


Objective C-5: Explain the unique characteristics of native people of the region, such as the Māori.

Display 1
82) What are tikanga?

@ Tikanga are the customs and traditions that have been handed down through the passages of time.

a. Māori fruits and vegetables

*b. Māori customs and traditions

c. Māori system of education

d. Māori history


83) Who are the Māori?

@ The Māori people are the indigenous people of New Zealand. They are Polynesian and comprise about 10% of the country's population.

a. Indigenous people of Australia

*b. Indigenous people of New Zealand

c. Indigenous people of Fiji

d. Indigenous people of the Marshall Islands


84) What is the ethnicity of the Māori?

@ It is believed that the Māori migrated from Polynesia in canoes around the 9th century to 13th century AD.

a. Japanese

*b. Polynesian

c. Australian

d. Chinese


Objective D-2: Examine the types of agriculture and industry of Southeast Asia, in relation to the climate and vegetation.

Display 1
85) Which of the following countries continues to have agriculture activities dominate its national income?

@ In other countries, such as Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand, agriculture used to make up ¼ to ½ of those countries’ GDP’s, yet today agriculture is only responsible for 1/10 or less.

a. Indonesia

*b. Cambodia

c. The Philippines

d. Thailand


86) Which of the following farming techniques is considered better for the environment?

@ Environmentalists are pushing for Southeast Asian nations to switch from swidden agriculture to a more sustainable approach such as wet rice agriculture.

a. Swidden agriculture

b. Slash and burn agriculture

*c. Wet rice agriculture

d. Dry rice agriculture


87) Which of the following agricultural techniques requires more and more land to be cleared every two years due to soil exhaustion?

@ After two years of growing, the land must be abandoned for 10 to 15 years for the soil to replenish itself. The farmers must clear more and more land for their crops.

*a. Swidden agriculture

b. Terraced farming

c. Wet rice agriculture

d. Dry rice agriculture


Objective D-3: Explain the impact of tourism on Southeast Asia and the Pacific.

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88) Which of the following types of tourist are best to bring money to the local Southeast Asia communities?

@ The budget conscious traveler is the best type of tourist for bringing money to the region.

a. high-yield tourists

b. big spenders

*c. budget conscious travelers

d. large families


89) Why is much of the money from tourists never seen by the local people?

@ Big spenders – also known as high yield tourists – often want air conditioned hotels with English-speaking staff and imported food from their home country. Almost their entire tourist dollar is spent outside the country and very little, if any, benefits the local community.

*a. Tourists spend little money at local vendors and instead seek out familiar things

b. Tourists in search of authentic experiences

c. Tourists have high demand for local food

d. Tourists look for local culture and community members


90) What is a high-yield tourist?

@ A high-yield tourist is someone who spends a lot of money on vacation.

a. A tourist who searches for local flavor and culture.

b. A tourist who follows a tight budget but explores a lot of the region.

*c. A tourist who spends a lot of money.

d. A tourist who plans to come back and visit again.


TYPE: FRQ
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91. Why is some of the coral in the Great Barrier Reef white?

@ When stressed, coral express the colors in their outer coverings – leaving their limestone skeleton showing. The most common cause of this stressing is an increase in ocean temperatures. Look at the maps on the right showing that the warmer water is where you will find the bleached coral. Although bleached coral looks sickly, it isn’t dead. When conditions return to normal, most bleached coral regain their natural colors. If coral stays bleached for too long because conditions do not return to normal, then the coral will die.

92. Why was it so hard to help the people of Burma following the devastating cyclone?

@ The government turned away aid! Getting relief aid to the affected region is difficult enough but the Myanmar government said it will only accept packets of food, not the skilled relief workers to distribute it. Aid workers, experts in the distribution of relief following massive disasters such as the cyclone, are pressing on the government to change their policy. "The regime simply can't cope on its own, and they mustn't imagine they can. That's why we need these people in there," United Nations Under Secretary John Holmes told the NewsHour. "We're trying to make the point privately and publicly that these are international aid workers. They have nothing to do with politics; they're not interested in regime change or anything else. They're just interested in helping people," Holmes also said.

93. What is ethnography?

@ Ethnography – the study of various aspects of human societies. Ethnography is often considered a branch of anthropology. Ethnography looks at many pieces that make up a human society.
94. What is the Domino Theory and what does it have to do with the Vietnam War?

@ According to the Domino Theory, the US could not allow Vietnam to fall under communist control or the rest of the region would soon follow. The United States entered the Vietnam War based on the Domino Theory – in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism throughout the region.


TYPE: FRQ
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95. What is the difference between race and ethnicity?



@ Ethnicity is an important means through which people can identify themselves. Ethnicity shapes a group's culture - the food, language, music, and customs. Ethnicity and race are often used interchangeably although such use is incorrect and often results in confusion. It is important to note that race is predominantly a social construct - in other words, scientists have discovered that only 2 percent of our genes are actually responsible for the visible differences such as skin color. Physical variations in the human species have no meaning except the social ones that humans put on them.
96. Compare swidden and wet rice agricultural practices.

@ Swidden agriculture is one of the more detrimental environmental practices. Environmentalists are pushing for Southeast Asian nations to switch from swidden agriculture to a more sustainable approach such as wet rice agriculture. Both types of farming practices are described below.



Swidden agriculture, or slash-and-burn agriculture, is still a common practice in many parts of Southeast Asia. Before the rainy season begins, acres of rain forest are cut down and the ground is left to dry out. After the ground is dry, the farmers light the area on fire – the fires create a thick layer of ash over the top level of soil. The ash mixes with the soil creating a nutrient dense area in which to plant crops. Although the soil produces great crops – the area of land is only good for one or two years! After two years of growing, the land must be abandoned for 10 to 15 years for the soil to replenish itself. The farmers must clear more and more land for their crops.

Wet rice agriculture, on the other hand, is considered a sustainable farming practice. Farmers build terraces and irrigation canals into the landscape to create a permanent farming environment. In certain regions, the wet rice agriculture approach can give farmers two harvest of rice a year. This farming approach is very labor intensive, but does produce excellent crops.

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