Financed by Spain, makes the first of four voyages to the New World. He lands in the Bahamas

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APUSH Must Know Dates

  1. 1492- Christopher Columbus, financed by Spain, makes the first of four voyages to the New World. He lands in the Bahamas.

  1. 1513- Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León lands on the coast of Florida.

  2. 1565- Saint Augustine, Florida, settled by the Spanish, becomes the first permanent European colony in North America.

  3. 1607- Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in America, is established by the London Company in southeast Virginia

  4. 1619- The first African slaves are brought to Jamestown

    1620- The Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts is established by Pilgrims from England. Before disembarking from their ship, the Mayflower, 41 male passengers sign the Mayflower Compact

  5. 1664- English seize New Amsterdam (city and colony) from the Dutch and rename it New York

  1. 1754- 1763- French and Indian War: Final conflict in the ongoing struggle between the British and French for control of eastern North America.

  2. 1770- Boston Massacre: British troops fire into a mob, killing five men and leading to intense public protests

  3. 1773- Boston Tea Party: Group of colonial patriots disguised as Mohawk Indians board three ships in Boston harbor and dump more than 300 crates of tea overboard as a protest against the British tea tax

  1. 1774- First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia

  1. 1775- 1783- American Revolution: War of independence fought between Great Britain and the 13 British colonies

  1. 1777- Continental Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia

  1. 1786- Shays's Rebellion erupts (Aug.); farmers from New Hampshire to South Carolina take up arms to protest high state taxes and stiff penalties for failure to pay.

  1. 1787- Constitutional Convention, made up of delegates from 12 of the original 13 colonies, meets in Philadelphia to draft the U.S. Constitution

  1. 1789- 1797 - George Washington unanimously elected president

  1. 1791- First ten amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights, are ratified

  1. 1793- Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin greatly increases the demand for slave labor.

  1. 1797-1801- John Adams elected president

  1. 1800- Washington, DC made capital

  1. 1801-1809- Thomas Jefferson; third president.

  1. ­1803- Marbury v. Madison: Landmark Supreme Court decision greatly expands the power of the Court by establishing its right to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional

  1. 1803- Louisiana Purchase expands US territory west from the Mississippi to the Rocky Mts.

  1. 1804- Lewis and Clark set out on exploration West.

  1. 1809-1817- James Madison; fourth president

  1. 1812- War of 1812: U.S. declares war on Britain over British interference with American maritime shipping and westward expansion

  1. 1814- Treaty of Ghent is signed, officially ending the war

  1. 18171825- James Monroe is inaugurated as the fifth president.

  1. 1819- Spain agrees to cede Florida to the United States

  1. 1820- Missouri Compromise

  1. 1823- Monroe Doctrine: Monroe declares that the American continents are hence-forth off-limits for further colonization by European powers.

  1. 1825-1829- John Quincy Adams; sixth president

  1. 1829- 1837- Andrew Jackson; seventh president

  1. 1830- Indian Removal Act, which authorizes the forced removal of Native Americans living in the eastern part of the country.

  1. 1837- Martin Van Buren; eighth president

  1. 1838- “Trail of Tears”

  1. 1841 (March)- 1841 (April)- William Henry; ninth president

  1. 1841-1845- John Tyler; tenth president

  1. 1845-1849- James Polk; eleventh president

  1. 1846-1849- Mexican War: U.S. declares war on Mexico in effort to gain California and other territory in Southwest. Mexico comprises present-day California, Nevada, Utah, most of New Mexico and Arizona, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.

  1. 1849- height of the California Gold Rush

  1. 1849-1850- Zachary Tyler; 12th president

  1. 1850-1853- Millard Fillmore; 13th president

  1. 1852- Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin is published. It becomes one of the most influential works to stir anti-slavery sentiments.

  1. 1853-1857- Franklin Pierce; 14th president

  1. 1857-1861- James Buchanan; 15th president

  1. 1857- Dred Scott v. Sanford: Landmark Supreme Court decision holds that Congress does not have the right to ban slavery in states and, furthermore, that slaves are not citizens.

  1. 1859- Abolitionist John Brown and 21 followers capture federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Va. (now W. Va.), in an attempt to spark a slave revolt.

  1. 1861-1869- Abraham Lincoln presidency

  1. 1860- South Carolina is first state to succeed from the union.

  1. 1861- Confederate States of America is established

  1. 1861-1865- Civil War

  1. 1865- 13th Amendment ratified; prohibits slavery

  1. 1869-1877- Ulysses S. Grant presidency

  1. 1870- 15Th Amendment; gives black the right to vote

  1. 1877-1881- Rutherford B. Hayes presidency

  1. 1881-1885- James A. Garfield presidency

  1. 1885-1889- Grover Cleveland presidency

  1. 1886- American Federation of Labor

  1. 1889-1893- Benjamin Harrison

  1. 1896- racial segregation announced constitutional, leading to the Jim Crow laws in the South

  1. 1893-1897- Grover Cleveland 2nd presidency

  1. 1897-1901 William McKinley presidency (assassinated)

  1. 1898- U.S. annexes Hawaii

  1. 1901-1909- Theodore Roosevelt presidency

  1. 1902- Coal strike, Roosevelt sides with workers union instead of Big Business

  1. 1903- U.S. acquires Panama Canal Zone

  1. 1903- Wright brothers make the first controlled, sustained flight at Kitty Hawk, N.C.

