Urban Audit geography in the United Kingdom (UK) 4
The four nations of the UK 9
Meta Information and quality aspects of variables 10
Code of Practice for Official Statistics 10
Missing Data 12
Deviating Definitions 12
Description of Estimation Methods Used 12
Annual Data Collection – 2013 13
Demography (DE) 13
Population (DE1) 13
Nationality (DE2) 15
Household Structure (DE3) 16
Social Aspects (SA) 18
Housing (SA1) 18
Health (SA2) 20
Economic Aspects (EC) 21
Labour Market (EC1) 21
Economic Activity (EC2) 23
Income Disparity (EC3) 25
Environment (EN) 26
Waste Management (EN4) 26
Training and Education (TE) 27
Education and Training Provision (TE1) 27
Travel and Transport (TT) 28
Travel and Transport (TT1) 28
Culture and Recreation (CR) 31
Tourism (CR2) 31
Annex 1 32
Urban Audit variables collected centrally 32
The main purpose of this report is to provide detailed metadata on the Urban Audit data for the United Kingdom that has been supplied to Eurostat. The report starts with some brief background on Urban Audit in the United Kingdom, its geography, and some consideration of the quality of the statistics provided. The main body of the report then takes each reference year in turn and provides metadata for each variable supplied. It should be noted that the scope of the report is limited to the data that had been supplied to Eurostat as at March 2015. Some additional datasets will be supplied once data become available – metadata for these datasets will be provided with the data.
The aim of Urban Audit is to provide comparable benchmark data about European cities. The data is used to inform policy-making, both at a local level (as city authorities can compare themselves with cities within their own country or across Europe) and at a national/European level (by enabling analysis of the characteristics of aggregated urban areas). This is particularly relevant for informing the ongoing development and implementation of European regional policy.
Urban Audit geography in the United Kingdom (UK)
Urban Audit data are organised into five spatial levels:
This is the UK. Responsibility for various government policy areas is devolved to the constituent countries of the UK, and as a result some statistics are produced separately. This is covered more fully below.
Core cities are defined in terms of whole, individual local authority district boundaries.
In some cases the urban centre stretches beyond the core city boundary. Here, a Greater City is identified to better capture the entire urban area. They are defined as groups of whole local authority district boundaries. There are 11 greater cities in the UK.
Functional Urban Area (FUA)
This encapsulates the ‘functional urban region’, defined as an area from which a significant percentage of residents commute into the city. Again, they are built up from whole local authority district boundaries. Note, not all core cities have an associated FUA.
Sub-city district (SCD)
To analyse disparities within the larger cities, Urban Audit cities are divided into sub-city districts. To ensure compatibility between cities across Europe, each SCD has a population between 5,000 and 40,000. In the UK will use Middle Layer Super Output areas (England and Wales), Data Zones (Scotland) and Wards (Northern Ireland) for cities with a population of greater than 250,000 people.
How London fits into the Urban Audit
Greater London consists of 32 London Boroughs and the City of London, all of which are administrative districts at the LAU 1 level. These 33 areas are treated as individual ‘core cities’ for Urban Audit purposes, while the combined area is defined as a greater city (i.e. Greater London). The latter corresponds with the London NUTS1 region. The LUZ for London is the greater city, together with 35 surrounding local authority districts.
More detail on the geography of Urban Audit can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/user-guidance/urban-audit/index.html
Location and spatial coverage of Urban Audit cities in the UK (excluding London)