Notebook Page 89- crct review Questions- civil Rights Movement

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Notebook Page 89- CRCT Review Questions- Civil Rights Movement

  1. What office did Benjamin Mays hold?

  2. What was the purpose of the white primary?

  3. What brought about the controversy surrounding the 1946 election for Georgia governor?

  4. What factor enabled Herman Talmadge to be elected governor of Georgia in 1950?

  5. In what area did Herman Talmadege make his greatest contributions as governor?

  6. What was the ruling of the U.S. Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education?

  7. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., favored bringing about social change through what means?

  8. Which group was instrumental in getting the 1956 Georgia state flag changed?

  9. What organization was founded two months after the 1960 sit-in at the Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, NC?

  10. Who were the first two African American students admitted to UGA?

  11. How did the majority of people in Georgia initially respond to the Brown v. Board decision?

  12. Who was the governor of Georgia when the first black students were admitted to UGA?

  13. What was the focus/goal of the Albany Movement in Georgia?

  14. What was one thing that was not forced to integrate under the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

  15. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech was given during what event?

  16. What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 do with regard to education?

  17. Who was the first African American mayor of Atlanta?

  18. What was one of Lester Maddox’s major accomplishments as governor in Georgia?

  19. Which mayor of Atlanta increased programs for the arts, addressed the need to expand the airport and led the effort to have the Olympics in Atlanta?

  20. Andrew Young helped establish “citizenship schools,” which taught what?

  21. What event was the most significant in Andrew Young’s political career?

  22. Benjamin Mays served as a mentor to whom?

  23. How did Lester Maddox get input from the voters?

  24. What was the main purpose of the march on Washington?

  25. Which African American group was involved with the Albany Movement?

  26. What was the purpose of the Sibley Commission? What did it recommend?

  27. Who was the first president of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee?

  28. In what year did the Georgia state flag become an issue in the race for governor?

  29. What was one reason for keeping the Georgia state flag of 1956?

  30. What earlier U.S. Supreme Court decision did the ruling in Brown v. Board overturn?

  31. Herman Talmadge’s 3% sales tax was passed primarily to fund what?

  32. Under the white primary system, only whites were allowed to do what?

  33. Benjamin Mays served as a mentor to whom?

The ______________________ Act- In spite of the Civil Rights Act, African Americans in many sections of the South still could not vote. Dr. King (awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964) began to turn his attention to voting rights.

______________________ - In the summer of 1964, people from all over the country came to the South to help African Americans register to vote.

______________________ act of 1965- The march influenced Congress to pass the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Within 18 months, a million African Americans were added to the registers of voters in the South.

A Shift in Mood- after the Selma-to-Montgomery march, the mood of many seeking equal civil rights changed from a non-violent approach to a more aggressive. Black Power – ______________________. Malcolm X, a member of the Nation of Islam, rejected the civil rights movement and preached black separatism, black pride, and black self-dependence.

RIOTs- In the summer of 1967, there were riots in 164 American cities. Dr. King and his supporters urged the end of the violence. On April 3, 1968, King was in Memphis, Tennessee, to organize support for 1,300 striking sanitation workers.

Dr. King ______________________ - The next day, 39 year old Dr. King was on the balcony of a Memphis motel talking with Jesse Jackson, standing below when he was assassinated. The movement toward civil rights for all Americans did not die with Dr. King.

______________________ and the civil rights movement- the city of racial moderation and oasis of tolerance

______________________ - In 1948, Atlanta Mayor Hartsfield hired 8 African American police officers for restricted duties, a move unheard of throughout most of the South.

______________________ - In 1962, businessman Ivan Allen was elected as Atlanta’s mayor. He ordered the immediate removal of “colored” and “white” signs on all entrances and exits to City Hall. He integrated the city’s fire department and city government.

Desegregation- In July 1963, theaters opened their main doors to 6 African Americans. By October, all of Georgia had followed the Atlanta lead and desegregated ______________________.

______________________ - Racial problems did still exist however…Segregationist Lester Maddox used a gun and ax handles to chase African Americans away from his restaurant.

Riot- In September 1966, a 6 day riot broke out in the Summerhill area across from the stadium. A suspected car thief trying to escape was shot by a white police officer. An eyewitness reported that he was shot a second time after he was down. In response, onlookers threw bricks and bottles at the police. 138 were arrested, and 35 were injured.

A city unites- When Dr. Martin Luther King died, the eyes of the world turned to Atlanta wondering what they would see…Those who had hoped to see racial troubles were disappointed. The city united in mutual ______________________.

______________________ - Atlanta elects its first African American vice mayor

______________________ - Atlanta elects its first African American Board of Education member

Civil Rights Gains- Civil Rights Act of 1968 prohibits discrimination in housing. More black students finish high school and college; get better jobs. Greater pride in racial identity leads to Black Studies programs. More African-American participation in movies, television. Increased voter registration results in more black elected officials

______________________ - "Hammerin' Hank" Aaron, a player for the Atlanta Braves, hit 755 home runs, a record that stood unchallenged until 2007, during his twenty-three-year career in major league baseball.

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