Public Safety (43. 0107) Standards and Competencies Industry Organization Standard: Maine Criminal Justice Academy (mcja)

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Public Safety (43.0107)

Standards and Competencies

Industry Organization Standard: Maine Criminal Justice Academy (MCJA)

Note: MCJA’s curriculum has identified 20 Framework components, each with numerous duties and tasks. Accompanying the curriculum is a supplemental “Outline of Main Points”.

Framework, Duties and Tasks:

  1. Police Ethics and Moral Issues

    1. Define the terms ethics and professionalism.

    2. Identify why the highest ethical and moral standards are necessary for law enforcement officers.

    3. Define the Law Enforcement Code of Ethics and identify how it relates in terms of actions and performances.

    4. Identify how immoral conduct by an officer adversely affects the officer in the performance of his official duties.

    5. Recognize those situations within his/her jurisdiction which may lead him/her to act in an unethical or immoral manner.

  2. Police Power, Authority and Discretion

  1. Define what is meant by "police discretion."

  2. Identify factors which prevent 100 percent enforcement of all laws.

  3. Identify the relationship between the authority of the police officer and the dictates of the community.

  4. Identify the factors influencing police discretion and the probable consequences of the use of police authority associated with various violations. For example: The high speed pursuit of a minor traffic violator; the reasonable belief that a private act of fornication has occurred; the reasonable belief that an act of adultery has occurred; the sidewalk solicitation of a physically handicapped person.

  5. Identify the possible alternatives to arrest in each of the situations listed above, which may be accepted as proper peace officer action.

  1. Maine Criminal Law

  1. Define: Criminal Law, crime; difference between civil and criminal; proof beyond a reasonable doubt; preponderance of evidence; affirmative defense; elements of the crime.

  2. Recognize circumstances which fall within the territorial jurisdiction of the state.

  3. Define: Act; omission; possession.

  4. Define: Intentionally; knowingly; recklessly; criminal negligence.

  5. Recognize the circumstances which constitute an offense against the person.

  6. Recognize the circumstances which constitute a sex offense.

  7. Recognize circumstances which constitute a theft offense.

  8. Recognize circumstances which constitute a kidnapping or restraint offense.

  9. Recognize circumstances which constitute a burglary or criminal trespass offense.

  10. Recognize circumstances which constitute the following offenses against the public order: Disorderly conduct; failure to disperse; riot; unlawful assembly; harassment.

  11. Recognize the circumstances which constitute robbery.

  12. Recognize the circumstances which constitute the following offenses against public administration: Obstructing government administration; assault on an officer; hindering an escape.

  13. Recognize circumstances which constitute arson or property destruction.

  14. Recognize circumstances which constitute weapons violations.

  15. Recognize circumstances which constitute unlawful trafficking, furnishing and possession of drugs.

  16. Distinguish between the Civil Law and Criminal Law.

  17. Recognize General Sentencing Provisions.

  1. Maine Motor Vehicle Law

  1. Define moving violations in the Maine Motor Vehicle Laws.

  2. Define equipment requirements of the Maine Motor Vehicle Laws.

  3. Identify violations concerning status of driver's license.

  4. Define legal requirements pertaining to disposition of traffic violation offenses.

  5. Demonstrate proper method to complete Violation Summons and Complaint.

  6. Define laws related to child safety seats.

  7. Define laws related to mandatory insurance.

  1. Maine Juvenile Law

  1. Define the purpose of the "Juvenile Law".

  2. Identify the scope of the authority of the Juvenile Court. This will include: Age requirements; circumstances under which a juvenile comes under the jurisdiction of the Juvenile Court.

  3. Recognize the circumstances under which an officer may take a juvenile into custody.

  4. Identify the advisement requirements regarding constitutional rights of a juvenile taken into custody.

  5. Identify the procedural alternatives open to an officer before taking a juvenile into custody.

  6. Identify each of the juvenile's rights regarding parent notifications and telephone calls, before being placed into detention.

