Chapter 4 Windows comes in several versions for home users, business users, home entertainment system users



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Chapter 4

  • Windows comes in several versions for – home users, business users, home entertainment system users

  • Windows XP successfully merged two customer groups: users of older DOS-based technology and users of Windows NT – True

  • A significant change in windows 7 is the ability to support – multi-touch screen technology

  • Windows 8 is a major redesign that present apps on the Start Screen shown in – tiles

  • Network operating systems support both network servers and user computers, which are referred to as – clients

  • Multitasking involves – handling several requests at one time

  • Network operating systems must keep data secure while it’s being transmitted or – stored

  • A network operating system is what allows resources, such as printers, to be shared by many users – True

  • When the desktop is displayed in Windows 8, tap or click here to return to the start screen – bottom left corner

  • Open apps are displayed as a list of thumbnails at this edge of the windows 8 screen – left

  • This is the term used to refer to the set of features that display at the right edge of any app within Windows 9 – charms

  • Use this charm to attach a photo to an email message – share

  • 4G stands for fourth generation in mobile telecommunications standards – True

  • According to the video, 4G turns your phone into - a mini computer

  • The change between the first and second generation of mobile telecommunications involved the change from – analog to digital

  • 4G network improvements allow greater reliability and ___ - security

  • Silverman defines the Cloud as – a set of locations and services that lives on the Internet

  • Where does the operating system reside on smart phones and tablets – on the device itself

  • What is one of the potential problems with a cloud OS that silverman discusses – less than optimal connectivity

  • Silverman believes that we will see operating systems in the future that – are more touch oriented, are simpler and easier to learn, will run faster and start up almost instantly

  • The operating system and utilities are known as – system software

  • This operating system is an open source program – Linux

  • Which of the following is NOT an operating system designed for mobile devices – Mac OS X

  • GUI is an acronym for – graphical user interface

  • What is the name of the file the operating system uses when it moves data from random access memory to virtual memory – swap file

  • This is a small program needed by the operating system in order to communicate with a connected device such as a printer – driver

  • This utility searches for unnecessary files (such as temporary Internet files) and deletes them – Disk Cleanup

  • The operating system on a mobile device is stored in this type of memory – read-only memory (ROM)

  • In this table, the operating system keeps track of the physical location where a document is saved to the hard disk – file allocation table (FAT)

  • This term describes the hardware architecture that software runs on – platform

Definitions

Open source OS – free to use and modify

Plug and Play – a feature that recognizes and makes available for use devices you plug into your computer, for example into USB ports.

Virtual memory – where data is swapped into when RAM is used up

Firmware – code built into electronic devices that controls those devices

FAT – a table maintained by the OS to keep track of the physical location of the hard disk’s contents

Platform – the hardware architecture of a computer and the OS intended to run on it

GUI – the visual appearance of an operating system

Path – the hierarchy of folders that leads to a stored file

Performance – the speed at which the computer functions

Cold boot- starting a computer from a no-power state

Warm boot – a restart of the computer without turning off the power

Booting – the process of starting your computer

Linux – this operating system was first developed in 1991

Driver – software that allows an operating system to interface with external hardware like a printer or keyboard

System software – includes the operating system and utilities

iOS – mobile operating system from Apple

UNIX – operating system originally designed for servers

System restore – utility that lets you undo changes made to the operating system and programs

Utility software – part of the system software that can be used to perform system maintenance, scan files, and help protect your computer



System files – files that provide instructions needed to run programs

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