18. Mt. Mitchell is the tallest peak in the United States east of the Mississippi River. Mt. Washington gets
all the publicity, but Mt. Mitchell is the tallest.
19. WA, ID, MT, NC, SD, MN, WI, MI, OH, PA. Was there any argument about Ohio?
20. Minneapolis(MN) Vikings. I hope they have the “Pillsbury Doughboy” there, too.
* The five deadliest U.S. tornadoes: April 1936, Gainesville, GA. (203 killed); April 1936, Tupelo, MS. (216); May 1896, St. Louis, MO. (255); May 1840, Natchez, MS. (317); March 1925, MO-IL-IN (695) Source NOAA. These disaster dates make you appreciate our warning systems today.
The tornado in Enterprise, AL, killed eight students. Ten people were killed in Greensburg, KS,
as winds reached 205 mph and the storm cut a path 1.7 miles wide and 22 miles long.
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC magazine, June 2005, shows inside a tornado on pages 110-113.
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC magazine, “Chasing Tornadoes”, April 2004, pages 4-37
** The Olympic Mountains, on the western peninsula of Washington, are not very high, but they rise
almost from the water’s edge and intercept moisture-rich air masses that move in from the Pacific. As the air is forced over the mountains, it cools and releases moisture in the form of rain or snow in a process called adiabatic cooling. The mountains wring precipitation out of the air so effectively that areas on the northeast corner of the peninsula experience a rain shadow and get very little rain. The town of Sequim gets only 17 inches a year. Twelve miles from Forks on the western side of the peninsula is the Hoh Rain Forest, and this rain forest receives 140 inches of rainfall a year. Sequim and Forks are about 70 miles apart.
The Great Plains has short grass, mid-grass and tall grass prairies. Climatologists usually consider the line of 100 degrees W. longitude to be the mid-point between the short grass to the west and the tall grass to the east.
*** American history. There was a Federal Mint in Charlotte from 1837 to 1913, when it was a gold
mining center. The 49ers are named because of the California Gold Rush of 1849. Coincidence that the 49ers will fly over Knoxville, TN, named after General Frank Knox for whom Ft. Knox is named, where most of the nation’s gold is kept.
**** Gold was discovered in Colorado along Cherry Creek, now Denver, in 1858 and the rush was at its peak in 1859. "Pike's Peak or Bust" was the slogan of the "59ers" as they rushed to Colorado. Zebulon Pike sighted the peak that bears his name on November 15, 1806. The largest silver nugget ever found in North America was found near Aspen in 1894. Gold and silver mining gave the Denver Nuggets, the basketball team, their name.
NEXT WEEK: Landlocked cities - Mouth or delta of the Mississippi River
Interior Uplands is the Ozark Plateau, but just the Ozarks to the locals.
Daylight graph on Monday, Dec. 10? Consult the weather page in your newspaper daily to figure the hours of daylight and graph the descending hours to Friday, Dec. 21st. Please have some activity to make students aware of the rotation and revolution of the Earth and changing seasons.
December 9, 2007 - Week #14
1- Boston, Nashville, Denver, Atlanta
2- Denver, Atlanta Denver is on a river, but the South Platte is not navigable. You students in
Penfield, NY, understand about navigable rivers and know the Trinity in Dallas is not.
3- 11:00. At one time, the newspaper building in Oakland was located on Jack London Square.
4- 5:00 SGS
5. Arkansas If students in Ft. Smith miss this, Mr. Pendleton will be mad.
6. Bentonville, AR, the home of Wal-Mart and Sam’s Club. Lowell is the home of J.B Hunt, & you see
those trucks everywhere. (J.B. Hunt died in Nov. 2006) Tyson Chicken & HoneySuckle White are in Springdale. University of Arkansas is in Fayetteville. Daisy BB Guns used to be made in Rogers, but now are made nearby in Missouri. The Daisy museum is still in Rogers. Belle Vista Village is nice. Branson is near. Eureka Springs is called “Little Switzerland of the Ozarks.” Students might enjoy this site if they ever owned a Daisy BB gun. www.daisymuseum.com
7. Delta or mouth. Accept either answer.
8. Houston Ship Channel. See Study Hint Sheet. Source: The World Almanac-2007, page 77
9. Greenfield Village, in Dearborn, where students would find 92 restored buildings. Thomas A.
Edison's Menlo Park laboratory is there. Memorials to Abraham Lincoln, Stephen Foster, William H. McGuffey and many other famous Americans are on display. Henry Ford Museum is near by. www.thehenryford.org for more information. Will you OAKLAND PRESS readers tell us more about it? Search the web for Greenfield Village. Tons of sites. Compile a long, interesting list.
