Conservation Management Zones of Australia South Western Australia Temperate Woodlands

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Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners and Country 4

Introduction 4

Zone at a glance 5

Population characteristics 9

Employment, volunteering and incomes 14

Agriculture, Natural Resource Management practices and sources of NRM advice 17

Land tenure, land use, Native Title and Local Government Areas 20

Zone vegetation characteristics 23

Ramsar and Nationally Important Wetlands 25

World and National Heritage 26

Major National Reserve System properties 26

EPBC Act (1999) threatened ecological communities 27

EPBC Act (1999) threatened species 28

EPBC Act (1999) migratory species 32

Threatened endemic species 32

Invasive species 35

Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners and Country

The Australian Government acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to Elders past and present of our nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. We honour the deep spiritual, cultural and customary connections of Traditional Owners to the Australian landscape, including Australia’s waterways, land and sea country.


The 23 Conservation Management Zones of Australia are geographic areas, classified according to their ecological and threat characteristics. The zones are also aligned with the Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation of Australia.

The Conservation Management Zones provide a way of understanding Australia’s natural environment that will assist in long-term conservation planning and help the Australian Government to better design, deliver and report on Natural Resource Management (NRM) investments, including ensuring alignment of national NRM priorities with local action.

The Conservation Management Zones also provide a filter through which to make national environmental and socio-economic data more accessible and comprehensible, and a framework for gathering on-ground knowledge and expertise about the environment.  This will improve information flow to the Australian Government about regional NRM requirements, best practice management, emerging NRM issues and knowledge gaps.

The Conservation Management Zones do not represent any change to existing administrative boundaries or governance structures, but aim to support the NRM and wider community to cooperatively manage environmental assets across boundaries, where they share common threats, ecological characteristics and stakeholders.

Each Conservation Management Zone profile contains a standard suite of nationally available ecological and socio-economic information.  We hope that this information will enable Australians of all ages and backgrounds to engage with, understand and appreciate Australian landscapes, and support all Australians to manage our natural resources more effectively.

The profile information provides an indicative, high-level stock-take of the environmental and socio-economic landscape and it is not intended to be comprehensive. It should also be noted that, at present, the profiles contain only limited information on aquatic ecosystems, coastal assets and Indigenous land management practices.  In future, consultation and comprehensive literature reviews will enable us to provide more complete information.

Zone at a glance

          1. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics data

Regional centres
















Natural Resource Management (NRM) regions

Northern Agricultural Catchments Council Inc


South Coast NRM Inc


South West Catchments Council Inc


Wheatbelt NRM Council Inc


Top five agricultural commodities

Value (millions)

Cereals for grain








Legumes for grain


Total value of agricultural commodities (including other commodities not listed here)


Climate characteristics*

Mean annual temperature

17 Celsius

Mean Maximum of the Hottest Month

32.6 Celsius

Mean Minimum of the Coldest Month

5 Celsius

Mean Annual Rainfall

348.7 mm

Dominant rainfall season


* The figures are interpolated 75-year means (1921 to 1995) representing the period prior to the onset of rapid climatic warming. Cited in: Williams KJ, Belbin L, Austin MP, Stein J, Ferrier S (2012) Which environmental variables should I use in my biodiversity model? International Journal of Geographic Information Sciences 26(11), 2009–2047. (Data derived from Australian Climate surfaces version 2.1 for the ANUCLIM-BIOCLIM package).

For future climate projections please refer to:

          1. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics data

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