Name: Georgia History Date: Mr. Wilson Study Guide: The New South, Progressive Era and World War I

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Name: Georgia History

Date: Mr. Wilson
Study Guide: The New South, Progressive Era and World War I
New South

- Know the key concepts of the Constitution of 1877 and the role played by Robert Toombs.

- Explain the concept of ‘sharecropping’. How did it differ from tenant farming?

- Henry Grady and the New South movement; the growth of textile manufacturing in the South

- Sidney Lanier and agricultural reform

- Evaluate the main political parties and groups during the late 19th century: Bourbon Redeemers (Bourbon Triumvirate), Farmers’ Alliance, Independent Democrats (William & Rebecca Felton), Populists (Tom Watson), Progressives (Hoke Smith)

- interdependence between industry and agriculture (growth of cities)

- International Cotton Exposition: What was it? What impact did it have the economic future of Georgia?

- Growth of public education in Georgia

- segregation in schools

Progressive Era

- Social Reforms of the Progressive Era (prohibition, prisons, child labor, women’s suffrage)

- Rural Free Delivery

- Help for farmers (Grange, College of Agriculture at UGA, Farmers’ Alliance)

- Differing opinions of black leaders on the struggle for equality (John Hope, W.E.B. DuBois, Booker T. Washington)


- franchise vs. disfranchisement

- What were some exemptions to the literacy test requirement in voting? (poll tax, white primary, literacy test, grandfather clause)

- What are Jim Crow laws? Give examples

- The County Unit System

- the role of Plessy vs. Ferguson in segregation in the South

- Atlanta Race Riot of 1906 and its impact on race relations

- The Case of Mary Phagan and Leo Frank

- Atlanta- “the Gate City of the South” and Atlanta’s institutions: Alonzo Herndon, Rich’s, Coca Cola

World War I

- Who fought? What sides?

- What is an alliance? What is neutrality?

- Why was the war fought? Causes of the war?

- Leaders during the war?

- America’s role at the start of the war? 1917?

- New technology introduced in warfare?

- Results of the war?

- Georgia’s role in the war

- Western Front/Eastern Front

- Treaty of Versailles

Short Answer Questions: Write your complete thoughts concerning the following statements. (CHOOSE ONLY TWO)

1. What was the “New South” movement? How did Henry Grady with business and government leaders try to make the New South concept a reality? In your answer, explain Henry Grady’s story of the Pickens County funeral and its relationship to the New South movement.

2. Compare and contrast the opinions of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois toward civil rights for African-Americans. On what points did each leader differ? were they similar in this struggle?
3. What is meant by the term “disfranchisement”? In what ways were African-Americans disfranchised to keep them from participating in politics? Give examples.
4. Compare and contrast the arrangements in the systems of sharecropping and tenant farming. In your answer, explain what was furnished and received by the people involved in each system (farmer and landowner).

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