10. Whitney invented the cotton gin and made cotton growing profitable. Without the gin to separate the
seed from the fiber, cotton would not have become the “King of Fiber”. Separating the seeds was too labor intensive, but the gin could do the work of 50 men in a day. By coincidence, the cotton gin was invented in Savannah, GA, and the Panthers will be flying near going to Jacksonville.
G. Seattle _G_ Space Needle
* To celebrate its 150th anniversary, In February the American Institute of Architects selected their top 150 structures in the U.S. Have students look at the list at:
www.favoritearchitecture.org/afa150.php Then slide the green bar at the top across the screen.
NEXT WEEK: Wettest and most arid NFL cities
Geographic center of the contiguous 48 states
Old World Heritage in the New World
Cumberland Gap - Interstate highways
Calculating mileage between cities
Sailing from Nashville to Kansas City
December 16, 2007 - Week #15
2- Texas, Florida, Missouri
3- NY Jets, Atlanta Falcons
4- Minneapolis, St. Louis, New Orleans. All ST. CLOUD TIMES students better get this correct.
5- Buffalo Bills
6. Phoenix(AZ) Cardinals going to New Orleans. Phoenix averages 8.29 inches of rainfall per year.
New Orleans averages 64.16 inches of precipitation per year. Mobile, AL, averages 66.29 inches
per year, but New Orleans is the leading NFL city. SGS 7-To be determined
8. Cincinnati Bengals Many websites show markers at the geographic center of the 48.
9. New England = English. New York = English. New Orleans = French. New York was first
named New Amsterdam, and this = Dutch. Ask the TIMES UNION students in Albany, NY, about the Dutch heritage. Who named the Hudson River? You students in Guilderland know. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC magazine, “Heart of the Hudson River”, March 1996, pages 72 – 95
10- Seattle Seahawks The Cumberland Gap is a natural pass in the Appalachian Mountains. Pioneers
used the gap as a passage to the west. Daniel Boone blazed the Wilderness Road via the gap.
11. 1,315 miles + or - * SGS
12. Chicago Bears on I - 94; Buffalo Bills on I - 90; Atlanta Falcons on I - 75; Baltimore Ravens on I - 95;
Phoenix(AZ) Cardinals on I - 10. If the Cardinals were driving, it’s interesting to note that from
El Paso to Orange it is 880 miles across Texas on I-10.
It is believed that I-95 is the busiest Interstate in the United States. The Santa Monica Freeway (I - 10) is the busiest small stretch of Interstate in the U.S., but over all, honors go to I - 95.
13. The Nashville(TN) Titans could sail to their game by cruising up the Cumberland River to
confluence with the Tennessee River then on to the Ohio River. The Titans would then sail on to Cairo, IL, at the confluence with the MississippiRiver then to the Missouri River north of St. Louis.
Note: The Cumberland does flow to the Ohio, too, but ships go from Barkley Lake (Cumberland River) to Kentucky Lake (Tennessee River) through a three-mile canal to the Kentucky Dam.
14. To be determined
* You will always be given a plus or minus figure with the mileage. How many miles allowed "+" or "-"
the figure given will depend upon the ability of your class. Sixth to 12th graders that can measure to the 1/16th of an inch and divide fractions and/or decimals should only given about 10 miles leeway. 4th and 5th graders or other students who have to use the edge of a paper marked with the scale of miles may be given 40-50 miles.
IT IS INTENDED THE STUDENTS LEARN TO USE THE SCALE OF MILES ON THE MAP TO CALCULATE THE MILEAGE. IT IS NOT INTENDED TO BE A REFERENCE QUESTION WHERE THEY GO TO AN ATLAS OR SOME INTERNET SOURCE FOR THE ANSWER.
Determine the distance between competing cities as frequently as needed until the concept of measuring and calculating is mastered.Reading and using a map scale is a state geography standard, and also a state math standard.
December 16, 2007 - Week #15
Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816. Do all you students in the Hoosier State
recognize this date?
Frank Sinatra was born on December 12, 1915. Any STAR-LEDGER students going to Hoboken to
GONE WITH THE WIND premiered on December 15, 1939. Students everywhere should be aware of
issues of this great movie.
