Theory and practice of international relations: political-diplomatic, economic and juridical dimension



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Institute of International Relations of Moldova

Doctoral School "Theory and practice of international relations: political-diplomatic, economic and juridical dimension"
Approved

at the meeting of the International Relations Department

  din 20. 10.2017, process-verbal_3_



___________________Head of Department
PhD program: Theory and methodology of international relations and diplomacy
QUESTIONS

for entrance examinations

applicants for the doctoral program 561.02 Theory and methodology of international relations and diplomacy

(2017 -2018 г)




  1. Evolution of the diplomatic method in ancient Greece.

  2. Organization, structure and functionality of the diplomatic apparatus of the Roman Empire.

  3. Diplomatic forms and methods of foreign policy of the Byzantine Empire. Structure and functions of the embassy institute.

  4. Evolution of methods and means of diplomacy of Italian city-states in the Renaissance. Structure and functions of the Italian diplomatic service.

  5. Informative functions of diplomatic representations of medieval Italian cities. The Venetian Diplomatic School.

  6. French diplomatic school of the XVII century and its influence on European diplomatic practice.

  7. Diplomacy and diplomatic service of the Russian Empire in the XVIII-XIX centuries: forms, methods of organization and functioning.

  8. Evolution of diplomatic relations in Europe in 1799-1814. Diplomacy of Napoleon Bonaparte.

  9. American diplomacy during the War of Independence. The main directions of US foreign policy in the late XVIII - early XX centuries.

  10. Diplomacy of Latin American countries during the struggle for independence. Formation and consolidation of Latin American states.

  11. The Congress of Vienna in 1814-1815. and its role in regulating interstate relations in Europe in 1815-1848.

  12. The Eastern question in the diplomatic relations of European states since the 1870s. to 1914

  13. Diplomatic forms and methods of foreign policy of Ancient Israel and Judea (1st millennium BC).

  14. Diplomatic service of the State of Israel at the turn of the 20th - 21st centuries.

  15. Comparative analysis of diplomatic services of foreign countries (USA, Great Britain, Germany, Italy, Russia).

  16. Multilateral diplomacy - governmental and non-governmental actors. Historical development of multilateral diplomacy.

  17. Diplomatic correspondence, as a form of diplomatic activity. Style and diplomatic language.

  18. The concept of "diplomacy": approaches, definitions and typology. The role and place of diplomacy in the evolution of international relations.

  19. Diplomacy of superpowers: the essence and forms of its manifestation. Theoretical and practical approaches to American diplomacy.

  20. Diplomatic negotiations as a form of diplomatic activity. Essence and main functions of diplomatic negotiations.

  21. The concept of "diplomatic service". Structure and functions of the modern diplomatic service.

  22. The notion of "diplomatic relations". Establishing, suspending and breaking diplomatic relations.

  23. Functions, forms and methods of work of the diplomatic mission.

  24. The main categories and functions of the personnel of the diplomatic service. Diplomatic privileges and immunities.

  25. Humanitarian aspects of diplomacy and religious factors.

  26. The concept of "consular relations". Establishment and termination of consular relations.

  27. Categories and functions of consular employees. The procedure for appointing, taking office and recalling.

  28. Inauguration as diplomatic staff. Presentation of credentials.

  29. Summits, as the newest form of modern diplomacy.

  30. Professional and moral qualities of the diplomat. The question of loyalty and Machiavellianism in diplomatic activities.Деятельность декана дипломатического корпуса. Специфика общения с дипломатами из США, Великобритании, Франции, Германии, Италии, России, Израиля, Молдовы.

  31. Structure and functions of the consular service of the Republic of Moldova and the State of Israel.

  32. Multilateral diplomacy of the Republic of Moldova and the State of Israel: issues of organization, legal regulation and functioning.

  33. Parliamentary diplomacy: the essence and forms of manifestation. Differences of parliamentary diplomacy from classical diplomacy.

  34. The diplomatic protocol and ceremonial is a political instrument of diplomacy. Structure and functions of the protocol service of the Republic of Moldova.

  35. Conference diplomacy, as a form of multilateral diplomacy. Advantages of conference diplomacy.

  36. The concept of a "diplomatic visit". The issues of preparation and implementation of visits of statesmen to foreign countries.

  37. Place and role of state symbols in modern diplomatic practice. State symbols of the Republic of Moldova and the State of Israel.

  38. Structure and functions of the protocol service of the State of Israel.

  39. Functions and typology of diplomatic negotiations. Diplomatic negotiations: functions and types.

  40. The main types of strategies and tactics used in diplomatic negotiations.

  41. Adoption of strategic decisions in the context of national peculiarities of conducting diplomatic negotiations.

  42. The main phases of diplomatic negotiations: a theoretical approach.

  43. Cultural differences in diplomatic negotiations.

  44. Organizational preparation of diplomatic negotiations.

  45. The importance of negotiations in the settlement of regional conflicts.

  46. ​​Methods and mechanisms for resolving international conflicts.

  47. Contemporary concepts of managing international conflicts.

  48. Evolution of diplomatic relations of the State of Israel in the second half of the XX - beginning of the XXI century.

  49. Moldovan state in the context of international relations of the second half of the 15th century. The essence and priorities of the diplomacy of Stephen the Great.

  50. Israel in the context of international relations in the second half of the XX - beginning of the XXI century.

  51. Place and role of the UN in the settlement of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

  52. The Bessarabian question in the context of international relations in the interwar period (1918-1940).

  53. Priorities of the foreign policy of the Republic of Moldova and the State of Israel and their implementation at the present stage.