  7. Identify the requirements pertaining to the segregation of juveniles from other prisoners.

  8. Recognize the circumstances which warrant placing a child in interim care.

  9. Identify proper procedures to follow in placing a child in interim care.

  10. Identify legal restrictions on maintenance of arrest information on juveniles.

  1. Maine Liquor Law

  1. Identify the difference between the administrative court and criminal court as it relates to Maine Liquor Enforcement Laws.

  2. Recognize liquor law violations commonly encountered by law enforcement officers.

  3. Identify methods to confirm the validity of a Maine Liquor I.D. card.

  4. Identify procedures to conduct sale to minor investigation.

  1. Laws of Arrest

  1. Identify the elements giving rise to probable cause.

  2. Recognize circumstances when arrest without a warrant is authorized.

  3. Define arrest warrant.

  4. Identify procedures to follow up on arrest of suspect.

  5. Recognize circumstances where a law enforcement officer may release an arrested person.

  6. Identify requisites of a summons.

  7. Define reasonable suspicion.

  8. Define frisk.

  9. Recognize circumstances when a stop is authorized.

  10. Define probable cause.

  11. Recognize circumstances when a frisk is authorized.

  1. Search and Seizure

  1. Define Exclusionary Rule and identify the Rule's effect on the law enforcement function.

  2. Define probable cause.

  3. Define contraband.

  4. Recognize circumstances constituting plain view.

  5. Recognize circumstances when impoundment and inventory of property is authorized.

  6. Recognize circumstances when search of premises in hot pursuit is authorized.

  7. Identify procedures for conducting search of premises in hot pursuit.

  8. Recognize circumstances when an exigent search is authorized.

  9. Identify the procedure for conducting an emergency search.

  10. Recognize circumstances when consent search is authorized.

  11. Identify procedures for conducting consent searches.

  12. Recognize circumstances when search incident to arrest is authorized.

  13. Identify procedures for conducting a search incident to arrest.

  14. Recognize circumstances when search of a motor vehicle without a warrant is authorized.

  15. Identify procedures for searching motor vehicle without a warrant.

  16. Define search warrant.

  17. Recognize circumstances which require a search warrant prior to searching.

  1. Use of Force

  1. Recognize circumstances where use of non-deadly force is authorized by law.

  2. Recognize circumstances where use of deadly force is authorized by law.

  3. Identify non-legal factors to be considered prior to use of force.

  4. Recognize potential civil and criminal liability for inappropriate officer behavior.

  1. Civil Liability

  1. Explain circumstances and legal ramifications of using force to control a prisoner.

  2. Identify consequences of conducting an unlawful search.

  3. Demonstrate understanding of constitutional rights.

  4. Identify advantages and disadvantages of high speed pursuit.

  5. Identify circumstances of a police officer’s liability and exemption from liability when operating an emergency vehicle.

  1. Firearms

  1. Define nomenclature of firearms.

  2. Demonstrate proper firearms safety procedures.

  3. Recognize proper and safe procedures for loading and unloading the service weapon.

  4. Recognize proper marksmanship fundamentals.

  5. Identify the proper use of cover and concealment.

  6. Recognize circumstances when it is appropriate to draw a weapon.

  7. Identify the proper use of verbal commands in use of force situations.

  8. Identify low light techniques and considerations.

  1. Laws of Evidence

  1. Define "evidence."

  2. Define the following terms which relate to classification of evidence: Testimonial; Real – Documentary, Demonstrative.

