Welcome to Suburbia!



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  1. Welcome to Suburbia!

Obj – provide evidence of the following concepts either through implication or explicit examples. (make sure your “town” has the following things from the 1950s)


TS – collaborate towards a creative outcome (it’ll be fun!)
Directions: With a group of 3-4, construct a model of an average suburban town from the 1950s. Choose where in the US your town will be, and reflect that in the “title” of your model. Make sure you convey the following concepts/information from sections 2 & 3 of ch. 13. HAVE FUN!! LET ME SEE YOUR ARTISTIC/FUN SIDE You may use the materials you have brought in
Concepts to be Conveyed
Baby Boom

Car Culture

Interstate Highways (1956)

Dr. Spock/Dr. Salk

TV

Rock and Roll



Conformity!

Advertisements

Sunbelt

Levittown





2.

Definitions of concepts:

Baby Boom - Baby boomers are people born during the demographic Post–World War II baby boom between the years 1946 and 1964. AND The term "baby boom" most often refers to the post–World War II baby boom (1946–1964) when the number of annual births exceeded 2 per 100 women (or approximately 2% of the total population size). There are an estimated 78.3 million Americans who were born during this demographic boom in births.

Car Culture - 1950s American automobile culture has had an enduring influence on the culture of the United States, as reflected in popular music, major trends from the 1950s and mainstream acceptance of the "hot rod" culture. The American manufacturing economy switched from producing war-related items to consumer goods at the end of World War II, and by the end of the 1950s, one in six working Americans were employed either directly or indirectly in the automotive industry. The United States became the world's largest manufacturer ofautomobiles, and Henry Ford's goal of 40 years earlier—that any man with a good job should be able to afford an automobile—was achieved.[1] A new generation of service businesses focusing on customers with their automobiles sprang up during the decade, including drive-through or drive-in restaurants and more drive-in theaters (cinemas).

The decade began with 25 million registered automobiles on the road, most of which predated World War II and were in poor condition; no automobiles or parts were produced during the war owing to rationing and restrictions. By 1950, most factories had made the transition to a consumer-based economy, and more than 8 million cars were produced that year alone. By 1958, there were more than 67 million cars registered in the United States, more than twice the number at the start of the decade.[2]

As part of the U.S. national defenses, to support military transport, the National Highway System was expanded with Interstate highways, beginning in 1955, across many parts of the U.S. The wider, multi-lane highways allowed traffic to move at faster speeds, with few or no stoplights on the way. The wide-open spaces along the highways became a basis for numerous billboards showing advertisements.


Interstate Highways (1956) - The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act (Public Law 84-627), was enacted on June 29, 1956, when President Dwight D. Eisenhowersigned the bill into law. With an original authorization of US$25 billion for the construction of 41,000 miles (66,000 km) of the Interstate Highway System supposedly over a 10-year period, it was the largest public works project in American history through that time.[1]
3.

Dr. SpockBenjamin McLane Spock (May 2, 1903 – March 15, 1998) was an American pediatrician whose book Baby and Child Care, published in 1946, is one of the best-sellers of all time. Its message to mothers is that "you know more than you think you do."[1]

Spock was the first pediatrician to study psychoanalysis to try to understand children's needs and family dynamics. His ideas about childcare influenced several generations of parents to be more flexible and affectionate with their children, and to treat them as individuals.




  1. Dr. Salk -

Jonas Salk

Medical researcher



  1. Jonas Edward Salk was an American medical researcher and virologist. He discovered and developed the first successful inactivated polio vaccine. Wikipedia



  2. BornOctober 28, 1914, New York City, NY

  3. DiedJune 23, 1995, La Jolla, San Diego, CA

  4. EducationNew York University School of Medicine (1934–1939), More

  5. AwardsPresidential Medal of Freedom, More


TV – led to conformity, family time, they were inexpensive, led to consumerism due to showing commercials; most families had them and they were the primary source of entertainment and news in the 1950s

Rock and Roll -

Rock and roll

Stylistic origins

Blues, rhythm and blues,gospel, boogie-woogie,country, jazz, electric blues,jump blues, Chicago blues,swing, folk, Western swing,

Cultural origins

Late 1940s–early 1950s, United States

Typical instruments

Electric guitar, double bass or later bass guitar, drums, optional piano and saxophone,vocals

Derivative forms

Rock, rockabilly, pop,surf music, garage rock

Elvis, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis – all famous rock n rollers



Conformity! – McDonalds, TVs, Cars, suburbs, William Levitt

image result for conformity in the 1950s examples
Advertisements – consumerism, all buying the same thing

Sunbelt - Sun Belt

The Sun Belt is a region of the United States generally considered to stretch across the Southeast and Southwest. 




Levittown – pictured above, tax payers moved from cities to suburbs for a strong sense of community and safety, left the inner-cities poor and under funded

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