  54. Place and role of the OSCE in the settlement of the Transnistrian conflict.

  55. The Republic of Moldova and the State of Israel are subjects of international law: history and modernity. Moldovan-Israeli relations.

  56. Relations of the State of Israel with neighboring Arab States at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries.

  57. Relations between the Republic of Moldova and the State of Israel with Russia (1991 - 2017).

  58. The Transnistrian conflict: the essence, the causes and the prospects for resolution.

  59. Neutrality of the Republic of Moldova: theory and practice.

  60. Decree on peace and the conceptual basis of Soviet foreign policy.

  61. Woodrow Wilson's "14 points" is the American plan for the world order after the First World War.

  62. The essence and contradictions of the Versailles-Washington system of international relations.

  63. The Munich Conference (1938) and the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (1939): causes, alternatives and consequences.

  64. The creation of an anti-Hitler coalition and the problem of opening a second front.

  65. Causes, essence and manifestations of the "cold war" (1945-1962 gg.). The Caribbean crisis and its lessons.

  66. The end of the "cold war" and the consequences of the disintegration of the USSR for international relations.

  67. Interests of the great powers in the post-Soviet space and prospects for their cooperation with the CIS countries.

  68. The interests of the great powers in the Far East in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

  69. Russian-American cooperation in the field of nuclear missile security and the attitude of this other great powers. The position of the State of Israel.

  70. US relations with their European allies in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. and the prospects for their development.

  71. Cooperation and competition of the great powers in the Middle East in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

  72. The problem of the revision of international law in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. and the prospects for the development of international relations.

  73. China's foreign policy at the present stage.

  74. International organizations: definitions, approaches and classification criteria.

  75. Institutionalization of the United Nations and the problem of its reform at the present stage. The role of the UN in resolving international conflicts.

  76. Council of Europe: institutional and functional approach. Cooperation of the Republic of Moldova with the Council of Europe (1992-2017).

  77. Formation and development of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. The problem of effectiveness and reform of the OSCE at the present stage.

  78. Structure and functions of the North Atlantic Alliance. The problem of NATO expansion to the East: causes, forms of manifestation and consequences.

  79. Institutionalization and development prospects of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

  80. The international system: the concept, essence and characteristics.

  81. System environment. Features of the environment of the international system.

  82. Relations of the European Union with the countries of the Western Balkans and Eastern Europe.

  83. Conceptual schemes and mechanism of functioning of the international system in the works of Morton Kaplan.

  84. Conceptual framework and mechanism of functioning of the international system in the works of R. Aron.

  85. The essence and characteristics of the Vienna system (1815-1871 gg.).

  86. Evolution of the international system from 1978 to the outbreak of the First World War.

  87. The essence, characteristics and evolution of the bipolar system.

  88. The theory of "organicism" in the geopolitical concepts of F. Ratzel.

  89. Features of the theory of "organicism" in the geopolitical concepts of R. Cellen.

  90. The theory of the "continental block" in the geopolitical concepts of K.Haushoffer.

  91. The concept of "sea power" in the theoretical geopolitical constructs of A. Mahan.

  92. The concept of the "geographical axis of history" in the geopolitical theory of H. Mackinder.

  93. Theory of the restriction strategy in N. Spikmen's geopolitical concepts.

  94. The concept of "mitteleuropa" in the geopolitical theory of the first half of the twentieth century.

  95. The theory of "Possibilism" in the geopolitical concepts of Paul Vidal de la Blasch.

  96. The concept of global leadership of the United States in the concepts of G. Kissinger, Zb. Brzezinski.

  97. Eurasian and Western concepts in Russian and post-Soviet geopolitics.

  98. Theories of Atlantism and Non-Atlanticism in Modern Geopolitics.

  99. The theory of "mondialism" in modern geopolitics.

  100. Essence and characteristic features of political realism in the work of Hans Morgenthau "Political relations between nations. Struggle for power and peace. "

  101. The concept of interdependence in the theory and practice of international relations.

  102. International actors: concept, classification, approaches and definitions.

  103. The concepts of "power", "power" and "influence" in the theory of international relations.

  104. Interpretations and approaches to the definition of the concept of "world order". Historical types of the world order.

  105. Transnationalism in the theory of international relations (J. Nye, J. Rosenau, R. Cohen).

  106. Interpretations and approaches to the definition of the concepts "strategy", "purpose" and "means" in the theory of international relations.

  107. The problem of international order in the historical-sociological approach in the theory of international relations (R. Aron).

  108. The concept of national interest in the theory of international relations (M. Kaplan, A. Walfers, G. Morgenthau)

  109. The paradigm of realism and neo-realism in international relations (H. Morgenthau, K. Waltz, E. Carr).

  110. Power and interdependence in world politics (R. Keohane, J Nye).

  111. The problem of international terrorism in terms of the concept of "clash of civilizations". Terrorist danger for Israel.

  112. International security: the concept, definitions and dimensions.

  113. The European Union in the system of European security.

  114. Classical theories of European integration (federalism, functionalism, neofunctionalism, interververamentalizm).

  115. Specificity, dilemmas and prospects for the enlargement process of the European Union (1970 - 2017).

  116. Maastricht Treaty and the creation of the European Union. The essence and characteristics of the new association.

  117. Common Foreign and Security Policy in the context of EU enlargement.

  118. Evolution of the relationship between the EU and the countries of South-Eastern Europe in 1990-2017.

  119. Relations between the European Union and NATO in the field of ensuring European security.


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