The Boston Tea Party occurred on December 16, 1773. Boston patriots boarded a British vessel in
Boston Harbor and tossed nearly 350 chests of tea. Are BOSTON HERALD readers and other students in the Boston area acknowledging this date? Then patriots plundered a ship. Today the
Patriots may plunder Jets.
NEXT WEEK: Names of world cities in Ohio
American history lesson on General Sherman and Atlanta in the Civil War
Elevations of Phoenix and Atlanta
Outer Banks of North Carolina and Wright Bros
Florida oranges for juice. California oranges for table fruit
Florida and California has teams reciprocating
Stuttgart, AR, is “Duck Hunting Capital of the United States”
Mouth and source of rivers
Texarkana, TX, and Texarkana, AR
Huntsville, AL, is “Rocket City, U.S.A.”
Latitude and longitude
An ornithologist is a bird lover, but not “someone for the birds”
Richmond, VA, is a Federal Reserve city, but not a NFL city.
A many question quiz next week. Providing a lot that’s new and a lot for review. Please be selective with the questions.
December 23, 2007 - Week #16
1- Cincinnati, Buffalo *
2- Atlanta Falcons
3- Pittsburgh Steelers Have students look at the back of a Missouri quarter.
4- Oakland Raiders
5- 1,090 – 1,050 = 40ft. **
6. In Greek mythology, the phoenix burned itself every 500 years only to rise again from the ashes. Atlanta rose after being burned by General Sherman. On December 21, 1864, Sherman
captured Savannah. By marching from Atlanta to the coast at Savannah, Sherman had cut the lower South off from the center.
7- Miami Dolphins
8. Kill Devil Hills
9. The Wright Brothers ran a bicycle shop in Dayton, OH, where they built the first airplane. They took it to Kitty Hawk, NC, to fly it. So, they are both telling the truth. Look at the back of the new quarters for North Carolina and Ohio. Ohio protested the design of North Carolina, but North Carolina, in so many words said, “We were here first, so shove it.” Having Wright-Patterson Air Force base in Dayton makes sense, too. The Uni. of Dayton’s mascot name is the Flyers.
10. Florida and California. Most of the oranges from Florida are squeezed for juice.
Most of the oranges from California are used as table fruit. *** SGS
11. California and Florida
12. Duck Hunting Capital Look at the back of an Arkansas quarter.
13. Rosedale, MS. Give credit if you think students know generally where the river’s mouth is.
14. Washington Redskins going to Minneapolis, most near the source of the Mississippi SGS
Philadelphia Eagles going to New Orleans, most near the mouth of the Mississippi.
15. Texarkana. The main street between Texarkana, TX, and Texarkana, AR, is State Line Avenue.
The name comes from a combination of TEXas, ARKansas and LouisiANA.
Kansas City, KS & MO; Bristol, VA & TN; Union City, IN & OH.
The post office is located on State Line Avenue, and the border runs right through the middle of the post office. It is one post office with two zip codes.
16. The Redstone Arsenal, the rocket and guided-missile center of the U.S. Army is here. Wernher von
Braun and other scientists developed the nation’s first guided missiles here during the 1950s. www.spacecamp.com/museum
25. Ornithologists are bird lovers, so they would want to watch the Atlanta Falcons vs. Arizona Cardinals
or Baltimore Ravens vs. Seattle Seahawks. Do you think any feathers will fly?
26. MD, PA, OH, MI, WI, MN, SD, ND, MT, ID, WA
27. Richmond, VA
Enjoy the beautiful full moon on Sunday night.
The transistor was unveiled on December 23rd 1947, and our lives were changed forever.
* You can make a world tour within Ohio by visiting Amsterdam, Antwerp, Athens, Berlin, Calcutta, Cambridge, Dover, Dresden, Dublin, Elba, Essex, Ghent, Geneva, Glandorf, Greenwich, Macedonia, Malta, Mesopotamia, Paris, Parma, Rome, Sparta, Stratford, Syracuse, Toledo, Toronto, Troy, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw, Waterloo and Yorkshire. If you don’t like finding all these cities, then just forget about it and go to Utopia. Ms. Swin, are all your students shaping up?
Do this activity with your own state. How many world city names can the students find? Work on it over the holidays and compile the list in class after the Christmas break.
** Of course there is going to be discussion of Denver’s elevation of 5,260 ft. instead of 5,280. You may allow 5,280 ft. or stay with the authority of The World Almanac-2007, pages 708-709, and say 5,260 ft. It was stated at one time if you were on the 15th step of the Denver capitol, you were exactly 5,280 above sea level. Wonder what they are saying now?