  1. 1908- Bureau of Investigation (later FBI) is established

  1. 1909-1913- William Howard Taft presidency

  1. 1913-1921- Woodrow Wilson presidency

  1. 1914-1918- World War I

  1. 1914- Panama Canal opens to traffic

  1. 1918- Worldwide influenza epidemic strike

  1. 1919- Women gain the right to vote

  1. 1921-1923- Warren G. Harding presidency

  1. 1923- 1929- Calvin Coolidge presidency

  1. 1929-1937- Herbert Hoover presidency

  1. 1929- stock market crash precipitates Great Depression

  1. 1931- The Star-Spangled Banner adopted as national anthem

  1. 1932- Amelia Earhart completes first solo nonstop transatlantic flight by a woman

  1. 1933-1945 Franklin Roosevelt presidency; elected for four terms.

  1. 1933- F. Roosevelt signs the New Deal; recovery measure.

  1. 1933- 21st Amendment (Prohibition) is repealed

  1. 1945-1953- Harry Truman presidency

  1. 1939-1945- World War II

  1. 1941- Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

  1. 1945- U.S. drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan and Nagasaki, Japan

  1. 1945- United Nations is established

  1. 1949- North Atlantic Treaty Organization is established

  1. 1949- Soviets end the blockade of Berlin

  1. 1950-1953- Korean War

  1. 1950-1975- Vietnam War

  1. 1951- 22nd Amendment, limits president to two terms.

  1. 1953-1961- Dwight Eisenhower presidency

  1. 1954- Brown vs. Board of Education declares that racial segregation in schools is unconstitutional

  1. 1958- Explorer I, first American satellite, is launched

  1. 1959- Alaska becomes 49th state (Jan.). Hawaii becomes 50th state (Aug.)

  1. 1961-1963- John F. Kennedy presidency

  1. 1962- Cuban Missile Crisis

  1. 1963- Martin Luther King delivers, “I Have a Dream Speech”

  1. 1963- Kennedy is assassinated

  1. 1963-1969- Lyndon B. Johnson presidency

  1. 1964- Johnson signs Civil Rights Act

  1. 1968- Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated (April)

  1. 1969-1974-Richard Nixon presidency

  1. 1969- Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin are the first men to land on the moon. “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”-Neil Armstrong

  1. 1971- 26th amendment lowers voting age from 21 to 18.

  1. 1974- House Judiciary Committee demands that Nixon be impeached so he resigns from office.

  1. 1974-1977- Gerald Ford presidency

  1. 1977-1981- Jimmy Carter presidency

  1. 1977- Control of Panama Canal turned over to Panama.

  1. 1979- Malfunction at nuclear reactor in Pennsylvania causes meltdown

  1. 1981-1989- Ronald Reagan presidency

  1. 1981- Sandra Day O’Connor sworn is as first woman Supreme Court Justice

  1. 1986- Space shuttle Challenger explodes 73 seconds after liftoff, killing all seven crew members.

  1. 1989-1993- George H. W. Bush presidency

  1. 1989- Oil tanker Exxon Valdez runs aground in Prince William Sound, spilling more than 10 million gallons of oil. It is the largest oil spill in U.S. history

  1. 1991- Persian Gulf War

  1. 1993-2001- Bill Clinton presidency

  1. 1993- Bomb explodes in basement garage of World Trade Center, killing 6, injuring 1,000, and causing more than $500 million in damage

  1. 1993- President Clinton orders missile attack against Iraq in retaliation for alleged plot to assassinate former President Bush

  1. 1995-Budget standoff between President Clinton and Congress results in partial shutdown of U.S. government

  1. 1998-House of Representatives votes to impeach President Clinton on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice

  1. 1999- Senate acquits Clinton of impeachment charges.

  1. 1999- U.S. and China sign historic trade agreement.

  1. 2000- 2008- George W. Bush presidency

  1. 2001- Two hijacked jetliners ram twin towers of World Trade Center in worst terrorist attack against U.S.; a third hijacked plane flies into the Pentagon, and a fourth crashes in rural Pennsylvania. More than 3,000 people die in the attacks.

  1. 2001- U.S. and Britain launch air attacks against targets in Afghanistan after Taliban government fails to hand over Saudi terrorist Osama bin Laden.

  1. 2002- declares that U.S. will wage war against states that develop weapons of mass destruction.

  1. 2003- Space shuttle Columbia explodes upon reentry into Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts on board.

  1. 2003- War waged by the U.S. and Britain against Iraq begins. President Bush signs $350 billion tax-cut bill.

  1. 2005-Hurricane Katrina wreaks catastrophic damage on Mississippi and Louisiana; 80% of New Orleans is flooded.

  1. 2007-Male student kills two in a Virginia Tech dorm. Two hours later, he kills 30 more in a classroom building before committing suicide. The shooting rampage is the most deadly in U.S. history. Fifteen others are wounded.

  1. 2007- Gen. David Petraeus tells members of the House Foreign Affairs and Armed Services committees that the U.S. military needs more time to meet its goals in Iraq.

  1. 2008- Barak Obama presidency

  1. 2009- President Obama signs the $787 billion stimulus package into law.

  2. 2009- After confirming 20 cases of swine flu in the United States, including eight in New York City, the U.S. declares the outbreak a public health emergency.

  1. 2009- Sonia Sotomayor nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court. First Hispanic Justice.

  1. 2009- A shooting at the Fort Hood army post in Texas kills 13 and injures 29. Ten of those killed are military personnel.

  1. 2009-A Nigerian man on a flight from Amsterdam to Detroit allegedly attempted to ignite an explosive device hidden in his underwear. Told officials later that he was directed by the terrorist group Al Qaeda.

  1. 2010-An explosion and fire on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico sends millions of gallons of oil into the sea. The spill kills 11 and is the largest off-shore spill in U.S. history as well as one of the largest spills in world history.

  1. 2010- The Senate votes 65 to 31 in favor of repealing Don't Ask, Don't Tell, the Clinton-era military policy that forbids openly gay men and women from serving in the military.

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