11 th Lit Semester 1 Final Study Guide!!!


Use the following paragraph to answer question 24



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Use the following paragraph to answer question 24.


As every resident of a major metropolitan area knows, driving to work is a pain. It is not unusual for workers to have over an hour commute to work. Highways and roadways could be cleared out if workers travelled to the office at different times. Another solution would be for workers to perform their tasks at home over the computer or telephone. If companies adopted flex-time and satellite home offices, workers would be less stressed and productivity would increase overall.

As every resident of a major metropolitan area knows, driving to work is a pain. It is not unusual for workers to have over an hour commute to work. Highways and roadways could be cleared out if workers travelled to the office at different times. Another solution would be for workers to perform their tasks at home over the computer or telephone. If companies adopted flex-time and satellite home offices, workers would be less stressed and productivity would increase overall.



24. Choose the sentence that would serve as the most effective topic sentence for the paragraph.

W2.E.b, W2.E.a, W2.T Lesson 27 (Writing Organization)



  1. People should quit working for major corporations.

  2. Employees are frustrated with long commutes to work.

  3. People should take the bus or train to work because it is a more environmentally friendly way of commuting.

  4. As highways become more congested and commute times becoming increasingly longer, companies should consider flex-time or satellite offices.

Use the following excerpt to answer question 25.

The Flags of Georgia


3 After the Civil War, Georgia had a number of different flags. Many Georgians flew unofficial state flags. These flags had a blue background with the Georgia coat of arms in the center. In 1879, Georgia adopted an official state flag that was similar to the Stars and Bars, except the blue field was plain, without stars. In 1902, the Georgia State Assembly changed the flag to include the coat of arms in the blue field. The Assembly made another change in 1914 when they added the year 1776—the year the United States declared its independence—into the coat of arms. The flag changed yet again in the 1920s. This change replaced the coat of arms on the flag with the state seal.
Elizabeth Kibler

3 After the Civil War, Georgia had a number of different flags. Many Georgians flew unofficial state flags. These flags had a blue background with the Georgia coat of arms in the center. In 1879, Georgia adopted an official state flag that was similar to the Stars and Bars, except the blue field was plain, without stars. In 1902, the Georgia State Assembly changed the flag to include the coat of arms in the blue field. The Assembly made another change in 1914 when they added the year 1776—the year the United States declared its independence—into the coat of arms. The flag changed yet again in the 1920s. This change replaced the coat of arms on the flag with the state seal.



25. Which is the topic sentence of paragraph 3? W2.E.b, W2.E.a, W2.T Lesson 27 (Writing Organization)

  1. The flag changed yet again in the 1920s.

  2. After the Civil War, Georgia had a number of different flags.

  3. This change replaced the coat of arms on the flag with the state seal.

  4. These flags had a blue background with the Georgia coat of arms in the center.


Leonardo da Vinci was the first person to propose a contact lens system. In the sixteenth-century he described an optical method for correcting poor vision. Da Vinci’s idea was to place the eye against a short, water-filled tube sealed at the end with a flat lens. In this process, the water came in contact with the eyeball and refracted light rays much the way a curved lens does.

-paraphrased from Charles Panati’s History of Contact Lenses—


Use the following quote to answer question 26.

26. Which sentence would MOST logically conclude this paragraph? W2.E.b, W2.E.a, W2.T Lesson 27 (Writing Organization)

  1. Many people wear contacts, thanks to Leonardo da Vinci.

  2. Glass remained the standard material of hard lenses until 1936.

  3. The first practical contact lenses were developed in 1877 by a Swiss physician, Dr. A. E. Fick.

  4. Da Vinci’s use of water as the best surface to touch the eye is mirrored today in the high water content of soft contact lenses.

Questions 27-30. In the questions below the sentence examples have been written in Active Voice. From the given alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the given sentence in Passive Voice.