The difference comes from the accuracy of Global Positioning Systems being used, so elevation of cities and mountains is being constantly revised. The information a students obtains will depend on how old or how new their reference sources are.
*** Freezing weather in California did $800 million damage to the navel and Valencia orange crop, and
totally destroyed the tangerine harvest. Prices are increasing, and 12,000 workers have nothing to harvest. You FRESNO BEE students probably know all about this.
Florida orange production dipped only 1% from the 130.7 million boxes of oranges expected, but this is going to be one of Florida’s worst years due to sparse rain, hurricanes, fruit disease and cold weather. If you ask your grocer, you will probably hear orange juice has increased 20%
NEXT WEEK: Metropolis, IL, is “Superman City”
Corn Belt of the United States
Rust Belt of the United States
Everglades(“River of Grass”), Lake Okeechobee, Okefenokee Swamp
General Washington crossing the Delaware near Philadelphia
December 30, 2007 - Week #17
1- Boston(N.E.) Patriots, Buffalo Bills, Detroit Lions
2- Carolina Panthers over Columbia, SC
San Francisco 49ers over Cheyenne, WY
Kansas City Chiefs over Springfield, IL
3- Lake Pontchartrain Pontchartrain isn’t really a lake, it’s an estuary.
4- “Superman” AKA Clark Kent was a reporter in “Metropolis.” Superman is 59-years-old. Trivia
for you: Metropolis is the only city in the United States so named. There is a Superman Celebration in Metropolis each June. Google Metropolis, Illinois for lots of information.
5. NE, IA, IL, IN, OH are the main Corn Belt states, but allow any combination from these states. SGS Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, western Ohio, Nebraska, southern Minnesota, eastern South Dakota, Kansas; and northern Missouri. (Did you remember the team name for the University of Nebraska is Cornhuskers?) University of Nebraska fans eat huskerburgers. *
Did we have a record corn harvest in 2007? It was announced last July that farmers planted a record amount of corn, 93 million acres, the most since 1944. This surge is fueled by the high demand for corn as food and fuel.
Between now and the end of school, have your class become very knowledgeable about every issue in the controversial ethanol debate. Is it a hoax on America like MTBE? **
The high price of corn is affecting the price of other products. How much more are you paying for
Cereal? Eggs are up 18.6% this year; chicken 7%; bread 6% and beef 5.5%. Source: USDA
6. Seven(7) Baltimore, Chicago, Cleveland, Green Bay, Indianapolis, New York, St. Louis, Is Washington, D.C. close enough to be counted? SGS
Clip newspaper articles related to population and employment movement away from the Rust Belt and toward the Sun Belt. *** In February 2007, Allied Van Lines reported in their annual report that Texas was the #1 state they moved people to, and in this order, followed by North Carolina, Arizona and Georgia. The van line reported the leading states the people are fleeing are California, New Jersey and Michigan. In 2006, Atlas Van Lines reported that Texas was the # 1 state for immigration and # 3 state for emigration. A paradox. Atlas reported the Sun Belt is growing, but people are moving away from the hurricane prone areas of the Sun Belt.
However, be aware of this trend in cities. Young professionals, retired elderly, empty nesters and baby boomers are moving back into the cities. They don’t need the traditional familial setting with a big yard. Traffic congestion and high gasoline prices have people seeking housing closer to jobs and public transportation.
7. Dallas Cowboys vs. Washington Redskins
8. The Bengals will fly over the Okefenokee Swamp on the S.E. corner of Georgia, then over
Lake Okeechobee and will be peering down on the Everglades descending into the city of their game. www.nps.gov/ever SGS The Everglades is also called the “River of Grass”. Drought in Florida has caused Lake
Okeechobee to be at record low levels, and it is the waters from this lake that supplies the flow
for the Everglades. Okeechobee is the second-largest freshwater lake wholly within the U.S.
Trivia: The Everglades is the only place in the world where alligators and crocodiles are found existing side by side.
December 30, 2007 - Week #17
9. Seattle Seahawks against the Atlanta Falcons. Georgia is the “Peach State”, but it ranks 3rd in
production behind California, South Carolina. Sometimes it’s 4th behind New Jersey.
17. Yuba City _16__ strawberries
NOTE: You may not choose to do the above matching activity with your students as they may know and care little about California. If this is the case, you are encouraged to have your students do research and come up with the same type of activity for cities within YOUR STATE. It doesn’t have to be about produce. Let it be about whatever a city in your state is noted for. Just an example of what you might do with the state of Illinois.
