Us history Exam correlated to the sol framework sol usii. 2a

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US History Exam correlated to the SOL Framework

  1. Which does NOT describe the physical features or climate of the Great Plains?

    1. flatlands that rise gradually from east to west

    2. land eroded by wind and water

    3. tropical

    4. low rainfall

    5. frequent dust storms

  1. Because of _____________, people saw the Great Plains not as a “treeless

wasteland” but as a vast area to be settled.

    1. Native Americans

    2. better maps

    3. new technologies

    4. new trails

  1. Which was NOT an invention or adaptation the people living on the Great Plains


    1. barbed wire

    2. steel plows

    3. tractors

    4. sod houses and windmills

    5. dry farming (wheat) and raising cattle

  1. What became an important mode of transportation in the late 1800’s out west?

    1. railroad

    2. steamboat

    3. covered wagon

    4. airplane


  1. Natural resources such as copper and lead were transported from out west to

    1. foreign countries

    2. United States territories

    3. California

    4. eastern factories

  1. Iron ore deposits were moved to sites of

    1. steel mills

    2. lumber yards

    3. textile mills

    4. slaughter houses

  1. Which industry in NOT matched correctly to its geographical area?

    1. Textile industry – New England

    2. Meat Packing industry - Atlanta

    3. Automobile Industry – Detroit

    4. Steel Industry - Pittsburgh


  1. Which was NOT a reason for westward expansion?

    1. land ownership

    2. transcontinental railroad

    3. possibility of wealth created by discovery of gold and silver

    4. new beginning for former slaves

    5. localities in the east forcing people out


  1. Which was NOT a reason for increased immigration?

    1. better opportunities

    2. religious freedom

    3. global warming

    4. escape from oppressive governments

    5. adventure

  1. Cities developed partly because of the migration of Americans from __________

for job opportunities.

    1. cities to farms

    2. rural areas to urban areas

    3. urban areas to rural areas

    4. the north to the south

  1. Which industry caused Chicago to become a major city?

    1. steel

    2. auto

    3. textile

    4. meat packing

12. __________ also contributed to the growth of cities.

A. Animals

B. Native Americans

C. Immigrants

D. Cowboys

13. Lighting and electricity was to Thomas Edison as the telephone was to

A. Samuel Morse

B. Alexander Graham Bell

C. Henry Ford

D. George Eastman
14. Rapid industrialization and urbanization led to

A. cities’ population declining

B. more farms

C. luxurious hotels

D. overcrowded immigrant neighborhoods and tenements

  1. Hull House, that helped the poor and new immigrants, was an example of a

    1. waiting house

    2. settlement house

    3. tenement

    4. ghetto

  1. Who founded Hull House in Chicago?

    1. Jane Addams

    2. Susan B. Anthony

    3. Carry Nation

    4. Carrie Chapman Catt

  1. Cities faced political corruption as_____________ gained power by attending

to the needs of new immigrants.

    1. the mafia

    2. gangs

    3. political machines

    4. the court system

  1. The United States government’s policy towards Native Americans in the late

1800’s was to move them to

    1. big cities

    2. boomtowns

    3. the best land in the west

    4. reservations

  1. Who was the leader of the Nez Perce and said “I will fight no more”?

    1. Sitting Bull

    2. Chief Joseph

C. Crazy Horse

D. Geronimo

  1. Which immigrant groups were discriminated against during the building of the

Transcontinental Railroad?

    1. the Chinese and African Americans

    2. African Americans and the Irish

    3. the French and the Russians

    4. the Chinese and the Irish

  1. One negative effect of the growth of cities was

    1. the formation of the YMCA

    2. new building codes

    3. tenements and ghettos

    4. an increased number of police


  1. Racial segregation in the South was directed primarily against

    1. Italians

    2. African Americans

    3. Germans

    4. Chinese

  1. What were these laws called that made discrimination practices in work,

education, and housing legal?

    1. “Jim Crow” laws

    2. “John Turkey” laws

    3. “Jack Hawk” laws

    4. “Joe Bird” laws

  1. Booker T. Washington advocated which of the following?

    1. whites were superior to blacks

    2. blacks were superior to whites

    3. blacks could achieve equality through vocational education

    4. blacks should return to Africa

  1. Which reformer in the early 1900’s felt that blacks needed to demand full

political, civil, and social rights?

