Training development in support of the operational domain



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D-2. CATS references


The following references are the base documents for the ARFORGEN CATS training events list.
a. Army Training and Leader Development Strategy.
b. Army Training and Leader Development Guidance.
c. ATN (formerly FM 7-1).
d. CTC Way Ahead.
e. TR 350-50-3.
f. AR 220-1.
g. AR 350-1.
h. AR 350-28.
i. U.S. Army Forces Command Lexicon and Terminology, 27 February 2006.
j. FM 3-0.
k. FM 7-0
l. JP 1.

Appendix E
Standard Verb Rules for Task Titles




E-1. Business rules for task titles

a. The standard verbs in this appendix are the only approved verbs for use in the development of collective task titles and common individual task titles. The standard verb list applies to the development of individual tasks except the development of unique (MOS-specific) individual tasks and learning objectives.


b. Table E-1 denotes the task title business rules.


Table E-1
Task title business rules


Shared collective task title rules

Individual task title rules (except unique)

1. The present tense action verb and object must capture a doctrinal concept, or portion of a doctrinal concept, but not an equipment-specific capability or individual Soldier performance.

Task title may be equipment-specific, or specify an individual Soldier performance.

2. Task title should describe organized team or unit performance that leads to accomplishment of a mission.

Task title should depict the lowest behavioral level in a job or duty that is performed for its own sake.

3. Title has one action verb and one object (with doctrinal-based exception such as Search and Rescue) that together describe the desired collective end state. There should not be a qualifier at the end of the task title.
Example:

Occupy (verb) an Assembly Area (object)


Collective task titles must avoid answering "with what" in the task title.

Has one action verb, an object, and may have a qualifier that describes the required action. Often the qualifier at the end of the task title is equipment-specific. The task title should describe the performance required of the Soldier on the job.
Example: Engage (verb) Targets (object) with an M45B submachine gun (qualifier).
Individual task titles often answer the "with what" in the qualifier.

4. Avoid using conjunctions or "/" in all task titles. Task titles should have no conditions or constraints.

5. Many words may appear to be action verbs, but don't actually refer to an observable action (such as "know," "understand," "appreciate," and so on.) By using standard verbs, you will avoid these words and develop sound, observable tasks.

c. This standard verb list for task titles adhere to the following criteria:


(1) Verbs on the standard verb list must be useable across several areas of tasks; that is, they are not unique to a particular task area or MOS specialty. For example, "excavate" is a unique collective task title verb in the engineering area, and "x-ray" is an MOS-specific individual task title verb in the medical area. Neither of these verbs are on the standard verb list, but may be used for unique or MOS-specific task titles, respectively.
(2) Verbs must be transitive, and must correlate to an observable action so as to create measurable tasks. For example, "perform" is an observable action verb, but "participate" is not observable or measurable.
(3) Verbs must indicate a task or action to be trained, not a function. For example, "oversee" is a function of a position, not a task to be trained.
(4) Verbs need to describe an action performed by personnel, not equipment.
(5) Related verbs on the approved list must not be defined the same or so closely that they become easily interchangeable.
(6) Verbs must provide or promote clarity without being vague. For example, "use" does not describe a clear action.
(7) Verbs must allow analysts, trainers, and Soldiers to understand the scope of the task title.
(8) Standard verbs help prevent duplication and promote application of sound training principles. The verbs in this list may be used, if appropriate, for task performance steps.
d. The verbs in this appendix are cross-referenced with other approved verbs to provide the user with related verbs for task titles. The verbs in this list may be used, if appropriate, for task performance steps.
e. The standard verb list identifies appropriate verbs for task titles according to the type of task (individual or collective), and the level of physical or cognitive performance required. These verb levels serve as guidelines, but there may be exceptions based on skill levels.
f. The five psychomotor levels are from the work of R.H. Dave, 1970. The six cognitive levels are from B. Bloom, 1956.
g. The verbs in this appendix are cross-referenced with other approved verbs to provide the user with synonyms for use in task titles. Synonyms on the approved verb list have been reviewed to eliminate words that are defined the same or so closely that they become easily interchangeable.
h. Submit recommendations for standard verb list for task titles changes along with justification using the DA Form 2028 to: CAC-T, ATTN: ATZL-CTD, 513 Grant Avenue, Bldg 275, Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027. Recommendations must include sample task title(s) that use the proposed verb with an associated object.



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