Use the correct form of the words in the boxes to complete the sentences.
يفوز بشيء عمل – مكان العمل وظيفة
يستقيل يتقاعد يفوز
1-This is a jobthat requires a lot of patience.صبر
2-I was late for workthis morning because of the traffic.
3-I only have a part-time job, so I don’t earnmuch.
4-Ahmed wona poetry competition last year.
5-Mr. Jacobs resignedas general manager of the company because of health reasons.
6-My grandfather taught French for 35 years and he retiredlast year at the age of 65.
The Present Perfect Tense
already بالفعل I
just توا you
Yetحتى الآن We Have + V3
for لمدة He
ever …? هلسبق She has + V3
never أبدا It
1- alreadyhave +V3 تستخدمنهايةالجملةأوفيالوسطبين
2- just have + V3 تستخدمفيالوسطبين
Never No تأتيقبلالتصريفالثالثعندالاجابةالبادئةبـ
فعل حدث في الماضي و لم يذكر الوقت .
• for actions that happened in the past but the exact time is not mentioned
• for recently completed actionsحدث تم و اكتمل حدوثه الان اومن فترة قصيرة
• for past actions whose results are obvious in the presentفعل ماضي له أثر ما زالموجودا
• for actions which started in the past and continue up to the present (emphasis on the action)حدث بدا في الماضي و ما زال مستمرا حتى الان • with adjectives in the superlative form and expressions like the only/first/second... etc.معصفاتالدرجةالثالثة
The Present Perfect Continuous Tenseالمضارعالتامالمستمر
I –You - We - They + جمعhave + been + verb + ing
He - She - It + اسممفردhas + been + verb + ing
for actions which started in the past and continue up to the present (emphasis on the duration of the action)حدث بدا في الماضي ومستمر للأن و ما بعد الانأي .. التركيز على استمرارية الفعل • for actions which happened over a period of time in the past and may have finished, but the results are obvious in the presentحدث قد يكون انتهى و لكن اثره ما زال مستمرا • to show annoyance resulting from a recent actionلإظهار الضيق من حدث مستمر
إذاجاءت since كحرفجردالعلىالزمانتأتيفينهايةالجملةوقبلهااسم وقتحدوثالفعل :
Last They have been to Jeddah since last week.
الساعة He has slept since three o'clock.
اليومWe have started work since Monday.
الشهر I have been here since Ramadan.
السنة She has gone to London since 2002AD.
إذاجاءتكحرفجردالعلىالزمانيأتي بعدها المدة الزمنية التي استغرقها حدوث الفعل.
A. Read the sentences and circle the correct answer.
1-I haven’t finished / didn’t finish reading the book yet.
2-Haven’t you never / everbeen to Paris?
3-John has slept / has been sleepingsince two o’clock this afternoon; wake him up.
4-Did you visit / Have you visited your grandparents last weekend?
5-Emma hasn’t had a holiday since / for two years now, and she feels like she really needs one.
Sheikh Sulaiman Abdul-Aziz Al-Rajhiis a famous Saudi Arabian bank owner and billionaire. He (1) (grow up) grew up in the Nejd Desert, where he (2) (start) startedhis business with his brother, Saleh. For many years, he (3) (be) has beenthe chairman of Al-Rajhi Bank, one of the largest companies in Saudi Arabia and the largest bank in the world. His wealth (4) (reach) has reached$7.7 billion, making him the 120th richest person in the world. Moreover, he (5) (donate)has donated a significant part of his fortune to charity and he (6) (also establish) has also establishedSulaiman Al-Rajhi University, which focuses mainly on health and Islamic banking. In 2012, the King Faisal Foundation(7) (award) awarded him the King Faisal International Prize.Bill Gates (8) (work) has been working with computers from a very young age. When he was only 14, he (9) (have) had his own company and he (10) (make) made his first fortune of $20,000. Through his company Microsoft, Gates (11) has made(make) the personal computer a household item and he remains one of the richest men in the world.
Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words including the word given.