27. They have built a perfect dam across the river. W1.d, W2.E.j, W4.c, C1.c Lesson 32 (Passive Voice, Active Voice, & Parallel Structure)

  1. Across the river a perfect dam was built.

  2. A perfect dam has been built by them across the river.

  3. A perfect dam should have been built by them.

  4. Across the river was a perfect dam.

28. Do you imitate others? W1.d, W2.E.j, W4.c, C1.c Lesson 32 (Passive Voice, Active Voice, & Parallel Structure)

  1. Are others imitated by you?

  2. Are others being imitated by you?

  3. Have others being imitated by you?

  4. Were others being imitated by you?

29. James Watt discovered the energy of steam. W1.d, W2.E.j, W4.c, C1.c Lesson 32 (Passive Voice, Active Voice, & Parallel Structure)

  1. The energy of steam discovered James Watt.

  2. The energy of steam was discovered by James Watt.

  3. James Watt was discovered by the energy of steam.

  4. James Watt had discovered energy by the steam.

30. They greet me cheerfully every morning. W1.d, W2.E.j, W4.c, C1.c Lesson 32 (Passive Voice, Active Voice, & Parallel Structure)

  1. Every morning I was greeted cheerfully.

  2. I am greeted cheerfully by them every morning.

  3. I am being greeted cheerfully by them every morning.

  4. Cheerful greeting is done by them every morning to me.

Questions 31-32. Find the INCORRECT sentence. For each group of sentences, select the one that lacks parallel structure.

W1.d, W2.E.j, W4.c, C1.c Lesson 32 (Passive Voice, Active Voice, & Parallel Structure)



31.

  1. Mom suggested that I write my thank you notes and mail them right away.

  2. I found band pictures and song lyrics inside the CD case.

  3. More students are going to college but to find jobs is still hard.

  4. They enjoyed hiking much more than gazing at the stars.

32.

  1. She skipped down the street, climbed the steps and she swept into the house.

  2. Many people believe that to be kind is to be generous.

  3. Boating across the channel is not as adventurous as swimming across.

  4. It is better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all.

Question 33. Find the CORRECT sentence. For each group of sentences, select the one that has parallel structure.

W1.d, W2.E.j, W4.c, C1.c Lesson 32 (Passive Voice, Active Voice, & Parallel Structure)



33.

  1. Alice likes not only gardening but also when she gets dirty.

  2. When I graduate I want to go either to college or get a job.

  3. The speaker was passionate and a leader.

  4. We found our way around the parking lot, through the doors, and into the shops.

Questions 34-37. (Performance Task for Writing AKS (Topic: Organization of a paragraph)

Read the sentences and sort them based on the order in which they should appear in the introductory paragraph of an essay on the importance of healthy living.

ITEMBANK: Put the letter of the choices in the correct order below.


  1. By creating a new regimen for yourself and sticking to these guidelines, you will greatly improve your chances for living a long and healthy life.

  2. Research shows that leading a healthy lifestyle is directly linked to living a long life.

  3. The three leading causes of death among Americans are heart disease, cancer, and stroke, which can all be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle.

  4. There are a few simple ways every person can lead a healthy lifestyle: exercising at least thirty minutes a day, eating more fruits and vegetables, and abstaining from cigarettes or other tobacco products.

34. _______

35. _______

36. _______

37. _______

Questions 38-45. (Performance Task for Writing AKS (Topic: Essential and Nonessential Information)

Using the paragraph below, classify the sentences according to whether they contain essential or nonessential information. Match essential or nonessential to each statement.




Florida is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. Some of the best oranges are grown in Florida. Its geography is notable for a coastline, omnipresent water, and the threat of hurricanes. Much of the state is either at or below sea level as well, which only heightens hurricane threats. Alligators can be found in Florida. Florida also contains a lot of sedimentary soil. Its climate and location cause Florida to be a huge tourist attraction and vital part of the United States.

Florida is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, and to the east by the Atlanta Ocean. Some of the best oranges are grown in Florida. Its geography is notable for a coastline, omnipresent water, and the threat of hurricanes. Much of the state is either at or below sea level as well, which only heightens hurricane threats. Alligators can be found in Florida. Florida also contains a lot of sedimentary soil. Its climate and location cause Florida to be a huge tourist attraction and vital part of the United States.



  1. Essential (Important/Relevant) B. Nonessential

38. Alligators can be found in Florida.

39. Florida also contains a lot of sedimentary soil.

40. Florida is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.

41. It is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.

42. Its climate and location cause Florida to be a huge tourist attraction and vital part of the United States.

43. Its geography is notable for a coastline, omnipresent water, and the threat of hurricanes.

44. Much of the state is either at or below sea level as well, which only heightens hurricane threats.

45. Some of the best oranges are grown in Florida.



Figurative Language Poem 1

The Black Land

By Joseph Warren Beach

I will plough the land,
Turning up the black soil.

I will ride upon this heaving surface

As a boat rides upon the water.