    1. Upton Sinclair

    2. Ida Tarbell

    3. Jane Addams

    4. W.E. B. Du Bois


  1. Which captain of industry is NOT correctly matched with his industry?

    1. John D. Rockefeller – oil

    2. Andrew Carnegie – textiles

    3. Henry Ford – automobile

    4. Bill Gates – computer

  1. Big business prospered due to all of the following EXCEPT

    1. national markets created by transportation advances

    2. advertising

    3. higher-cost production

    4. lower-cost production

  1. Which was NOT a factor in the growth of industry?

    1. the US celebrated its 100th birthday

    2. access to raw materials and energy

    3. availability of work force

    4. inventions

    5. financial resources

  1. Which example of big business revolved around Andrew Carnegie?

    1. railroads

    2. oil

    3. steel

    4. banking

  1. Mechanization of farms _______________labor needs while increasing


    1. increased

    2. reduced

    3. stabilized

    4. leveled out

  1. Industrial development in cities created ______________ labor needs.

    1. increased

    2. fewer

    3. the same

    4. a decline in


  1. Negative effects of industrialization included all the following EXCEPT

    1. new inventions

    2. child labor

    3. low wages and long hours

    4. unsafe working conditions

  1. As workers organized, which of these labor unions was formed?

    1. The Gentleman’s Agreement

    2. The Square Deal

    3. The American Federation of Labor (AFL)

    4. The Knights of the Round Table

  1. When workers went on strike and violence broke out at a steel plant in

a Pennsylvania town it was known as the

    1. Pullman Strike

    2. Homestead Strike

    3. Teamsters Strike

    4. Baseball Strike

35. During the Progressive Movement all of the following EXCEPT which one was

a workplace reform?

A. improved safety conditions

B. reduced work hours

C. restrictions on child labor

D. having primary elections
36. Which amendment to the US Constitution granted women the right to vote?

A. 15th

B. 18th

C. 19th

D. 21st
37. Which woman is associated with women’s suffrage more than anyone else?

A. Susan B. Anthony

B. Carry Nation

C. Eleanor Roosevelt

D. Ida Tarbell
38. The Temperance Movement involved people opposed to making and \

consuming what?

A. cars

B. alcohol

C. shirt skirts

D. meat

39. Which was NOT a reason America went to war with Spain in 1898?

A. sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor

B. protecting our business interests in Cuba

C. helping Cuba win their independence

D. wanting gold mines in Spain

E. exaggerated news reports (yellow journalism)

40. Which was NOT a result of the Spanish American War?

A. The US became rich off Spanish gold

B. The US emerged as a world power

C. Cuba won independence from Spain

D. The US gained possessions: the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico


41. German submarine warfare, sinking the __________ in 1915 helped bring the

United States into WWI?

A. Maine

B. Lusitania

C. Constellation

D. Monitor

42. Because of economic and political ties with __________, the US joined the

Allies in WWI.

A. Mexico

B. Belgium

C. Great Britain

D. Spain
43. Which was NOT one of the Allies in WWI?

A. Austria-Hungary

B. France

C. Serbia

D. Russia

44. Which was NOT one of the Central Powers during WWI?

A. Germany

B. Bulgaria

C. Turkey

D. Great Britain
45. President Wilson proposed the formation of the _________________ at the

end of WWI to keep world peace even though the US itself didn’t join.