  3. Define the following terms which relate to the effect of evidence.

  4. Define the following terms which relate to the introduction of evidence in court: Opinion evidence; original evidence; presumption; hearsay; judicial notice; stipulation

  5. Recognize exceptions to the "Hearsay Rule" that relate to the law enforcement function.

  6. Recognize circumstances that fall within the scope of the following evidentiary privileges: Husband-wife; lawyer-client; physician-patient; religious privilege; intake worker-juvenile; identify of informant

  7. Identify the rule as to who is a competent witness.

  1. Courtroom Testimony and Demeanor

  1. Identify the need to maintain harmonious district attorney/police relations.

  2. Identify the need to confer with district attorney prior to testimony regarding case to note relevant facts.

  3. Identify need to check that witnesses are ready for court testimony.

  4. Identify the need to maintain confidentiality.

  5. Identify proper procedure for appearing in courtroom, including attire.

  6. Identify proper procedure to present evidence in legal proceedings.

  7. Identify proper techniques in providing testimony.

  8. Identify the need to discuss problems regarding a past case that should be corrected in future cases with district attorney.

  9. Identify the relationship between successful prosecution and police reports.

  10. Identify situations and procedures when an officer may testify in court.

  11. Identify the pre-trial responsibilities and procedures of an officer.

  12. Identify non-verbal attributes that affect the officer's testimony.

  13. Identify proper reaction or response to common tactics used by defense counsel.

  1. Crisis Conflict Management/Dealing with Variant Behavior

  1. Recognize legal requirements regarding emergency detention of a mentally ill person.

  2. Identify proper procedures to conduct investigation for suicide attempt.

  3. Identify proper procedures to conduct investigation regarding a reportedly mentally ill person.

  4. Identify proper procedures to transport mental patients.

  5. Identify proper safety procedures before entering a dispute.

  6. Identify proper safety procedures once in a dispute situation.

  7. Identify proper procedures to comfort emotionally upset or distraught persons.

  8. Identify techniques to defuse emotionally distraught situations.

  9. Identify basic elements of negotiating with distressed persons.

  10. Identify a police officer's responsibility at the scene of a dispute; i.e., keep the peace, determine if a crime has been committed, provide safety to individuals and property.

  11. Identify inherent dangers to an officer entering the home of a family involved in a dispute.

  12. Identify advantages and disadvantages of separating parties in a family dispute and gathering information from them individually.

  13. Identify basic psychological responses of a crime victim such as feelings of helplessness, lack of control, self blame of blaming others, anger, fear from attack. This will minimally include the following types of crimes: Sexual abuse of children; rape of sexual offenses; racial incidents; crimes against the elderly; burglary; armed robbery; domestic violence; missing persons.

  14. Demonstrate in a role play, the resolution of conflicts including: Family dispute; landlord-tenant; store clerk-customer; death notification; mentally ill persons; crime victims.

  15. Recognize the goals of mediation, when to mediate, and how to mediate.

  1. Child Abuse

  1. Define the following terms in the Child and Family Services and Child Protection Act: Child; abused child; neglected child; mandatory reporting.

  2. Identify the criminal offenses applicable to child abuse.

  3. Identify proper procedures for conducting investigations for: Physical abuse; physical neglect; emotional abuse; sexual abuse.

  4. Recognize circumstances which warrant use of the Juvenile Code Title 15 Chapter 5112 3501 (Interim Care Provision).

  5. Identify proper procedures to follow in using the interim care provisions of the Juvenile Code.

  1. Police and the Public

  1. Identify the basic guidelines which contribute to strong community relations service.

  2. Identify the relationship of each of the following police roles, and explain how they could positively or negatively affect community relations service: Law enforcement; order maintenance; delivery of service; prevention of crime

  3. Identify the potential benefits of strong community relations service to each of the following: The officer; his/her department; his/her community

  4. Identify the importance of public support and that effective community relations service is essential to gaining that support.