Even as a boat

Cleaving the water with an eager keel,

I have run a furrow1

Straight across the ridges.

 I will sow down this field,

Scattering gems.

With both hands will I scatter

Quivering emeralds out of a bottomless pouch.

As I tread the loam2

My feet sink deep.

The black earth embraces my ankles

And clings to my bent knees.

Review Questions




I sing as I go

Scattering emeralds.

The wind sings upon my lips,

And pearls stream off my neck and forehead.

I am bathed in a sweat of pearls.

Eyes straight forward

Rest on a brightening ultimate slope.

1. A long narrow trench made in the ground by a plow,

2. Soil with equal amounts of sand, silt, and clay.




Directions: Respond to these questions to the best of your ability. Answer the questions completely. If you need more space, use the back or a separate sheet.

1. Define & Identify one example of simile: explain which two things are being compared.

2. . Define & Identify two examples of metaphor: explain which two things are being compared in each metaphor.

3. . Define & Identify two examples of personification: explain what is being personified and how.

4. . Define & Identify one example of hyperbole: explain what is being exaggerated.

5. What is the subject of this poem? What is this poem about? Explain your response.

6. What is the tone of this poem? How does the speaker treat the subject of the poem? Refer to text.

7. What is the mood of this poem? How does this poem make you feel? Refer to text in your response.

8. Define refrain. Is there a refrain in this poem? And if so, what is it?

9. Define imagery. Is there imagery in this poem? And if so, what is it?



Figurative Language Poem 8

The Black Land

By Joseph Warren Beach

I will plough the land,
Turning up the black soil.

I will ride upon this heaving surface

As a boat rides upon the water.

Even as a boat

Cleaving the water with an eager keel,

I have run a furrow1

Straight across the ridges.

 I will sow down this field,

Scattering gems.

With both hands will I scatter

Quivering emeralds out of a bottomless pouch.

As I tread the loam2

My feet sink deep.

The black earth embraces my ankles

And clings to my bent knees.

Review Questions




I sing as I go

Scattering emeralds.

The wind sings upon my lips,

And pearls stream off my neck and forehead.

I am bathed in a sweat of pearls.

Eyes straight forward

Rest on a brightening ultimate slope.

1. A long narrow trench made in the ground by a plow,

2. Soil with equal amounts of sand, silt, and clay.




Directions: Respond to these questions to the best of your ability. Answer the questions completely. If you need more space, use the back or a separate sheet.

1. Identify one example of simile: explain which two things are being compared.

2. Identify two examples of metaphor: explain which two things are being compared in each metaphor.

3. Identify two examples of personification: explain what is being personified and how.

4. Identify one example of hyperbole: explain what is being exaggerated.

5. What is the subject of this poem? What is this poem about? Explain your response.

6. What is the tone of this poem? How does the speaker treat the subject of the poem? Refer to text.

7. What is the mood of this poem? How does this poem make you feel? Refer to text in your response.

8. Is there a refrain in this poem? And if so, what is it?

9. Is there imagery in this poem? And if so, what is it?



Figurative Language Poem 3

From The Grave

By Robert Blair

Dull Grave!—thou spoil'st the dance of youthful blood,
Strik'st out the dimple from the cheek of mirth,
And every smirking feature from the face;
Branding our laughter with the name of madness.
Where are the jesters now? the men of health
Complexionally pleasant? Where the droll,
Whose every look and gesture was a joke
To clapping theatres and shouting crowds,
And made even thick-lipp'd musing Melancholy
To gather up her face into a smile
Before she was aware? Ah! sullen now,
And dumb as the green turf that covers them.




Review Questions

Directions: Respond to these questions to the best of your ability. Answer the questions completely. If you need more space, use the back or a separate sheet.

1. Identify two examples of personification: explain what is being personified & how in each example.

2. Identify an example of hyperbole: explain how it is exaggerated.

3. Identify an example of metaphor: explain which two things are being compared.

4. Identify and example of simile: explain which two things are being compared.

5. What is the tone of this poem? How does the speaker feel about the subject(s) of the poem? Use evidence from the text to explain your answer.

6. In line four of the poem, the speaker says that “[the Dull Grave brands] our laughter with the name of madness.” What does the speaker mean by this line? Explain your answer.

7. What is the thematic message of the poem? In other words, what lesson is the author attempting to express with this poem?



8. Is there a refrain in this poem? And if so, what is it?

9. Is there imagery in this poem? And if so, what is it?

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