1. Belleville _8_ Caterpillar
8. Peoria _5_ World’s largest catsup bottle www.catsupbottle.com
This would be an interesting and practical exercise for students to research and develop in states where the teaching of that state’s history is required. For example, TX, SC, and who knows how many more. If you use this suggestion, be sure to share the results with your NIE coordinator.
December 30, 2007 - Week #17
* Is this true? Huskerburgers are hamburgers shaped like the state of Nebraska. It is considered improper etiquette to consume it without first squirting ketchup in a meandering line down the meat’s middle to symbolize the great Platte River.
** Some maintain ethanol production is a waste of food, time, soil and water. Does it take 1,500
gallons of water to make one gallon of ethanol? By how much does it reduce your gas mileage? 20-25%? Latest figures indicate it costs $1.29 to make a dollars worth of ethanol in the United States. This isn’t true in Brazil where it’s efficiently made from sugar cane.
Ethanol is causing sludge to fall off the side of fuel storage tanks which is being pumped into automobiles. How’s your carburetor? We have heard of fiberglass storage tanks leaking because ethanol eats through them. Is ethanol messing up small engines and engines in older cars? Get positive sides of this issue from the National Corn Growers Association. Term paper anyone?
*** Assign a couple of students to be demographers and clip and collect any articles related to trends in population shifts in the U.S. from now to May 31. Your population table shows seven of the top 10 cities in the U.S. are in the Sun Belt. New census estimates for the nation came out in June of 2007. www.census.gov SGS Look at THE WORLD ALMANAC 2007, page 591, and see the 10 largest counties in the U.S. You can see that seven of them are in the Sun Belt, and the large ones in the Rust Belt have little growth or negative growth.
PIGSKIN GEOGRAPHY® City, State, Team Name
1. Atlanta ____Arizona ____Bears
2. Baltimore ____California ____Bengals
3. Boston(N.E.) ____California ____Bills
4. Buffalo ____California ____Broncos
5. Charlotte(CAR) ____Colorado ____Browns
6. Chicago ____District of Columbia ____Buccaneers
32. Washington ____Wisconsin ____Vikings
Note: The numbers of the cities may be interchanged in the STATES that have two or three teams. The numerical order of the CITIES may be interchanged with the matching team NAMES for the two teams from New York City.
Answer Key This will be a fun quiz to give the students about the 4th or 5th week of the season.
City, State, Team Name
1. Atlanta 25__Arizona 6__Bears
2. Baltimore 23/28/29__California 7__Bengals
3. Boston(N.E.) 29/23/28__California 4__Bills
4. Buffalo 28/29/23__California 10__Broncos
5. Charlotte(CAR) 10__Colorado 8__Browns
6. Chicago 32__District of Columbia 31__Buccaneers
Listed are verbs you might want to utilize with the sports page in your NIE program. Most headlines on the sports page are written with interesting, exciting verbs, but many are not. Many results are reported as Buffalo 21, Minnesota 20; Detroit 27, Green Bay 13; Raiders 16, Seattle 14; etc.
Rewrite the headline game results with the verb of their choice inserted. For example, Buffalo edges Minnesota 21-20; Lions rip Packers 27-13; Raiders nip Seattle 16-14. Make sure appropriate verbs are used. Do not use a verb like "edge" in a game won by a wide margin, or "clobber" in a close game.
Picking verbs to match the team name is a mental exercise you may enjoy. Examples are: Flames singe Hawks; Stars outshine Blues; Sabres stab Bruins; Pistons churn past Nets; Blue Jays peck Angels; Pirates master Cards, Lightning bolts to first Stanley Cup. See if you can select a verb to go with the name of each NFL team. Lions roar by, Giants stomp, Cowboys lasso, Bears maul, Redskins scalp, etc.
Be creative with some game results as: Magic make Kings look like jesters. Celtics make Wizards look like dunces.
VERB LIST batter edge roll past stifle
blank explode on romps by stun
bolt foil romps past stymie
breeze past kick rout subdue
burn nip saddle suppress
chill nudge sear swamp
churn past outdraw singe thump
claw outlast sink top
clip outshine slam topple
clobber outslug slap torpedo
club paste slash trim
crush peck slaughter trip
dazzle pluck slip past trounce
derail rally past smite tumble
dismantle repel sneak past whip
down riddle squeeze past wipe out
ease by rip stab zap
Find more verbs to augment this list.