A. League of Nations


C. United Nations

D. Peace Institute


46. Which was NOT a result of affordable automobiles?

A. greater mobility

B. creation of jobs

C. increased mass transportation

D. growth of transportation related industries

E. movement to suburban areas
47. Who invented the airplane?

    1. Wright Brothers

    2. Grimm Brothers

    3. Chrysler Brothers

    4. Boeing Brothers

48. Which automobile giant perfected the use of the assembly line?

A. Walter Chrysler

B. Edmund Dodge

C. Henry Ford

D. Harvey Earl

49. Communication got better as the number of telephones

A. declined

B. increased

C. decreased

D. stayed the same
50. Who invented and perfected the radio?

A. Thomas Edison

B. Guglielmo Marconi

C. Henry Ford

D. Samuel Morse
51. Who is associated with the broadcast industry?

A. David Sarnoff

B. Guglielmo Marconi

C. Henry Ford

D. Andrew Carnegie
52. Which was NOT a way that electrification changed American life?

A. electric lighting

B. labor saving products (washing machines, electric stoves)

C. new time saving inventions

D. better graduation rates from schools

53. The eighteenth amendment prohibited ________________.

A. illegal drugs

B. alcoholic beverages

C. prescription drugs

D. imported medicines

54. During Prohibition, smugglers of alcohol were called ________________.

A. trust busters

B. alcohol runners

C. bootleggers

D. club owners
55. Americans went to _______________ to drink illegal alcoholic beverages.

A. gin palaces

B. speakeasies

C. tea rooms

D. spirit taverns
56. Which is NOT a reason for African Americans to make the “Great

Migration” north?

A. jobs

B. they faced discrimination in the south

C. freedom

D. they faced violence in the south


57. Georgia O’Keeffe was a famous __________ of the 1920’s and 1930’s.

A. musician

B. artist

C. author

D. poet
58. F. Scott Fitzgerald and John Steinbeck were _________ who wrote about

the 1920’s and 1930’s.

A. journalists

B. poets

C. composers

D. novelists
59. George Gershwin and Aaron Copland are associated with which of the arts?

A. music

B. literature

C. architecture

D. painting
60. What section of New York City was known for a “Renaissance” of the arts

in the 1920’s?

A. Manhattan

B. Brooklyn

C. Staten Island

D. Harlem

61. Who was the famous African American poet of the 1920’s?

A. Edgar Allen Poe

B. Malcolm X

C. Langston Hughes

D. Phyllis Wheatley
62. Jacob Lawrence showed the experiences of African Americans Great

Migration through the use of

A. literature

B. cameras

C. video

D. painted pictures

63. Which is NOT a famous jazz musician?

A. Louis Armstrong

B. George M. Cohan

C. Duke Ellington

D. Bessie Smith
64. Jazz and the _____________ were African American music forms that

spread to the rest of society.

A. blues

B. bluegrass

C. classic rock

D. swing

65. One cause of the Great Depression was overspeculation and wild spending

on the ____________ market.

