Guide to the Orchestra



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Tuesday, January 31, y

Music111 D2W4

Orchestra- Wednesday October 19th 4:00p.m.-5:00p.m.



  1. A Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra

    1. Benjamin Britten

      1. Baroque era

      2. Tutor Dynasty

        1. coming to an end

    2. England begins to fall back to other countries

      1. nothing late baroque

  2. Organization of the orchestra

    1. Violin 1

    2. Violin 2

    3. Viola

    4. Cello

    5. Bass

    6. Flute

    7. Clarinet

    8. Oboe

    9. Bassoons

    10. Contra-bassoons

    11. Trumpet

    12. French horn

    13. Trombone

    14. Percussion

      1. timpani

        1. pulls the drum head for higher pitch

  1. Famous Music

    1. #12 Les Toreadors

      1. Georges Bizet

        1. from the opera Carmen

          1. French opera in Spain sung in French

          2. Carmen works in a cigarette factory

          3. fling with bull fighter

        2. Suite #1

          1. frequently preformed across the world

    1. #11 Wedding March

      1. Felix Mendelssohn

      1. “A Midnight Summer Dream” based on the Shakespeare play

        1. First presented

  1. Voices and Instrument Families

    1. Musical Timbre

      1. Tone, color, sound quality

      2. Determined by size shape proportions of an instrument

        1. instrument mechanism that generates musical vibrations

          1. registers melodic range (mid, low, high)

    2. Soprano

    3. Mezzo-soprano

    4. Alto

    5. Tenor

    6. Baritone

    7. Bass

  2. The world of Musical Instruments

    1. Aerophones

      1. air used to make sound

    2. Chordophone

      1. chords used to make sound

    3. Idiophone

      1. full body shakes

    4. Membranophones

      1. membrane used to make a vibration

      2. over open space to amplify

  3. Western Musical Instruments

    1. guitar

      1. fretted

      2. 6 strings

    2. Violin

      1. no frets

      2. can play microtones

      3. plucking strings

        1. different style

        2. pizzicato

    3. organ

      1. multiple manuals

      2. aerophone

      3. combination of pipes

      4. baroque

        1. orchestra for one

      5. piano at your feet

    4. Bowed String Family

      1. Legato

      2. Staccato

      3. Vibrato

      4. Glissando

      5. Tremolo

    5. woodwind instruments

      1. Flute

        1. piccolo

      2. Oboe

        1. English horn

      3. Clarinet

        1. bass clarinet

      4. Bassoon

        1. contrabassoon

      5. Saxophone

        1. tenor

  4. Brass instruments

    1. trumpet

    2. french horn

    3. trombone

    4. tuba

    5. cornet

    6. bugle

    7. flugelhorn

    8. euphonium

    9. sousaphone

  5. Percussion instruments

    1. pitched

      1. timpani or kettledrums

      2. xylophone

    2. indefinite pitch

      1. snare drum

      2. tenor drum

      3. bass drum

      4. tom-tom

  6. Other instruments

    1. piano

  7. musical ensembles

    1. choral groups

      1. a cappella

      2. chorus

    2. instrumental chamber ensembles

    3. western symphony orchestra

    4. bands

      1. wind

      2. marching

      3. rock

      4. jazz

  8. Roll of conductors

    1. leaders of large ensembles

    2. time and tempo

    3. baton

    4. interpret

      1. says how the music needs to be

    5. the concertmaster

      1. first chair best of instrument

      2. tunes the orchestra

  9. The orchestra in action

    1. Fugue

      1. multiple lines of equal importance

  10. style and function of music in society

    1. churches

      1. no music outside of the church

    2. oral tradition passed down music

    3. musical styles in history

      1. in the book there is a chart



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