  5. Identify the relationship between crime prevention and police public relations.

  6. Identify basic crime prevention techniques which should be used by citizens.

  7. Identify factors which determine if a citizen could benefit from a formal crime prevention program.

  1. Mechanics of Arrest, Restraint and Control (MARC)

  1. Recognize circumstances which influence strategy/level of force used in effecting an arrest.

  2. Demonstrate handcuffing/searching: Compliant subject; non-compliant subject

  3. Demonstrate the proper approach, verbal contact and interview position.

  4. Identify ground defense/ground control techniques.

  5. Identify the areas of the body which are vulnerable to physical attack.

  6. Demonstrate: Wristlock; escort hold; takedown techniques; escape

  7. Demonstrate: Pry; arm bar; escape from suspect mount; escape from suspect guard

  8. Demonstrate weapon retention techniques of: Holstered weapon; drawn weapon

  9. Demonstrate proper techniques for disarming an attacker, armed with a handgun.

  10. Identify whether or not the utilization of the police baton would be appropriate and/or justified in given situations.

  11. Demonstrate techniques utilizing physical means for removing a subject from a vehicle.

  12. Identify proper procedures/technique for deploying chemical agents.

  13. Identify proper procedures to transport prisoners.

  1. Note Taking and Report Writing

  1. Identify factors determining when it is necessary to record personal notes based on nature of complaint or situation.

  2. Identify the proper method of recording field notes.

  3. Identify the need to write concise and factual summaries of witness and complainant interviews by including all pertinent information.

  4. Identify proper method to record location of physical evidence at crime scene.

  5. Identify sources of information for written reports.

  6. Identify proper content and sequence of information for police report.

  7. Identify desirable elements of a complete narrative report.

  8. Identify need to proofread written report and, if necessary, make corrections (includes spelling).

  1. Radio and Telecommunications

  1. Identify proper METRO code and procedures to check persons and property.

  2. Identify information necessary to check for wants/warrants on person(s) through METRO.

  3. Identify information needed to check on property through METRO.

  4. Identify need to speak by radio clearly, concisely, calmly.

  5. Identify need to keep radio transmissions to a minimum (keep conversations short and to the point).

  6. Identify information which should be included in a person’s description.

  7. Identify information which should be included in a vehicle description.

  8. Identify proper methods of describing missing/recovered property.

  9. Demonstrate verbally, the proper vocal characteristics for microphone speaking, including: Pronunciation; rate; volume.

  10. Define fifteen of the most frequently used APCO ten signals.

  11. Demonstrate correct vocalization of the ten numerals with proper radio pronunciation.

  12. Define all the letters of the alphabet with their prescribed standard law enforcement phonetic alphabet.

  1. Traffic Law Enforcement

  1. Define selective enforcement.

  2. Identify circumstances when it is appropriate to issue verbal warnings to traffic violators.

  3. Recognize circumstances when a custody arrest is authorized for a traffic offense.

  4. Identify circumstances to be recorded regarding traffic citations for purposes of court presentation.

  5. Identify need to explain legal procedures to traffic violators.

  6. Identify proper positioning of patrol vehicle while monitoring for traffic violations.

  7. Identify factors to be considered to estimate the speed of a vehicle.

  8. Recognize that a traffic violation has occurred by comparing observed vehicle operation with the requirements of the vehicle code, state laws, and ordinances.

  9. Identify proper procedures to clock speed of vehicles using speedometer.

  10. Define legal requirements pertaining to assessment of driver's capability to operate a vehicle.

  11. Identify procedure to inspect driver's license.

  12. Identify procedures to determine status of driver's license.

  13. Identify procedures to check vehicles for proper registration.

  14. Identify frequency of OUI violations and crashes.

  15. Define general deterrence.

  16. Identify relationship between detection and deterrence.

  17. List the legal elements of OUI offense.

  18. Define Implied Consent/Duty to Submit law.

  19. Describe relevance of chemical test evidence.

  20. Identify case law precedents.

  21. List the three (3) phases of detection.

  22. Identify the tasks and key decisions of each phase.

  23. Identify the use of a standard note-taking guide.

  24. Identify guidelines for effective testimony.

  25. List typical cues of Phase One.

  26. Identify Phase One cues.

  27. List typical cues of Phase Two.

  28. Identify observable Phase Two cues.

  29. Demonstrate the ability to successfully administer field sobriety tests.


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