A. insurance

B. car

C. grain

D. stock
66. Which is NOT a result of the Great Depression?

A. banks and businesses failed

B. unemployment rates were low

C. many were homeless

D. farmers’ incomes fell

67. President Roosevelt’s plan to end the Great Depression was called the


A. New Deal

B. Perfect Deal

C. Equality Deal

D. Square Deal

68. Which was NOT a major feature of the plan to end the Great Depression?

A. Social Security

B. Federal work programs

C. free houses and cars for those who needed them

D. environmental improvement programs

    1. farm assistance programs


69. Which did not support the fact that Germany’s economy was in trouble after


A. high inflation

B. high war dept Germany owed

C. high consumer spending

D. high unemployment

70. When total power is given to a dictator and people have few rights it is called

A. fascism

B. democracy

C. socialism

D. monarchy
71. Which dictator is matched correctly with the country he ruled?

A. Hitler – Italy

B. Tojo – Japan

C. Roosevelt – Great Britain

D. Mussolini - Germany
72. Dictators led the countries that became known as the

A. Central Powers

B. Allies

C. Axis Powers

D. The Union

73. Which was NOT a leader of the Allies?

A. Harry S. Truman

B. Joseph Stalin

C. Winston Churchill

D. Benito Mussolini

74. Which statement is true about US involvement in WWII?

A. The US was directly involved from the beginning.

B. The US gave economic aid to Allies before getting involved.

C. The US never entered the war because it believed in isolationism.

D. The US remained neutral throughout the war.

75. Where did Japan attack the US on December 7, 1941?

A. San Juan

B. San Francisco

C. New York

D. Pearl Harbor


76. Which of these events happened first?

A. Germany captures Paris

B. Germany invades Poland

C. Germany invades the Soviet Union

D. Germany bombs London

77. Which battle was a victory for the US and a turning point in the Pacific?

A. Midway

B. Guam

C. Pearl Harbor

D. Philippines

78. The liberation of Europe, D-Day, began when Allies landed at

A. Stalingrad

B. Berlin

C. London

D. Normandy

79. WWII ended when US dropped atomic bombs on which Japanese cites?

A. Hiroshima and Tokyo

B. Nagasaki and Berlin

C. Hiroshima and Nagasaki

D. Tokyo and Berlin
80. The killing of Jews because of anti-Semitism and the belief the Aryan race was

superior was called the

A. Harlem Renaissance

B. Holocaust

C. Jewish Revival

D. Manhattan Project

81. The Nazis did all the following EXCEPT

A. boycott Jewish stores

B. segregate Jews

C. give Jews priority for becoming soldiers

D. put Jews in concentration camps


82. America’s involvement in WWII ended the Great Depression because

A. there were less men who needed jobs

B. factories needed workers to produce goods for the war

C. prices went down

D. more banks opened
83. Which was NOT true of WWII’s home front?

A. many women worked in defense plants

B. most Americans tried to conserve and ration resources

C. many blacks were hired for jobs in the war industries

D. most Americans were opposed to the war
84. Which group of American citizens were treated with distrust and placed in

internment camps for most of the war?

A. German Americans

B. Japanese Americans

C. Italian Americans

D. Jewish American


85. At the end of WWII the Soviet Union occupied most of

A. western Europe

B. eastern and central Europe

C. northern Europe

D. southern Europe

86. The United States’ plan to rebuild Europe and prevent the spread of communism

was called the

A. Roosevelt Plan

B. Truman Plan

C. Marshall Plan

D. Hitler Plan

87. After WWII, Germany was split in half. What was the fate of each?

A. West Germany and East Germany both adopted democratic governments

B. West Germany adopted democratic govn’t and East Germany communism

C. West Germany adopted communism and East Germany democratic govn’t

D. West Germany and East Germany both were under communist rule
88. After WWII, what was the outcome for Japan?

A. Fell under communist rule

B. A dictator took over

C. Set up democratic govn’t and was bitter enemy of US

D. Set up democratic govn’t and became strong ally of US
89. Following WWII, name the organization that was formed to hopefully prevent

future global wars.

A. The League of Nations

B. The United Nations

C. The United Congress

D. World Court


90. Which of these best explains the rapid growth the US experienced after WWII?

A. Businesses kept producing war materials and few consumer goods

B. Americans could purchase goods on credit

C. Women remained in the workforce and men were unemployed

D. Labor unions had less power than ever and workers salaries decreased


91. The tension between the US and Soviet Union without actual fighting that divided

up the world into two camps was called the

A. Hot War

B. Long War

C. Short War

D. Cold War
92. The US was to democracy and capitalism as the Soviet Union was to dictatorship

and ________________.

A. socialism

B. communism

C. capitalism

D. free enterprise

93. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was to the US as ____________

was to the Soviet Union.

A. Berlin Pact

B. Moscow Pact

C. Warsaw Pact

D. Prague Pact

94. The US intervened to stop communism in all the following EXCEPT

A. The Vietnam War

B. The Spanish American War

C. The Korean War

D. The Cuban Missile Crisis
95. One of the physical signs of the collapse of communism in Europe was the

A. destruction of the Berlin Wall

B. construction of new schools

C. demolition of the Great Wall of China

D. building of new barriers

96. The GI Bill of Rights gave WWII veterans

A. a bonus

B. educational, housing, and employment benefits

C. exemption from paying taxes

D. membership to VFW


97. Separate schools and public facilities for blacks and whites was called

A. discrimination

B. prejudice

C. segregation

D. civil rights

98. Which Supreme Court case led to the desegregation of schools?

A. Plessy v. Ferguson

B. Brown v. Board of Education

C. King v. The State of Alabama

D. NAACP v. Davis
99. Who urged blacks to use passive resistance and gave many speeches such as “I

have a dream…”?

A. Marin Luther King, Jr.

B. John F. Kennedy

C. Robert Kennedy

D. Stokely Carmichael

100. Who’s actions (refusing to give up a seat on the bus to a white person) set off

the Montgomery bus boycott?

A. Lyndon B. Johnson

B. Eleanor Roosevelt

C. Rosa Parks

D. Marin Luther King, Jr.

101. Which of these did NOT help to change and improve how African Americans

were treated in the US?

A. organized protests, marches, sit-ins, etc.

B. formation of the NAACP

C. Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965

D. new members joining the KKK

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